Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12
                               Journal of Discourses,
                                      Volume 12
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Daniel
          H. Wells, April 8th, 1867
                          Daniel H. Wells, April 8th, 1867
            REMARKS by President Daniel H. Wells, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 8th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          This is one of the greatest days that Israel has ever seen in
          this dispensation, and one of the largest congregations that ever
          assembled in the capacity of a Conference of the Church of Jesus
          Christ of Latter-day Saints. The cause which we have espoused
          possesses, probably, to-day, a greater degree of prosperity than
          it has ever done from its commencement. Thus may it ever be from
          this time henceforth and for ever! From the commencement of this
          work until the present time we have continually increased in
          power and numbers, and in blessings from the Lord our God; and I
          believe that, to-day, a greater degree of unity dwells in the
          hearts of the people called Latter-day Saints than ever before.
          When we look back on the past history of this people, and see the
          difficulties they have had to encounter and have overcome, our
          hearts should swell with joy and gratitude to the benign
          Providence which has brought us to the position that we now
          enjoy. As we have been blessed and preserved in the past, so it
          will ever be with us, if we will only be true to ourselves and
          walk in the ways of truth and righteousness. Has not our
          experience been sufficient in the past to give us confidence in
          the future? Has not our faith been increased by the multiplicity
          of blessings and favors which we have received at the hands of
          our heavenly Father? Inasmuch as we have asked in faith for
          blessings, and have had our prayers answered upon our heads, have
          we not faith and confidence to approach our heavenly Father again
          and again to supplicate for blessings? Most assuredly this is the
          experience of every faithful Saint. Then let us continue to
          improve, and endeavour to weed from our hearts every evil
          influence and strive to overcome every besetting sin. Let this be
          among our labors in the future, beginning with ourselves and then
          with our families.
          Upon this latter point, especially, let me say a word. Let us
          provide schools, competent teachers, and good books for our
          children, and let us pay our teachers. I would have no objection
          to seeing the standard works of the Church introduced into our
          schools, that our children may be taught more pertaining to the
          principles of the gospel in the future than thy are at present.
          And let one test of fitness on the part of those who teach be a
          thorough acquaintance with and love for the principles of the
          gospel which we have received, that our children may be taught
          the principles of truth and righteousness, and be trained from
          their youth in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Let this
          course be taken in our schools, and let us pay our teachers. We
          have those among us who are well qualified for teachers if we
          will only pay them; but the great cry now is--"We cannot afford
          to teach school, for the wages is too low, and low as it is we
          cannot get it when it is earned." This is the great difficulty
          among us in this matter, and it has always been a crying evil. It
          has no need to be so; we should pay our school bills among the
          first things we pay.
          If we wish to have teachers for our children let us sustain them.
          And we should sustain our own publications, which inculcate the
          principles of truth and righteousness, in preference to any
          others which may be brought into our midst. There are other works
          that are good, against which I do not wish to say anything; but
          let us first sustain our own works, which are exclusively devoted
          to the spread of the principles of truth. The Lord has undertaken
          to raise the standard of truth in the earth through the
          instrumentality of His servants, and it is the duty of the Saints
          to sustain those works which have the dissemination of truth for
          their only object. We send forth Elders to the nations of the
          earth, as messengers of salvation to the people; and while we
          sustain those who go to proclaim the gospel, let us also sustain
          the printed word.
          Enough has been said on this subject, and I do not wish to
          recapitulate. Let us pay our tithing, and do all we can to
          sustain the servants of God. And in paying our tithing we should
          not forget our money tithing. We hear considerable about hard
          times, so far as money is concerned; they who are endeavouring to
          sustain the work of God feel the pressure as much anybody else.
          Let us contribute our mites to assist; if we have not much let us
          give a portion for that purpose--be free and liberal. What have
          we to do but to accomplish our mission in building up the Kingdom
          of God? I know of nothing else that is worth the attention of the
          Latter-day Saints. Then let us do this with all our faith, might,
          and means, and be united as the heart of one man in sustaining
          whatever is brought before us by those who are placed over us to
          lead, guide, and direct our labors.
          Has not the Lord the right to dictate the earth and its
          inhabitants? Most assuredly, He has; and it would be a great
          blessing for the people if they would allow Him to do so. We who
          have come here have said we are willing to be dictated by the
          Lord through His servants; then let us make it our business to be
          so as long as we dwell in the flesh, the more especially as we
          expect to reap the rewards and benefits that will result from
          such a course. If we expect the blessings of heaven we should
          take a course that will draw them down upon us, for they will
          most assuredly be ours as fast as we can make good use of them.
          If we are only true to ourselves, and are faithful to the end,
          our reward will be such that we will have no need to complain of
          it. And even while we pass along through life, the course of the
          Latter-day Saint is more conducive to happiness and peace than
          that of any other individual on the face of the earth.
          Let us not be disheartened nor discouraged, but press onward in
          the good work which we have espoused. Our minds have been lit up
          with the principles of life and salvation and the truths of
          heaven; then let us cleave to those principles with full purpose
          of heart, keeping God's commands, and walking blamelessly before
          him in all things every day of our lives. We shall thus
          accomplish our mission in the Kingdom of God, and eventually be
          welcomed into the presence of our Redeemer, which, I hope, will
          be the lot of every Latter-day Saint, and of every honest soul in
          the world.
          These are some of my feelings. I hope and pray that we will all
          attend to the teachings which we receive from time to time, for
          it is God in His mercy who deals them out to us, and it is for us
          to treasure them up in good and honest hearts, to carry them out
          in our lives, and to shun all things that are offensive in His
          sight. This is the mission of the Saints. Every man can be useful
          in his day and generation in promoting these principles; and if
          we will be united in so doing, truth will triumph in the hearts
          of the Saints, and a power for good, such as we have never yet
          seen, will soon be developed, and will increase until finally the
          earth will be redeemed from the thraldom of sin, and the power of
          the wicked be for ever broken.
          That our labors may speedily bring about this desirable
          consummation is my prayer, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Charles C. Rich, April 8th, 1867
                          Charles C. Rich, April 8th, 1867
                REMARKS by Elder C. C. Rich, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City. April 8th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                           LABOR TO BUILD UP THE KINGDOM.
          I am glad to enjoy the opportunity of meeting with the brethren
          and sisters at this Conference. I am also glad that we have heard
          the instructions which have been imparted to us. The principle of
          the Saints being united is one that we have labored to establish
          from the commencement up to the present time. Every Saint who has
          any knowledge of the gospel as it has been revealed to us in
          these last days, knows that this principle has been impressed on
          their minds from the time they first heard the gospel. Still,
          with all our labors and exertions in the past, we have not yet
          reached this point, and we must continue our labors for the
          accomplishment of this object. When we are united in all things,
          the Lord will be able to use us in very deed for the building up
          of His Kingdom; until then, He can use us only as we are willing
          to be used. We say we are the people of God, and that we are
          laboring to build up His Kingdom, but when we come to think of
          it, we only do that which we can persuade ourselves to do.
          We should be willing to do everything that the Lord requires us
          to do, and even if we are, there is still great need for us to
          improve and progress. This has been incumbent upon us from the
          time we embraced the gospel, but more especially at this
          Conference, and when we make up our minds individually and
          collectively to do all things that the Lord requires of us, it
          will be a comparatively easy matter for us to do so. We do not
          expect to learn everything at this Conference, but we can make
          ourselves willing to learn righteous principles, and we can, if
          we choose, adopt them as fast as we learn them.
          We are placed under circumstances where we can apply our labors
          for the accomplishment of the designs of the Almighty here on the
          earth, and we ought to esteem this as a very great privilege.
          There are a great many notions and opinions with regard to the
          work of God and the building up of His Kingdom on the earth. We
          have received the everlasting gospel from the heavens. It found
          us in the various nations of the earth, and it has gathered us to
          this place for the purpose of establishing the principles of
          righteousness and of building up the Kingdom of God on the earth.
          As we have heard this afternoon, and on many other occasions, the
          gospel we have obeyed embraces all truth on earth and in heaven.
          We have not to emigrate to some other world to find truth. We
          find it where we are; it is taught to us faster than we are
          willing to receive and practice it; and I can bear testimony that
          it has ever been so. We have never had to wait to know what was
          the right course for us to pursue. "Labor for the building of the
          Kingdom of God," has been the counsel given to us continually,
          and when we have been called upon to perform any labor, no matter
          in what direction, it has been with that object in view.
          I have been reflecting a little in relation to the state of
          society which would soon be in existence if the counsel given
          from this stand this Conference were to be observed. We would
          soon find a great deal more peace, love, and oneness among the
          Saints than have existed in times past; and, if we ever expect to
          be one, we, as a people, must adopt in our lives those principles
          that have been and are continually taught us by the servants of
          the Lord. If we ever expect to have heaven, we must adopt those
          principles that will make heaven for us. We have had the gospel
          revealed to us from the heavens, for the purpose of bringing
          about that state of things here that exists in heaven. And it
          will most assuredly result in this if we will faithfully observe
          its principles. A faithful adherence to the principles of the
          gospel will cure all the evils we now endure. Where difficulties
          exist with individuals or communities, we would find, if they
          were traced to their source, that they exist simply because the
          principles of the gospel have not been adopted and applied.
          It is this labor that lies before us to learn the principles of
          the gospel of salvation, and to apply them in our lives. This
          will remove the evils we have to encounter, and will bring about
          union and happiness; and, no matter where our lot may be cast,
          will make for us a heaven upon earth. This is a joyous labor, and
          one in which all should unite with an unwavering determination.
          By so doing we will sustain those who preside over us, and our
          efforts will most effectually tend to build up the Kingdom of God
          on the earth.
          How can this Kingdom be built up unless God dictates? and how can
          we labor to serve Him unless He dictates us? and how will He do
          this? He will do it, as He ever has done, by and through His
          servants whom He has placed at our head. In this way we can be
          united in building up God's Kingdom and in moving forward His
          work on the earth. This is a very great privilege, the possession
          of which confers upon us great honor and blessings. When the
          whole people are united in, and live continually according to,
          the principles of the gospel in all things, evil and difficulties
          will vanish from their midst like snow before the rays of the
          sun, and soon the knowledge of God will cover the earth as the
          waters cover the deep.
          We have yet much to learn, but I often think that we can do more
          for the spread of truth and the work we are engaged in than we
          imagine. We can read of individuals among the ancients who
          performed wonders on the principle of faith. They subdued
          kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the
          mouths of lions, and performed many wonderful works. Can we not
          do something on the principle of faith? Can we not have power
          with God as well as the ancients, if we labor continually to
          carry out His designs? I am satisfied that if we all go home and
          carry out the principles which have been taught to us during this
          Conference we shall soon see happy results flowing therefrom.
          There is a responsibility resting upon us all to do so, and we
          should discharge that responsibility honorably before God and
          each other. By following the counsel given us during this
          Conference, our union, peace, and best interests will be greatly
          advanced and forwarded.
          Severe indisposition prevented me from being present at last fall
          Conference, but I am thankful that I am present now. I always
          rejoice to be at Conference, or at any meeting with the Saints. I
          love to see and talk to them, and I love to hear others talk, and
          I love to use my influence to move forward and build up the cause
          of Zion, and to establish righteousness on the earth. We all
          ought to cultivate this kind of feeling and principle. We never
          need be afraid if we are doing right, but fear only to do wrong.
          Individuals are apt to think sometimes that if they do a wrong no
          person in the world knows it but themselves, but it is known also
          to God, and if a wrong is known to God and to the one who commits
          it, his influence with God is destroyed, and it lowers him in his
          own estimation. Suppose, for instance, that a person wants a
          favor of President Young, but he has done some wrong that is
          known to the President, he cannot ask that favor with any
          confidence, but his head is cast down, and he feels condemned
          because of the wrong he has done. How much more is this the case
          when seeking blessings from the Lord. We should think of this in
          our course through life. We should also remember that the Lord
          has said, that "inasmuch as ye do it to one of the least of these
          my servants, ye do it unto me."
          When we apply this principle to our conduct, strictly and
          properly, we shall feel that we do not want to injure anybody or
          do anything wrong, and injuries and wrongs will fast disappear
          and will be soon blotted out of existence. This is what we are
          laboring for, and this course of conduct will move forward the
          cause of Zion, and enable us to do all things the Lord requires
          of us.
          That we may labor to accomplish this work faithfully is my
          prayer, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, May 19th, 1867
                         George Albert Smith, May 19th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder Geo. A. Smith, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                        Great Salt Lake City, May 19th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                            PROSPERITY OF SOUTHERN UTAH.
          Unpropitious as the morning has been we are assembled here for
          the purpose of receiving instruction. It is a pleasure to me to
          meet with the Saints. I feel the spirit that prompts them in the
          discharge of their duties, and the response which comes from the
          congregation to the speaker, inspired by the Spirit of the Lord,
          is mutually calculated to instruct and encourage us in the
          discharge of our several duties.
          Since Conference I have visited the settlements south to some
          extent, accompanying President Young on his journey. I have been
          much gratified that the Saints are progressing, and that the
          teachings given at Conference are being generally carried out,
          although the settlements were then but thinly represented, in
          consequence of the almost impassable state of the roads. The
          word, however, has gone forth, and the feeling is implanted in
          the breasts of the Saints to make new efforts and endeavors to
          fulfil the duties of their calling, and to cultivate that spirit
          of oneness which is necessary to enable us to overcome and to
          attain that position in the earth which God designs His Kingdom
          to occupy in the last days.
          I must say that in travelling through the country, and looking at
          things as they naturally exist, I could but wonder that anybody
          on the earth could envy us the privilege of living in these
          mountain deserts. Our brethren in the cotton country have had to
          struggle against natural difficulties to a great extent, and have
          overcome them only by main strength, and a continued exercise of
          that strength is necessary to keep what they gain. It is true
          that some of the settlements or towns are located in positions
          where they can obtain their water for irrigation from springs;
          this, however, is in limited quantity. The city of St. George
          receives its water from a number of springs which seem to be
          increasing in quantity, but if the city should be enlarged, as
          anticipated, the water will have to be brought from a distance at
          a very great expense. The city lots in Washington and Tokerville
          are watered by means of springs, but the farming lands in
          Washington and St. George are watered from the Rio Virgen and
          Santa Clara rivers. These streams are subject to floods. The soil
          on their banks is so friable and uncertain that whenever a flood
          comes the dams that are placed in these streams, to aid in taking
          out the water, are easily washed away, and the cotton and grain
          fields can be irrigated only at a vast annual expense.
          It seems a difficult task to contend with the elements, and to
          accomplish that which is required of us; and I am very well
          satisfied that no other people would attempt to improve these
          locations for a long time to come were we not occupying them. The
          settlements already made are like oases in the desert--they are
          made productive by irrigation and the industry of the Saints, and
          are kept flourishing by the constant application of labor. This
          rule applies with almost equal force to every settlement in the
          Territory, as well as those in the cotton country. All the
          irrigation that is carried on, whether it be from large or medium
          sized streams, is done at considerable expense, and when the
          floods come, through the melting of the snow, sudden rains, or
          waterspouts, the canals are filled up and the works torn away,
          which imposes constant and continued labor on the hands of the
          Saints; the result is that, whatever agricultural improvement is
          made is held by main strength.
          Now, I regard this as peculiarly favourable to the Latter-day
          Saints, because they are possessing what nobody else in the world
          would have. You know when we lived on the rich fat lands of the
          Mississippi and Missouri valleys, our fields and improvements
          were coveted. Our enemies gathered around us and attempted to
          drive us away, and ultimately succeeded, and they robbed us of
          our inheritances, which were worth millions of dollars. When we
          located here we located on a spot that was not likely to be
          desirable to anybody else, any further than our labor made it so.
          The country in the southern part of this Territory is singularly
          constructed, and embraces a variety of climates within a very few
          miles. For instance, when we reached Parowan it was cold, the
          season was backward, the bloom on the peach trees was scarcely
          visible; we went on to Cedar, eighteen miles farther, and there
          was a very slight change. We then went on to Kanarra, a
          settlement thirteen miles farther, there was a very slight
          change, but the season was not near so forward as at Salt Lake
          City. Between Kanarra and Toquerville, a distance of twenty-three
          miles, we pass over a series of low ridges, generally denominated
          the Black Ridges. About twelve miles of this road have been
          worked through rocks at a very great expense, and it is still
          very rough. The winds and rains together have so blown and washed
          the soil from among the rocks that it is a hard road to travel.
          There is nothing on it, however, but a few patches of sand to
          hinder a team from hauling considerable of a load. When we had
          crossed this road and reached Toquerville, it was astonishing to
          see change in vegetation. The town was perfectly green; the
          apricots were from one-third to one-half grown, the peaches were
          as large as bullets, and the grapes all set and the stems formed,
          and it looked like mid-summer. This was in the short distance of
          some twenty-three miles. The little belt of land upon which the
          settlements along the southern border of the Territory blessed
          with this climate are located, was so narrow and small that it
          was really believed by those who first explored it that it was
          scarcely capable of supporting any population at all. Every year,
          however, develops more and more its capabilities, and the people
          are becoming more healthy and contented as prosperity smiles upon
          them and attends their labors.
          I have passed through the region to the south of our settlements
          a great many times, and I have been thankful for the desert that
          I had to go over. As many of you know, it is many miles from one
          spring, or from one place where it is possible to obtain water,
          to another. There are water stations formed by springs or little
          mountain streams; but they sometimes go dry, and it is generally
          fifteen miles, and sometimes twenty or thirty between each.
          Nothing grows there except sage and a little grass, and when we
          get to the southern border of the Territory we find thorns and
          thistles, and the cactus, which grows to a tree seven or eight
          feet high, and so thorny that no one, seemingly, can get near it.
          I was struck with the good condition of the cattle as I passed
          through the country. I could not see what they got to eat; they
          would stand and watch the cactus, it looked so nice and green,
          but woe to the animals that touched it. The earth in this region
          is fortified with thistles sufficiently to justify the prediction
          to Adam, when cast from the garden--"Thorns and thistles shall it
          bring forth."
          A great portion of the soil cultivated by the brethren is sand;
          cultivation, however, seems to change its nature considerably. In
          Washington and St. George they have been great inconvenienced in
          consequence of mineral being in the soil. Much of this mineral
          land is being reclaimed, and the prospects for abundance of fruit
          are very good. Grape vines planted three or four years ago now
          bear plentifully, and the extent and breadth of soil for the
          planting of vineyards, and for raising abundance of other fruit
          to which that climate is more particularly adapted than this
          upper region of the basin, are being greatly increased. To look
          at these little spots one would think that all the land
          susceptible of cultivation was now occupied, and that there was
          no room for more; but, by continued labor and expense, additional
          land may be reclaimed. The dam constructed four years ago for the
          irrigation of the farms near Washington, situated four miles
          above the town, has been washed out by the floods; the result
          will be to some extent disastrous to the cotton crop, and but
          little, probably, will be planted. The fact is, however, that as
          soon as the people are able to do it, they can dig canals on each
          side of the Narrows where this dam has been located, and thus
          procure a permanent supply of water.
          The proposed canals will bring under range of irrigation several
          thousand more acres of land, which, by being carefully and
          properly cultivated, will make room for many more settlers.
          Notwithstanding the many difficulties with which the people have
          to contend, we found them progressing and feeling warm and
          warm-hearted. Most of them were sent there as missionaries, and
          sacrificed good homes and competence in this part of the country
          to go and assist in building up that mission, and we feel, in
          relation to them, that they are really the choice children of
          Israel. The town of St. George is being built up magnificently,
          many of the houses are of first-class character, their
          improvements are permanent, and their gardens and vineyards are
          being cultivated in a very tasteful manner, and its present
          appearance seems to indicate that at no distant day it will be
          one of the most delightful spots in creation.
          The people who were sent on that mission, and who have remained
          in the country, are those who are willing to do what is required
          of them, and determined to fulfil the laws and commandments of
          God. There are many who thought the country could not be
          reclaimed, and abandoned it, who are scattered along the road
          between here and there, and some are now going back to make a
          beginning. The building of the cotton factory by President Young
          at Washington has also encouraged the Saints; it is a good
          building, has excellent machinery, is capable of making
          considerable yarn, and is calculated to promote the growth of
          cotton and to render the settlements permanent. We did not visit
          Kane County, but understood that the settlers there had suffered
          considerably from floods in the Rio Virgen destroying the dams
          and washing away fields and orchards. Many of the Saints from
          Kane County attended Conference at St. George, and rejoiced in
          the instructions that were given.
          I will say that, so far as I am concerned, I was not annoyed
          during the whole journey by being compelled, or even required by
          gallantry or common courtesy, to take tea or coffee. The brethren
          of the party observed the Word of Wisdom in this respect, and
          wherever we went we found the feeling to do the same general
          among the people. Some of the brethren who had long been in the
          habit of chewing tobacco found it unpleasant, but as a general
          thing they were reflecting on the subject, and were disposed in
          good faith and with determination to do right. President Young
          and his brethren were received at every place with demonstrations
          of joy, gratitude, and pleasure. The meetings were crowded, and
          every building and bowery we assembled in seemed to be too small.
          It was astonishing where so many people came from. We realized
          that our settlements were increasing, and that our institutions
          were favourable to the increase of population. Still there is
          room for more, for all were busy and had more than they could do,
          and there are yet many ways in which labor can be advantageously
          employed in building towns, cities, school houses, and in making
          other improvements.
          With this view of the subject I can but express my thanks to God
          for all the drawbacks peculiar to our location here--the
          mountains, perpetual snows, the deserts, the barren sage plains,
          the sand hills, the noxious mineral in the soil, and the
          uncertainty of the climate, for they help to isolate and shelter
          us from our enemies; for, for some cause, from the time we
          commenced to preach the principles of the gospel of Christ it has
          been the fixed determination of our enemies to destroy us, and
          they have sought every occasion against us. Wherever we have
          lived we have been law-abiding, still we have been subjected to
          the power of mobocracy. Mobocrats have robbed us of our
          inheritances, and have driven us from place to place, but here,
          while we have to contend with the sand, rebuild our dams, and to
          irrigate every particle of vegetation that we raise for our
          sustenance, we are no longer subject to their molestation. Like
          the fabled fox in the brambles, I rejoice at these difficulties.
          The fox had been chased by the dogs, and he escaped to the
          brambles; he found himself in a rather thorny position, but
          consoled himself with the reflection that though the thorns tore
          his skin a little they kept off the dogs. So it is with us. These
          mountains and deserts, with their changeable climate and the
          great difficulty and immense labor necessary for us to endure and
          perform in order to sustain ourselves, keep off those who would
          rob and deprive us of the comforts of life; and every man of
          reflection who passes through this country is apt to say--"This
          country is just fit for the Mormons; nobody else wants to live in
          To be sure men might come into your garden and partake of your
          strawberries and other fruits, and seeing what a nice little spot
          you had made with twenty years of labor, they might say, "had we
          not better rob them of this," or "cannot we lay some plan to rob
          them of this?" There was a person of this kind over in Nevada,
          who presented a bill to Congress to rob the Latter-day Saints of
          their inheritances unless they took certain oaths, which no
          Latter-day Saint could take conscientiously. What does this
          spirit of robbery amount to? It simply shows the corruption and
          wickedness of men, and makes us thankful that God has given us
          this country for an inheritance, that the Saints may attain
          strength, cultivate virtue, uprighteousness, honesty, and
          integrity, and maintain themselves as the servants of the Most
          I have enjoyed myself very much on this tour; we have had very
          agreeable meetings. During twenty-three days the President
          preached about nine hours. We had altogether thirty-five
          meetings. It was a very industrious trip. It was pleasant, but
          the pleasure was hard earned. So far as we learned, the natives
          were disposed to be friendly, all of them we saw were so, and
          those who were reported to us were in the same condition. We have
          hopes that the action of our brethren in gathering to stronger
          positions and living more compactly is calculated to promote
          peace. Carelessness on the part of the brethren in scattering
          beyond their settlements with their families and cattle, and thus
          tempting the wild men of the mountains to come out and rob,
          plunder, and murder, has been the chief cause of Indian
          difficulties heretofore. The observance of the counsel and
          instruction given will put a better face on these matters, and
          more peaceable times may be anticipated. So far as the hearts of
          the Saints are concerned, they seemed one. We found no divisions,
          jarrings, or contentions, but all were struggling to do a great
          and good work. They rejoiced to see the President and to hear his
          instructions, and were ready to carry them out.
          The brethren and sisters are struggling with all their might to
          build up the Kingdom of God, enjoy its blessings, and partake of
          its glory. This is the feeling we found in travelling; we
          rejoiced in it, and we rejoice in the privilege of returning; and
          we pray the Father that His peace may be on the Saints, that they
          may eternally enjoy a fulness of the everlasting gospel, with all
          its glory, in the celestial kingdom, through Jesus our Redeemer,
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Wilford Woodruff, May 19th, 1867
                          Wilford Woodruff, May 19th, 1867
           REMARKS by Elder Wilford Woodruff, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                        Great Salt Lake City, May 19th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          I also am a missionary, and I always considered it a great honor
          to be one. I received a mission when I embraced this work; it has
          never been taken from me yet. In company with a number of the
          brethren I have just returned, as br. Taylor has said, from
          visiting our brethren in the south. We have had an excellent
          time. We have been over a great many rough roads, traveled hard,
          and have preached from once to three items every day. We have
          been taught, instructed, and edified; at least I have a great
          deal. We have had a good time in visiting the Saints, and as
          President B. Young remarked in some of his discourses, we have
          been able to draw the contrast between preaching to the Saints
          and preaching to the world. My own experience enabled me to bring
          that subject home very readily, and I presume it is so with most
          of the Elders who have been on missions preaching the gospel. I
          have travelled a great many thousands of miles to preach the
          gospel without purse or scrip, with my knapsack on my back, and
          begging my bread from door to door. I have done many things that
          all the gold in California would not have hired me to do except
          for the gospel. My natural feelings would forbid me travelling
          through the world asking for my bread from door to door; I would
          much sooner labor for it.
          We have been called to preach the gospel; the Lord Almighty has
          required it at our hands; we would have been under condemnation
          as Elders if we had not done it. We have done it, and our
          garments, in a great measure, are clear of the blood of this
          generation. For over thirty years we have labored to preach the
          gospel; and we have gathered together a people to these valleys
          of the mountains, with whom I rejoice to meet. I once asked the
          Lord to let me go and preach the gospel. I had a desire to preach
          the gospel in its beauty, plainness, and glory, and to show the
          worth of the principles it contained. I felt that they were of as
          much value to my fellow men as to me. The Lord gave me the
          privilege I asked for, and I believe that I have preached to the
          nations of the earth as much as I desire; if duty should not
          require it, I never wish to go and preach to the world again. I
          have had my day and time at it; still, if called to go, I presume
          I should go as I have always done. But I do enjoy the society of
          the Saints, I love home, and I love to travel through these
          settlements, and to see the boys, the girls, the men, and the
          women parading the streets to welcome the President and his
          brethren; and, on our return here, to meet with greetings from
          ten thousand Saints brought peculiar meditations to my mind. It
          brought home very forcibly the contrast between preaching to the
          Saints and preaching to the world.
          In my early missions, when preaching in the Southern
          States--Arkansas, Tennessee, and Kentucky--I have waded swamps
          and rivers and have walked seventy miles or more without eating.
          In those days we counted it a blessing to go into a place where
          there was a Latter-day Saint. I went once 150 miles to see one;
          and when I got there he had apostatized, and tried to kill me.
          Then, after travelling seventy-two miles without food, I sat down
          to eat my meal with a Missouri mobocrat, and he damning and
          cursing me all the time. That is the nature of the Southern
          people--they would invite you to eat with them if they were going
          to cut your throat. In those days we might travel hundreds and
          hundreds of miles and you could not find a Latter-day Saint, but
          now, thank God, we have the privilege of travelling hundreds and
          hundreds of miles where we can find but little else. I regard
          this as a great blessing.
          Our missionaries are going abroad under different circumstances
          from what we went. We had no Zion, no Utah, no body of Saints to
          give us any assistance. We were commanded to go without purse or
          scrip, and we had to do it. We trusted in the Lord, and he fed
          us. We found friends, built up churches, and gathered out the
          honest and meek of the earth. Times have changed since then.
          These brethren are going to the nations of the earth where
          starvation stares many of the people in the face, and where it is
          hard for millions to obtain the necessaries of life. The people
          here are wealthy, and it is no more than right that we should
          impart of our substance to help those who are going on missions.
          I hope the brethren and sisters will help liberally, and will
          impart sufficient to send the brethren to their several fields of
          I rejoice in the gospel of Christ; I rejoice in the principles
          that have been revealed for our salvation, exaltation, and glory.
          I rejoice in the establishment of the work in these mountains,
          and in our southern settlements. As has been already said, the
          Lord has blessed our brethren there. It is a miracle to see those
          settlements when we consider what the country was such a short
          time since. The city of St. George is second to none in the
          Territory unless it be Great Salt City; and I doubt the latter
          being equal to St. George, when we take into consideration the
          population of the two places. They have better buildings and
          improvements there, according to numbers, than we have here. At
          Toquerville, too, they are laying fine foundations for stone and
          brick buildings, and they are improving all through the southern
          settlements. The soil there is so sandy that it looks as if it
          would require two men to hold it together long enough for a hill
          of corn to grow. Like the waves of the sea, it is ever on the
          move. It contains, too, a good deal of mineral which destroys the
          vegetation and everything with which it comes in contact. Some of
          the brethren have spent as much as two thousand dollars to render
          an acre of land productive; now they have fine gardens and
          vineyards growing, and, strange to say, though the country
          naturally looks like a desolate, barren, sandy, unfruitful
          desert, still the cattle are fat, all kinds of stock look well,
          and everything was green and flourishing in the settlements as we
          passed through them. The whole of that mission at its
          commencement presented a most forbidding aspect, and really had
          so many discouraging features that men were compelled to work by
          faith and not by sight. Now, however, the soil is blessed, the
          climate is delightful, and plenty and prosperity attend the
          labors of the people. To show you the difference of the climate
          in the country, and of the district of country a few miles this
          side of it, I need only mention that the morning we left Beaver
          there was ice along the creeks, but when we got to Toquerville,
          two days' travel further south, we found the apricots half grown,
          the peaches as large as peas, the cotton-wood trees green and in
          full leaf, altogether looking like another country. It is a
          different climate altogether from what it is in these higher
          The hand of God is in all the operations we are trying to carry
          out. We have to build up Zion independent of the wicked; we have
          got to become self-sustaining, and the Lord is inspiring His
          prophets to preach to us to lay the foundation for the
          accomplishment of this work. The day is not far distant when we
          shall have to take care of ourselves. Great Babylon is going to
          fall, judgment is coming on the wicked, the Lord is about to pour
          upon the nations of the earth the great calamities which He has
          spoken of by the mouths of His prophets; and no power can stay
          these things. It is wisdom that we should lay the foundation to
          provide for ourselves.
          With regard to the Word of Wisdom, I must say I was agreeably
          surprised to see how generally the people are taking hold of it.
          We did not see much coffee or tea, and I do not think that one in
          the company drank a drop of it. I rejoice in this; it is going to
          make the people more wealthy, it will save us a great deal of
          means, besides preventing our being poisoned to death, for these
          things are poisoned, and the Lord understood that when He gave
          the Word of Wisdom many years ago. The people are improving in a
          great many things. There is a very good spirit and feeling among
          them, and the feeling to carry out the purposes of God is
          I rejoice in this work because it is true, because it is the plan
          of salvation, the eternal law of God that has been revealed to
          us, and the building up of Zion is what we are called to perform.
          I think we have done very well considering our traditions and all
          the difficulties which we have had to encounter; and I look
          forward, by faith, if I live a few years, to the time when this
          people will accomplish that which the Lord expects them to do. If
          we do not, our children will. Zion has got to be built up, the
          Kingdom of God has got to be established, and the principles
          revealed to us have to be enjoyed by the Latter-day Saints. There
          is no principle that God has revealed but what has salvation in
          it, and we, in order to be saved, must observe His laws and
          ordinances. Where is there a man or woman who does not wish to be
          saved? All wish to be saved; all desire salvation, and to enjoy
          those blessings which they were created to enjoy. The gospel has
          been offered to this generation for the purpose of saving them in
          the Kingdom of God if they will receive it. I rejoice in all the
          principles revealed to us, and the more I see, hear, and learn,
          the more I am satisfied of the importance of the revelations that
          God has given to us. As President Young remarked in one of his
          sermons south, "Whatever the Lord reveals to this or any other
          people does not ignore anything revealed before." No part of the
          gospel is superfluous. It is the same yesterday, to-day, and for
          ever, and all the inhabitants of this world and all others have
          got to be saved by it, if saved at all. It is necessary,
          therefore, that we receive and obey all of its principles. When
          the first principles of the gospel were revealed to us we
          rejoiced in them. After them we had other principles revealed,
          the principle of baptism for the dead, for instance. We did not
          know anything of that until about the year 1840, on our return
          from England. I rejoice in that principle. It is a great blessing
          that there can be saviors on Mount Zion. It is a glorious
          principle that we can go forth and erect temples and attend to
          ordinances for the living and the dead; that we can redeem our
          forefathers and progenitors from among the spirits in prison.
          They will be preached to in prison by those spirits on the other
          side of the vail who hold the keys of the Kingdom of God, and we
          will have the privilege of attending to ordinances in the flesh
          for them. Then, again, the blessing that God has revealed to us
          in the patriarchal order of marriage--being sealed for time and
          eternity--is not prized by us as it should be. When that
          principle was revealed, the prophet told the brethren that this
          kingdom could not advance any further without it; "and," said he,
          "if you do not receive it you will be damned saith the Lord." You
          may think this very strange, but the Lord never reveals anything
          that He does not require to be honored.
          What would have been our position if this had not been revealed?
          This principle is plain, clear, and interesting; without it not a
          man in this Church could have either wife or child sealed to him
          for eternity, for all our marriage covenants before were only for
          time, and we, as a Church, had arrived at that point when, in
          order to insure a full salvation, it was necessary to reveal this
          principle. It is a great blessing to us. We love our wives and
          children, and wish to enjoy their society, but the thought of
          separation would mar all the happiness that the Saints might
          otherwise attain. The Saint who aspires to salvation and glory
          wants a continuation of family ties and associations after death.
          Without this principle we were like the rest of the
          world--without any such hope. From the day the apostles were
          slain until the Lord revealed this principle in the last days,
          not a man ever dwelt in the flesh who had wife or child sealed to
          him for eternity, so that he could enjoy their society in the
          resurrection. That was just our position before this ordinance
          was revealed, but now, whether we have one wife, two, three, or
          as many as the Lord sees fit to bestow upon us, when we come
          forth from the grave our families remain with us in the eternal
          world. So it is with every principle the Lord reveals--it is good
          for His people in time and eternity.
          Brethren and sisters, let us be faithful, and look at the
          promises of God as they are contained in the gospel of Christ,
          and never treat lightly any principle, no matter what it is,
          whether it be faith, repentance, baptism for the remission of
          sins, the resurrection of the dead, eternal judgments, the
          marriage covenant, baptism for the dead, or any other ordinance
          that the Lord has revealed; they all belong to the kingdom, are
          necessary to salvation, and the responsibility of carrying them
          out rests upon this people. We know that the world looks with
          contempt upon us and upon the institutions of the kingdom of God.
          They do not object to institutions that are corrupt and ungodly.
          The world is flooded to-day with evil and wickedness, and the
          earth groans under it. But because we as a people follow the
          example of Abraham, in taking more wives than one, we are
          universally decried and despised. The Christian world profess to
          believe in Abraham, and he, through obedience to the command of
          God in this respect, was called the "Father of the faithful," and
          the twelve gates of the New Jerusalem will each be named after
          one of the twelve patriarchs, his descendants, and the sons of a
          polygamist, and fathers of all Israel. Even the Lord Jesus
          Christ, the Son of God, who came to lay down his life to redeem
          the world, was through the same lineage. He was of Judah; He was
          the King of the Jews and the Savior of the world.
          These principles are as righteous to-day as in any other age of
          the world when governed and controlled by the commandments of
          God. Let us prize all the principles, revelations, and blessings
          that God has revealed to us; let us treasure them up, do our duty
          to God, to one another, and our fellow men. No man has any time
          to sin, to steal, swear, or break any of the laws of God if he
          wishes to secure a full and complete salvation; but we must all
          do the best we can, laboring with all our might to overcome every
          evil, for it will take a whole life of faithfulness and integrity
          for any Saint of God to receive a full salvation in the presence
          of God.
          May God bless us, and give us His spirit, and wisdom to guide and
          direct us into all truth, for Jesus' sake. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Q. Cannon, April 7th, 1867
                          George Q. Cannon, April 7th, 1867
              REMARKS by Elder Geo. Q. Cannon, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 7th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          There have been a great many excellent remarks made to us since
          we assembled ourselves together to celebrate the anniversary of
          the organization of the Church, remarks which, if treasured up in
          our hearts and practiced in our lives, cannot fail to make us a
          much better people than we are to-day. It should be clear to the
          mind of every Latter-day Saint that there is an extreme necessity
          for us to be united. It is to our union alone, imperfect though
          it may have been, that we may attribute our success in the past,
          under the blessing of God. If we have any name or prestige in the
          earth, if there is anything attached to the name of Latter-day
          Saint or "Mormonism" that conveys the idea of power to the minds
          of the people, it has its origin in our union, obedience,
          concentration of effort, and our oneness of action, and the more
          this oneness increases the more marked and distinct we will be
          among the nations of the earth. What is it that has made us the
          people we are to-day? It is obedience to the counsels which God
          has revealed through His servants. If there is anything on the
          earth that will continue to add distinction and power to us, and
          elevate us and make us strong and mighty, it is an increase of
          this obedience which has already given us this distinction.
          I have thought considerably since we have been together of the
          counsels which have been given to us, and of the action of the
          people in the past. There was a time when every Latter-day Saint
          who had the spirit of his religion felt as though he wished to
          devote himself and all that he had to the upbuilding of the
          Kingdom of God. This feeling doubtless predominates to-day, but
          it has been partially buried up and covered by other
          feelings--the love of gain, the desire to acquire property, and
          feelings akin to these. There was a law revealed to us--the law
          of consecration--through obedience to which every man expected to
          hold all that he possessed subject to the dictation of the
          servants of God. It is right that we should recollect this law,
          and continually seek to carry it out. We should feel that we are
          placed as stewards over the property God has placed in our hands,
          and that all we have is subject primarily to the counsels of
          God's servant, and that before we take any step of importance it
          is our duty to seek counsel from him who has the right to
          counsel. Imagine the power there would be in this Territory, and
          it would be felt throughout the nations of the earth, if this
          entire people, from Bear Lake Valley in the north to the
          settlements on the Muddy in the south, were thus united, holding
          themselves and all the wealth that God has so bountifully
          bestowed upon them, subject to the counsel that God has placed in
          His Church. What would be the effect of this? If you will allow
          your minds to expand you may be able to contemplate to some small
          extent the great results that would follow such a concentration
          of action on the part of this people. Is it the will of God that
          it should be so? It is.
          The Lord has placed a man at our head upon whom He has bestowed
          great wisdom. There has never been a time when he has lacked the
          wisdom necessary to guide all the affairs of the Kingdom of God.
          Joseph of old had wisdom given to him by which he was enabled to
          save Egypt. God has given to us a leader who has wisdom equal to
          any emergency, and if we will be obedient to his counsels we
          shall realize as great salvation as was wrought out by Joseph for
          those with whom he was associated. Herein we possess advantages
          not possessed by other people; we have revelation to guide us, we
          have the word of the Lord in our midst; we are not dependent upon
          man's wisdom, nor upon human plans, but we have the wisdom of
          eternity manifested through the servants of God to guide us. We
          have the opportunity of building up the Kingdom of God and of
          carrying out the designs of heaven according to His plan; and if
          we will do so we shall fulfil the word of the Lord given
          anciently, when speaking of and comparing his people with the
          people of the world. Said he, "My servants shall eat, and you
          shall be hungry; my servants shall drink, but ye shall be
          thirsty; my servants shall rejoice, but you shall be ashamed; my
          servants shall sing with gladness of heart, but you shall sorrow
          with sadness of heart and howl with vexation of spirit. And ye
          shall leave your name as a curse to my chosen: for the Lord God
          shall slay thee, and call His servants by another name."
          It seems as though the day had come when God will slay the
          wicked, and when He will call His people by another name. How
          will these words of the ancient prophets be fulfilled? By our
          listening to the counsel of him whom he has placed to preside
          over us, and being guided in wisdom in all things. When we do
          this we will be a mighty and a powerful people, and President
          Young will be what he ought to be to-day, the head of this
          people, the mouth-piece of God in our midst; and when his counsel
          is given it will be listened to by all Israel; no one will
          disobey from one end of the land to the other. How much good
          could be accomplished if this were the case! What mighty labors
          could be achieved if this people were in this condition to-day.
          What hinders it being so? Nothing but the disposition within us
          to be careless and indifferent to the principles taught us.
          This condition of things will be brought about, and it might be
          more rapidly than it is if the people would be obedient and
          diligent in carrying out the counsels given to them. All within
          the sound of my voice, probably, have heard that Israel, in the
          days of Moses, were commanded to sprinkle their door-posts with
          the blood of a lamb, that they might escape destruction; now if
          we had been told that Israel were destroyed because they paid no
          regard to this instruction, who among us would not have said, How
          foolish Israel must have been to have suffered destruction rather
          than do such a simple thing as this! Yet what has God said to us
          in these days with regard to the Word of Wisdom? He has said that
          "all Saints who remember to keep and do these sayings, and walk
          in obedience to My commandments, shall receive health to their
          naval, and marrow to their bones, and they shall find great
          treasures, even hidden treasures of wisdom; and they shall run
          and not be weary, and walk and not faint; and I, the Lord, give
          them a promise that the destroyer shall pass them by, as he did
          the children of Israel, and not slay them." Here is a promise
          that the Lord has given to us on condition that we obey this
          requirement, or rather this counsel. It is wise counsel; we have
          proved its wisdom. What has disobedience to this counsel done for
          this people? It has made us in many respects, to a certain
          extent, subject to our enemies. How many called Latter-day
          Saints, through disobedience to the Word of Wisdom, have been led
          away to California and other places where they could obtain these
          things which they thought so necessary to their comfort, but
          which God had counselled them to forsake? A great many have been
          led away through this; and every time we disobey this counsel we
          bring ourselves more completely under bondage to our own
          appetites and to the enemies of the Kingdom of God.
          As a people we should arise, and with one effort say we will
          follow the example, in this respect, of him who leads us. Does
          President Young drink tea, or coffee, or liquor, or chew tobacco?
          No; his life is exemplary, and we should copy after it. There is
          no man among us more exemplary in these things than he is; and it
          is a shame to us, as a people, if we do not follow his wise
          example. The Lord is bearing testimony to us through His Spirit,
          that we should carry these things into effect; and I trust that
          the people from one end of the Territory to the other, will
          manifest by their future course that they will observe the
          counsel that has been given at this Conference, and thus seek to
          be one with the President. There is no need to disguise the fact
          that he is anxious to have us subject to him in these matters. He
          is anxious that his power should be felt through the length and
          breadth of this Territory sufficiently to control and govern the
          people for good. Why? Because he knows that God has revealed
          principles by which they can be led back into His presence if
          they will only be obedient to His counsel.
          Short sermons are the order, and I will not lengthen out my
          remarks. My prayer is, my brethren and sisters, that God will
          enable every one of us to see these things aright, and to
          understand the obligations resting upon us; and that union may
          pervade the bosoms of the Saints from the lowest to the highest,
          from the least in the land to the Presidency of the Church, which
          may God grant for Christ's sake. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, April 7th, 1867
                           Brigham Young, April 7th, 1867
            REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 7th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                              EVERY SAINT ON A MISSION.
          I confess before the Latter-day Saints that like others who live
          in the religious and political world, or the world of history, or
          any other world you have a mind to name, I really want power and
          influence. I confess to the Latter-day Saints and to the world
          that I want power to prevail on all the inhabitants of the earth
          to embrace the gospel of the Son of God that they may be saved in
          the Kingdom of Heaven. I want influence in the midst of the
          Latter-day Saints, sufficient to get all men and women to
          sanctify themselves before the Lord and to sanctify the Lord God
          in their hearts, and that they may be of one heart and one mind
          in all things, that they may be the disciples of the Lord Jesus.
          This comprehends a great deal.
          I will now take the liberty of telling you what I do not want. I
          do not want influence or power over any nation, people, family,
          or individual on the face of the earth to do them an injury or
          lead them astray, to promote strife or corruption in their
          hearts, or direct them in the way that leads to death. But I
          would like to have power with the people to induce them to accept
          those principles which would put them in possession of life,
          liberty, peace, joy, and all the blessings that can be enjoyed by
          the children of men, and that are promised in the gospel of life
          and salvation. I wish you ever to remember this when you think of
          yourselves, your brethren, or of any man that wants influence in
          the world. Always learn what an individual wants influence for.
          If he wants it for good, to promote peace and righteousness,
          never hinder his efforts, but promote them if you can. But when
          men try to gain influence for evil, to lead their fellow
          creatures in the way to death, exercise all the power you possess
          to a bridge such influence; destroy it if you can. I calculate to
          take this course myself.
          There are a few of the Latter-day Saints here to-day; only just a
          few, scarcely any from the country. You know we are estimated
          variously, some say 80,000, some 100,000, some 150,000; but, to
          tell you the secret, I do not want anybody to know our number. I
          do not want to number Israel yet. I am very frequently asked the
          question by political men, "How many do the Latter-day Saints
          number in the mountains?" My invariable reply is that we have
          enough to make a Territory. I wish the Latter-day Saints to
          increase and multiply. It has been said to me--"Why do you not
          call men to go on missions to preach the gospel in order to swell
          the ranks of the Saints?" I will tell you what my feelings are
          with regard to the Latter-day Saints increasing. One of these
          young men or girls around me here to-day, born and brought up in
          the Church, is worth, as a general thing, far more than those who
          come into the Church with all their traditions when we go
          preaching. I recollect the stand I took when I was in England or
          whenever I was out preaching. Whenever a man would transgress we
          would talk with and persuade him to forsake evil, and he would
          confess and say, "I will do so no more," but by and by we would
          confess and say, "I will do so no more," but by and by we would
          have occasion to call him up again, and I felt and said that "I
          would rather convert two men or women who never heard the gospel
          than attempt to make righteous men or women of those who know the
          way but will not walk in it."
          We wish the brethren to understand the facts just as they are;
          that is, there is neither man or woman in this Church who is not
          on a mission. That mission will last as long as they live, and it
          is to do good, to promote righteousness, to teach the principles
          of truth, and to prevail upon themselves and everybody around
          them to live those principles that they may obtain eternal life.
          This is the mission of every Latter-day Saint. I talked to the
          sisters yesterday; I can talk to the brethren to-day on the same
          principle--there is not a man in this Church but what is capable
          of doing good if he has a mind to do so. Here are Elders who say,
          "I want a mission; I want to go and preach; I want to be ordained
          a Seventy, or a High Priest," or something or other. I will tell
          you what you really need. You need eyes to see things as they
          are, and to know your standing before God and the people. This is
          what the elders need. To go and preach, or to be ordained into
          the quorums of the Seventies, does not make good men of them, if
          they are not so before. The ordination of a man to the High
          Priest's quorum does not make him a good man. Let every elder,
          priest, teacher, and deacon set that example before his family,
          his brethren, and the world, that the nations of the earth will
          hear of the good works of the Latter-day Saints, that the honest
          in heart may be constrained to say--"We are going up to Zion to
          join this people, of whom we hear nothing but that they are
          honest, upright, industrious, frugal, and intelligent. Let us go
          up and join this people against whom so much has heretofore been
          Will you do this, priests, teachers, and deacons? Will you do
          this, Elders of Israel, Seventies, High Priests, and Apostles?
          Will you live so that the report may go out from this time from
          Utah Territory that the Latter-day Saints are perfect examples
          for the nations of the earth? This will be the loudest preaching
          we can do. We have a good deal to say yet to this Conference, if
          we have the time, and the people attend. We will bring our
          meeting to a close now.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / John
          Taylor, April 14th, 1867
                            John Taylor, April 14th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder John Taylor, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 14th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                            INSTRUCTIONS TO MISSIONARIES.
          I feel very much interested, as indeed all must do, in hearing
          the remarks of our young brethren who are going out into the
          world to proclaim the gospel. There is a very great difference
          between our mode of promulgating the gospel and that pursued by
          the world. Many of these men who have been expressing themselves
          before you would be very unlikely instruments for preaching the
          gospel according to popular notions; but the grand difference
          between us and them is that we go forth in the name of Israel's
          God, sustained by His power, wisdom, and intelligence, to
          proclaim the principles of eternal truth communicated to us by
          Him, while they go forth to proclaim what they have learned in
          Our Elders go forth in weakness, while others, generally, are
          largest when they are first born. Having learned what they call
          the Science of Divinity, they consider themselves qualified to
          teach it anywhere and under all circumstances; they have nothing
          more to learn and nothing more to teach. When our elders go forth
          they have no preparation beyond the common rudiments of education
          that all are supposed to learn; but it is not words they go to
          teach, it is principles. And although before an audience learned
          in the laws of God, they may feel a good deal of tremor and
          bashfulness in trying to express themselves, yet, when they go
          forth and stand before congregations in the world, the Spirit of
          the Lord God will go with them, the Lord will sustain them, and
          will give unto them wisdom, "that all their adversaries will not
          be able to gainsay nor resist." That is the promise made to the
          servants of the Lord who go forth trusting in Him.
          I have a great deal more confidence in men who rise here feeling
          their weakness and inability than I have in those who feel that
          they are well informed and capable of teaching anything and
          everything. Why? Because when men trust to themselves they trust
          in a broken reed, and when they trust in the Lord they will never
          fail. I have been out when I was as young as many of these,
          before my head was gray, and I had to learn to trust in God. When
          we go forth into the world we do not go among friends, for
          sometimes they do not treat us very friendly. I would say to
          these brethren, they will meet with enemies on every hand who
          will try to overturn the principles they advocate, unless there
          is a very great change in the world since the time that I used to
          preach among them. At the same time they will find many very good
          people, who will bless them, feed and clothe them, and take care
          of them. And the Lord is over all, He watches over His people,
          and if these brethren will continue to trust in God, as they now
          evince a desire to do, His Spirit will rest upon them, enlighten
          their minds, enlarge their capacities, and give to them wisdom
          and intelligence in time of need. They need not be under any
          apprehension with regard to the wisdom of the world, for there is
          no wisdom in the world equal to that which the Lord gives to His
          Saints; and as long as these brethren keep from evil, live their
          religion, and cleave to the Lord by keeping His commandments,
          there is no fear as to the results; and this will apply to all
          the Saints as well as to these brethren.
          I would say, however, to those going on missions, that they
          should study the Bible, Book of Mormon, Book of Doctrine and
          Covenants, and all our works, that they may become acquainted
          with the principles of our faith. I would also say to other young
          men who are not now going on missions, but who will probably have
          to go at some time in the future, that these things are of more
          importance to them than they realize at the present time. We
          ought to be built up and fortified by the truth, we ought to
          become acquainted with the principles, doctrines, and ordinances
          pertaining to the Church and Kingdom of God. We are told, in the
          Book of Doctrine and Covenants, to search after wisdom as we
          would for hidden treasures, both by study and by faith, to become
          acquainted with the history and laws of the nation we live in,
          and of the nations of the earth. I know that when young men are
          working around here, going to the canyon, working on the farm,
          going to the theatre, and so on, their minds are not much
          occupied with these things, but when they are called upon to take
          a part in the drama themselves many of them will wish they had
          paid more attention to the instructions they have received, and
          had made themselves more familiar with the Bible, Book of Mormon,
          and the Book of Doctrine and Covenants.
          These missionaries are now going to school to teach others, and
          in teaching others they themselves will be instructed, and when
          they rise to speak in the name of Israel's God, if they live in
          purity and holiness and before Him, He will give them words and
          ideas of which they never dreamed before. I have travelled
          hundreds and thousands of miles to preach this gospel among all
          grades and conditions of men, and there is one thing that always
          gave me satisfaction--I never yet found a man in any part of the
          world who could overturn one principle that has been communicated
          to us; they will attempt it, but error is a very singular weapon
          with which to combat truth; it never can vanquish it. When men go
          forth in the name of Israel's God there is no power on earth that
          can overturn the truths they advocate. Men may misrepresent and
          calumniate them, they may circulate false reports, for as a
          general thing men love lies better than truth, but when men go
          forth possessing the truths of the everlasting gospel which God
          has revealed, they have a treasure within them that the world
          knows nothing about; they have the light of revelation, the fire
          of the Holy Ghost, and the power of the priesthood within them--a
          power that they know very little about even themselves, which,
          like a well-spring of life, is rising, bursting, bubbling, and
          spreading its exhilarating streams around. Why, says the Lord,
          with you I will confound the nations of the earth, with you I
          will overturn their kingdoms.
          Who are these young men, these very weak instruments? They are
          men who hold the holy Priesthood of the Son of God after the
          order of Melchizedek. From whom did they receive it? They
          received it through the medium of the Holy Priesthood, which has
          been revealed to Joseph Smith and others in these last days. They
          say they are weak. Let us ask who is strong? Who can boast of
          anything? Who among you, ye Elders of Israel, can boast of any
          knowledge or intelligence? Why we know nothing about the
          principles of truth, only what God has revealed. How do I know
          anything about baptism for the remission of sins even, and the
          laying on of hands for the reception of the Holy Ghost? Why, the
          Lord revealed it; if He had not I should have known nothing about
          it, neither would Joseph Smith, President Young, br. Kimball, nor
          anybody else--all our knowledge comes from God. If we know
          anything about who we are and where we came from, or about our
          relationship to our Heavenly Father, how do we know it? It would
          be no use arguing on the point, for all would be obliged to come
          to the conclusion that He had revealed it. If He had not we
          should still have been in ignorance. Who knows anything about
          endowments, anointings, blessings, or promises pertaining to the
          future, unless revealed from God? The schools of the world know
          nothing about these things, and for all we know we are indebted
          to God, and if He had not revealed them to us we should have been
          as ignorant as they are.
          These young men are just like the rest of us--they have received
          the spirit of life, light, and intelligence--the gift of the Holy
          Ghost--and they are the messengers of the Great Jehovah, whom He
          has selected, set apart, and ordained to go and proclaim His will
          to the nations of the earth. They go not in their own name or
          strength, but in the name, strength, and power of Israel's God.
          That is their position, and if they cleave to God and magnify
          their callings, adhere to the principles of truth, and shun
          temptation and corruption of every kind, the power of God will be
          with them, and God shall open their mouths, and enable them to
          confound the wisdom of the wise, and they will say things that
          will astonish themselves and those who listen to them.
          I would say to these brethren--let it be your study to fulfil
          your mission. Never mind the world, never mind the dollars and
          cents, the pounds, shillings, and pence. You cleave to God, live
          your religion, magnify your callings, humble yourselves before
          God, call upon Him in secret, and He will open your path before
          you, and you shall have food and clothing, and your every want
          will be supplied, and you will be able to accomplish a good work
          and return to Zion in peace and safety. These are my feelings.
          We talk sometimes about going without purse and scrip. I have
          travelled hundreds and thousands of miles that way, and if I were
          going on a mission I would rather go trusting in God than in the
          President of the United States, the Queen of England, the Emperor
          of France, Austria, or Russia, or any king or potentate on earth.
          If they were to say to me, "You may go and preach your gospel in
          our dominions, and we will see you provided for," I would rather
          trust in God than in any of them. These are my feelings and that
          is my experience. Why? Because I might be in situations where
          their munificence could not reach me, but I could not be in a
          place where the Lord God could not see me, for His eyes are over
          all the earth, and His angels will guard and His Spirit will
          comfort and sustain His servants. That is why I say cleave to Him
          and magnify your callings. When you do not the Spirit will be
          withdrawn from you, and you will be weak indeed. In all my
          travels I never wanted anything, and this is the experience of my
          brethren all around, who have been engaged in the same work. The
          Lord has always provided for us while we were engaged in his work
          and doing His will. And if the whole people will cleave to Him,
          and be humble, faithful, and united in keeping His commandments,
          the Spirit and power of God will rest upon them, and their
          blessings will be a thousand fold greater than they are to-day.
          Our strength is in God, and not in ourselves. Our wisdom and
          power come from Him; they are not of ourselves. We are the
          servants of God, and to Him we have to look for guidance,
          direction, and sustenance in all things, and if we will only do
          that which He requires of us as a people, there is no promise
          that has been made, not a blessing ever pronounced, not a
          privilege ever conferred upon any people under the face of the
          whole heavens in our age of the world but will be conferred upon
          We are living in the dispensation of the fulness of times, when
          God has commenced to gather together all things in one. He has
          revealed to us His law, and He is continuing to do so. It is for
          us to learn to subject ourselves to that law, to obey His
          commands, submit to His authority, and pursue that course that we
          can always have the approbation of the Most High. Let us eschew
          evil, cleave to that which is good, honor our God and our
          religion, and the blessings of heaven will rest upon and abide
          with us from this time henceforth and for ever. Zion will arise
          and shine, the power of God will be made manifest in our midst,
          and no hand, nor any power that shall rise against us, shall be
          able to injure or destroy us.
          In relation, again, to these elders, I will tell you the first
          thing I used to do when I went preaching, particularly when I
          went to a fresh place--and that was to go aside to some place,
          anywhere I could get, into a field, a barn, into the woods, or my
          closet, and ask God to bless me and give me wisdom to meet all
          the circumstances with which I might have to contend; and the
          Lord gave me the wisdom I needed and sustained me. If you pursue
          a course of this kind He will bless you also. Do not trust in
          yourselves, but study the best books--the Bible and Book of
          Mormon--and get all the information you can, and then cleave to
          God and keep yourselves free from corruption and pollution of
          every kind, and the blessings of the Most High will be with you;
          and if you go forth trembling and in weakness, bearing precious
          seed, you shall return rejoicing and bringing your sheaves with
          May God bless you, and all Israel, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, June 2nd, 1867
                         George Albert Smith, June 2nd, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder Geo. A. Smith, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                        Great Salt Lake City, June 2nd, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          It is certainly good to receive instructions from fathers in
          Israel, and the kind of instruction which is most desirable is
          that pertaining to our every-day life, for a great share of the
          unhappiness and misery of the world is the result of ignorance.
          Many people do not know how to enjoy the blessings they receive.
          When they have comforts around them they make themselves
          miserable longing for something in the distance and beyond their
          reach; something imaginary, and often not really necessary. It is
          the duty of every person to cultivate the spirit of contentment,
          and, no matter what our condition in life may be, we should be
          sure to do right, be contented, and trust in God to improve it.
          When we are placed in uncomfortable circumstances--for instance,
          when we lack the necessaries and comforts of life, we are apt to
          give way to a spirit of discontentment, when, peradventure, if we
          understood the providences of the Almighty we should find that
          they are to give us an experience we could not otherwise attain
          to, and which is necessary to prepare us for the performance of
          greater duties which may be required of us.
          President Kimball's remarks in relation to going with his boys,
          and teaching them how to work, were excellent; and one of the
          greatest blessings that a man has bestowed upon him on earth is
          that of being with his family. A great many do not appreciate it,
          but the privilege of being with one's family, and teaching them
          the principles of truth and how to become useful in life, cannot
          be too highly prized. The Presidency and numbers of the elders
          have so many responsibilities of a public nature resting upon
          them, that they are deprived, to a great extent, of that
          association with their families which is necessary to enable them
          to instruct them personally, consequently they have to leave it
          to others. President Kimball told us that if he hired a man to
          work for him he had to show him which was the top end of a straw.
          My family, once during my absence, employed a man to work in the
          garden. They gave him a lot of cabbages, turnips, onions, and
          carrots to set out for the raising of seed. He set every one of
          them into the ground with the roots up. When the ladies came to
          see what was done, they gave him a lecture on the subject that he
          remembered, and he learned to do such work properly. A great many
          of our people have been gathered from the various nations of
          Europe, and while there the majority of them were operatives in
          factories, or engaged in different mechanical pursuits, and never
          planted an onion, carrot, turnip, or parsnip in their lives, and
          have no idea of the process, consequently, when they gather here,
          where almost every man is under the necessity of raising his own
          food, they have to learn the method of doing so.
          President Kimball has been urging us strongly to store our bins
          with wheat and flour. This may sound like strange counsel to
          those who, during most of their lives, have been in the habit of
          receiving their wages every Saturday, and, then, without further
          care, laying in their week's provisions. But in this country,
          where we are liable to seasons of scarcity, it is requisite to
          prepare for such emergencies; hence the counsel to store up food
          is frequently given, and is absolutely necessary. Yet, as a
          people, we are apt to neglect it, for the sun rises and sets, the
          seasons come and go with unfailing regularity, and we expect that
          every year will bring plenty; yet we have had years of scarcity,
          and may have again, and we are not safe unless we provide against
          them, and be prepared for a day of hunger. Hence, in this respect
          and in many others, the Latter-day Saints have many things to
          Many men do not know how to be comfortable in their families;
          they are cross and crabbed with their wives, and think it is
          necessary to scold and find fault with almost everything they do.
          Now, you can do a good deal more with a person without finding
          fault than with; the man that is pleasant with, and never says a
          cross word to his family, governs them the best, as a general
          thing. Women, too, who talk pleasant and comforting words to
          their husbands, and never find fault, always have the most
          influence with them. And yet we find men and women who, in their
          family relations, seem to think that the rod and a disposition to
          be cross and crabbed, to scold, and find fault, and threaten, is
          the best policy, whereas the right policy is directly opposite.
          We should overcome with love and affection, guide with kindness,
          and teach and instruct by good example and self government, for
          the man who can govern his own temper, rule his own passions, and
          regulate his own conduct, will have more influence over others
          ten thousand times than he will who is feared and dreaded, and
          consequently hated. The question arises in the world--"How is it
          that Brigham Young can control so easily so many Latter-day
          Saints?" And "How was it that Joseph Smith could send his
          brethren all over the world, and bring so many people together,
          without ever seeing them?" It is by the power of that magic which
          wins hearts; by the power of those external principles of
          salvation which exist in God and in his faithful servants. Every
          man knows that in Brigham Young he has a friend and a father, and
          that when he counsels, instructs, corrects, or reproves, it is
          with the spirit of a father to his children--he corrects them for
          their own good; hence every person fears to do wrong and desires
          to do right, and, so far as this principle extends, Israel is
          governed by love and charity, by that strong bond of eternal
          truth which will make peace throughout the earth.
          How are the nations of the earth governed? Generally through fear
          or self-interest. What is that props the French Empire? A million
          of bayonets. What holds the autocrats of Europe on their thrones?
          The fear of death, for if any attempt be made to overthrow them
          death would be the inevitable doom of the conspirators. Is that
          the principle by which governments can stand? No; the only
          principles by which they can be permanently sustained is the love
          of truth, honor, and integrity, and these virtues should be
          honored and observed by the sovereign more than by anybody else,
          and that superior love of truth would enable him to control every
          person in his empire, for virtue reigning triumphant would from
          down vice, and would thus lay the foundation for an empire that
          would be lasting.
          When one sovereign gets more bayonets than the others blood and
          slaughter result, and downfall follows. How will it be in the
          Kingdom of God? It will be governed by peace, truth, and order,
          and truth will eventually govern the world. Men will be taught
          correct principles, and they will then govern themselves. That is
          the secret of "Mormonism." President Young teaches the Saints
          correct principles, and the Saints govern themselves.
          I bear my testimony to the truth of the counsel and instruction
          that we have received this morning, and I trust they will be
          treasured up in good and honest hearts, and that men and women
          will consider these things and realize that we have one great
          interest, which is to build up Zion, sustain the principles of
          salvation, walk humbly before the Lord, remember our prayers, and
          deal honestly and justly with each other. If a man owes another
          let him discharge his obligations honorably; if circumstances
          beyond his control prevent him doing according to agreement, let
          him go to his creditor and show to him the real circumstances of
          the case, and that it is absolutely out of his power, and not
          become a man's enemy because he is your creditor. It frequently
          happens, I notice, that in the dealings of brethren one with
          another, when pay day comes men are not so pleasant and agreeable
          as when they are trying to obtain the credit. This is wrong. In
          all cases our word should be our bond, certain and sure, and
          nothing short of that which is beyond the ordinary course of
          events should prevent us fulfilling it.
          By pursuing this course of events we shall increase confidence in
          our midst, build each other up, and build up Zion. Let us not
          build on borrowed capital, but learn to live within our means,
          and teach our children the beauties of industry, prudence, and
          frugality, that we may all be prepared and qualified to magnify
          our callings. Thus the rising generation will be prepared to bear
          the burden and carry off the kingdom; the work will increase, and
          truth will spread until it covers the whole earth.
          I feel thankful for the privilege of bearing my testimony. I pray
          that the blessings of heaven may rest upon you, and that the
          peace of God may be upon all Israel. I heartily unite with br.
          Kimball in praying for the recovery of his son, and for
          prosperity and blessings upon all Israel; which may God grant,
          for Jesus sake. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, April 7th, 1867
                           Brigham Young, April 7th, 1867
           REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 7th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                                 THE WORD OF WISDOM.
          I will take the liberty of suggesting to my brethren who address
          the congregation that our sermons should be short, and if they
          are not filled with life and spirit let them be shorter, for we
          have not time at this Conference to let all the Elders who speak
          preach a long sermon, but we have time to say a few words in
          bearing testimony, to give a few words of counsel to encourage
          the Saints, to strengthen the weak, to endeavor to confirm those
          who are wavering, and so forward the Kingdom of God. I have a few
          words to say to the Bishops and others who are leading men in the
          House of Israel, including your humble servant now addressing
          you. There are certain rights and privileges belonging to the
          Elders in Israel, and there are certain things that it is not
          their privilege to indulge in. You go through the wards in the
          city, and then through the wards in the city, and then through
          the wards in the country, and ask the Bishops--"Do you keep the
          Word of Wisdom?" The reply will be "Yes; no, not exactly." "Do
          you drink tea?" "No." "Coffee?" "No." "Do you drink whisky?"
          "No." "Well, then, why do you not observe the Word of Wisdom?"
          "Well, this tobacco, I cannot give it up." And in this he sets an
          example to every man, and to every boy over ten years of age, in
          his ward, to nibble at and chew tobacco. You go to another ward,
          and perhaps the Bishop does not chew tobacco, nor drink tea nor
          coffee, but once in a while he takes a little spirits, and keeps
          whisky in his house, in which he will occasionally indulge. Go to
          another ward, and perhaps the Bishop does not drink whisky nor
          chew tobacco, but he "cannot give up his tea and coffee." And so
          it goes through the whole church. Not that every Bishop indulges
          in one or more of these habits, but most of them do. I recollect
          being at a trial not long since where quite a number of Bishops
          had been called in as witnesses, but I could not learn that there
          was one who did not drink whisky, and I think that most of them
          drank tea and coffee. I think that we have some Bishops in this
          city who do not chew tobacco, nor drink liquor nor tea nor coffee
          to excess.
          The Word of Wisdom is one thing, and ignorance, superstition or
          bigotry is another. I wish people to come to an understanding
          with regard to the Word of Wisdom. For illustration, I will refer
          to a certain brother who was in the church once, and President of
          the Elder's Quorum in Nauvoo. While living at that place there
          was a great deal of sickness among the people, and he was
          sometimes called in to lay hands on the sick, but if he had the
          least doubt about their drinking tea, if he even saw a tea-pot,
          he would refuse. I recollect he went into a house where a woman
          was sick, who wanted him to lay hands on her; he saw a teapot in
          the corner containing catnip tea, but without stopping to enquire
          he left the house, exclaiming against her and her practices.
          Now, there is no harm in a teapot, even if it contains tea, if it
          is let alone; and I say of a truth that where a person is
          diseased, say, for instance, with canker, there is no better
          medicine than green tea, and where it is thus used it should be
          drank sparingly. Instead of drinking thirteen or fourteen cups
          every morning, noon, and night, there should not be any used. You
          may think I am speaking extravagantly, but I remember a
          tea-drinking match once in which fourteen cups a-piece were
          drank, so you see it can be done. But top drink half a dozen or
          even three or four cups of strong tea is hurtful. It injures and
          impairs the system, benumbs the faculties of the stomach, and
          affects the blood, and is deleterious in its nature. If a person
          is weary, worn out, cast down, fainting, or dying, a brandy
          sling, a little wine, or a cup of tea is good to revive them. Do
          not throw these things away, and say they must never be used;
          they are good to be used with judgment, prudence, and discretion.
          Ask our Bishops if they drink tea every day, and in most cases
          they will tell you they do if they can get it. They take it when
          they do not need it and when it injures them. I want to say to
          the Elders in Israel, this is not our privilege. We have a great
          many privileges, but to indulge in liquor or other things to our
          own injury is not one of them. We have the right to live, labor,
          build our houses, make our farms, raise our cattle and horses,
          buy our carriages, marry our wives, raise and school our
          children, and then we have the right to set before them an
          example worthy of imitation, but we have not the right to throw
          sin in their path or to lead them to destruction.
          I recollect telling the people here, not long ago, something in
          regard to the rights of the Elders. Our rights are numerous. if
          we are so disposed, we have the right to dictate the House of
          Israel in their daily avocations. We have the right to counsel
          them to go to the gold mines if it is wisdom and God requires it,
          and we have the right to counsel them away from the gold mines
          when it is not wisdom to go there. We have the right to ask them
          to go and buy goods, and to sell those goods without fraud or
          deception. I am sorry to say we cannot say this of many of our
          merchants. We have merchants that say they are of us and with us,
          and that they wish to be Saints, but they are not honest in their
          dealings; they will trade fraudulently, and they will take all
          the advantage they possibly can. I said here a year or two ago
          that unless such merchants repent they will go down to hell; I
          say so to-day. They never can enter the celestial kingdom of our
          God unless they refrain from their dishonest course and become
          Saints indeed.
          To the Bishops and the Elders in Israel I wish to say that we
          have the right to do right, but not to sin. The right to obtain
          large families, although to obtain large families, although
          obnoxious to the refined Christians, all classes of whom preach
          against it--the priest in the pulpit, they judge on the bench,
          the senators and representatives in Congress, as well as the
          bar-keeper and the drunkard wallowing in his filth--they are all
          against it except God and the Saints; yet this is a right that
          the Saints have, and which no others legally possess. Others will
          presumptuously arrogate to themselves certain rights and
          privileges, but the result will be their overthrow, their
          condemnation, and their damnation.
          We urge the people continually to be one in their temporal
          affairs. We do not offer prayers to dead Saints--to Peter, Paul,
          Mary, and others--but we frequently pray the living Saints, in
          Christ's stead, to be reconciled to God. If we urge the people to
          this until we get them to be really of one heart and one mind,
          what will be the result? We shall then possess Zion, it will then
          be developed in our midst, and we will be as independent as ever
          the children of Zion can be in our capacity. Will wrath, anger,
          strife, and selfishness then reign within us? No, they will not.
          It is our right and privilege to live so that we may attain to
          this, so that we may sanctify our hearts before the Lord, and
          sanctify the Lord God in our hearts, but it is not my privilege
          to drink liquor, neither is it my privilege to eat tobacco. Well,
          bro. Brigham, have you not done it? Yes, for many years, but I
          ceased its habitual practice. I used it for toothache; now I am
          free from that pain, and my mouth is never stained with tobacco.
          It is not my privilege to drink liquor nor strong tea and coffee,
          although I am naturally a great lover of tea. Brethren and
          sisters, it is not our privilege to indulge in these things, but
          it is our right and privilege to set an example worthy of
          When we come to home-made cloth, I must say it would make clothes
          good enough for me to wear. "Then why do you not wear it, bro.
          Brigham?" Shall I tell you? I have hardly worn a suit of clothes
          for years that has not been presented to me. If I knew that doing
          this would be a hindrance to the work of God, I would say to the
          next friend who wished to present me with a suit of clothes--"I
          thank you, but I will not wear them; you will please take them
          back to the store, or take them home and put them in the trunk."
          I know the thoughts of many are--"I wish they would serve me so."
          I wish they would; and if they will I will never say wear
          home-made again as long as friends will give you that which is
          imported, and you can lay by the money you save to send the
          Elders abroad to preach the gospel, to gather the poor, to help
          to build the temple of the Lord, or to finish the canal that we
          may get the rock here for the temple.
          You men owning saw mills bring on the lumber to finish the
          tabernacle, and you carpenters and joiners come and help to use
          it up. We are going to plaster the main body of this building
          here immediately; take down the scaffold at the west end from the
          body of the building while the east end is being put up. And we
          are going to lay a platform for the organ, and then make a plan
          for the seats. And we calculate by next October, when the
          brethren and sisters come together, to have room for all; and if
          there is not room under the roof, the doors are placed in such a
          way that the people can stand in the openings and hear just as
          well as inside. I expect, however, that by the time our building
          is finished we shall find that we shall want a little more room.
          "Mormonism" is growing, spreading abroad, swelling and
          increasing, and I expect it is likely that our building will not
          be quite large enough, but we have it so arranged, standing on
          piers, that we can open all the doors and preach to people
          Now I want you should recollect--Bishops, Elders of Israel, High
          Priests, Seventies, the Twelve Apostles, the First Presidency,
          and all the House of Israel, hearken ye, O, my people! keep the
          word of the Lord, observe the Word of Wisdom, sustain one
          another, sustain the household of faith, and let our enemies
          alone. As for those in our midst who love and work iniquity, the
          Lord will gather them from among us in His own due time. They
          will grow fewer and fewer until we will be free from them. The
          Lord chasteneth His people for their good, but see the sufferings
          of the wicked! God has always favored the righteous more than the
          wicked. Still, we have those among us who are afraid. "Well, this
          time we are going to see trouble," or "we are going to be
          afflicted," or "I think the Mormons will have to leave," is their
          cry. I want to tell you we are not going to leave these mountains
          unless the Lord says so. The devil may say so until his throat
          splits, but we shall not do it; and woe to the men or people who
          drive us into the mountains, and compel us to hide ourselves in
          the dens and caves of the earth! Woe to the people who do this;
          they will find something they never learned yet; but they will
          never do it. I am looking for something entirely different. The
          wicked will waste away and destroy each other.
          We are blamed for praying that sin and wickedness may cease on
          the earth, but the only way to effect that is for the
          perpetration of crime to cease. Will the people turn from evil,
          refrain from sin and iniquity, and serve the Lord? I would to God
          they would, but they will not do it. Sin must cease on the earth
          before iniquity and the workers thereof are unknown, there is no
          other way. We should not be blamed for praying that righteousness
          may reign, and that peace may come to the people. Is there war in
          our religion? No; neither war nor bloodshed. Yet our enemies cry
          out "bloodshed," and "oh, what dreadful men these Mormons are,
          and those Danites! how they slay and kill!" Such is all nonsense
          and folly in the extreme. The wicked slay the wicked, and they
          will lay it on the Saints. But I say again that if the people
          called Latter-day Saints will live their religion they will never
          be driven from their homes in the mountains, but if they do sin
          to that extent that the Lord God of heaven will let them be
          driven, woe to them that come after us, for they will find
          greater desolation than we found when we came. If we will do
          right we are safe in the hands of God. We wish evil to no man or
          woman on this earth, but we wish to do good to all. Our Elders
          have circumscribed this little globe again and again without
          purse and scrip, offering the gospel to the nations of the earth.
          Will they have it? No; they prefer death, carnage, and
          destruction, and in the end they will receive the reward of the
          unjust. Let us take a course in which we shall be justified. We
          wish all people to do right, and if the Latter-day Saints will do
          so, and will sustain themselves and live within their own means,
          and never let their wants swell beyond them, all is right, we
          shall reign, and triumph over sin and iniquity. It is no more
          than reasonable, right, just, and equitable for us to ask those
          who wish to supplant us here to go to other places and build
          cities, plant orchards, raise grain, and make themselves
          comfortable, as we have done. They are perfectly welcome to eat,
          live, rule, and reign over one another, but let us alone to serve
          our God, build up His Kingdom on the earth, and live righteously
          and godly as we should.
          Now, Elders of Israel, if you have the right to chew tobacco, you
          have a privilege I have not; if you have a right to drink whisky,
          you have a right that I have not; if you have a right to
          transgress the Word of Wisdom, you have a right that I have not.
          If you have the right to buy and sell and get gain, to go here
          and there, to do this and that, to build up the wicked and the
          ungodly, or their cities, you have rights that I have not got. I
          have the right to build up Zion, but I have no right to build up
          a city in wickedness. It is time to close our morning's meeting.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, April 8th, 1867
                           Brigham Young, April 8th, 1867
            REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 8th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                          EDUCATION--EMPLOYMENT OF FEMALES.
          A few words to the Latter-day Saints, and especially to our young
          men. We have a great deal of time to spare over and above going
          to the kanyon, and working in the fields and in our shops. It is
          true this is not exactly the time of year to establish evening
          schools and lyceums, but we wish our young men to make
          preparation this summer, and send east to procure the necessary
          articles for the formation of societies in this and other cities
          throughout the Territory for the purposed of studying the arts
          and sciences. Now, if a man in the North, say sixty-eight or a
          hundred miles away, should have a limb broken, he has to send to
          this city for a surgeon. It is all folly; there is no more real
          necessity for it, if men would devote their time to the study of
          such things, than there is to send for a man to put a rafter or
          joint on his house, or a panel into his door.
          As the subject of education is open, and has been from time to
          time during this Conference, I will now urge it upon the
          people--the young men and the middle-aged--to get up schools and
          study. If they are disposed to study physic or surgery, all
          right; they will know then what to do if a person is sickly, or
          has his elbow, wrist, or shoulder put out of joint, or his arm or
          any other bone broken. It is just as easy to learn such things as
          it is to learn to plant potatoes. I would like to urge these
          matters upon our young men, and I am convinced this meets the
          feelings of all the brethren. I do hope, and pray you, my
          brethren and sisters, to be careful to observe what br. Wells has
          said in regard to introducing into our schools the Bible, Book of
          Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and the Standard works of the
          Church, and all the works pertaining to our faith, that our
          children may become acquainted with its principles, and that our
          young men, when they go out to preach, may not be so ignorant as
          they have been hitherto. I would like very much to urge upon our
          young people, the sisters as well as the brethren, to pay more
          attention to arithmetic and other things that are useful, instead
          of acquiring a little French and German and other fanciful
          studies that are not of so much practical importance. I do not
          know how long it will be before we call upon the brethren and
          sisters to enter upon business in an entirely different way from
          what they have done. I have been an advocate for our printing to
          be done by females, and as for men being in stores, you might as
          well set them to knitting stockings as to sell tape. Such
          business ought to be done by the sisters. It would enable them to
          sustain themselves, and would be far better than for them to
          spend their time in the parlor or in walking the streets. Hardy
          men have no business behind the counter; they who are not able to
          hoe potatoes, go to the kanyon, cut down the trees, saw the
          lumber, &c., can attend to that business. Our young men in the
          stores ought to be turned out and the sisters take their place;
          and they should study arithmetic and bookkeeping necessary to
          qualify them for such positions. I would also like our school
          teachers to introduce phonography into every school; it is an
          excellent thing to learn. By its means we can commit our thoughts
          and reflections to paper with ease and rapidity, and thus
          preserve that which will be of benefit to ourselves and others,
          and which would otherwise be for ever lost. This is a delightful
          study! In these and all other branches of science and education
          we should know as much as any people in the world. We have them
          within our reach, for we have as good teachers as can be found on
          the face of the earth, if our Bishops would only employ and pay
          them, but they will not. Let a miserable little, smooth-faced,
          beardless, good-for-nothing Gentile come along, without regard
          for either truth or honesty, and they will pay him when they will
          not pay a Latter-day Saint. Think of these things. Introduce
          every kind of useful studies into our schools. I have been urging
          upon our young men for years to get up classes for the study of
          law. The laws of this Territory, of the United States, of the
          different States, of England, and foreign lands. Do this instead
          of riding over the prairies hunting and wasting your time, which
          is property that belongs to the Lord our God, and if we do not
          make good use of it we shall be held accountable.
          Now, my brethren and sisters, I feel to bless you in the name of
          the Lord Jesus Christ, and I pray my Father in heaven to continue
          His mercies to us, and I pray you, in Christ's stead, be ye
          reconciled to God in all things. We will now bring our conference
          to a close.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, April 14th, 1867
                           Brigham Young, April 14th, 1867
                DISCOURSE by President Brigham Young, delivered in the
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 14th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          Inasmuch as I am a missionary, and have been called of God to
          proclaim the gospel, I rise here to bear my testimony in
          connection with my brethren whom you have heard speak this day.
          We hear the testimony of brethren brought up in the Church, as
          well as the testimony of those who receive the gospel in other
          lands and gather with the Church. They all agree that this is the
          truth--the gospel of life and salvation. These brethren are going
          to preach, because they have got the truth and the world are
          destitute of it. One of the brethren said he was going after
          truth. I would correct him, and say he has got truth, and is
          going to carry to others who have it not. You are not going to
          England, Scotland, or to the Continent for truth, but to carry
          truth to people who sit in darkness and in the regions of the
          shadow of death. I am a missionary called to preach the gospel,
          and I am going on a mission; not that I have been lately
          converted, but I feel to go and strengthen my brethren, and I am
          going on a preaching tour for that purpose. There is no place on
          this earth where greater good can be done than here, preaching
          the gospel to this people and getting them to be Saints indeed. I
          would say to my young friends and to the middle-aged brethren,
          though I believe all who are going may be called young men, that
          if you go on a mission to preach the gospel with lightness and
          frivolity in your hearts, looking for this and that, and to learn
          what is in the world, and not having your minds riveted--yes, I
          may say riveted--on the cross of Christ, you will go and return
          in vain. Go forth weeping, bearing precious seed, full of the
          power of God, and full of faith to heal the sick even by the
          touch of your hand, rebuking and casting out foul spirits, and
          causing the poor among men to rejoice, and you will return
          bringing your sheaves with you. If you do not go in this way your
          mission will not be very profitable to yourselves nor to the
          people. I wish you to bear this in mind. We do not send these
          elders forth for political purposes; we have nothing to do with
          the political world. Neither do we wish them to go for two or
          three years to learn what is transpiring in the scientific world.
          If they wish to study the sciences, they can do that at home. We
          have an abundance of scientific men among us. If you wish to know
          what is going on in theatres, do not go to theatres to learn, but
          wait until you come back to our own. I am simply giving you a
          word of counsel. This is as good a time to do it as when you
          assemble together to receive your parting blessing. We do not
          send you for any of these purposes, but to preach the gospel. Let
          your minds be centered on your missions, and labor earnestly to
          bring souls to Christ.
          I would like to impress upon the minds of the brethren, that he
          who goes forth in the name of the Lord, trusting in Him with all
          his heart, will never want for wisdom to answer any question that
          is asked him, or to give any counsel that may be required to lead
          the people in the way of life and salvation, and he will never be
          confounded worlds without end; while he who trusts in the wisdom
          of man, or leans on the arm of flesh, is weak and blind, and
          destitute of the principles that will lead the Elders of Israel
          to victory and glory. Go in the name of the Lord, trust in the
          name of the Lord, lean upon the Lord, and call upon the Lord
          fervently and without ceasing, and pay no attention to the world.
          You will see plenty of the world--it will be before you all the
          time--but if you live so as to possess the Holy Ghost you will be
          able to understand more in relation to it in one day than you
          could in a dozen days without it, and you will at once see the
          difference between the wisdom of men and the wisdom of God, and
          you can weigh things in the balance and estimate them at their
          true worth. I can say also to the brethren and sisters, no matter
          what you are doing--working in the garden, plowing, sowing, going
          to the kanyon, building houses, laying rock or adobies, attending
          your household affairs in the kitchen, the washroom, in the
          parlor, or in the your bedchambers, live continually so that you
          may have the Spirit of the Lord with you and the counsel of God
          within you, that you may be able to give a word of counsel,
          instruction, and comfort to the disconsolate, to strengthen the
          weak, and to confirm the wavering, and spend every day of your
          lives in doing good. Unless we take this course it is useless to
          talk about being Latter-day Saints, the redemption of Zion, or
          the establishment of the Kingdom of God, for nothing short of the
          wisdom and power of God and the Holy Ghost will ever enable any
          people on the face of the earth to redeem Zion, and to establish
          the kingdom of God in these latter days.
          A great many things were said while we were assembled in a
          Conference capacity. We are composed of such material, and our
          organization and education are of such a nature, that a great
          many things have to said to us continually. Like children, there
          is no day but we need instruction, and if we do not live that we
          may have the Holy Ghost within us continually we need to be
          taught by our friends around us how to build up the Kingdom of
          God, to sanctify ourselves, to prepare for the coming of the son
          of man, and for the accomplishment of the great work of the
          latter days. The work in which we are engaged should be
          interesting to every soul that has named the name of Christ; it
          should be first and foremost, morning, noon, and night, with us
          every day of our lives. Our religion should be first with us all
          the time. Coming to this tabernacle to worship and do the will of
          God for one day in the week, and following our own inclinations
          and doing our own will at all other times, is a folly; it is
          useless, and a perfect burlesque on the service of God. We should
          do the will of God, and spend all our time for the accomplishment
          of His purposes, whether we are in this tabernacle or elsewhere.
          We are often told that, so far as the principles of our religion
          are concerned, we are one. Our brethren here are going on
          missions to Scandinavia, Germany, and perhaps to places where the
          gospel has never been preached before, and some, perhaps, to the
          antipodes of others, yet in the proclamation of the principles of
          the gospel I do not expect there will be any variation. They will
          go north, south, east, and west, and they will all take up the
          scriptures of truth contained in the Bible, Book of Mormon, and
          Book of Doctrine and Covenants, and each one will corroborate the
          testimony of the other in establishing the truth of the gospel of
          the Son of God, and all will exactly agree. Yet, when we are
          gathered together, there are as many minds as there are persons
          in regard to the affairs of every-day life and the managing of
          financial affairs. Now, the people of God are being gathered
          together expressly to become one with regard to the things of
          this world.
          I would like to be understood, if I could explain myself. We
          never shall become one to that extent that we shall look alike or
          possess precisely the same mental power and ability; this is not
          the design of Heaven. But we expect to become one in all our
          operations to bring forth the fullness of the Kingdom of God on
          the earth, that Jesus may come and reign King of nations as He
          does King of Saints. Shall we call this a union for political
          purposes? I say it is good policy for people to be of one heart
          and mind in all their operations. I have frequently looked at the
          inhabitants of the earth and seen how their feelings,
          dispositions, and pursuits differ; no two, scarcely, can agree.
          If two men enter into partnership, say in the banking business,
          or in mercantile business or manufacturing, it is very seldom
          that they agree a great while. Their minds will run in different
          channels with regard to business matters, and one will not be
          trammeled with the ideas of the other, so each resolves to take
          his own course. If you wish for a perfect example of this, I can
          tell you where to find it: just as quick as warm weather comes
          you see these little red and black ants on the hills. You will
          see them running in every direction, but it is seldom that two of
          them take the same course; they will run against each other,
          tumble over each other, and, finally, rob each other. This is a
          perfect example of the course pursued by the inhabitants of the
          I would say that it is good policy if we can be agreed in all
          matters. To illustrate, suppose we want to go and quarry rock out
          of the granite mountain here; we are building a huge fabric and
          we want some columns, say sixty feet high, five, six, seven, or
          eight feet through at the base, and perhaps four or five feet
          through at the top. Let one man undertake such a work, and how
          long would it take him? But let us be united in the undertaking,
          and we can soon have our columns quarried, hauled, and erected.
          Suppose there was a union of effort in every political and
          financial matter undertaken for the benefit of the whole people,
          who cannot see the good that would result? We have tried this to
          some extent in relation to our markets here; but suppose we were
          fully agreed on the point, we could demand a fair price for our
          products, and we need not be imposed upon by traders and
          traffickers. If we were agreed, we could supply ourselves from
          distant markets, say with our clothing, at a far less cost than
          now. Suppose, as was said at Conference, that we dispense with
          the luxuries of tobacco, tea, coffee, and whisky, how much could
          we save? If we had the money on hand that we have spent on these
          needless articles during the year that is past, we should have
          abundance to donate to the missionaries to land them in their
          fields of labor.
               The people, perhaps, will turn round and say--"We pay our
          tithing, and that is all we feel to do." If you do, you do more
          than the people did some years ago. At that time we found that in
          the staple article of wheat, of which there is more paid on
          tithing than anything else in the Territory, that we did not
          receive one bushel in a hundred of that which was raised, to say
          nothing one in ten. The people are not compelled to pay their
          tithing, they do as they please about it, it is urged upon them
          only as a matter of duty between them and their God. This little
          moiety that is now paid on tithing is used to bring the poor
          here, to find them houses to live in, bread to eat, and wood to
          burn, when we can get the brethren to bring it in on tithing, but
          that is an article pretty hard to get. Now, suppose we had a
          little more of this surplus on hand, could we not help the
          brethren on their way to preach the gospel to the nations? Yes,
          we could. Some of them will leave their families that will,
          probably be destitute, and if we had means on hand we could
          donate to help them, and to prevent them from running continually
          to the Bishops. The Bishops have nothing in their hands, the
          tithing is used up, it has gone to sustain the poor, the
          Priesthood, and the Public Works. Yet when they go to a Bishop he
          has to look round to procure them a house, some wood, or some
          wheat or flour on tithing. But suppose we had the money on hand
          that we have spent on these useless articles which have been
          referred to the case would be different. When I begin to talk
          about these things I see so much that I can tell but very little.
          To see the slackness, slothfulness, and neglect of duty in taking
          care of the things which God gives to us. We may say we have
          abundance--more than we need--but will we give it to those who
          need it? No, but it is wasted in buying articles for which there
          is no real need. The people here seem to be perfectly lost, and
          cannot imagine what they do want. They are not clogged with every
          luxury, to be sure; they are not over surfeited with riches, for
          they are not rich; but they are comfortable, and they spend their
          substance for naught, for that which neither enriches the soul
          nor builds up the Kingdom of God.
          How is it with you, my brethren and sisters? Can you call to mind
          any circumstances that have transpired in the midst of this
          people that could have been avoided, and that should put you on
          your guard? Yes, plenty of them, if you will only reflect. I
          asked one man, for instance, how he lived. "Oh," said he, "I
          hardly know how; I can hardly sustain my family." "How many have
          you in family?" "Eight of us." "And what do you have a day?"
          "Three dollars." Perhaps here is another man who gets five dollar
          a day, and he is poor; and another one who has a hundred cattle
          running on the prairie, and he is living on a dirt floor; he is
          not able to buy a few boards to make a floor. Go through the
          country and you will see numbers living, year after year, on dirt
          floors, and unable to procure a little sand and lime to plaster
          the walls of their dwellings, and at the same time, perhaps, they
          have hundreds and hundreds of animals running on the prairie.
          What economy!
          You recollect that I asked a few questions at Conference as to
          the amount paid out last year for those needless articles--tea,
          coffee, &c. Will one hundred thousand dollars pay for the tobacco
          that the Elders of Israel chewed and spit out? It will not, and
          the tea that was drunk will perhaps cost a hundred thousand more,
          and the coffee will amount to pretty near the same sum. As for
          the sugar, I should say, continue to purchase that, and let the
          children have it, not to live on it alone, but in connection with
          other nutriment, for you should understand that our food is
          composed of three staple articles--sugar, starch, and glue,
          consequently sugar is good. But to train your children to drink
          tea and coffee at two, three, or four years old is very
          pernicious and injurious. You mothers and daughters in Israel who
          are taking this course, how do you expect to live to accomplish
          the work the Lord has assigned you? Why you will not live half
          your days; you will come short of it as much as the wicked. Is
          this true? It is verily true. You get up in the morning and have
          your cup of tea, your fried ham, and cold beef and mince pies,
          and everything you can possibly cram into the stomach, until you
          surfeit the system and lay the foundation for disease and early
          death. Says the mother--"Do eat, my little daughter, you are
          sick; take a piece of pie, toast, or meat, or drink a little tea
          or coffee; you must take something or other." Mothers in Israel,
          such a course engenders disease, and you are laying a foundation
          that will cut off one-half or two-thirds of the lives of your
          children; and yet a more healthy country than ours cannot be
          found upon the face of the earth, if the people would learn to
          live prudently.
          In foreign lands you may find districts where many of the people
          do not have, probably, more than two-thirds of what they need to
          eat--and they live thus from year to year--yet you will find them
          much more healthy than they who gorge themselves continually.
          Take the Americans, say in the old Granite State where I have
          travelled, and to look at their surroundings out of doors you
          would not think they had more than one bean to a pint of water,
          but go into their houses and you will find beef, pork, apple pie,
          custard pie, pumpkin pie, mince pie, and every luxury, and they
          live so as to shorten their days and the days of their children.
          You may think that these things are not of much importance; no
          more they are, unless they are observed, but let the people
          observe them and they lay the foundation for longevity, and they
          will begin to live out their days, not only a hundred years, but,
          by and bye, hundreds of years on the earth. Do you think they
          will stuff themselves then with tea and coffee, and perhaps with
          a little brandy sling before breakfast and a little before going
          to bed, and then beef, pork, mutton, sweet-meats, and pastry,
          morning, noon, and night? No; you will find they will live as our
          first parents did, on fruits and on a little simple food, and
          they will never overload the stomach.
          Let the people be temperate in their food, then go to work and
          clothe themselves. Ladies, why can you not make your own bonnets
          as well as buy them? Will you go to work and do it? I know not.
          You can do as you please. Will you dispense with your frills,
          ruffles, bows, and nonsense? To correspond with the ladies the
          gentlemen ought to have one half of their hats covered with
          feathers and the others half with a cockade, and frills up and
          down the sleeves of their coats and the legs of their pantaloons.
          Still, we see some who wear home-made. I noticed one young man,
          who is going on a mission, and who spoke here to-day, with a suit
          of home-made cloth on. We can make our own cloth and then wear
          it. We can learn how to raise and improve our stock, how to raise
          our grain, fruit, and vegetables, we can raise our own wool and
          flax and make it into cloth, and in fact we can learn to raise
          and make all that we need, and this is one of the great objects
          to be attained to in the gathering of the Saints together. As for
          your surplus, means, you can lay it away, and when a call is made
          you can donate to assist the elders who are sent on missions to
          the nations of the earth, and help to sustain their families
          while they are away.
          To the elders who are going to preach I will give another word of
          counsel--try and maintain yourselves as much as you can. You are
          going where thousands of the people die annually of starvation.
          Do not go and beg of them, but rather give to them. I have told
          every one of my boys not to depend on the people, but when they
          get a dinner from the poor, instead of taking the last crumb or
          morsel they have, leave something for them to enable them to
          supply their wants. I have known many sisters, and perhaps there
          are some of them here to-day, who, when times were far better
          than they are now, would pinch themselves for a whole week in
          order to provide a comfortable dinner or supper for an elder who
          would visit them, at the same time they, probably, did not have
          more than one-half, or at most two-thirds, or what was necessary
          to sustain themselves. The Elders of Israel should go forth
          calculating to help the people both temporally and spiritually,
          but some of them have done nothing but beg from the time they
          left here until their return. For brethren to leave a country
          like this, where labor is plentiful and means so easily acquired,
          and go and ask alms of the poor in other countries is a shame and
          disgrace. I want the missionaries to remember this and lay it to
          heart, if they will. Go and preach the gospel, and help the
          honest-in-heart to gather, that they may aid in building up Zion,
          for that was the design of the Lord when He said, through the
          Revelator John, "Come out of her my people that ye be not
          partakers of her sins and that ye receive not of her plagues."
          Take the people in the east, west, north, and south who have
          obeyed the gospel, and, so far as the spiritual gifts are
          concerned, they are all of one heart and one mind, but not one
          soul knows how to build up Zion. Not a man in all the realms and
          kingdoms that exist knows how to commence the foundation of the
          Zion of God in the latter days without revelation. If the people
          in the world could sanctify themselves and prepare themselves to
          build up Zion they might remain scattered, but they cannot, they
          must be gathered together to be taught, that they may sanctify
          themselves before the Lord and become of one heart and of one
          mind. By and by the Jews will be gathered to the land of their
          fathers, and the ten tribes, who wandered into the north, will be
          gathered home, and the blood of Ephraim, the second son of
          Joseph, who was sold into Egypt, which is to be found in every
          kingdom and nation under heaven, will be gathered from among the
          Gentiles, and the Gentiles who will receive and adhere to the
          principles of the gospel will be adopted and initiated into the
          family of Father Abraham, and Jesus will reign over His own and
          Satan will reign over his own. This will be the result.
          Now, Latter-day Saints, only think how far short we come of being
          what we ought to be. Some will indulge in a little falsehood here
          and there, evil, folly, nonsense, wickedness, lies, deception,
          arrogating to themselves that which does not belong to them. We
          are gathered together expressly to expose the wickedness that is
          in our hearts. How often, in looking over the congregations of
          the Saints, I can pick out a man here and a woman there guilty of
          these things. Here, probably, is a brother who has been a deacon
          in the Baptist or Presbyterian church for thirty of forty years,
          and was just as good a man as there was in the world, but gather
          him home with the Saints, and though his whole judgment is
          convinced that the gospel is true, and he believes it with all
          his heart, yet he will deceive and lie a little and take that
          which is not his own. "Did you ever know those who have been
          deacons in the sectarian churches guilty of such things?" Yes,
          many of them, who have been considered flaming lights there, yet,
          when they gathered with the Saints, according to the words of the
          prophets, they have spued out the iniquity that was in them, and
          revealed the secrets of their hearts to their neighbors. If John
          should drop his axe in the kanyon, and Benjamin should come
          along, although he had been a preacher, he would pick up that axe
          and keep it. I have seen many such things. Such practices, if not
          repented of and forsaken, will canker the very souls of those who
          are guilty, and will deprive them of the glory that will be
          enjoyed by honest and virtuous men and women.
          When Jesus was preaching on these principles, and showing how
          strict and pure in their lives they must be who are counted
          worthy to be brought into the presence of the Father and the Son,
          be crowned with crowns of glory, immortality, and eternal life,
          and become Gods, even the Sons of God, I do not wonder that His
          disciples cried out, "Who, then, can be saved?" Said Jesus,
          "Strait is the gate and narrow is the way that leads to the lives
          to come and few there be that find it." This is the rendering in
          the new translation. As Jesus said to the disciples so I say to
          the Latter-day Saints--"Strait is the gate and narrow is the way
          that leads to the lives to come and few there be that find it." I
          know you might turn round and say: "Brother Brigham, do you
          expect to find it?" I expect to try; and when I get through I
          expect the Lord to do what He pleases with me. I have not asked
          where He is going to place me, nor what He will do with me, nor
          anything about my crown or mansion. I only ask God, my Father, in
          the name of Jesus, to help me to live my religion, and to give me
          ability to save my fellow-beings from the corruptions of the
          world, to fill them with the peace of God, and to prepare them
          for a better kingdom than this. That is all I have inquired
          about. What the Lord will do with me, or where He will place me,
          I do not know, neither do I care. I serve, and have implicit
          confidence in Him, and I am perfectly satisfied that we will all
          receive all we are worthy of. May the Lord help us to live so
          that we may be worthy of a place in His presence. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Q. Cannon, April 21st, 1867
                         George Q. Cannon, April 21st, 1867
           REMARKS by Elder George Q. Cannon, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                       Great Salt Lake City, April 21st, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          It is always exceedingly interesting to listen to missionaries
          expressing their feelings either before going on missions or
          after their return, especially when they return possessing the
          Spirit of God, having fulfilled their missions honorably. I, for
          one, can testify, and I presume that all can who have listened to
          the brethren to-day and last Sunday, that if they go forth
          possessing the spirit they have manifested in their remarks here,
          and are influenced and guided by it in their addresses to and
          associations with the people during their absence, the result
          will be great glory to themselves and salvation to the honest in
          heart with whom they come in contact.
          There is an influence and power attending the testimony of an
          honest man inspired by the Spirit of God, that carries conviction
          to the souls of those who are unprejudiced, and who listen
          dispassionately to what he has to say, and when the inhabitants
          of the earth hear these testimonies borne in meekness and
          simplicity, and, through prejudice, reject them, condemnation
          falls upon them. If all who have heard the gospel, and have
          received testimonies of its truth, had embraced it, the Church of
          Jesus Christ, to-day, would have numbered millions. There is a
          testimony accompanying the words of truth spoken in soberness
          that carries conviction to the heart of every honest person who
          hears it, and there is no man or woman to whom it is declared but
          what has a secret conviction that there is something more in it
          than they are willing to allow.
          It has been truly said that it makes but little difference in
          what our labors are applied. We have learned by experience,
          individually and as a people, that God our Heavenly Father knows
          what is best for us. He knows our wants and circumstances, and
          how our labors can be best applied, and in directing us He is
          always guided by infinite wisdom. It makes but little difference
          what will be the results of the labors of these brethren. If they
          do not bring many to a knowledge of the truth, they, at least,
          can return with a consciousness of having done what was required
          at their hands, and their garments will be clear of the blood of
          the people. The Lord has said that after the testimonies of His
          servants He would send other testimonies, which should bear
          witness of the truth of that which they had spoken. These
          testimonies have been, and are being, sent among the people, and
          they are being increased; and, no doubt, thousands of the
          honest-in-heart through the nations of the earth, whose minds
          have been darkened by the precepts and traditions of men, will be
          aroused to reflection, and will have their feelings of prejudice
          removed by the circumstances through which they are called to
          pass, and they will see truth as they never saw it before. Hence,
          there is a constant necessity for the elders to go forth and
          proclaim the gospel among the nations of the earth. 
          We are living in a very eventful period; the events now
          transpiring in the nations have been predicted to us years and
          years ago. We were almost as familiar with them before they came
          to pass as we are now. Scarcely an event has befallen our nation
          but what we had an intimation of long before it transpired. I
          recollect very well that in the fall of 1860, while going to
          England, we were invited at Omaha to preach the gospel to the
          people of that city. A good many of the leading citizens procured
          the Court-house for us, and br. Pratt preached. By request, I
          read the revelation given through Joseph Smith, on the 25th of
          December, 1832, respecting the secession of the Southern States.
          It created a great sensation, the election of Abraham Lincoln
          having just been consummated, and it being well known that there
          was a great deal of feeling in the South in relation to it. A
          great many persons came forward and examined the book from which
          the revelation was read to see the date, to satisfy themselves
          that it was not a thing of recent manufacture. The revelation was
          in the Pearl of Great Price, which was published 1851. And when
          the people saw this they were struck with surprise, and were more
          especially impressed when, in the course of a few hours
          afterwards, the news reached Omaha that South Carolina had passed
          the Ordinance of Secession. There was a direct confirmation of
          the words of the Prophet Joseph spoken twenty-eight years
          previously. But who in that congregation were prepared to receive
          that prediction as one that had emanated from Heaven? We
          understood and were prepared for it. It made no difference to us
          whether South Carolina had then seceded, or whether secession had
          been deferred for years, we knew that the words of God must be
          fulfilled, and that the words which He had spoken by the mouth of
          His servant would come to pass.
          There are a great many who have been stirred up to reflection by
          recent events, which have been mapped out, as it were, before the
          Saints of God through the spirit of inspiration and prophecy,
          which our Heavenly Father has poured out upon His servants and
          people; and if we continue to be diligent, humble, and faithful,
          there never will be a time from this time forward, so long as the
          earth endures, that we will be destitute of the knowledge
          necessary to guide us. There never has been a time since we came
          to these valleys that we have been ignorant of the course that we
          should take. It is true that many invidious remarks are made by
          those not of us upon the men who preside over us. They do not
          know how it is that President Young has been able to lead us
          through every difficulty as he has done. They imagine that it is
          all attributable to his superior wisdom and smartness, and that
          what we term revelation and the spirit of prophecy are the
          concoction of his brain or the fabrication of those who are
          immediately associated with him. But we who, from the
          organization of the Church until the present, have been led by
          the spirit of inspiration, know that it is nothing of the kind,
          but that God our Heavenly father does actually make known His
          mind and will to His servants in these days as He did anciently.
          Men's ideas differ very much in relation to what a prophet is or
          should be; they have certain ideas and opinions as to how he
          should receive the gift of prophecy and revelation, and if a man
          professing to be a prophet or servant of God does not conform to
          those ideas, he is, of course, set down as an impostor. The
          spirit of revelation is not so mysterious and incomprehensible as
          many imagine it to be. Men have imagined that it is something
          they cannot understand, and that men in possession of it must
          differ very remarkably from those who are destitute of it. But
          the Lord in His dealings with the children of men never did
          produce these monstrosities. His servants were not so remarkable
          in appearance as to strike everybody who saw them with surprise,
          but on the contrary they were natural men, similar in form
          feature, and apparel, and speaking the same language as others,
          and because of this men could not entertain the idea that they
          were the servants of God or were intimate with His purposes, or
          that they could possess more wisdom than man obtains by the
          exercise of his natural mind. My brethren and sisters, it is a
          glorious privilege that we possess, of living so before the Lord
          our God that we can have the testimony constantly within us that
          we are operating and laboring in conformity with the requirements
          of Heaven.
          There is one subject that I wish to speak upon in connection with
          the departure of these missionaries. There has been a movement
          made in some of the wards to raise the means necessary to send
          the missionaries from these wards to the nations to which they
          have been appointed. I do not know how many wards are engaged in
          this movement, but it is desirable that the whole people should
          do what they can to assist in sending the missionaries, and also
          to assist their families while they are away. It will probably be
          easy for the 13th, 14th, and 20th wards to send the brethren who
          are called from them, but there may be some wards that are too
          poor to assist to the extent that is needed, and a unity of
          action on the part of the people generally may therefore be
          necessary. President Young desires that all who are here this
          morning should do what they can, and that all who come this
          afternoon should come prepared to do the same. And all here are
          requested to notify all they can to this effect. A few years ago
          an exertion was made to raise a Missionary Fund, and for a time
          that fund was tolerably well sustained, but by degrees the
          feelings of the people became cool, whether for the want of being
          reminded or not I do not know, but for some time this matter has
          fallen into disuse.
          A good many are now being called to go on missions, and as we
          have done very well in this matter in the past we must not be
          unmindful now. It is true we have a great many labors to perform;
          we have to pay our tithing, and in various ways have to
          contribute of our means for the upbuilding of the Kingdom of God,
          and it is by taking a course of this kind that we shall become a
          great and mighty people. We have proved this to our satisfaction.
          We have proved that we can go to the nations of the earth and
          spend years, if necessary, in proclaiming the gospel of the Lord
          Jesus Christ, and then come back and accumulate means as rapidly
          as if we had never gone. And those who remain at home and devote
          their energies and means to building up the Kingdom of God
          increase in wealth and material advantages far more rapidly than
          they who have neither given their time abroad nor their means at
          home. We are surrounded with the blessings of God, and He can
          multiply or withdraw them as seems good in His sight, and it
          ought to be, and I have no doubt that it is, a pleasure to the
          Latter-day Saints to do all they can to roll forth His work. When
          we have gone, seemingly, as far as we can, the Lord opens our way
          and makes it plain before us, just as He does for the elders when
          they go forth to preach.
          There have been times with the elders abroad preaching when it
          seemed as though they could do no more--all was dark before them,
          every door seemed closed, and they did not know where to get food
          to eat, raiment to wear, or a place of shelter; and, when they
          could do no other thing, God has opened the way for them, their
          faith has been increased, and they have gone forward with renewed
          energy to perform the labors devolving upon them. So it is with
          us here, my brethren and sisters. I look upon the training we are
          receiving as essentially necessary. God is testing us and trying
          our faith. Our means are comparatively very limited, but by their
          proper use, and the exercise of faith, God will open up our way
          before us. This people, called Latter-day Saints, have performed
          the mightiest works ever accomplished with the least means. It is
          in consequence of their faith, and it will be more and more the
          case as we progress in the things of the kingdom; and if we
          continually comply with the requirements of Heaven we shall
          become heirs of God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. And if we
          are heirs of God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ we expect to
          have control over many things, and there is reason to believe
          that our dominion will be very extensive. But before we attain to
          that dominion we must learn to be wise rulers over the few things
          that God has placed in our charge, and to use them for His glory
          and the advancement of His purposes on the earth. When He sees
          that our eyes are single to His glory, and that our hearts are
          pure and free from avarice and every sordid and selfish feeling,
          He will multiply His blessings upon us, because He will then know
          by testing us that we are fit to be trusted, and it will be said
          to us according to the words of the Scriptures, "You have been
          faithful over a few things and you shall become rulers over many
          We cannot say what good will follow from our exertions, though
          very feeble and like bread cast upon the waters. Yet if we
          perform the duties devolving upon us in the Spirit of the Lord,
          and pray that His blessing may attend them, great results will
          follow to us and others. We all ought to have learned this long
          ago, and I doubt not that, with few exceptions, we all have; and
          the spirit that has been awakened within us of late, respecting
          keeping the Word of Wisdom and other things of a kindred
          character, ought to keep us keenly alive to the importance of
          using to the best advantage all the means God places in our
          hands. I recollect very well a saying of President Young, some
          seven years ago, I think, this coming summer, in speaking of the
          missionaries who were then going abroad, he said that when he was
          in England he hesitated to spend a penny for fruit or anything of
          that kind, because he thought of what that penny, or a few pence,
          would do if judiciously expended for the benefit of the work of
          God. We should all feel like this, and should endeavor to deny
          ourselves of a great many things that are injurious to us that we
          may be better prepared to help to roll forth the work of God our
          Heavenly Father. If we have obeyed the counsel given at
          Conference we have already saved something in denying ourselves
          of some of those things which we call luxuries, and we can donate
          that, if no more; but we might as well donate something in
          anticipation of the amount we will save during the coming year by
          strictly following the counsel that has been given to us. By so
          doing we will confer a blessing upon those going on missions, and
          we will have the satisfaction of knowing that our means has been
          used for the accomplishment of God's purposes.
          I have been very much pleased, as an individual, to hear the
          instructions which have been given on these points. I called in
          at a Bishops' meeting the other evening and heard some remarks
          which were being made on this subject. I would have liked very
          much, if circumstances had permitted, to have added something to
          what was said. I do not like to hear anybody express himself as
          though this movement in relation to keeping the Word of Wisdom is
          one got up and sustained only by enthusiasm. I do not call that
          enthusiasm which prompts people to walk up to the line of their
          duty and renounce evil practices, and when I hear men say--"I
          have seen the people get enthusiastic about the Word of Wisdom
          before, but they have soon relapsed into their old habits, "I
          consider it wrong. We ought not to require to be talked to and
          counselled on points so well recognised and established as this.
          God has given to us a most positive promise on this subject, and
          we should be diligent in carrying it into effect without waiting
          to be counselled, getting up an excitement, or acting on the spur
          of the moment, and after awhile returning to old habits. I do not
          think any person will be benefitted by acting in this manner.
          There should be a well settled conviction in the mind of every
          person belonging to this Church that it would be a real benefit
          for him or for her to observe the Word of Wisdom, and to carry
          into effect the counsel God has given on any point. If I do not
          see the evils that result from smoking and chewing tobacco,
          drinking liquor, tea, and coffee, or eating meats to excess, and
          the benefits that would result from abstaining, what anybody else
          may see would only have a temporary effect upon me. I must feel
          in my own heart that it is injurious to me to indulge in these
          things, there must be a well settled conviction within me that
          this is the case, then when I am thrown in contact with persons
          who use them, and inducements are offered me to do the same, it
          is easy for me to decline, because I am satisfied in my own mind
          that they are injurious, and there is no need of excitement or
          enthusiasm to enable me to refrain.
          Our teachings during Conference will, at any rate, induce parents
          and guardians to keep their children from learning pernicious
          habits, which in early life are so easily acquired, and which
          when acquired retain their hold upon us with such tenacity, and
          if, in addition to this, five hundred people throughout the
          Territory are induced to keep the Word of Wisdom I do not think
          that our preaching will be in vain. But I anticipate far greater
          results than this. It is true, probably, that there are many
          points concerning our welfare that may not have ben touched upon
          by our Heavenly Father in the Word of Wisdom, but in my
          experience I have noticed that they who practice what the Lord
          has already given are keenly alive to other words of wisdom and
          counsel that may be given. I would consider that for a person who
          was in a profuse perspiration to go into the wind without being
          properly clothed would be more foolish and injurious than to eat
          meat or to drink tea or coffee to excess. There are a thousand
          ways in which we can act unwisely; our attention has been
          directed to some few points, and if we observe them the Lord has
          promised us great treasures of wisdom, which will enable us to
          see a thousand points where we can take better care of our
          bodies, preserve our health, and which will enable us to train
          our children in the way of the Lord. The result will be that our
          children will be healthy and strong, and we will raise up a
          generation that will be a blessing to us, and through whom the
          Lord can accomplish His great and mighty works in the earth.
          These things are very desirable, my brethren and sisters, and I
          hope that no person in this congregation will consider that the
          teachings we have had during Conference, or their results, arise
          from enthusiasm, but attribute them to the right source, the
          promptings of the Spirit of God. This is the true view of the
          matter, and it is for every one of us to carry them into effect.
          We do not wish the people to be coerced or asked, even, to make
          covenants to observe these teachings. It is not desirable or wise
          that this should be done. If the bishops and teachers in their
          wards and blocks choose to ascertain how many will observe this
          counsel, it may be wise to do so, but it would be decidedly
          unwise to go and exact covenants of this character, because I
          have noticed that when we make covenants there is a power brought
          to bear against us, and temptations thrown in our path to cause
          us if possible to break them. We should be exceedingly careful in
          these things, and, if we wish to carry them out, let us resolve
          to do so upon principle and by the help of God, and not in our
          own strength, or because somebody else tells us to do so. This is
          the course for us, as Latter-day Saints, to take, then the
          benefits resulting will be permanent. It is the design of the
          Lord to develop within every man and woman the principle of
          knowledge, that all may know for themselves. He has poured out
          His holy spirit upon all of us, and not upon President Young nor
          upon bro. Joseph alone. The Lord designs that the principle of
          knowledge shall be developed in every heart, that all may stand
          before Him in the dignity of their manhood, doing understandingly
          what He requires of them, not depending upon nor being blindly
          led by their priests or leaders, as is the universal custom, and
          one of the most fruitful sources of evil to the people on the
          face of the earth. God intends to break down this order of
          things, and to develop in the bosom of every human being who will
          be obedient to the gospel and the principles of truth and
          righteousness, that knowledge which will enable them to perform
          understandingly all the labors and duties he requires of them.
          If we, in our experience, have not yet proved the truth of the
          words of the prophet--"Cursed is he that trusteth in man, or
          maketh flesh his arm"--probably we will do if we live long
          enough. There is a curse attending every man and woman who does
          this. If we will watch the operations of the gospel of Jesus
          Christ among us, we will see that it has a tendency to develop
          knowledge in the bosoms of all, and it is the design of
          Providence that it should be so. We must all learn to depend upon
          God and upon Him alone. Why, the very man upon whom we think we
          can rely with unbounded confidence, and trust with all we
          possess, may disappoint us sometimes, but trust in God and He
          never fails. We can go before Him at all times, and upon all
          occasions, and pour out our souls and desires before Him, and we
          feel that we lean upon a rock that will not fail, and upon a
          friend that will not desert us in the day of trial. He is
          omnipotent, and in Him only can we trust under all circumstances,
          therefore we perceive why the prophet has said--"Cursed is he
          that trusteth in man, or maketh flesh his arm."
          God, our Heavenly Father, designs that all who will observe truth
          and righteousness should possess wisdom and understanding for
          themselves, and He is bringing us through circumstances that will
          develop within us that portion of the Godhead or Deity which we
          have received from Him, that we may become worthy of our high and
          glorious parentage. This being His design respecting us, we
          should seek by every means in our power to aid Him in carrying it
          out, until the whole people are enlightened by His Spirit, and
          act understandingly and in concert in carrying out His designs.
          In other systems the design is to keep the people down in
          ignorance and darkness respecting the principles that are taught
          them, to keep the knowledge in the hands of a select few, upon
          whom the people are forced to depend, but this is not the genius
          of the kingdom of God. The spirit of the church of God is that
          manifested by Moses when, in answer to Joshua, who wished him to
          reprove some who were prophesying, he said--"No; but I would to
          God that all were prophets." That is the spirit of the gospel of
          Jesus Christ. The genius of the kingdom with which we are
          associated is to disseminate knowledge through all the ranks of
          the people, and to make every man a prophet and every woman a
          prophetess, that they may understand the plans and purposes of
          God. For this purpose the gospel has been sent to us, and the
          humblest may obtain its spirit and testimony, and the weakest of
          the weak may obtain a knowledge respecting the purposes of God.
          This is the difference between the church and kingdom of God and
          the creeds and institutions of men. The idea that prevails in the
          world concerning us is that we are hoodwinked and led blindly by
          our leaders; but the contrary to this is the case, for it is the
          wish of every man who comprehends this work that the people
          should all understand it. The bishops and teachers, if they have
          the right spirit, wish their wards to understand the principles
          of the gospel and the requirements of heaven as they understand
          them, and so it is through all grades of the priesthood and
          through all the ramifications of the church of God. If we take
          this course continually we will become a great and mighty people
          before the Lord. If we do anything let us do it understandingly.
          If we hear any principle taught from the stand that we do not
          understand let us seek to comprehend it by the Spirit of God. If
          it be not of God we have the privilege of knowing it. We are not
          required to receive for doctrine everything that we hear. We may
          say--"I do not know whether this is true or not, I will not fight
          it, neither will I endorse it, but I will seek knowledge from
          God, for that is my privilege, and I will never rest satisfied
          until I have obtained the light I require." If you hear a
          doctrine that does not agree with your feelings, or that you do
          not believe, take this course; do not reject nor endorse hastily,
          without knowing or understanding. By taking this course you will
          develop the principle that God designs we should possess, and we
          will thus become a wise and understanding people, for we will be
          based on the Rock of Revelation.
          May this be the case with you, my brethren and sisters, until you
          are brought back into the presence of God, to dwell at His right
          hand eternally, is my prayer for Christ's sake. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / John
          Taylor, May 19th, 1867
                             John Taylor, May 19th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder John Taylor, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                        Great Salt Lake City, May 19th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          As we have just returned from a journey from the south I presume
          it would be interesting to you to hear some little about how the
          Saints generally are getting on. We have had quite a pleasant
          journey, but rather a laborious one, travelling thirty, forty, or
          fifty miles a day, and preaching from once to three times a day.
          But we have had very pleasant remarks, feelings, and associations
          during our absence. We found that the President and those who
          were with him were welcomed and well received in every place we
          visited. There seems to be an increase of faith among the Saints
          and a desire to live their religion and keep the commandments of
          God. We also find that improvements are taking place in almost
          every place we visited; they are improving in their farming
          operations, their orchards, gardens, dwellings, &c., and some
          places, we find, are really very beautiful. Down in the far
          south, in Saint George and through that region of country, the
          people are beginning to live easier and better than heretofore,
          so that the matter of living is no longer a problem with any of
          them. In the early days of the settlement of that country a good
          many became disaffected and left. Geo. A. used occasionally to go
          down with reinforcements, expecting to find quite a large
          company, but when he tried to put his finger on them, like
          Paddy's flea, they were not there. At the present time, however,
          different feelings prevail. There are many now who desire to go
          down there as a matter of choice, and a great many there with
          whom I conversed feel as though it was as good a home as they
          could find anywhere in the valleys, and they would not wish to
          leave unless counselled to do so. It took counsel to take them
          there, and it would take counsel to bring them away. So far as
          the city of Saint George is concerned, it is the best and most
          pleasant looking city in the Territory, outside of Great Salt
          Lake City, and that is saying a good deal for a new place. They
          have beautiful gardens and orchards, and quite a large number of
          very beautiful buildings, and they are making for themselves a
          very pleasant home. And not only so, but the promises to them are
          beginning to be fulfilled, waters are beginning to burst forth in
          desert places, where they had none before, and they are beginning
          to feel that the hand of the Lord is over them, that He is
          interested in their welfare, that He is their God, and that they
          are His people. In fact, when we were down there at Conference,
          which we attended for two days, we had a pleasant time, and a
          good spirit prevailed, and I felt almost as though we were at
          home, there were so many familiar faces. I noticed, too, that
          there was a very general disposition among the people to observe
          the Word of Wisdom. Of course we had to keep it--we could not for
          shame do anything else--and if we had been disposed to do
          otherwise we could hardly have helped ourselves, for nobody
          offered us either tea, coffee, tobacco or liquor. There seemed to
          be a general disposition among the people to obey, at least, that
          counsel, although they had not heard much preaching upon it until
          we went down and talked things over together. We enjoyed
          ourselves very much, and the people expressed themselves as being
          very highly gratified. They met as you meet us here with their
          bands of music, schools, escorts, and so forth, and they made us
          welcome wherever we went, and we found that it was indeed a very
          different thing to preach the gospel among the Saints from what
          it is to preach it in the world. Instead of receiving opposition,
          contumely, and contempt, we were received with kindness, good
          feelings, and a hearty welcome.
          In relation to these missionary operations which have been
          alluded to, I should like to see something done, I do not know
          that it is necessary to talk about it. We used to be in the habit
          of going without purse or scrip. That is the way I have travelled
          hundreds and thousands of miles, but then we felt as the
          disciples of old did. When we returned, if asked if we had lacked
          anything, we could say verily no. But there was a time afterwards
          when Jesus said--"Let him that has a purse take it with him, and
          let him that has no sword see his coat and buy one." We do not
          always remain in status quo. At that time we were the poorest
          people in the world, but now we are better off than the
          generality of mankind, and we are able to help one another, and
          there is no necessity for our missionaries to go under the
          circumstances they have done heretofore; and since it is the
          counsel that they shall not, why let us do what we can to help
          them. In relation to the Kingdom of God, it is still onward, and
          we expect it to continue to progress, and we expect,
          individually, to be co-workers in its affairs and participators
          in its progress. If we are called on missions we go; if we are
          called upon to contribute to assist others to go we contribute.
          If the word is, "remove here," or "go there," we go--that is,
          many of us do, some do not. When I was at Conference at Saint
          George I felt that I was among a very good people, and that there
          was a great deal of the Spirit of the Lord there; but when I came
          to reflect on the circumstance I was not surprised that there
          should be a good people there, because they who were a little
          shaky in the knees, and did not have a great deal of faith, left
          and came away, and consequently they passed through that sieve
          and returned again, some to us and some to the settlements
          around, according to circumstances. And where there is a people
          that have been called upon to undertake what they consider to be
          a painful or unpleasant task or mission, and they go and perform
          that mission without flinching, they feel that they are engaged
          in the work of God, and that His work and His commands and the
          authority of the Holy Priesthood are more to them than anything
          else; and they have the blessing of God resting upon them, which
          produces peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, and that is the reason
          why there is so good a feeling and so large a flow of the Spirit
          of the living God through that district of country. But where
          there is a backwardness and a shrinking from duties assigned us
          there is a drying up of that Spirit and a lack of the light,
          life, power, and energy which the Holy Ghost imparts to those
          that fulfil the dictates of Jehovah. When I reflect upon these
          things I take this lesson to myself: "That it is a good and
          pleasant thing to obey the dictates of the Lord, that it is
          praiseworthy and honorable to be found walking in the commands of
          Jehovah, and that it is a blessing to all men to fulfil all
          missions and to discharge all responsibilities and duties that
          the Lord lays upon them. When selecting brethren to go down there
          I remember the Bishops asked me "what kind of men I wanted?" I
          told them I wanted men of God, men of faith, who would go and sit
          on a barren rock and stay there until told to leave it. If we get
          a number of men of that kind to go, there is faith, union, power,
          light, truth, the revelations of Jesus Christ, and everything
          that is calculated to elevate, exalt, and ennoble the human mind
          and happify the Saints of God. These are my views in relation to
          the Kingdom of God.
          The Lord has established His kingdom on the earth, and He has
          given us His servants to guide and direct us. We, as a people,
          profess emphatically to be governed by revelation. We do not
          believe in this simply as theory, as something that would be
          beneficial to somebody else, but as something that will be a
          blessing to ourselves. We believe that God has spoken, that
          angels have appeared, that the everlasting gospel in its purity
          has been restored; we believe that God has organised His Church
          and Kingdom on the earth, and that, through channels which He has
          appointed and ordained, He manifests His will first to the Saints
          and then to the world. And we believe that the more we adhere to
          the teachings of the servants of God the more we shall prosper,
          both temporally and spiritually, the more we shall enjoy the
          favor of the Almighty, and the more likely we shall be to obtain
          for ourselves an everlasting inheritance in the celestial kingdom
          of our God. We believe that the intelligence and wisdom of man
          cannot guide us, and that we, therefore, need the guidance of the
          Almighty; and, being under His guidance and direction, it is our
          duty to submit to His law, to be governed by His authority, do
          His will, keep His commandments, and observe His statutes, that
          we may ultimately be saved in His celestial kingdom.
          May God help us to be faithful in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, May 26th, 1867
                            Brigham Young, May 26th, 1867
                DISCOURSE by President Brigham Young, delivered in the
                        Great Salt Lake City, May 26th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          If br. Hooper had accomplished his wish in saying just what he
          desired to say, would he have not have been a superior man? He
          would. If he were to do so, he would be about the only man whom I
          know who could do so. I am happy to hear what I have heard from
          him in his speaking to-day, and in our communications one with
          the other. Since his return home it has pleased me more than
          anything else in the world concerning our Delegate to find that
          the spirit of faith, humility, and resignation to the will and
          providences of God, our Father, is increasing in him. This
          pleases me more than it would to learn that he had grown
          exceedingly rich; and, as we profess to be Latter-day Saints, I
          rejoice for myself and for his constituents that the spirit of
          the holy gospel is increasing in him from year to year. I do not
          say this to flatter br. Hooper; I am not the least concerned
          about in injuring him, for when a persons see things as they are,
          flattery and reproach are all the same to him, he sees no
          difference. If he finds that he is pleasing God and his brethren,
          he is exceedingly rejoiced, and feels and increase of humility
          and resignation. When a man is proud and arrogant, flattery fills
          him with vanity and injures him; but it is not so when he is
          increasing in the faith of God; and I can say of a truth,
          according to my understanding of the spirit of the gospel, that
          it grows as fast in Wm. H. Hooper as in any man I know. He came
          to this Territory, as he has said, seventeen years ago next
          month; he came as clerk to Ben. Holladay. We found him as he was,
          he found us as we were. We have lived together many years, and,
          notwithstanding his speculations, I learned years and years ago,
          through his honesty, uprightness, child-like feeling, and
          naturally humble, contrite spirit, that there was in him the germ
          of truth and salvation. Now he is our Delegate, and I am really
          proud of him, not to detract in the least from br. Bernhisel, for
          I am proud of him, too, as a true gentleman. Br. Hooper has been
          fervent in every labor placed upon him, and he has labored
          indefatigably; his tasks have been arduous, yet he has succeeded
          to my astonishment and his own. This is in consequence of his
          faith and integrity in the truth that he has embraced. We sent
          one delegate to Congress, who was baptized, confirmed, and
          ordained an elder, to my certain knowledge, for he was ordained
          under my hands, and when he got to Congress I understand he
          denied being a "Mormon." But br. Hooper, every time he is asked
          if he is a Latter-day Saint, replies: "Yes, and I thank God that
          I am." By this course he has won the battle, and he has obtained
          more than I could have anticipated. I am glad that I have this to
          say in his behalf. Now I will venture to say a little more, that
          William H. Hooper, from the period of his earliest recollection,
          never enjoyed that peace, quietness, and solid joy that he now
          possesses in the situation with which we have honored him, and
          that he has obtained by his submission to the providences of God
          and his faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. [Br. HOOPER: I never was
          so happy, nor enjoyed such good health in my life as now.]
          Now, is not this encouraging? Why, just for the sake of passing
          through this life I would not fail of being a Saint for all the
          riches in this world. Talk about kings on their thrones! Is there
          one of them who feels safe and who can repose in quietness and
          security? Do you know one who can?
          Take all the Emperors and great men of the world, who receive so
          much honor and homage, and what is their peace? It is sorrow.
          What is their joy? It is grief and sorrow. Are they safe? No, I
          think not; and I will say to my brethren and sisters that there
          is not a king, emperor, or potentate on the earth who begins to
          possess the joy, peace, and quietness that our delegate now
          experiences in returning to his constituents. I think not any of
          them, unless they enjoy the spirit of the holy gospel of the Son
          of God, though their subjects bow their knees to the ground and
          take off their hats to them to do them homage and honor, it is
          mere show, outward appearance; many of the people do not do these
          things from their hearts. This we very well know.
          Br. Hooper has returned here to visit, mingle, and talk with the
          brethren and sisters, and to learn their feelings. I will say for
          his satisfaction, and for the satisfaction of my friends who live
          in this city and throughout the Territory, that I am perfectly
          satisfied with his labors. Has he been as indefatigable as we
          could wish? He has. Has he accomplished as much as we expected he
          could? More; and above all this, there is nothing so consoling
          and cheering to me as to find br. Hooper increasing in the faith
          of the holy gospel. I have heard expressions from his mouth since
          he came home that have been heart-cheering to me. Speaking of his
          business and of the hard times here, said he, "What is all this
          speculation, money, or property? It is nothing at all when
          compared with peace and the blessings of Heaven that we desire
          upon the people called Latter-day Saints, and their success in
          spreading the gospel and gathering the poor." This is first and
          foremost in his heart, and this makes me cry Hallelujah, and
          thank God. I say this for br. Hooper.
          I am now going to say few words for myself with regard to my own
          situation and circumstances in the midst of this people, the joy
          and thankfulness that seem to surround the people and their
          leaders. The increase that is perceptible to those who live in
          the faith of the holy gospel is heart-cheering, comforting, and
          consoling, and is praiseworthy to the Latter-day Saints. To
          illustrate, I will refer to one item of our proceedings at
          Conference. While assembled there I told the people what my
          feelings were in regard to the Word of Wisdom. I said to
          them--"The Spirit signifies to me that we should cease drinking
          tea, coffee, and liquor, and chewing tobacco." On our journey
          south I saw one old lady over eighty years of age drink a little
          coffee, and that was the only coffee I saw while from home. I
          think there was one of our sisters in the company who was sick
          one day, and she had a little tea; with this exception, from the
          time we left home until we returned, I did not see a drop of tea
          or coffee offered to the company. Is not this marvellous? Was
          there any command given to the people, or any coercion used
          towards them at Conference in relation to these things? Not the
          least in the world, and the strongest term I used was that "the
          Spirit signifies to me that this people should observe the Word
          of Wisdom."
          It has been said to me--"This reformation in the midst of the
          people is too hasty to be permanent." I have replied--"I trust
          not; I have not been hasty in my reflections and considerations
          to honor the purposes and to do the will of God." It is true that
          to illustrate the advantages that would accrue from our
          observance of the Word of Wisdom, I compared the abundance of
          means we should then possess with the scarcity now existing.
          Instead of being poor and needy, this would give us all we could
          ask, to assist our poor brethren and sisters abroad to emigrate
          to this country, to send our elders abroad to preach the gospel,
          and to furnish the means necessary to enable them to do without
          seeking assistance of those who are already so poor that they
          seldom have more than half enough to eat. There are many there
          who have grown to manhood and womanhood, who can say of a
          truth--"Never in my life did I have the privilege of eating what
          my nature desired or required."
          If we would observe the Word of Wisdom, and cultivate faith,
          economy, and wisdom, the Lord would add blessings to us so that
          we would have abundance to give our elders, that they need never
          be under the necessity of saying to this sister or that brother,
          "give me a breakfast or something to assist me on my way," but
          they would have enough to provide for their own necessities, and
          something with which to assist the poor whom they might meet.
          When I was in the old country I never was under the necessity of
          asking a penny from any person, and for which I have been
          thankful a thousand times since in reflecting upon it. I believe
          the only alms I ever asked, or the only intimation I ever gave of
          being in need, was on Long Island, when on my way to England. The
          brethren there, or rather those who were brethren afterwards,
          gave me some money. When I got to England I had a few shillings
          left. While there the Lord put means into my hands, and after I
          was established in my office, I do not know that I ever went out
          without first putting into my pocket as many coppers as my hand
          could grasp, to give to the needy I met by the way, and I have
          fed and clothed many. I have been very thankful for this. But
          most of our elders, when they go to the old country, are under
          the necessity of obtaining assistance from the people. We should
          not suffer this, and if we, here, will observe the Word of
          Wisdom, there will be no need of their doing so in the future.
          Last week I received a note in which was enclosed three dollars
          from a sister; I cannot tell her name, for she did not give it.
          She said she had not drank any tea since Conference, and she had
          saved about three dollars, which she enclosed for me to do good
          with. I felt "God bless her," and she will be blessed as sure as
          she lives.
          Now, here are brethren on the right hand and on the left who, if
          they had observed my counsel and the Word of Wisdom in their
          economy and in their dealings, would have been worth hundreds of
          thousands to-day where they have not got a shilling. But you know
          when we exercise faith and influence to induce the people to take
          a certain course, they will not always be satisfied that the
          result will be as it is described, until, by experience, they
          learn the opposite. There have been times when we have let the
          people do as they had a mind to without trying to restrain them
          by counsel, and when we had done so, and not sought with all the
          power we had to concentrate them in their dealings and in their
          faith, they have met with difficulty and come to want; but when
          we hold them together, and they take our counsel, they always
          have plenty. Thank the Lord we do not suffer for food, and I do
          not know anybody who suffers for raiment. We have plenty of food,
          and we expect we shall have.
          As I have not appeared before you since my return from the south
          until to-day, I will say a few words in relation to that. I
          designed coming to this Tabernacle last Sabbath, but my health
          would not permit me. I am here to-day, however, to present to you
          my heartfelt thanks for your faith and confidence in your
          leaders. When I returned home I saw an exceedingly delightful
          manifestation of the good feelings of the people. The greeting we
          received from thousands of children and grown people, who lined
          the sides of the streets, and the hundreds who came in carriages
          to meet us, was very gratifying. When I got home I felt perfectly
          peaceable, and not the least concerned about anybody coming to
          injure me. I am not like the monarchs of the world, although I
          have no doubt there are individuals who would like to throw me a
          little lead--I have had intimations to that effect--but I am not
          at all concerned. I am always prepared. I am always on the watch.
          If any man can creep on me, day or night, he must be exceedingly
          quick. Still, I am in the hands of God, and I have to acknowledge
          that I am not preserved by my own wisdom and watchfulness, but it
          is through the providences of God. The Lord raises up one here
          and pulls down another there. He brings forth kingdoms and
          empires, and He sets monarchs on their thrones through His
          providences and at His pleasure. The Lord has His eye upon all
          His creatures. His presence and His influence fill immensity.
          Understand, Latter-day Saints, I do not teach you the doctrine
          that the centre of God is everywhere and His circumference
          nowhere. That is false doctrine and nonsense. But His influence,
          His power, His spirit fill immensity, and are around about all
          things, above all things, beneath all things, and through all
          things, and they govern and control all things, and He watches
          His creatures with that minuteness that not a hair of the head of
          even a wicked and ungodly man falls to the ground unnoticed. Now,
          permit me to say that through the providences of God, you and I
          are, I mean in our present condition.
          Our delegate says he is not fearful of anything arising in this
          world to militate against this work and people, except it arises
          among ourselves. Now, for your consolation I want to say that we
          are not going to commit errors, wrongs, and sins that will
          disfellowship us from the heavens, cut us off from the Holy
          Priesthood, and cast us out. I have no such faith, not a particle
          of it. There will be a great many foolish ones, no doubt. If you
          and I live to see the time when the voice is heard, "Behold, the
          bridegroom cometh, go ye out to meet him," we shall find many
          right in the midst of this people without oil in their lamps; no
          question of this. But as for believing that this people will
          apostatize (without having any allusion to what br. Hooper has
          said), I do not fear it, though, in reality, it is the only fear
          I ever had. I do not fear anything from God and holy angels, from
          the powers of this world, the only things I ever feared were the
          discord, discontent, confusion, and apostacy in the midst of this
          people. Still, you and I are not going to apostatize, we will not
          apostatize. There are individuals among us who will, but they
          will be very few. Another thing that creates exceeding joy in my
          heart is, that when a person apostatizes from the truth, and
          becomes filled with darkness and unbelief, how anxious he is to
          get away from this poor, miserable, sterile, sage plain, where,
          as br. Hooper has said, the people have the privilege of getting
          up in the night to water their land. This is a matter of great
          joy to me, for it is one of the providences of God.
          Speaking of the completion of this railroad, I am anxious to see
          it, and I say to the Congress of the United States, through our
          Delegate, to the Company, and to others, hurry up, hasten the
          work! We want to hear the iron horse puffing through this valley.
          What for? To bring our brethren and sisters here. "But," says
          one, "we shall not have any money." Yes, we shall, if you and I
          observe the Word of Wisdom, we shall have plenty of it. Now, let
          me extend that a little further than to tea, coffee, tobacco, and
          whisky--that is, keep your flour here, and do not send it to
          Montana nor anywhere else, but keep it here and store it up, and
          your grain too. You flour speculators here, do you know what
          flour is worth a barrel in New York? It is worth twenty-two
          dollars. In my young days, when it reached ten or twelve dollars
          per barrel we thought we were all going to starve to death. It is
          worth eighteen dollars on the frontiers and twenty at St. Louis.
          But, again, with regard to this railroad; when it is through,
          even in ordinary times it opens to us the market, and we are at
          the door of New York, right at the threshold of the emporium of
          the United States. We can send our butter, eggs, cheese, and
          fruits, and receive in return oysters, clams, cod fish, mackarel,
          oranges, and lemons. Let me say more to you--do up your peaches
          in the best style, for they will want them. Their fruit trees are
          failing in the east. Right in the very land where the Book of
          Mormon came forth, and was translated by Joseph, there has not
          been an apple grown for this dozen years without a worm in the
          centre, as I have been told by men who live there. The worm is in
          the centre of all there is there, and it will canker and eat them
          until they are consumed. Wherever this work has been, and the
          powers of darkness have succeeded in driving the Priesthood, I
          can tell you that desolation will follow. But where the Saints
          cultivate the soil, the Lord will bless it and cause it to bring
          forth. Let us be fervent, then, in all our labors, in producing
          fruits, grains, vegetables, and everything necessary to sustain
          life, for by and by it will be said--"We must send to Zion, or
          starve to death." Do you believe it? I do not care whether
          anybody believes it or not, it makes no difference to me. I am a
          Yankee; I guess things, and very frequently guess right.
          To the Latter-day Saints I say, live your religion. This is the
          cry all the time. Let us live our religion, be faithful,
          watchful, prayerful, keep the commandments of God, and observe
          His word. And now that we have commenced to observe the Word of
          Wisdom, never treat resolution with a cup of tea or coffee, for
          as sure as you treat resolution with a cup of tea or coffee, for
          as sure as you treat resolution once, it will plead hard for a
          treat again. "But is not tea and coffee good medicine?" Yes,
          first-rate; but if you use it as medicine you will never use it
          for pleasure. Keep the Word of Wisdom, help the poor, feed the
          hungry, and clothe the naked. Never let it be said of the
          Territory of Utah that a poor person had to go to the second
          house for a morsel to eat. It never has been said. I never heard
          of a person going to the second house for something to eat, from
          the fact that he always got it at the first, no matter whether
          friends or foes, saints or sinners. It is for you and me to do
          good to all, and to bless all. As far as we have the ability and
          capacity, let us bless our fellow beings, preach to them the
          gospel of life and salvation, and treat them as our brethren,
          sisters, and friends, until they prove themselves otherwise.
          Oh, what a blessing that I have been born! When br. Hooper was
          speaking about Mr. Beecher's having said that it was the greatest
          misfortune that ever happened to man to be born, it proved to me
          positively that he (Mr. Beecher) had not the first glimpse of the
          importance of this life, the organization of the earth, or the
          destinies of the human family. It never entered his heart, and
          his mind never conceived the first principle of the design of the
          Almighty in forming the earth and peopling it. He is an eloquent
          orator, and pleases the people, but he cannot understand the ways
          of God. In this respect he is like the rest of the world. In my
          youthful days I have asked some of the smartest and most
          intelligent ministers America ever produced, if they could tell
          me one thing about God, and I have been mortified, ashamed, and
          chagrined when I found they could not. They could read the Bible,
          and if they had believed it they could have told me about Him
          just as well as about their brother or their father, but no, they
          could not tell the first thing. Neither had they the slightest
          idea with regard to the location of Heaven, hell, or the spirit
          world. I believe I have already told here about listening to one
          of the smartest of American preachers preach on the soul of man.
          When he had exhausted two hours on the subject, he finally wound
          up, in his eloquent style, by saying--"My beloved brethren and
          sisters, I must come to the conclusion that the soul of man is an
          immaterial substance!" Why, such a thing never did nor can exist.
          What could I learn from that man with regard to Heaven, earth,
          hell, man, the soul of man, a prior existence, a present or a
          future existence, more than just to eat and drink, like the brute
          beasts that are made to be taken and destroyed. I concluded that
          I would not give a farthing for all the religions that existed,
          and I found the revelations that Joseph Smith received from
          Heaven and delivered to the people. I have spent time enough. May
          God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, June 16th, 1867
                           Brigham Young, June 16th, 1867
                DISCOURSE by President Brigham Young, delivered in the
                       Great Salt Lake City, June 16th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                                  APOSTATES ALONE.
          These words--"If ye are not one ye are not mine"--are the words
          of the Savior, through the prophet Joseph, and given to us. This
          is a principle about which you have heard bro. Robert Williams
          say a good deal in his way of talking. His mind is like the minds
          of a great many, both in this Church and out of it, with regard
          to temporal things. If they had the privilege of dictating the
          affairs of this people, or of any other, they would divide the
          substance of the rich among the poor, and make all what they call
          equal. But the question would arise with me at once, how long
          would they remain equal? Make the rich and the poor of this
          community, or of any other, equal by the distribution of their
          earthly substance, and how long would it be before a certain
          portion of them, would be calling upon the other portion, for
          something with which to sustain themselves? The cry would soon
          be--"I have no bread, no house, no team, no farm; I have
          nothing." And in a very few years, at the most, large properties
          would thus pass from the hands of such individuals, and would be
          distributed among those who know how to accumulate wealth and to
          preserve it when accumulated. We should be one, there is no doubt
          of that, but the very men and women who would take the property
          of the rich and dispose of it to their own advantage, would spurn
          from their presence and disregard every word of counsel given by
          those who know how to accumulate and preserve, and they would
          say, "We know as much as you, and we can dictate our own
          affairs." So they can, until they make themselves poor and have
          to be helped by others.
          The capacity of the inhabitants of the earth to dictate their
          temporal affairs, is a matter that has occupied a certain portion
          of my time and reflection. Now, politically, we as a government
          enjoy the extent of the franchise granted to us by our
          Constitution, and that is all we can ask for; but who knows and
          understands how to dictate and guide in wisdom for the benefit of
          the whole community? Very few. And take the inhabitants of the
          earth from first to last, there is not one man in ten, neither is
          there one in twenty, and probably not one in forty, who is
          capable of guiding himself through life, so as to accumulate the
          necessaries and comforts of life for himself and family, and go
          to the grave independent, leaving a comfortable living for his
          wife and family, with instructions to enable them to pass through
          life judiciously, wisely, and prudently. Politically and
          financially there is not one man in forty capable of pursuing the
          course I have indicated. Then in a moral point of view, take our
          young men, who are easily operated upon, do they know how to
          guide their steps so that a good life may crown their last days?
          No, they do not. Do the young ladies know the course to take to
          preserve themselves in honor? They do not, any more than the
          young men. They have to be watched like an infant running around
          the house, that knows no better than to take the carving knife or
          fork and fall upon it and put out its eyes. And it is so with the
          middle aged as well as with the young--they have to be looked
          after and cared for. And when this people become one, it will be
          one in the Lord. They will not look alike. We will not all have
          grey, blue, or black eyes. Our features will differ one from
          another, and in our acts, dispositions, and efforts to
          accumulate, distribute, and dispose of our time, talents, wealth,
          and whatever the Lord gives to us, in our journey through life,
          we will differ just as much as in our features. The point that
          the Lord wishes to bring us to is to obey His counsel and observe
          His word. Then every one will be dictated so that we can act as a
          family. Then if br. Robert wanted a pair of boots, pants, a coat,
          or a hat, or a dress for his wife or child, he could have it, but
          only in the order of God, and not until he can be dictated by the
          I am talking with regard to our temporal affairs--of being so
          dictated, guided, and directed, that every man's time and talents
          will amount to all he could wish and desire. Are the Latter-day
          Saints in this situation? Partially so. Can they be dictated?
          Yes, in some things. You take these very men and women who want
          to make us all equal, and they tell us that we are covetous,
          because we have horses, carriages, houses, lands, and money. Have
          the poor got greedy eyes? Are they covetous and penurious? I
          shall go a little too far if I am not careful. I must guard
          myself, because the Lord has chosen the poor of this world. But
          what kind of poor? Now the poor may be divided into three
          classes. In the first place there is the Lord's poor, of which
          you may pick up one here and another there, one in a city, two in
          a family. Is there any other kind? Yes, you come across a certain
          class that may be called the Devil's poor. Is there any other
          class? Yes, there is another class, who, long before I ever
          mentioned them, were denominated poor devils. Hence we have the
          Lord's poor, the devil's poor, and poor devils.
          We have plenty of men in this community whom we have gathered
          from England, Scotland, France, Germany, and the islands of the
          sea. They have believed the truth and received it, and we have
          sent for them here that they may live their religion. But if
          Jesus tells the truth, there is a certain class of people who
          receive the truth without the love of it. When such characters
          gather--and there are plenty of them here--they would just as
          soon fellowship, deal, and associate with, and hold in close
          communion the poor miserable sharks that follow us, as they would
          with the best Saint here, and they do not know the difference.
          Why is this? Because, although they have embraced the gospel and
          know it is true, they have not received the spirit of Christ.
          When we come to the doctrines that we preach, as contained in the
          Bible, and lay them before the people, the whole Christian world
          cannot gainsay a word of them. I have read many and many a time
          out of the prophecies, and the sayings of the Savior and His
          apostles that the Bible contains, until they who listened have
          got up and declared they would hear no more from that wicked
          book, believing it to be the Book of Mormon. Priests and deacons
          have declared they would hear no more from that vile record. I
          have said, "Does not this agree with your faith and feelings?"
          "No, it does not, and if we had it in our houses, we would take
          the tongs and put it in the fire." "Well," I have replied, "the
          book I have been reading from is the Holy Bible, the Old and New
          Testaments, translated by order of King James." But they did not
          know what those records contained. When we come to the doctrines
          contained in this book the Christians cannot gainsay them; they
          are struck dumb and silent as night, or rage in anger. Truth
          overcomes error, and when it is set before the people, the honest
          receive it. I wonder if there are any elders here who ever had a
          minister, deacon, or so-called Christian say to them, "If you
          will perform such and such miracles I will believe." I have had
          that said to me a great many times; it always shocked me. I would
          say to them: "You have not read the Bible, I think." "Oh, yes, we
          have," they would say, "we are Bible scholars." "Well, then, I
          will ask you a question. Did you ever read in your Bible anything
          like this--'A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a
          sign, and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the
          prophet Jonas?" "We do not know that we ever did." I would turn
          to the passage and show it to them. Still, men have believed
          because they have seen a miracle wrought. They cannot withstand
          that by argument, because they see the truth mathematically
          demonstrated. Do such characters endure? No; they come here and
          then turn away from their God, from the angels, from the holy
          prophecies of the Lord Jesus, from their brethren and benefactors
          who brought them here from the land of oppression, where they
          could not own so much as a chicken, and where almost all they
          could get was a morsel of bread. Yet they come here and turn away
          from their brethren and the covenants they have made, and are
          traitors to God and heaven, and to the good in the heavens and on
          the earth. Are there men who came here in this way who have got
          rich? Yes, there are men now in this city who came here poor,
          naked, and barefoot, and willing to take a spade and go a
          ditching for me, or for anybody else who would furnish them a
          little bread, and now they are rich. They have made their wealth
          out of this people who constitute the kingdom of God, and they
          are using it to build up the kingdom of the devil. What are we to
          say to them? I would say, let them alone severely. The man who
          will apostatize from the truth, forsake his God and his religion,
          is a traitor to everything there is in heaven, earth, and hell.
          There is no soundness, goodness, truth, or virtue in him; nothing
          but darkness and corruption, and down to hell he will go. This
          may grate on the delicate ears of some, and they may think it is
          a pretty hard sentence, still it is true.
          When apostates in this city of Territory crave your gold, silver,
          fine flour, and your substance, refuse them. Tell them they have
          the same privilege to earn bread that you have, and if they will
          work for and earn it, like honest men and women, they are free to
          do so, but not to pluck it from the pockets of the honest and
          poor. Let the Latter-day Saints give their substance to men who
          will pay their tithing, help to support the elders in their
          preaching to us, donate to the families here whose husbands and
          fathers have gone to preach the gospel to the nations, and let
          the apostates alone. If I were to ask you honestly and sincerely,
          and in the character of a Christian, and then a little stronger,
          in the name of the Lord God of Israel, will you let apostates
          alone and trade with them no more, what would the Saints say?
          How many of the Latter-day Saints would say--"I would as soon
          trade with this man as that man, or spend my money in this store
          as in that store, even though they pay their tithing, and do good
          with their means?" Those men and women in whom this feeling
          exists must get rid of it, of they will not be numbered with
          those who are of one heart and of one mind. Now, remember that! I
          will promise those who feel in their hearts that they would
          sooner trade with an apostate or with a corrupt outsider, than
          with a brother, if the former would sell them a shawl a dollar
          cheaper, and persist in such a course of things, that they will
          never enter in at the strait gate, nor be numbered with those who
          are sanctified and prepared to enjoy the celestial presence of
          God our Father and of Jesus the Redeemer. I promise you this in
          the name of the Lord God of Israel.
          You may say it is hard that I should dictate you in your temporal
          affairs. Is it not my privilege to dictate you? Is it not my
          privilege to give this people counsel to direct them so that
          their labors will build up the Kingdom of God instead of the
          kingdom of the devil? I will quote you a little Scripture if you
          wish, the words of an apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ to me. You
          may think that I saw him in vision, and it was a vision given
          right in broad daylight. Said he--"Never spend another day to
          build up a Gentile city, but spend your days, dollars, and dimes
          for the upbuilding of the Zion of God upon the earth, to promote
          peace and righteousness, and to prepare for the coming of the Son
          of Man, and he who does not abide this law will suffer loss."
          That is a saying of one of the apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ.
          He said it to me. Do you want to know his name? It is not
          recorded in the New Testament among the apostles, but it was an
          apostle whom the Lord called and ordained in this my day, and in
          the day of a good portion of the congregation, and his name was
          Joseph Smith, junior. These words were delivered to me in July,
          1833, in the town of Kirtland, Geauga County, State of Ohio. The
          word to the elders who were there was: "Never, from this time
          henceforth, do you spend one day or one hour to sustain the
          kingdoms of this world or the kingdoms of the devil, but sustain
          the Kingdom of God to your uttermost." Now, if I were to ask the
          elders of Israel to abide this, what would be the reply of some
          amongst us? The language in the hearts of some would be--"It is
          none of your business where I trade." I will promise those who
          feel thus that they will never enter the celestial Kingdom of our
          Father and God. That is my business. It is my business to preach
          the truth to the people, and it will be my business by and by to
          testify for the just and to bear witness against the ungodly. It
          is your privilege to do as you please. Just please yourselves;
          but when you do so, will you please bear the results and not
          whine over them.
          It is the way with thousands and thousands, when they burn their
          fingers they will turn round and complain of somebody else, when
          they themselves are the only ones to blame. How natural is it for
          some to endeavor to blame others for the troubles their own
          follies have induced! It is a trick of the devil. You never see
          Saints take this course. When they do wrong they do not try to
          lay the responsibility on their neighbor, or on some brother or
          sister. The Saint is ready to acknowledge his fault, to bear the
          responsibility, and to kiss the rod and reverence the hand that
          corrects him. But you hear those who are not Saints continually
          complaining. It is so, to a great extent, with our new comers.
          When they come here they look for perfection. They say this is
          Zion. And so it is; but if we go to the Scriptures we shall find
          that the Zion of God is composed of the pure in heart. Brethren
          and sisters, have you Zion within you? If Jesus Christ is not in
          you, the apostle says, "then are ye reprobates." If the Zion of
          God is not within the bosom of you who profess to be Latter-day
          Saints take care that you are not reprobates. Be careful that no
          man takes advantage of you, leads you astray, and causes you to
          leave the Church and Kingdom of God, apostatize, and go down to
          hell. If you have Jesus and the Kingdom of God within you, then
          the Zion of God is here.
          Our brethren and sisters, when they gather here, are apt to find
          fault and to say this is not right and that is not right, and
          this brother or that sister has done wrong, and they do not
          believe that he or she can be a Latter-day Saint in reality and
          do such things. The people come here from the east and the west,
          from the north and the south, with all their traditions, which
          impede their progress in the truth and are difficult to lay
          aside. Yet they will pass judgment on the acts of their brethren
          and sisters. I want to ask who made them the judges of the
          servants and handmaidens of the Almighty, who, shoulder to
          shoulder, have borne off this kingdom for more than a third of a
          century? Thousands upon whom the yoke of Christ has rested so
          long, and who have borne off the kingdom, are judged and found
          fault with, by some who probably were baptized last summer of but
          a short time ago. You know that this is so, you are witnesses to
          the truth of what I am saying, for you hear it yourselves. Now,
          who are they who will be one with Christ? If I were to tell the
          truth just as it is, it might not be congenial to the feelings of
          some of my hearers, for truth is not always pleasant when it
          relates to our own dear selves. You take some of those characters
          to whom I have referred to-day, who want us all to be of one
          heart and of one mind, and they think we cannot be so unless we
          all have the same number of houses, farms, carriages, and horses,
          and the same amount in greenbacks. There are plenty in this
          Church who entertain such a notion, and I do not say but there
          are good men who, if they had the power, would dictate in this
          manner, and in doing so they would exercise all the judgment they
          are masters of, but let such characters guide and dictate, and
          they would soon accomplish the overthrow of this Church and
          people. This is not what the Lord means when He said: "Be ye of
          one heart and of one mind." He meant that we must be one in
          observing His word and in carrying out His counsel, and not to
          divide our worldly substance so that a temporary equality might
          be made among the rich and the poor.
          You take these very characters who are so anxious for the poor,
          and what would they tell us? Just what they told us back
          yonder--"Sell your feather beds, your gold rings, ear rings,
          breast pins, necklaces, your silver tea spoons or table spoons,
          or anything valuable that you have in the world, to help the
          poor." I recollect once the people wanted to sell their jewellery
          to help the poor; I told them that would not help them. The
          people wanted to sell such things so that they might be able to
          bring into camp three, ten, or a hundred bushels of corn meal.
          Then they would sit down and eat it up, and they would have
          nothing with which to buy another hundred bushels of meal, and
          would be just where they started. My advice was for them to keep
          their jewellery and valuables, and to set the poor to
          work--setting out orchards, splitting rails, digging ditches,
          making fences, or anything useful, and so enable them to buy meal
          and flour and the necessaries of life.
          A great many good men would say to me--"Br. Brigham, you have a
          gold ring on your finger, why not give it to the poor?" Because
          to do so would make them worse off. Go to work and get a gold
          ring, then you will have yours and I will have mine. That will
          adorn your body. Not that I care anything about a gold ring. I do
          not have a gold ring on my finger perhaps once in a year.
          You who are poor and want me to sell that ring, go to work and I
          will dictate you how to make yourselves comfortable, and how to
          adorn your bodies and become delightful. But no, in many
          instances you would say--"We will not have your counsel, we want
          your money and your property." This is not what the Lord wants of
          There was a certain class of men called Socialists, or
          Communists, organized, I believe, in France. I remember there was
          a very smart man, by the name of M. Cabot, came over with a
          company of several hundreds. When they came to America they found
          the City of Nauvoo deserted and forsaken by the "Mormons," who
          had been driven away. They set themselves down there where we had
          built our fine houses, and made our farms and gardens, and made
          ourselves rich by the labor of our own hands, and they had to
          send back year by year to France for money to assist them to
          sustain themselves. We went there naked and barefoot, and had
          wisdom enough, under the dictation of the Prophet, to build up a
          beautiful city and temple by our own economy and industry without
          owing a cent for it. We came to these mountains naked and
          barefoot. Are you not speaking figuratively? Yes, I am, for it
          was only the figure that got here, for, comparatively, we left
          ourselves behind. We lived on rawhide as long we could get it,
          but when it came to the wolf beef it was pretty tough. We lived,
          however, and built a fort, and built our houses inside the fort.
          Then we commenced our gardens, we planted our corn, wheat, rye,
          buckwheat, oats, potatoes, beets, carrots, onions, parsnips, and
          we planted our peach and apple seeds, and we got grapes and
          strawberries, and currants from the mountains. The seeds grew,
          and so did the Latter-day Saints, and we are here to-day.
          I am not unfrequently asked the question--"What induced you to
          come to this desert sterile country?" Sometimes my answer is--"We
          came here to get rid of the so-called Christians." This is
          somewhat of a stumbling block to them; they do not know how to
          understand it. They could understand it if they had been with us
          and had seen the Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians leading
          on the mob to rob, plunder, and destroy, as I have seen them. Do
          you think we came here of our own choice? No; we would have
          stayed in those rich valleys and prairies back yonder if we could
          have had the privilege of inheriting the land for which we had
          paid the government our gold and silver, but we could not, so we
          came here because we were obliged to. And now we are gathering,
          gathering. Did you ever read in the New Testament that the
          Kingdom of Heaven in the last days would be like a net cast into
          the sea which should gather all kinds--the good and the bad? If
          this is not a proof to the inhabitants of the earth that this is
          the Kingdom of God, why there is abundance of other evidence to
          prove it. But this is one true evidence to all the inhabitants of
          the earth--we are gathering the good and the bad of all kinds.
          The good, I expect, will improve until they are gathered into the
          garner, and the bad will be cast away, thrust overboard.
          Now, I want to come back to a subject upon which I have already
          touched. I want to hit somebody or other. Will you remember it?
          Never, from this time henceforth and forever, sustain a man, men,
          a people, a community, or anybody that operates against or
          forsakes the Kingdom of God. Do you know what I call them, or
          have your forgotten what I said about the poor of this world? The
          Lord has chosen them, it is true, but He has not chosen the
          devil's poor nor the poor devils. They who forsake or operate
          against the Kingdom of God are what I call poor, miserable
          devils. That is a harsh expression, especially to come from the
          pulpit, but I built this stand to say just what I pleased in it.
          Who among the people of the world can dictate for themselves?
          They want to be talked to, guided, directed, pampered, and
          caressed like little children. This people also do. How many are
          there here who, if they had stayed in their native land, would
          ever have owned a chicken or a six-pence, who have now a good
          house, farm, garden, orchard, and a carriage to ride in? There
          are hundreds.
          Shall I make an application of this? If you please I will. The
          Lord owns the heavens and the earth, all things are His, and He
          delights to give them to His children, and He would much sooner
          that they should enjoy the good things of the earth than that
          they should not do so, if they would use them for the
          accomplishment of His purposes. It would cheer and comfort His
          heart to see all the Latter-day Saints combined in their efforts
          to promote His kingdom instead of promoting the kingdoms of this
          world. But we are but children, and the Lord is merciful,
          gracious, and long-suffering to His people and to all the
          inhabitants of the earth. We are all His children--saint or
          sinner, it makes not difference. Every son and daughter of Adam
          and Eve that ever came on this earth is the offspring of that God
          who lives in the heavens whom we serve and acknowledge. How
          merciful He is to His children! To see the wicked flourish like a
          green bay tree, and see the nations of the earth that oppose Him,
          set at naught all His counsel and will have none of His reproof,
          and spurn His servants, yet see how merciful He is to them. But
          let me say that the time is now at hand when the chastening hand
          of the Almighty will be upon the nations of the earth. He has
          commenced His work. Through His kind providences He has ordained
          that it should commence here where it commenced in the morning of
          creation. On this continent He will wind up His work; from here
          He will send the gospel of Jesus Christ to the uttermost parts of
          the earth, and woe to the nation that rejects it, and that
          persecutes and slays His servants; they will have to pay the
               I can make a just comparison between the nations of the
          earth and the children of Israel. Of all the hundreds of
          thousands who left Egypt, and who were over twenty years of age,
          who crossed the Red Sea, and travelled in the wilderness, two
          only were permitted to go into the land of Canaan. This was in
          consequence of their transgressions, and the Lord cut them off in
          the flesh that He might save them in the day of the Lord Jesus.
          So it will be with all the nations of the earth. Some few will be
          saved, but, to use scripture terms, very few will escape the
          punishment of the lake that burns with fire and brimstone. The
          Lord is merciful, but, when He comes to His Kingdom on the earth,
          He will banish traitors from His presence, and they will be sons
          of perdition. Every apostate who ever received this gospel in
          faith, and had the spirit of it, will have to repent in sackcloth
          and ashes, and sacrifice all he possesses, or be a son of
          perdition, go down to hell, and there dwell with the damned; and
          those who persecute and destroy the people of God, and shed the
          blood of innocence, will be judged accordingly.
          Now, if you will please to hearken and hear, you Latter-day
          Saints, do not spend another dollar with an apostate, neither in
          this city nor in any other. Will we purchase from outsiders? Yes,
          and call them ladies and gentlemen, because many of them are the
          friends of God if they did but know it. There are plenty in the
          world who want to be, but very few come here except these
          apostates, who would sap the fountain of the Kingdom of God, and
          destroy all that was virtuous and truthful on the earth, like
          many others who never come into the Church. Let them alone. Will
          you sell them your wheat? No, sir; if you do--but remember you
          can do just as you please. I will not injure you, nor speak, nor
          even think evil of you, but my prayer will ever be--"O, God, the
          eternal Father, I ask Thee, in the name of Thy Son Jesus Christ,
          to save the righteous, and let the wicked and the ungodly go to
          their place and share the reward of their doings." I will lift my
          heart to God in your behalf who feel to build up the kingdoms of
          this world. You say this is harsh. No, it is not, it is good
          policy, to say nothing abut religion. Is it not good policy to
          trade with and support our friends? If you go to London, Paris,
          the German States, or even in America, do you ever hear a
          Catholic found fault with for trading at a store owned by a
          Catholic? And the same is true with regard to the Church of
          England, Methodists, or any other society. It is good policy and
          economy to sustain each other. Then why is it not so with the
          Latter-day Saints? It is so, and we will do it, so help us God.
          We are here because there was no other place on the face of the
          earth where we could go and be safe; but here we are all right,
          and here the Lord designs that we should stay. By and bye we
          shall hear the locomotive whistle, screaming through our valleys,
          dragging in its train our brethren and sisters, and taking away
          and the apostates. "Will not our enemies overslaugh us when we
          get the railroad?" No, ladies and gentlemen. Do you want to know
          what will take every apostate and corrupt hearted man and woman
          from our midst? Live so that the fire of God may be in you and
          around about you and burn them out. But if we mingle, fellowship,
          shake hands with, and think they are as good as anybody, the Lord
          says: All right; you may try it until you are tired. But the Lord
          has said that He will gather the pure in heart; they shall come
          by thousands, and "the chariots shall rage in the streets, they
          shall jostle one another in the broadways, they shall seem like
          torches, they shall run like the lightnings." I do not know what
          the prophet referred to here unless it was one of those engines.
          But the Lord will gather up His people, and fill the land of Zion
          with those who love and serve Him, and will waste away the wicked
          and the ungodly.
          I can say to you, Latter-day Saints, I will guide you in the way
          of truth if you will be guided, and I will tell you how to save
          yourselves spiritually and temporally. 
          May the Lord bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, June 23rd, 1867
           DISCOURSE by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, June 23rd, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          The Latter-day Saints believe in the doctrine that was taught by
          the prophets, by Jesus, and by his Apostles. Much has been said
          and written concerning the Church that was organized in the days
          of the incarnation of the Savior, and there has been a great deal
          of speculation as to the faith of that Church and the doings of
          its members. To tell what this religion, which we call the gospel
          of salvation, comprises, would require more than a lifetime. It
          would take more than our lifetime to learn it, and if it were
          learned by us we should not have time to tell it. In it is
          incorporated all the wisdom and knowledge that have ever been
          imparted to man, and when man has passed through the little space
          of time called life, he will find that he has only just commenced
          to learn the principles of this great salvation. In the early
          days of the Christian Church we understand that there was a good
          deal of speculation among its members with regard to their belief
          and practice, and the propagation of these speculative ideas
          created divisions and schisms. Even in the days of the Apostles
          there was evidently considerable division, for we read that some
          were for Paul, some for Apollos, and others for Cephas. The
          people in those days had their favorites, who taught them
          peculiar doctrines not generally received and promulgated. The
          Apostles had the truth, and thought that they were so established
          in it in their day that they really had the power to unite the
          Church together in all temporal matters, as Jesus prayed they
          might be, but they found themselves mistaken. Have we any proof
          of this? Yes; you recollect reading that the Apostles assembled
          themselves together to break bread and to administer; and they
          did administer from house, and from congregation to congregation,
          the words of life and the ordinances of the gospel. They thought
          they had power to make the people of one heart and one mind with
          regard to temporal things, and that they could amalgamate the
          feelings of the people sufficiently to organize them as one
          family. And the people sold their possessions and laid the price
          at the Apostles' feet, and they had all things in common. There
          is no doubt that this is a correct doctrine, and can be practiced
          to the benefit of a community at large, if believed and
          understood. But who has got the doctrine; who has eyes to see,
          ears to hear, and a heart to believe? Who has the authority and
          the capability to organize such a society? The Apostles thought
          they had, but when Ananias and Sapphira fell dead because they
          had lied, not only to man but to the Holy Ghost, in saying they
          had laid their all at the feet of the Apostles when they had only
          laid part there, a great fear fell upon the people, and they
          dispersed. Have we any history that the people ever assembled in
          a like capacity afterwards? I think you cannot find it. After the
          days of the Apostles, when the Council of Nice was called, they
          then and there determined what they considered to be correct and
          scriptural and what they would lay aside, but that sure word of
          prophecy which Jesus had shed forth into the hearts of those who
          believed on him seemed to be so mixed up and interwoven with
          darkness and unbelief, that they could not come to understanding
          and receive the full testimony of Jesus. So the old Christians
          lived, and so they spent their days down to the days of the
          If we have eyes to see, we can understand at once, the
          difficulties that the Apostles had to encounter. If the people
          have lived according to the gospel that was delivered to them,
          the Apostles would have had power to accomplish a great deal more
          than they did, although there can be no doubt but they were
          mistaken with regard to the time of the winding up scene,
          thinking it was much nearer than it really was, and they might
          have made mistakes in other respects. Many of the difficulties
          they had to encounter, we are not troubled with. We have not only
          the sure word of prophecy delivered in the days of the Apostles,
          but we actually have that surer word of prophecy delivered to us
          through the Prophet Joseph, that in the last days the Lord would
          gather Israel, build up Zion, and establish His kingdom upon the
          earth. This is a more sure word of prophecy than was delivered in
          the days of the Apostles, and is a greater work than they had to
          The few hints that I have dropped clearly show, I think, to all
          who are acquainted with its history, how these schisms and
          divisions have been introduced into the Christian world. For more
          than seventeen hundred years the Christian nations have been
          struggling, striving, praying, and seeking to know and understand
          the mind and will of God. Why have they not had it? Can you tell
          me why it is there has not been a succession of the Apostleship
          from one to another through all these seventeen centuries, by
          which the people might have been led, guided, and directed, and
          have received wisdom, knowledge, and understanding to enable them
          to build up the Kingdom of God, and to give counsel concerning it
          until the whole earth should be enveloped in the knowledge of
          God? "O, yes, it was the apostacy." Very true, if it had not been
          for these schisms such might not have been the case. I have taken
          the liberty of telling the Latter-day Saints in this and other
          places something with regard to the Apostles in this our day. It
          is true that we have a greater assurance of the Kingdom and the
          power of God being upon the earth than was possessed by the
          Apostles anciently, and yet right here in the Quorum of the
          Twelve, if you ask one of its members what he believes with
          regard to the Deity, he will tell you that he believes in those
          great and holy principles which seem to be exhibited to man for
          his perfection and enjoyment in time and in eternity. But do you
          believe in the existence of a personage called God? "No, I do
          not," says this Apostle. So you see there are schisms in our day.
          Do you think there was any in the days of the Apostles? Yes,
          worse than this. They were a great deal more tenacious than we
          We have another one in the Quorum of the Twelve who believes that
          infants actually have the spirits of some who have formerly lived
          on the earth, and that this is their resurrection, which is a
          doctrine so absurd and foolish that I cannot find language to
          express my sentiments in relation to it. It is as ridiculous as
          to say that God--the Being whom we worship--is principle without
          personage. I worship a person. I believe in the resurrection, and
          I believe the resurrection was exhibited to perfection in the
          person of the Savior, who rose on the third day after his burial.
          This is not all. We have another one of these Apostles, right in
          this Quorum of the Twelve, who, I understand, for fifteen years,
          has been preaching on the sly in the chimney corner to the
          brethren and sisters with whom he has had influence, that the
          Savior was nothing more than a good man, and that his death had
          nothing to do with your salvation or mine. The question might
          arise, if the ancient Apostles believed doctrines as absurd as
          these, why were they not handed down to after generations that
          they might avoid the dilemma, the vortex, the whirlpool of
          destruction and folly? We will not say what they did or did not
          believe and teach, but they did differ one from another, and they
          would not visit each other. This was not through the perfection
          of the gospel, but through the weakness of man.
          The principles of the gospel are perfect, but are the Apostles
          who teach it perfect? No, they are not. Now, bringing the two
          together, what they taught is not for me to say, but it is enough
          to say this, that through the weaknesses in the lives of the
          Apostles many were caused to err. Our historians and ministers
          tell us that the church went into the wilderness, but they were
          in the wilderness all the time. They had the way marked out to
          get out of the wilderness and go straightforward into the Kingdom
          of God, but they took various paths, and the two substantial
          churches that remain--a remnant from the apostles, that divided,
          are now called the Holy Catholic Church and the Greek Church. You
          recollect reading in the Revelations of John what the angel said
          to John, when he was on the Isle of Patmos, about the Seven
          Churches. What was the matter with those Churches? They were not
          living according to the light that had been exhibited. Do the
          Latter-day Saints live according to the light that has been
          exhibited to them? No, they do not. Did the ancient saints live
          according to the revelations given through the Savior and written
          by the Apostles, and the revelations given through the Apostles,
          and left on record for the Saints to read? No, they did not. We
          may say there is some difference between the days of Jesus and
          the Apostles and these days. Then, Jesus said, "Go ye into all
          the world and preach the gospel to every creature;" proffer this
          gospel to all the inhabitants of the earth. That was a day of
          scattering and dispersion for those who believed in the Savior.
          When we come to discriminate between the former and the
          Latter-day Saints we shall find there was a little difference in
          their callings and duties, and in many points that we may say
          pertain to our temporal lives. Not in the doctrine of baptism,
          the laying on of hands for the reception of the Holy Ghost, nor
          in the gifts of the gospel. There is no difference in these
          things, but there is a difference in regard to the temporal
          duties devolving upon us. In those days the command was "Go to
          the nations of the earth;" in these days it is "Come from the
          nations of the earth." Do you not see the difference? Read the
          revelations of the Book of Doctrine and Covenants given through
          Joseph, and you will find that the burden of the gathering of the
          House of Israel, the building up of Zion, and the sanctifying of
          the people, and the preparing for the coming of the Son of Man is
          upon the elders of this church.
          Soon after the death of Jesus the word He gave to His Apostles
          was to go and preach the gospel to the nations, that all might be
          benefitted thereby; but now, it is to gather up the House of
          Israel, and the fulness of the Gentiles, and bring them home to
          Zion, and to the lands of their fathers, that they may receive
          their inheritances on the lands given to them of the Lord in
          ancient days. So you see there is some difference between the
          duties and callings of the Saints in former and in latter days.
          When the Lord called upon Joseph he was but a boy--a child, only
          about fourteen years of age. He was not filled with traditions;
          his mind was not made up to this, that, or the other. I very well
          recollect the reformation which took place in the country among
          the various denominations of Christians--the Baptists,
          Methodists, Presbyterians, and others--when Joseph was a boy.
          Joseph's mother, one of his brothers, and one, if not two, or his
          sisters were members of the Presbyterian Church, and on this
          account the Presbyterians hung to the family with great tenacity.
          And in the midst of these revivals among the religious bodies,
          the invitation, "Come and join our church," was often extended to
          Joseph, but more particularly from the Presbyterians. Joseph was
          naturally inclined to be religious, and being young, and
          surrounded with this excitement, no wonder that he became
          seriously impressed with the necessity of serving the Lord. But
          as the cry on every hand was, "Lo, here is Christ," and "Lo,
          there!" Said he, "Lord, teach me, that I may know for myself, who
          among these are right." And what was the answer? "They are all
          out of the way; they have gone astray, and there is none that
          doeth good, no not one." When he found out that none were right,
          he began to inquire of the Lord what was right, and he learned
          for himself. Was he aware of what was going to be done? By no
          means. He did not know what the Lord was going to do with him,
          although He had informed him that the Christian churches were all
          wrong, because they had not the Holy Priesthood, and had strayed
          from the holy commandments of the Lord, precisely as the children
          of Israel did. They were the children of promise, of whom the
          Lord had said--"They shall be called by my name, and I will save
          them;" and for generations he had striven to do so. When pursued
          by the hosts of Pharaoh He had delivered them from Egyptian
          bondage; He had destroyed the Hittites and other heathen nations,
          and had given them possession of the land of Canaan, and in every
          way had tried to bless them; yet they would not be blessed, and
          in the Prophet Isaiah's writings we read that they had
          transgressed the laws, changed the ordinances, and broken the
          everlasting covenants. Do you think the Gentile Christian nations
          have rebelled? I know they have. Take, for instance, the sayings
          of Jesus of Nazareth, the Savior of the world, as found in this
          book--the Bible. He commanded His Apostles to go to all the world
          and preach the gospel to every creature, and he that believeth
          and is baptized shall be saved. How many methods of baptism were
          practised in those days? Just as many as there were saviors--one.
          How many methods of laying on of hands for the Holy Ghost? One.
          How many methods of obtaining the spirit of prophecy and the
          gifts of healing and the discerning of spirits? One. One God, one
          faith, and one Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and one only. Well,
          the Apostles went and preached this gospel, yet one would vary a
          little on one point, and another on another, and those who took
          the gospel and ran here and there would introduce items of
          doctrine that were altogether imaginary. Do we find any curious
          ideas advanced in our day? Yes, I can relate a circumstance that
          I once heard myself, from one of the first elders in this church.
          He was preaching to the people on the principle of adultery, and
          told them that, according to the law of the Lord, whosever
          commits adultery shall have his blood shed. But the idea striking
          him that millions had committed this crime whose blood had never
          been shed, he thought this could not be correct, and so to
          improve it he said if their blood was not shed in this life it
          would be in the resurrection. What an absurdity! There is no
          blood there. Flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of God.
          Does not this show to you how these little things will creep into
          the Church? Have we the power and authority and the method of
          detecting every such error? We have. Do you know what they are?
          Some of you do, and if you do not I shall not tell you to-day.
          But we are in possession of the means by which to detect every
          error that comes into the church, and to decide satisfactorily on
          every point, and to decide what is and what is not true.
          The gospel is a fountain of truth, and truth is what we are
          after. We have embraced the truth--namely, the gospel of the son
          of God. Its first principles are to believe in the Lord Jesus
          Christ, to repent of our sins, then go down into the waters of
          baptism for the remission of our sins, and have hands laid upon
          us for the reception of the Holy Ghost, which will lead us into
          all truth. If there are any of my friends or enemies here who do
          not know what "Mormonism" is, I am telling them. We believe in
          God our Father. This leads me right to another point that I have
          not much time to talk about. I recollect preaching once in the
          old bowery with regard to our Father and God, the Being we
          worship and whom we think so much of. There was a Baptist
          minister present; he was staying at my house. He was a kind,
          friendly man, and was on his way to the gold mines. He was
          sitting beside me. I wanted to leave him in a puzzle. I would not
          tell him, but brought him right to the point, and there left him.
          When we got home, said he, "Oh! brother Young, you came right to
          the point exactly, and I did pray that you might tell us what
          kind of a being God is." I replied, "I left you in a puzzle on
          purpose for you to guess it. You have read it frequently, and you
          can hardly read the Bible at all without reading precisely what
          kind of a being our Father is." Said he, "I am not aware that I
          know anything about it." I asked him if he could tell me what
          kind of a being Adam was. "Oh, Adam was a man like I am." I asked
          him if he believed in the history of creation, as given in
          Genesis by Moses, for if he did he would find that God said to
          His associates, "Let us go down and make man in our own image and
          likeness." He believed the history given by Moses, and had read
          the passage to which I referred. "Then," said I, "you must
          believe that Adam was created in the exact image of the Father."
          He had never thought of that in his life. I told him I had read
          that many times to Christians and to Christian ministers, but
          they would not believe what was in the Bible. Says Jesus,
          "Whosoever has seen me has seen the Father." He is the Being the
          Latter-day Saints worship; He is a man-God. Can you get a better
          term than that--a God-man? It is said that Jesus is the only
          begotten of the Father. It is strange that people cannot
          understand it, but they cannot unless they are told. How can we
          know unless we are told, and how can we tell the people unless
          the Lord tells us to do so? Faith comes by hearing the word of
          God declared, and this must be declared by those having
          authority. This character whom we serve is God, the God and
          Father of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Father of our spirits, if
          the Apostle tells the truth; if he has not, who can correct him
          unless they have a revelation from the heavens? I have had a
          great many ministers tell me that I must understand that
          spiritually. I have told them that I read and understood it just
          as it as, and if it was not right, and they could give the
          correct meaning (which it was impossible for them to do without
          revelation), they were under condemnation before the Lord if they
          did not do so. That would stop them.
          Our Lord Jesus Christ--the Savior, who has redeemed the world and
          all things pertaining to it, is the only begotten of the Father
          pertaining to the flesh. He is our elder brother, and the heir of
          the family, and as such we worship him. He has tasted death for
          every man, and has paid the debt contracted by our first parents.
          What about this? I am not going to tell this, for I have a few
          more ideas with regard to the Christian world that I wish to lay
          before you. Why have they wandered so far from the path of truth
          and rectitude? Because they left the Priesthood and have had no
          guide, no leader, no means of finding out what is true and what
          is not true. It is said the Priesthood was taken from the Church,
          but it is not so, the Church went from the Priesthood, and
          continued to travel in the wilderness, turned from the
          commandments of the Lord, and instituted other ordinances. There
          are a great many churches that do not believe in ordinances at
          all, and there are some called Christians who do not believe in
          the blood of the Savior, and that he, himself, was nothing more
          nor less than a good man. If they believe in the baby
          resurrection, or that a person who had committed adultery would
          have his blood shed in the resurrection, it would be just as
          consistent as to believe what they do believe. These ideas are
          all wrong.
          The Christian world struggled on until the days of the
          Reformation. But what of the Reformation? Nothing, only it shows
          that there were some few among them who had courage to come out
          against the orthodox principles ordained, published, and
          proclaimed by the Priests. They had an idea in their minds that
          the Lord was going to do something for the people, but they could
          not tell what. There was a spirit upon them that prompted them to
          declare against the wickedness of those professing to be
          Christians. Did they profess to know enough to take the truth and
          leave the error? No; down to the days of my youth the Christians
          did not know any better than to renounce any doctrine that the
          Church believed from which they came. This is more or less the
          case with every denomination on the face of the earth. Some who
          call themselves Christians are very tenacious with regard to the
          Universalians, yet the latter possess many excellent ideas and
          good truths. Have the Catholics? Yes, a great many very excellent
          truths. Have the Protestants? Yes, from first to last. Has the
          infidel? Yes, he has a good deal of truth; and truth is all over
          the earth. The earth could not stand but for the light and truth
          it contains. The people could not abide were it not that truth
          holds them. It is the Fountain of truth that feeds, clothes, and
          gives light and intelligence to the inhabitants of the earth, no
          matter whether they are saints or sinners. Do you think there is
          any truth in hell? Yes, a great deal, and where truth is there we
          calculate the Lord has a right to be. You will not find the Lord
          where there is no truth. The devil had truth in his mouth as well
          as lies when he came to mother Eve. Said he, "If you will eat of
          the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, you will see
          as the gods see." That was just as true as anything that ever was
          spoken on the face of the earth. She did eat, her eyes were
          opened, and she saw good and evil. She gave of the fruit to her
          husband, and he ate too. What would have been the consequence if
          he had not done so? They would have been separated, and where
          would we have been? I am glad he did eat. I am glad the fruit was
          given to mother Eve, that she ate of it, and that her eyes were
          opened, that I have tasted the sweet as well as the bitter, and
          that I understand the difference between good and evil.
          When the Lord called upon His servant Joseph, after leading him
          along for years until he got the plates, from a portion of which
          the Book of Mormon was translated, "By and bye," said he, "you
          are going to organize my church and establish my kingdom. I am
          going to have a church on the earth. All these churches you have
          inquired about are wrong; they have the truth amongst them, but
          not the Priesthood. They lack a guide to direct the affairs of
          the Kingdom of God on the earth--that is the keys of the
          priesthood of the Son of God." This tells the story. We possess
          the Priesthood. The Lord sent John to ordain Joseph to the
          Aaronic Priesthood, and when he commenced to baptize people he
          sent a greater power--Peter, James, and John, who ordained him to
          the apostleship, which is the highest office pertaining to the
          Kingdom of God that any man can possess on the face of the earth,
          for it holds the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and has power to
          dispense the blessings of the kingdom. This priesthood is that
          which the Christian world do not possess, for they have taken
          leave of the kingdom and the priesthood. Joseph bestowed this
          priesthood upon others, and this Church possesses it and its
          power, which enables us to detect all error, and to know what it
          There are other things I wanted to talk about, not pertaining to
          the Kingdom of God on the earth, but to the faith of this people
          before God, but I shall leave this for the present, as I feel
          that I have talked as long as is prudent for me. May the Lord God
          of Israel bless you, is my prayer, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Daniel
          H. Wells, June 30th, 1867
                          Daniel H. Wells, June 30th, 1867
            DISCOURSE by President D. H. Wells, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, June 30th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                                  FULL OF CHARITY.
          I have been pleased whilst listening to the remarks of br.
          Eldredge. The recital of his reasons for receiving the principles
          of the gospel forcibly reminded me of the days of Joseph, and of
          the effect which those principles had on my mind as I heard them
          proclaimed by the servant of the Lord. Many of the principles
          which he taught were in the world--they were not new, yet it
          seemed as though they had never been thought of, comprehended, or
          understood by the children of men; at least, they had not been by
          me. I did not know anything about God my heavenly Father, nor the
          connection which existed between Him and the children of men, nor
          the object He had in view in sending them through this earthly
          probation, until I learned it from the prophet; and I apprehend
          that this is, to a very great extent, the case with the world
          to-day. I had no more confidence in Joseph Smith being a prophet,
          or in his knowing anything about religion, than I have now in a
          juggler or a wandering mountebank. I knew nothing at all about
          Joseph, except what I had heard from his enemies or read in the
          It was not very far--only two or three counties--from where I was
          born, in the State of New York, that this work took its rise. I
          had frequently heard through the religious papers of the miracles
          that had been performed by the "Mormons," and I supposed the
          whole affair was a great humbug, that the "Mormons" were fanatics
          and very bad people. The days of my youth were days of religious
          excitement--the days of revivals, which so pervaded that section
          of country at that time--and I can well apprehend the effect
          these things must have had on the mind of Joseph; he was a young
          man, I was but a boy, and I know how those revivals affected
          young minds in the neighbourhood in which I lived. Some of those
          preachers would hold their protracted meetings for days and
          weeks, and sometimes for a month, one meeting after another,
          every day and every evening, getting around the young with their
          influences, and concentrating their prayers, perhaps, on a single
          individual, and praying for no other, until he would say he had
          got religion and was converted. Suffice it to say, that I was
          disgusted with it, and did not believe in any of it, and rested
          my chance, so far as religion was concerned, on trying to do that
          which was right as near as I could, and running the risk.
          In this frame of mind I was introduced to Joseph Smith, by Sidney
          Rigdon, who remarked, at the time, that he was the man who was
          talked about so much. He was a fine looking man; he did not say
          much to me nor I to him. Time passed along, and for years after I
          was occasionally thrown into his society, and frequently heard
          him speak; and, though I did not at first believe that he was
          inspired or that he was more than a man of great natural ability,
          I soon learned that he knew more about religion and the things of
          God and eternity than any man I had ever heard talk. I read the
          Book of Mormon and the Book of Doctrine and Covenants without
          their having any particular effect on my mind. I did not get the
          principles from either of these sources, but I obtained them from
          Joseph, and it seemed to me that he advanced principles that
          neither he nor any other man could have obtained except from the
          Source of all wisdom--the Lord himself. I soon discovered that he
          was not what the world termed a well-read or an educated man;
          then where could he have got this knowledge and understanding,
          that so far surpassed all I had ever witnessed, unless it had
          come from Heaven? It commended itself to my understanding and my
          sober judgment, and although I admitted nothing, and did not
          embrace the gospel, but stood aloof, yet the words and principles
          which I heard from him had their effect on my mind.
          I had been a reader of the Scriptures, and had learned a great
          deal by heart in my youth in the Sunday school. I had read a
          great many religious publications, and had a tolerable idea of
          what the sects of the day believed with regard to the principles
          of salvation. I had investigated and had been raised according to
          orthodox notions, and in my early youth I believed in the
          "Trinity." I investigated the principles of the Unitarians, who
          did not believe in the "Trinity," and also the doctrines of the
          Universalists, and I believed about as much in Universalism at
          the time I was introduced to Joseph as in any of the religions of
          the day, if not a little more, but had not united myself with any
          church organization, because I was not fully satisfied. I heard
          Joseph Smith state at one time in Nauvoo that whether "Mormonism"
          was right or wrong, the people were just as well without as with
          the ordinances taught and administered by the sectarians of the
          day. That was exactly what I thought, though I did not comprehend
          so much then in relation to the ordinances of the gospel, and
          those authorized to administer in them, as I afterwards learned.
          And although my understanding of these things may have been of
          slow growth, yet I can say and feel that it is grounded in the
          truths of heaven, for with the few keys I received from the
          servants of God I obtained corroborating testimony from the
          Scriptures, which I have read from that time until now with an
          understanding that I never had before; and even now, whenever I
          search the Scriptures, I find things that are new to me, that I
          never understood nor comprehended before, although I have been
          familiar with them from my youth.
          When I first heard of Joseph Smith enunciate the principles of
          baptism for the dead, and the method of administering it, I was
          astonished that no person had ever though of that before, it was
          so plainly laid down in the Scriptures. The principle of acting
          by proxy was just as plain to me as the noon-day sun the moment
          it was explained to me, but I never thought of it until that
          time. When I heard these principles my heart leaped for joy, and
          although I was not a praying man I prayed inwardly that whatever
          else I might do, I might never be left to deny the principles of
          truth which the prophet was revealing. That was the inward
          conviction of my soul. Still I did not join the Church, and I did
          not know that I ever would; I was not fully satisfied. Some
          things were made very manifest to me, others I could not
          comprehend. He preached a funeral sermon once, in which the
          doctrine of eternal judgment was dwelt upon considerably; this I
          received, and many a time in Council have I heard him develop the
          principle so plainly that it would have been a sin against light
          and knowledge for me to have rejected it, therefore I treasured
          it up in my own heart. Many and many a time he would go right
          along developing principle without ever alluding to the
          Scriptures, while my own knowledge of them would bring passage
          after passage to my mind in corroboration of that which he was
          When he said it was the privilege of the Latter-day Saints to be
          baptized for their dead, I remembered the words of Paul, "Else
          what shall they do which are baptized for the dead if the dead
          rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?" and
          when he spoke upon the principle of preaching to the spirits in
          prison, it flashed across my mind, as quick as lightning, that
          the Savior did that between the time of His crucifixion and
          resurrection. The analogy of the thing struck me with such force
          that I could not get it out of my mind. And so scripture after
          scripture and testimony after testimony come to my mind, proving
          that the principles he advanced were true. But had I ever thought
          of them, or had the Christian world for ages? No, not until
          Joseph revealed them. The Catholics, even for praying for the
          deliverance of the dead from purgatory, were scouted and
          ridiculed, yet this principle of administering for the spirits in
          prison was unfolded to my mind, and in and of itself was great
          and glorious. Said I, if they who were disobedient could be
          administered to by the Savior of the world, how much more
          reasonable is it to suppose that they can be administered for,
          who have not been disobedient, but who have died without a
          knowledge of the gospel? This seemed reasonable and consistent to
          me, and the principle was sustained by the Scriptures of divine
          truth which I had been taught to believe from my youth up. When
          the apostle used the expression--"If the dead rise not, then why
          are ye baptized for the dead," he was instructing the Church at
          Corinth on the principle of the resurrection, some of them
          apparently having been embued with the doctrine of the Sadducees
          who denied the resurrection of the dead. I saw the reason and
          propriety of the expression. I never had comprehended it before;
          I did not know God, nor His Son Jesus Christ, nor the
          relationship that we, His children, bear to Him. That is the
          condition of the Christian world at the present day. They do not
          comprehend God, themselves, their past, nor their future.
          These principles have come to us by revelation through the
          Prophet Joseph. There may be those here who have not received
          these principles; it will do no harm to talk upon that awhile,
          and it may not harm those who have. They are incontrovertible.
          Arguments to sustain them can be adduced if necessary, but I do
          not think they need it. Still it has a tendency to open up the
          mind and prepare it to receive those principle which have been
          made manifest in this our day for the salvation and exaltation of
          mankind. It showed to me that there was a work to be done, and
          that the time, so long talked of for its accomplishment, was
          hastening on. I saw that there was a necessity for it, for truly
          all people seemed to me to be blinded concerning the things of
          God. Like the Jews at the appearance of the Savior, they
          multiplied words, made long prayers, made great pretensions in
          religious matters, but their hearts were far from God. The fact
          of some of the Jews denying the resurrection, after hearing the
          Savior and his Apostles elucidate it so clearly, proves to me
          that they were nearly if not quite as ignorant with regard to the
          things of God as the Christian world at the present day. They
          read the Scriptures without understanding, they administered in
          the ordinances without power, and they changed the ordinances,
          substituting one thing for another, thinking the change would,
          doubtless, answer the same purpose and suit their convenience a
          little better. 
          It was thus that schisms crept into the church, and men began to
          reason themselves out of the principles of their most holy faith,
          as was touched upon here a short time ago by the President. I can
          see how this parity of reasoning would carry men off. To
          illustrate for a moment. We say that Jesus died for all mankind,
          that his blood was shed for everybody, but will this save them
          unless they comply with the requirements of the gospel? Why, no.
          Some say that the doctrine of one being born to be saved and of
          another being born to be damned would set that aside. That is the
          extreme view. Others come along and say, "If men's salvation
          depends upon their actions, where is the need of the atonement,
          for with all the efficacy of the atonement men cannot be saved
          without repenting of evil, and if they do this they will be saved
          This is fallacious reasoning. Jesus died that all might live. As
          we read in the Scriptures, "As in Adam all die, even so in Christ
          shall all be made alive." Every son and daughter of Adam may be
          saved if they will live according to the principles of the
          gospel. Salvation is within the reach of every human being,
          because the restitution is as good as the fall. Here is the
          platform, and if men are not saved it is their own fault. The
          plan of salvation devised by our Father in heaven is amply
          sufficient to reach the whole of the human family. He will be
          justified and we condemned, if we do not receive the principles
          of the gospel. We can receive the principles of the gospel with
          its virtues and the attributes of God, or we can go on in the
          practice of evil until we go down to death and destruction, if we
          Here comes another man, however, who reasons that the virtues and
          attributes of God are what make God, and that without these
          attributes He would not be God, hence that the attributes alone
          are God. Do you not see how fallacious this reasoning is? What is
          a principle without being acted upon? It is no more than the iron
          in the ore, it is inert and dead. Of what benefit are principles
          in the abstract, however good they may be? They are of no benefit
          to humanity unless manifested through organized intelligence.
          Food when appropriated to its natural use imparts vigor to the
          system, but unappropriated it is comparatively worthless. The
          same is true of water and other beverages--they are good to
          quench thirst if rightly used, otherwise they are of little
          value. By partaking of the Spirit of God, our thirst for
          knowledge will be satisfied, and it will be within us as a well
          of water springing up to eternal lives. But if we partake not of
          that Spirit we will sink, and our course will be continually
          downward. Hence we see, that in and of itself, the attribute is
          no more than the iron in the ore, to be beneficial it must be
          developed by use. If there is a disposition in me to live
          according to good and true principles, they are bound to elevate
          and exalt me, just the same as the growth of a child is promoted
          by proper supplies of nutritious food, whereas if it did not
          partake of this food it would starve and die. It is just so in
          spiritual matters. It is not in those matters themselves, but in
          the individual, and the capacity of the individual who receives
          and applies them to his own use, and practices upon them, that
          they are calculated in their nature to elevate and exalt him.
          Such views as I have referred to, do away with God entirely; they
          do away with the Savior and the virtue of the atonement. They are
          worse than infidelity. they turn things completely around. Men
          advancing them say if such things had been so and so, other
          things would have been so and so. For instance, "What would have
          been the condition of the world of mankind if the Savior had not
          died?" I do not know anything at all about it. It was in the plan
          devised in the councils of the Gods before man was brought forth
          to inherit the earth. One came with, and as a consequence of, the
          other. I do not know what the condition of man would have been if
          the Savior had not died. I do not suppose man would have been
          here if that had not been part of the arrangement. It is not a
          supposable case with me. I take things as they are. The Lord has
          arranged it, and if I do not like His arrangement it will not
          make any difference to Him, though with mankind generally it
          might. It is for me to submit to the arrangement as I find it,
          having faith and confidence that it is the best and the only way
          for us, as the children of God, to walk in, that we may obtain
          salvation and exaltation in His kingdom.
          Do you suppose that our heavenly Father would have sent us
          through this probation of sin, trial, misery, and death, if it
          would have been as well for us to have stayed in our spiritual
          state in the eternal world? I do not suppose any such thing, but
          I believe there is a wise purpose in sending us to pass through
          this mortal state, and that was so well understood by our spirits
          that they were willing to come and run all risks, and descend
          below all things, that they might have the privilege of rising
          above all things. The principle of the thing is plain, beautiful,
          and correct to my mind. I begin to understand my origin and the
          purpose of God my Father in sending me to this state of
          existence, and the relationship in which I stand to Him.
          To those called to mourn the departed who have died in the faith,
          these principles are a source of great consolation; their
          contemplation causes the heart to bound with joy and exultation,
          and to rejoice in God and the holy gospel which He has revealed.
          You can bear testimony to this as well as I can. You had no
          knowledge pertaining to the principles of salvation, the
          knowledge of God and things pertaining to eternal life, until you
          received it through the gospel. The sectarians of the Christian
          world, although they are professedly engaged in the promulgation
          of these things, are as ignorant in relation to them as the
          beasts that perish. They do not know anything about the
          principles of salvation, and they are so prejudiced that they
          will not be taught; they ignore the only source whence they can
          be obtained in these days, because it is unpopular, and they will
          be damned, because great is the sin of unbelief. As it was with
          the Jews in the days of the Savior, so it is now with the
          Christian world. Light if offered them, and they reject it, and
          this will be their condemnation. It was said anciently that no
          good thing could come out of Nazareth, and to-day the Christians
          say that no good thing can come from the "Mormons" or from Joseph
          Smith. By and by they will find that a great many good things can
          come from just such a source.
          That is the way the Lord works. He takes the poor weak things of
          the earth to confound those who are wise and mighty in their own
          estimation. God will have the glory, it is His right. He will
          accomplish His work and His purposes in His own due time. It is
          His right to do so, and to have the glory and the honor of it. If
          the Lord were to choose those who are great and wise, according
          to the notions of the world, they would want to dispute with Him
          because of their great attainments, and they would claim the
          honor for this and for that, and would say that such a man should
          be canonized because of his holy and righteous life, and great
          honor should be paid to another because of his learning, and
          because he has divulged so many things. If the Lord were to
          reveal principles of truth to such men they would claim the
          honor, and would make merchandize of the gospel. Some may inquire
          how I know this? I know it by what they have done and are doing.
          They are selling men's souls and their own for filthy lucre's
          sake. There is a scramble among the clergy for the loaves and
          fishes. They will take children and make ministers of the gospel
          of them without any authorized ordination, and whether the Lord
          wants them or not, no matter whether their minds are touched with
          the principles of truth or not, provided they become learned in
          the law and have Rev. or D.D. appended to their names. Such
          things are abominable in the sight of Heaven! It is not likely
          that the Lord would avail Himself of such people to make known
          His law to the children of men. There is no room in such hearts
          for Him to make an impression upon. It is a great deal more
          likely that He would select such a one as Joseph Smith, who was
          free from tradition, and on whose mind He could make an
          impression as easily as He could with a pen on a piece of white
          paper--an honest, sincere soul, seeking the way of eternal life.
          It is far more reasonable to me to suppose that the Lord could
          make an impression on such natures, than that He could on learned
          doctors of the law.
          The prophet has said that when this thing came forth, the poor
          and the meek of the earth should rejoice in the Holy One of
          Israel. They do, they have rejoiced in Him. This gospel commends
          itself to their understanding, whether it does to the
          understanding of the rich and learned or not. They whose
          understandings have been touched with the principles of salvation
          have enjoyed a great privilege, and our elders who go forth can
          teach the whole world the way of life and salvation. It is that
          which makes them bold to stand up in any place, for they know
          that if the people will heed their teachings they can lead them
          into the celestial Kingdom of God. I was bold to declare this to
          the elders while abroad in the nations, in order to strengthen
          and encourage them, for they know more than any other set of men
          on the face of the earth, pertaining to the things of God and
          eternal life. Therefore I encourage them to stand up in all
          confidence, trusting in God, and declare the things they had
          received, and I assured congregation after congregation, when
          attending conference where the elders were, that if they would
          listen to the teachings and principles which the elders would
          unfold to them, they would lead them into the celestial Kingdom
          of God.
          It becomes the Latter-day Saints, then, to live so that they may
          show by their good works that they do believe in these glorious
          principles, and that they will cleave to them with full purpose
          of heart. This course will increase faith, which is the source
          and root of power; it will give confidence in God in the
          principles of the gospel. When a man has gone before the Lord and
          prayed for the recovery of the sick, and his prayer has been
          answered, can he not go a second time with more confidence? Most
          assuredly; and if he continues to live a pure and virtuous life,
          keeping himself from the contaminations of the wicked and
          ungodly, he will go on step by step, continually increasing in
          faith in God and the things of eternal life. The world is full of
          sin, iniquity, contamination, and everything that is calculated
          to destroy man's existence here on the earth. And what does
          Christianity, in its present phase, accomplish for the redemption
          of the human family? Has not wickedness continued to increase,
          until now it pervades all classes of society, and it is
          impossible to stem the torrent? Look at those who are numbered
          with the Christian world, they are but a small portion of the
          people on the face of the earth, and then, again, how few of them
          believe, or even profess to believe in the principles of
          Christianity. There are a few sects, but a great number of people
          do not join themselves to any of them, though, as I have already
          said, they are just as well without. Then, how uncharitable in
          those few sectarians to believe that they are the only ones in
          the way of eternal life! The "Mormons" are sometimes accused of
          being uncharitable, but the fact is, "Mormonism" will save all
          who can be saved.
          Then a large portion of the sectarian world do not believe in
          many of the principles I have referred to pertaining to the plan
          of salvation. For instance, they do not believe that anything can
          be done for a man after death, although he may have died without
          a knowledge of the gospel. Look what myriads would be debarred
          from salvation through this alone, according to popular religious
          notions. There are the Baptist and Presbyterian churches, that
          number but a few thousands on the earth, and yet according to
          their theories nearly everybody but themselves must be damned and
          go to hell. It is the same with the Catholics. Take them all
          combined, and there are but a few millions on the earth who call
          themselves Christians, and yet, in their midst and numbered with
          them, except in Catholic countries, are the old and the young,
          and, in fact, a majority of all classes, who never attach
          themselves to any church, and these latter, according to the
          doctrine of their orthodox brethren, will be damned. In Catholic
          countries the majority of the women belong to the church, and the
          children, too, until they reach maturity, when they become
          infidel, and when, instead of attending church on a Sunday
          morning, they spend their time in restaurants. In the afternoon,
          males and females all spend their time in enjoyment, going to
          balls, races, restaurants, &c. In countries where the Protestants
          and Dissenters prevail they make more profession in relation to
          the observance of the Sabbath. A great many faithfully attend
          church, while others stay at home or go out riding, or on
          excursions, or otherwise enjoy themselves.
          I have heard men standing at the corners of streets praying for
          their sinful brethren--for one who had been on an excursion,
          perhaps, spending his time on the Sabbath in pleasure; and for
          mercy on another man who had been beating his wife; pleading for
          the Lord to have mercy on this and on that class of what they
          termed sinners, and saying that all these would be consigned to
          eternal torments unless He did have mercy on them, though they
          are denominated Christians, in the general classifications, and
          that all but the few who believed as they did, whether such ever
          heard the contracted creeds taught by them or not, would be
          doomed to hell to suffer through all eternity; and this they say
          because of their illiberal ideas and uncharitable notions. But
          the gospel of Jesus teaches us, that while those sinners whom
          they prayed for must repent of their sins and do right, as well
          as those who, like the Pharisees, prayed for them at the street
          corners, all the human family who ever did, do now, or will yet
          live upon the earth, may be saved if they will obey the
          principles of the gospel, except such as have been "once
          enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made
          partakers of the Holy Ghost, and have tasted the good word of
          God, and the powers of the world to come," for "if they shall
          fall away" it is impossible "to renew them again unto repentance,
          seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put
          him to an open shame." But to all will the gospel be preached, if
          they are in the flesh that they may act for themselves, and if
          they are in the spirit world, that they may be administered for
          in this world, "that they may be judged according to men in the
          flesh, but live according to God in the spirit." This shows that,
          after all, the principles which the "Mormons" have embraced are
          calculated to save more of the human family than any other known
          to men on the earth. Then how can they call us uncharitable? They
          cannot without injustice.
          May God bless us and help us to be faithful, and to pass along
          from knowledge to knowledge, and from virtue to virtue,
          practising those things through our lives which are calculated to
          exalt us eventually in the presence of our heavenly Father, which
          is my prayer in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / John
          Taylor, July 21st, 1867
                            John Taylor, July 21st, 1867
               REMARKS by Elder John Taylor, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, July 21st, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          I have been very much interested in the remarks made br. Bywater
          this afternoon, and in fact I was very much interested in
          listening to the remarks made this morning. It is difficult for
          anybody to rise here and place themselves under the influence and
          dictation of the Spirit of God, and not advance ideas and
          principles that are calculated to enlighten the mind, expand the
          capacity, enlarge the understanding, and enable us to appreciate
          more fully the blessings of that life, light, truth, and
          intelligence which God has been pleased to manifest to us, in
          these last days, for our salvation and exaltation. It was said in
          former days, and may with equal propriety be said to-day, "Happy
          is that people whose God is the Lord," and if we fall short of
          obtaining truth, light, and intelligence from Him, whatever our
          situation may otherwise be, it is very deplorable for us as
          rational, intelligent, eternal beings. The principles that are
          made known by the Lord and enunciated by His servants are
          eternal, and they are not only calculated to promote our
          happiness on the earth, but also our happiness hereafter; they go
          back to far distant times and show our associations with and
          relationship to God. They have a bearing on our present existence
          and happiness, and they look forward to something in the future
          that is really certain and tangible. When we talk about the world
          and the confusion, folly, and evil of its inhabitants, we look at
          them as they are, we value them at their present worth. We do not
          expect to compare ourselves and our hopes with them and their
          hopes. We have come out from among the world, guided by the light
          of revelation, by the Spirit of eternal truth, by the everlasting
          gospel which God has sent among us. He has gathered us from the
          world, we are no longer of them, and we do not expect to compare
          ourselves with them; and what their ideas, views, and notions
          with regard to us may be, we care but very little, it is to us a
          matter of very little importance. We feel desirous to know what
          the will of our heavenly Father is, we feel desirous to
          comprehend what are the duties and responsibilities that devolve
          upon us, and we feel an emulation in our own bosoms to overcome
          the ignorance, evil, folly, and vanity with which we are
          surrounded; that, as the servants of God who have dedicated
          themselves to, and made a profession of faith in Him, we may
          participate in the spirit that dwells in and with God; that we,
          as individuals, as cities, and as communities, in this land of
          Saints, may act as becomes the Saints of the Most High, walking
          in the paths of truth, virtue, holiness, and purity.
               A remark was made by br. Bywater to the effect that perhaps
          one of the weakest arguments that could be adduced in support of
          any movement amongst us as a people, was one that touched our
          temporal affairs, or our pockets. If we were all perfect this
          would be a very weak argument, but we are not, we are very
          imperfect, we are surrounded by all the infirmities of human
          nature, and we exhibit them in the varied actions of life, and
          men have to be dealt with as they are, and not as if they were
          angels or the spirits of the just made perfect. We are surrounded
          with all our infirmities, weaknesses, and follies, and, until
          they are overcome, we have to be governed, more or less, on the
          principle that I have heard the President express. Says he, "I
          would like to lead this people a little faster, but, if they will
          not come up to my speed, I must make mine correspond with
          theirs." If he did not do this he would soon be beyond the reach
          of the people, but he has got to be one with us, and we have got
          to be one with each other, and we must all seek to be one with
          the Lord.
          We have been brought up in error, we have been born in sin and
          cradles in iniquity, we have sucked in superstition, folly, and
          vanity with our mother's milk. We have scarcely imbibed one
          principle that is true and that will stand the test or scrutiny
          of eternal truth, and bear to be compared with the laws of life,
          as they emanate from God. The Lord has to deal with us as He best
          can, just as He does with the world. We talk sometimes about the
          world. What could any ruler do with a depraved, corrupt world,
          with men lost to every sense of propriety, honor, integrity, and
          truthfulness, men wallowing in vice, licentiousness, fraud, and
          corruption of every kind? What ruler could govern such a people?
          No one, unless he listened to correct principles. The Lord
          understood this very well when he commenced gathering people from
          among the nations of the earth by the preaching of the gospel.
          Says He, "My sheep hear my voice, and know me, and follow me, and
          a stranger will they not follow, because they know not the voice
          of a stranger." God sent forth His servants to the world to
          declare the principles of truth. His sheep heard the voice of
          mercy and obeyed the gospel, and the same spirit and influence
          that operated upon them, there, operates upon them here; hence it
          is that, under the auspices of the Spirit of God, we were
          gathered together; not in a political capacity, but in a
          religious capacity. Our moral sense was appealed to, our love of
          honesty, truth, and integrity was appealed to, the light of the
          gospel, as it existed in former days, was made manifest to us, we
          admired it, believed in, and obeyed it, and through obedience, we
          received a portion of the Spirit of God, and felt a disposition
          to listen to His laws and to be governed by the principles of
          truth. And yet how weak that feeling is still within us! How
          frequently those evil propensities and powers that operated upon
          us in former days still operate upon us, and our minds become
          befogged, beclouded, and dimmed by the darkness with which the
          enemy of truth seeks to inspire us! How little we appreciate our
          relationship to, and standing before God, and the destiny that is
          before us! It is very difficult for us to comprehend correct
          principles, and it is more difficult still to bring ourselves
          into subjection to, and to be governed by them. Hence we have to
          be treated not like men but like children. Yet, notwithstanding
          the weaknesses and infirmities of His creatures, neither God nor
          His servants feel like destroying them, cutting them off, and
          sending them to perdition. The Lord has never dealt with His
          people in that way; He is full of magnanimity, kindness, love,
          and regard for the human family. We read that the Savior, while
          upon the earth, "Was tempted in all points like unto us, yet
          without sin; therefore he is a faithful high-priest, and knows
          how to deliver those who are tempted." We have our weaknesses,
          our infirmities, follies, and foibles. It is the intention of the
          gospel to deliver us from these; it operates upon the mind and
          intelligence of man, that we may be led from strength to
          strength, from intelligence to intelligence, from knowledge to
          knowledge, from one degree of faith to another, victory over one
          evil and then over another, until we shall see as we are seen and
          know as we are known. If we make any little stumbles the Savior
          acts not as a foolish, vindictive man, to knock another man down.
          He is full of kindness, long suffering, and forbearance, and
          treats everybody with kindness and courtesy. These are the
          feelings we wish to indulge in and be governed by; these are the
          principles, and this is the spirit, that ought to actuate every
          elder in Israel, and by which he ought to govern his life and
          actions. Having gathered us together in the position we now
          occupy, we are prepared, more or less, to be governed in regard
          to other things; we know that the goal before us is one of the
          brightest that has ever attracted the attention of the human
          mind, one in which God calculates to elevate and exalt us, not
          only on the earth but in the heavens. God has commenced to
          establish His kingdom on the earth, and He will accomplish His
          own purposes in His own time, and bring to pass His designs with
          regard to a world lying in wickedness. 
          We sometimes reflect on the situation of the world, and feel as
          though we would be glad to see them destroyed. Now no right
          feeling man has a wish of this kind in his heart. We should be
          glad to see iniquity destroyed, but unfortunately the workers of
          iniquity would have to share in that catastrophe. We should be
          glad to see evil rooted out of the earth, and we know that if men
          will not submit to the law of God, by and by, however painful it
          may be, their destruction will be consummated, and we know, as
          has been referred to, that all governments and kingdoms having
          the elements of destruction within themselves, must necessarily
          dissolve, and we know that if we could have just laws, and just
          administration--if we could have the revelations of the great God
          for our guide, and men inspired by God for our rulers, if we
          could have what the Israelites prayed for and what the prophets
          have prophesied about, the Lord for our king, the Lord for our
          judge and law-giver, and have Him to reign over us--there is no
          right thinking man on the earth, no matter what his principles
          may be, but what would appreciate such a system of things as
          that. But they despair of accomplishing it, and they may well
          despair, for with the materials that they have it would be
          impossible to bring about such a result. You may take a graft
          from any poor tree there is in existence, and graft it once, or
          ten thousand times, and it will still bear its like. But if you
          can get a better graft, and have that implanted there, then you
          may have a chance of having better fruit.
          The Lord has commenced on this principle. He has revealed himself
          from the heavens, and has restored correct principles which are
          calculated to elevate, ennoble, and exalt the human mind, and
          having commenced this, it will be like the little leaven Jesus
          speaks of--it will work and work until the whole lump is
          leavened, and has become indoctrinated or inducted into the
          family of God, and become heirs of Him and joint heirs with Jesus
          Christ, having a relationship to our Heavenly Father that will
          live and exist "while life and thought and being last or
          immortality endures." It is upon this principle, and upon no
          other, that the knowledge of God will ever cover the earth as the
          waters cover the deep.
          This is the work that lies before the Saints of God, but it will
          not be done all at once, it will be the work of time and
          progress, and will require a continual warfare with evil,
          corruption, error, and vice, in all their varied forms. It is the
          greatest blessing that can be possessed by this or any other
          people on the face of the earth, to have the word of God among
          them, and then it is a great blessing when men can appreciate
          that word, and honor God and His servants, and obey His laws.
          This is what we are seeking to attain--to bring our passions,
          thoughts, reflections, and feelings, and everything pertaining to
          us, in subjection to the law of God, that a wise children, under
          the guidance of our Heavenly Father, we may be able to fulfil our
          destiny on the earth, whatever that may be, and prepare ourselves
          for an everlasting inheritance in the celestial kingdom of our
          The fact is, God has commenced to regenerate the world, but the
          world does not know it, and we, sometimes, hardly understand it.
          We become captivated and carried away by every little foible and
          folly that we see around us. We can only understand these things
          as we live our religion, and as the Spirit of God reveals them to
          us, and if we want to know more we must seek for more of the
          Spirit of God, which gives wisdom, light, and intelligence, and
          enables us to see things as they are and as they ought to be. If
          men are living in the enjoyment of that Spirit there is no
          difficulty about false doctrines or errors of any kind, or evil
          passions, for it will lead them into truth, and will enable them
          to overcome all that is evil, and if we enjoy that Spirit we
          shall feel better and happier, and we shall not see so many
          faults in our neighbors, or in the Priesthood, or anything
          associated with the Kingdom of God, for as the light of God, the
          revelations of the Most High, inspires the hearts of the Saints,
          they will be one with each other, with the servants of God, with
          God our Heavenly Father, and with Jesus Christ our Lord and
          Savior. Jesus prayed most devoutly for this when about leaving
          the earth. Said he, "Neither pray I for these alone, but for them
          also which shall believe on me through their word, that they all
          may be one." This is the kind of feeling we should cherish.
          With regard to the world. I know there is a feeling that
          President Young is illiberal in his remarks sometimes, and that
          we ought to feel more like catering to their prejudices and
          feelings. I do not think so. I think it is one of the greatest
          blessings we can have to have somebody to tell us when we are
          wrong; and does President Young, or do any men of intelligence in
          this Church and Kingdom, have feelings of enmity towards the
          world? I do not think they have. I have seen President Young
          travel thousands and thousands of miles, without purse or scrip,
          to preach the gospel of salvation to the world. Does that show
          that he is an enemy to the world? There is no man of reflection
          and good judgment but what would say to the reverse. We have come
          out from among the world, for the express purpose of serving God
          and keeping His commandments, building up Zion, and establishing
          His Kingdom upon the earth. Are there not men in the world who
          seek to do right and try to be just and equitable in their acts?
          Yes, and there are a great many who seek to do wrong, who are
          full of lasciviousness, corruption, and evil; a great many who
          would seek to lead us down the paths of death and destruction.
          And shall not the shepherd who stands on the walls of Zion lift
          up his warning voice? What is the good of a shepherd if he does
          not do that? Who does not know that combinations have been
          entered into, from time to time, right here in our midst, for the
          purpose of undermining the virtue of this people? Who does not
          know that the public prints in the east have been very profuse in
          their recommendations to send out fine fast young men to Utah?
          What for? to corrupt our virtue and to bring us down to their own
          level. Who does not know that we have had organizations in our
          midst, plotting night after night, to effect the political and
          social destruction of this people, and seeking to undermine their
          virtue? Are we--the servants of God--to sit still and not lift a
          warning voice in relation to these things? Are we to go hand and
          glove with the world? No, we are not of the world; God has chosen
          us out of the world to be His people, that we may be subject to
          His laws and bow to His authority. Do we plot against the virtue
          of any man? God forbid! Is there any man on the face of the earth
          who can bring a charge of this kind against the elders of Israel?
          I defy them. We sustain all virtuous principles here and
          everywhere in the world where our lot may be cast. Did we ever
          go, as elders, or as messengers of any kind among the nations of
          the earth, and interfere with the rights and privileges of the
          people, or seek to overturn the government of any nation? Never.
          We were always subject to the law, authority, rule, and dominion
          prevailing in the nations in which we have sojourned. What right
          have others, then, to interfere with us? None. Shall we allow
          them to do it? No, in the name of Israel's God we will not. [The
          congregation said, amen.] We will root out the workers of
          iniquity, and maintain purity and virtue. When men come among us
          who are honorable and virtuous we will treat them accordingly;
          but when men come among us and seek to destroy our virtue,
          supplant our institutions, and try to put a sword to the neck of
          the good, honest, and virtuous, in the name of Israel's God we
          will oppose them with all the might God shall give to us. [The
          congregation said, amen.] These are our principles. What good
          honorable man in the world would not sanction them? There are
          none but what would. Every virtuous man and woman would submit to
          principles of this kind, and say it is right.
          There is another point to which I would refer here: that all men
          are not depraved, as it is said by some, but the natural instinct
          of man, as President Young has remarked, is to do good.
          May God help us to do right and keep His commandments, that we
          may be saved in His kingdom, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Orson
          Pratt, August 11th, 1867
                           Orson Pratt, August 11th, 1867
               DISCOURSE by Elder Orson Pratt, delivered in the Bowery,
                  Great Salt Lake City, Sunday, August 11th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                           PEOPLE OF GOD IN THE LAST DAYS.
          I have long looked forward with joyful anticipations to the time,
          when I should again meet with the people of God in these
          mountains, and have the privilege of standing before them. I feel
          very thankful to my Father in heaven for this great privilege. I
          have been absent from this city and place over three years, and
          have performed one of the longest missions of my life. I feel
          thankful to God that you gave me this privilege, and that I have
          had the opportunity of adding one more lengthy mission to the
          long catalogue of missions which I have taken abroad among the
          nations. It is a great satisfaction to me to have the privilege
          of being numbered with this people, and to have my name enrolled
          among those who profess to be Latter-day Saints. With them is
          safety; with them are joy, peace, and satisfaction. And I feel to
          say, as one said in old times--that with this people I desire to
          live, and, if it is necessary to die, I desire to have the
          privilege of dying with them. But I do not know whether it will
          be necessary for all of us to die, perhaps there may be some who
          will escape this curse in some measure, and who may meet with a
          change equivalent to that of death.
          I have been abroad for the purpose of doing good, that was the
          only object I had in view in leaving this Territory three years
          ago last spring. Whether I have done much good or not remains for
          the day of judgment to reveal; it is not altogether for me to
          judge in relation to this matter. We are well assured that our
          Father, who reigns in yonder heavens, keeps a journal, or, in
          other words, a record--a great record in which He records the
          doings of the children of men. We know, from a certain
          declaration of Jesus in the Book of Mormon, concerning the
          records of heaven, that the acts and doings of all men are
          recorded by the Father in that book, and the time is fast
          hastening when I, as an individual, and all others, must be
          brought before the Judge of all the earth, and our acts and
          doings here, in this short space of time appointed to us as a
          probation, will be read before us, or if not read they will be
          perfectly remembered by us and by those who sit in judgment, so
          that a righteous judgment will be rendered on our heads, and we
          will receive the reward of our doings, whether they be good or
          evil. I have enjoyed myself remarkably well on this mission. I
          hope that some good has been done, and that the Lord will
          remember the good that I have intended to do, even though it may
          not have been fully accomplished. He knows the desire of my heart
          has been to fulfill the numerous missions which I have taken
          during the last thirty-seven years of my life.
               Since I came home, I have contrasted the present condition
          of myself and this people with what existed when I first became
          acquainted with this gospel. Then we were a little handful of
          people--there were, perhaps, not a hundred persons in all the
          States who had received the truth. I received it about five
          months after the organization of this Church, and, although but a
          boy, was immediately called to the ministry. In my inexperience I
          went forth, with gladness of heart, to bear my humble testimony
          to what I knew to be true. You may ask me if I had a knowledge
          before I commenced preaching this gospel. I answer, yes. I went
          forth from a farming occupation in the eastern part of the State
          of New York, and traveled alone between two hundred and three
          hundred miles, for the purpose of beholding the Prophet Joseph
          Smith. I found him in Fayette, Seneca County, New York, at the
          house of father Whitmer, where this Church was organized with
          only six members. In that house I found not only Joseph, the
          Prophet, but David Whitmer, John Whitmer, Christian Whitmer, and
          many of those witnesses whose names are recorded in the Book of
          Mormon. Those were happy days to me. To see a prophet of the
          living God, to look on a man whom the Lord had raised up to bring
          forth one of the most glorious records that ever saluted the ears
          of mortal man, was to me almost equal to beholding the face of an
          holy angel! Yet, when I took that journey, and first beheld his
          countenance, I did not certainly know that he was a prophet. I
          believed him to be such because of the purity of the doctrine
          that I had heard preached which he had brought forth. I knew it
          was a scriptural doctrine, agreeing in every respect with the
          ancient gospel. For although but a boy, I had already become
          acquainted, in some measure, with the doctrines of the various
          religious sects of the day, but none of them satisfied me, none
          of them seemed to coincide with the word of God. I stood aloof
          from all, until I heard this, when my mind became fully satisfied
          that God had raised up a people to proclaim the gospel in all its
          ancient beauty and simplicity, with power to administer in its
          ordinances. That was a great satisfaction, so far as faith was
          concerned, but still I sought for a knowledge. I felt as though I
          was not qualified to stand before the people, and tell them that
          the Book of Mormon was a divine revelation, and that Joseph Smith
          was a prophet of God, unless I had a stronger testimony than that
          afforded by ancient prophets. However great my assurance might
          be, it seemed to me, that to know for myself, it required a
          witness independent of the testimony of others. I sought for this
          witness. I did not receive it immediately, but when the Lord saw
          the integrity of my heart and the anxiety of my mind--when He saw
          that I was willing to travel hundreds of miles for the sake of
          learning the principles of the truth, He gave me a testimony for
          myself, which conferred upon me the most perfect knowledge that
          Joseph Smith was a true prophet, and that this book, called the
          Book of Mormon, was in reality a Divine revelation, and that God
          had once more, in reality, spoken to the human family. What joy
          this knowledge gave me! No language that I am acquainted with
          could describe the sensations I experienced when I received a
          knowledge from Heaven of the truth of this work.
          In that early day that prophet Joseph said to me that the Lord
          had revealed that twelve men were to be chosen as Apostles. A
          manuscript revelation to this effect, given in 1829--before the
          rise of this Church--was laid before me, and I read it. Joseph
          said to me, although I was young, weak, inexperienced, especially
          in public speaking, and ignorant of many important things which
          we now all understand, that I should be one of this Twelve. It
          seemed to me a very great saying. I looked upon the Twelve
          Apostles who lived in ancient days with a great deal of
          reverence--as being almost super-human. They were, indeed, great
          men--not by virtue of the flesh, nor their own natural
          capacities, but they were great because God called them. When
          Joseph told me that I would be one of the Twelve, I knew all
          things were possible with God, but it seemed to me that I would
          have to be altogether changed to occupy such a great position in
          the Church and Kingdom of our God.
          But I will pass over the first years of the organization of the
          Church and come down to the time when the Twelve were chosen. It
          was in the year 1835. In the preceding year a few of us, by
          commandment and revelation from God, went up to the State of
          Missouri in company with the Prophet Joseph Smith. By the
          direction of Joseph I was requested to stay in Clay County for a
          few months, to visit the Saints scattered through those regions,
          to preach to and comfort them, and to lay before them the
          manuscript revelations, for they were not then fully acquainted
          with all the revelations which had been given. After having
          accomplished this work, and proclaimed the gospel to many
          branches of the Church in the western part of Missouri, I
          returned again a thousand miles to the State of Ohio, preaching
          by the way, suffering much from the chills, and the fever and
          ague, while passing through those low sickly countries, wading
          swamps and sloughs, lying down on the prairies in the hot sun,
          fifteen or twenty miles from any habitation, and having a hearty
          shake of the ague, then a violent fever, thus wandering along for
          months before getting back to Kirtland, Ohio, where the Prophet
          lived. In the meantime, however, I built up some few branches of
          the Church, and then started for the capital of the State of
          Ohio--the city of Columbus. I entered the city, a stranger, on
          foot, and alone, not knowing that there was a Latter-day Saint
          within many miles, but, while passing along the crowded streets,
          I caught a glimpse of the countenance of a man who passed, and
          whirling around instantly, I went after him, and inquired of him
          if he knew whether there were any people called "Mormons" in the
          city of Columbus. Said he: "I am one of that people, and the only
          one that resides in the city." I looked upon this as a great
          marvel. "How is it," said I, "that here in this great and
          populous city, where hundreds are passing to and fro, that I
          should be influenced to turn and accost the only Latter-day Saint
          residing here." I look upon it as a revelation, as a
          manifestation of the power of God in my behalf. He took me to his
          house, and, when there, presented me with a paper published by
          our people in Kirtland. In that paper I saw an advertisement, in
          which br. Pratt was requested to be at Kirtland on such a day and
          at such an hour, to attend meeting in the Temple, that he might
          be ready to take his departure with the Twelve who had been
          chosen. The day and hour designated were right at hand; the
          Twelve were chosen, and were soon to start on their first mission
          as a Council. I had been travelling among strangers for months,
          and had not seen the paper.
               I saw that I had not time to reach Kirtland on foot, as I
          had been accustomed to travel, and consequently could not thus
          comply with the request; but, with a little assistance, I got
          into the very first stage that went out, and started post-haste
          for Kirtland, and landed at Willoughby, or what was then called
          Chagim, three miles from Kirtland, to which I travelled on foot,
          reaching there on Sunday morning at the very hour appointed for
          the meeting, which I entered, valise in hand, not having had time
          to deposit it by the way. There I met with Joseph, Oliver
          Cowdery, David Whitmer, Martin Harris, and others of the
          witnesses to the Book of Mormon, besides several of the Twelve
          who had been chosen and ordained a short time previous. They were
          meeting on that day in order to be fully organized and qualified
          for their first mission as a council. And, strange to relate, it
          had been prophesied in that meeting, and in prior meetings, I
          would be there on that day. They had predicted this, although
          they had not heard of me for some time, and did not know where I
          was. They knew I had been in Missouri, and that I had started
          from there, several months before, but the Lord poured out the
          spirit of prophecy upon them, and they predicted I would be there
          at that meeting. When they saw me walk into the meeting, many of
          the Saints could scarcely believe their own eyes, the prediction
          was fulfilled before them so perfectly. I look at these things as
          miraculous manifestations of the Spirit of God.
          I was ordained, and went forth with the Council of Twelve. We
          performed an extended mission through the eastern States, built
          up churches, and returned again to Kirtland.
          It is not my intention to give many items of our history. I
          merely touch upon these points, as they present themselves to my
          mind. I have continued, from that day until the present, to bear
          testimony to that which I know to be true. I do not speak
          enthusiastically when I say I KNOW. It is not a spirit of
          excitement which prompts me to declare these things, but I
          testify now, to that which I know by revelation to me from
          heaven, as I have testified to hundreds and thousands of people,
          both in America, in England, and on the Continent in Europe. I
          know this great work which you, Latter-day Saints, have received,
          to be the work of Almighty God. I have the same certainty that I
          have that you are now sitting on these seats. This religion is
          not a whim; it is not a wild enthusiastic creed, invented by
          human wisdom, but the origin of this Church is divine. This book,
          called the Book of Mormon, God gave, by the inspiration of His
          holy Spirit, to Joseph Smith, whom you and I believe, and not
          only believe, but know to be, a prophet. This book I consider the
          choicest book communicated to the children of men for many
          centuries. The choicest! Why do I say the choicest? Are there not
          many useful and interesting books of great value, containing much
          information and many things of importance, that have been sought
          out by the judgment, skill, and learning of men? Yes; but among
          all those which have appeared since the first century of the
          Christian era, there is one common characteristic--viz., they
          were written by the wisdom of man. No doubt, in many respects,
          though unknown to their authors, they were measurably dictated by
          the inspiration of the Spirit of the living God. But God Himself
          is the author of the Book of Mormon. He inspired the ideas it
          contains, and gave them by the urim and thummim. He sent forth
          His angle from heaven, clothed in brightness and glory, to chosen
          witnesses, commanding them to declare to all nations, kindreds,
          tongues, and people, that this precious book was a divine
          revelation. How great, then, is the importance of this work! 
          It was a very interesting period of my life, when but nineteen
          years of age, to visit the place where this Church was
          organized--the room of old father Whitmer--where the Lord spoke
          to His servant Joseph and others, as printed in the Book of
          Doctrine and Covenants. In that same room a revelation, through
          the prophet Joseph, was given to me, November 4th, 1830, which is
          also printed. That house will, no doubt, be celebrated for ages
          to come, as the one chosen by the Lord in which to make known the
          first elements of the organization of His Kingdom in the latter
          But there are many wonderful things connected with this
          dispensation--not only in the manifestations of the Spirit of God
          to His servants, in the many revelations that were given to
          individuals, in healing the sick, in casting out devils, in
          restoring the blind to their sight, in making the deaf to hear,
          and in causing the lame man to leap as a hart--but what is still
          more wonderful, the gathering of the people from distant nations.
          It is a wonder to me to look upon the great sea of faces now
          before me in this bowery. Twenty years ago on the twenty-first
          day of July, I stood solitary and alone on this great city plot,
          near the place where now stands bishop Hunter's house, being the
          first man of the Latter-day Saints that ever stood on this
          ground: this was in the afternoon of the twenty-first day of
          July, 1847. Brother Erastus Snow entered the valley with me in
          the afternoon. We travelled down to the south-east of the city.
          Br. Erastus lost his coat off his horse, and went back to hunt it
          up, and told me if I wanted to look over the country he would
          wait for me at the mouth of what we now call Emigration Kanyon. I
          started from where we parted, and came up and stood on the bank
          of City Creek. I gazed on the surrounding scenery with peculiar
          feelings in my heart. I felt as though it was the place for which
          we had so long sought. Brother Brigham had requested me to
          proceed on and search out the road. Several of the brethren had
          been taken sick at Yellow Creek, and they appointed me and a
          small company to go on and see if we could find anything of Salt
          Lake Valley or a country suitable for a location. What did I see
          when I came into this valley? I saw some few green bushes on
          yonder bench, but saw but little life throughout the valley,
          except a certain insect that was afterwards called a cricket. I
          saw them cropping the few isolated bushes, and gnawing everything
          green around them. The land on yonder bench was all parched up,
          and the soil, as we went down still further, also dry and baked;
          but as we neared the waters we could see there was a little
          moisture round the banks. It was really a solitary place, and is
          well described by the prophet David in the 107th Psalm. He
          exclaims in this beautiful language: "O give thanks unto the
          Lord, for He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever. Let the
          redeemed of the Lord say so, whom He hath redeemed from the hands
          of the enemy, and gathered them out of the lands, from the east
          and from the west, from the north and from the south." But David
          describes the country to which this people were to be gathered.
          He calls it a dreary desolate land. "They wandered in the
          wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell in."
          Are there not many sitting on these seats who can reflect back to
          the time when they wandered over the solitary plains, the arid
          deserts, and rugged mountains? Are there not here some of the
          pioneers who were numbered among the one hundred and forty-three
          who travelled fifteen hundred miles from Nauvoo and a thousand
          from our Winter Quarters on the Missouri river, who can bear
          testimony that we did "wander in the wilderness in a solitary
          way?" Oh, how solitary it was except for the red men, buffalo, a
          few antelope, some elk, deer, and howling wolves! It was indeed
          solitary; no road broken for us, no bridges across the streams;
          we were unable to tell what latitude or longitude we were in only
          by taking astronomical observations--getting the altitude of the
          sun, moon, or stars, and determining our latitude and longitude
          to find out where we were, as sea captains do on the great deep.
          And thus we continued, month after month, to wander in this
          solitary way, in this wilderness, as it were, and when we entered
          these valleys we found no city already built for us. David said
          that the people who should be gathered from all lands would "find
          no city to dwell in"--no city already prepared for them.
          Did we have any suffering, affliction, hunger, thirst, and
          fatigue? I can bear testimony that the pioneers, and many others
          who followed in their track that season, can look back to that
          period of their lives as to a time when they experienced the
          fulfilment of David's words:--"Hungry and thirsty their souls
          fainteth in them. Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble,
          and he delivered them out of their distresses." This was
          literally fulfilled, for we were faithful in calling on the Lord;
          we bowed before Him in the morning, we humbled ourselves before
          them in the evening, and we prostrated ourselves before Him in
          our secret places. Some of us went out upon the hills by
          ourselves, and called upon the Lord, according to the order of
          the Holy Priesthood, which order many of you who have received
          your endowments understand. Many times we were thirsty, and our
          souls were ready to faint within us, but we came forth by the
          direction of the Almighty. His hand was with us, He heard our
          cries, our prayers came up before Him, and He delivered us from
          all our afflictions. Yet we found no city to dwell in, no
          splendid houses, mansions, and palaces, and everything conducive
          to happiness and comfort, as our emigration from foreign
          countries find in these times.
          Finding no city to dwell in, the Lord permitted us to prepare a
          city for habitation. I have stated that the Lord had accomplished
          wonders--great wonders--besides healing the sick and doing those
          things already named, and one of those great wonders is the city
          of Great Salt Lake. It is a miracle to my eyes, it is a miracle
          to the Latter-day Saints who dwell within it, it is a miracle to
          all the inhabitants of the Territory, it is a miracle to all our
          enemies scattered abroad, and a wonder to all the nations of the
          earth who have read its description. Let me tell a secret that
          some of you, perhaps, have not fully understood. Do you know,
          Latter-day Saints, that this city is already celebrated in
          distant nations, across the sea, as one of the most beautiful
          cities upon the American Continent? It is even so. What renders
          it beautiful? It is not because all the houses have been joined
          house to house, and story piled on story. No; that does not add
          to the beauty of a city. That is after the fashion of old
          Babylon, or like the cities of the nations. They, it is true,
          build some very superb buildings, of the most beautiful and
          costly materials--granite and marble stone, magnificent in style,
          and adorned with all the beauties of modern architecture. We see
          this in the cities of the eastern states, in old England, on the
          Continent of Europe, and wherever modern civilization extends;
          but what is all this when compared to the beauty of our
          habitations? When emerging from Parley's Kanyon in the stage, I
          put my head out of the window to look for the city of Great Salt
          Lake, but it was so completely shrouded in trees that I scarcely
          get a glimpse of it. Now and then I caught sight of a chimney
          peeping out above the stately shade trees and smiling orchards; I
          could also see this great tabernacle that you are now building,
          towering up, like a little mountain; but it was impossible to get
          a full view of the city generally, it was so completely covered
          with orchards and ornamental shade trees. I thought to myself
          that I never saw a grander sight. Where did these trees come
          from? You brought them down from the mountains, then little
          saplings; many of you brought them on your shoulders, others
          piled them on their wagons, and then you set them out on land
          that had the appearance of being a parched desert, and in soil
          that to all human appearance was unproductive. And during the
          twenty years that have rolled over your heads, you have
          beautified this city, and made it a paradise. It surpasses all
          the cities of the east in beauty, and your industry is spoken of
          abroad as something wonderful and marvellous. For a people
          without capital driven from their former homes, having nothing,
          as it were, but bone and sinew, to bring to pass the marvels we
          now behold, is considered without a parallel.
          But David says, that this people, gathered from all nations, who
          would find no city to dwell in, should finally prepare a city for
          habitation. Thank you, brethren, for having fulfilled the
          prophecy. Many other things, in this same Psalm, are now being
          fulfilled. The inspired psalmist predicts that the Lord would
          cause waters to break out in the wilderness, and in the desert
          springs of water, and that the thirsty ground should become pools
          of water. Has this been fulfilled? What aspect is presented over
          the country, for miles and miles around, when you irrigate your
          farming lands? Do you cast your eyes over them sometimes, and see
          standing pools of water? If you do you behold the fulfilment of
          the psalm. In the twenty-ninth chapter of Isaiah--the very place
          where this book (the Book of Mormon) is spoken of, and the
          marvellous work that should be accomplished by its means, we also
          read that a forest "shall be turned into a fruitful field, and
          the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest." David also
          says, that you were not only to make a city for habitation, but
          you were to plant vineyards, sow fields, and eat the increase
          thereof, and he would not suffer your cattle to decrease.
          I have been gone about three years, and I would like to inquire
          of those who keep cattle, whether they are on the increase in
          this Territory? I think if they were to answer they would say
          they are. Brother Kimball says the Territory is perfectly alive
          with them, and I have no doubt that the hills, mountains, and
          valleys are sprinkled over with them, and that they are on the
          increase. This is what David says:--"He suffers not their cattle
          to decrease;" and he also informs us that that barren, thirsty
          land, that solitary place, that wilderness through which His
          people should be led, should become, as it were, a fruitful
          field--this you know has been literally fulfilled. We are further
          informed that "blessed are they who sow beside all waters and
          send forth thither the feet of the ox and the ass." How do you
          farm in this land? You answer, by the side of the water streams.
          They do not farm in this way in the old countries, but wherever
          they find a beautiful piece of soil, whether on mountain or
          plain, they convert it into a farm, it is no matter if it be many
          miles from the water. But Isaiah saw that this people would be
          put in possession of a land where it would be necessary to "sow
          beside all waters," and in passing up and down this Territory it
          is universally the case that all our farming lands are located
          alongside the water streams which come out of the mountains.
          Do you want a blessing, brethren? If you do, Isaiah has given you
          one, for he exclaims, "Blessed are ye that sow beside all waters,
          that send forth thither the feet of the ox and the ass." David
          also declares, in the Psalm already referred to, that "He setteth
          the poor on high from affliction, and maketh him families like a
          flock." What does the Psalmist mean? Does he mean to say that the
          families of a poor man who has been gathered should increase like
          a flock? This is what he predicts; why do the world find fault
          with it? Are there are not some fault-finders? I hope not. Br.
          Kimball says they are all dead; if so, it is to be hoped that we
          will be troubled with them no more.
          We should rejoice to think that God has brought us into this
          desert country, and made it so fruitful, like the Garden of Eden,
          where the poor man, who in the old countries could scarcely live,
          has, in the course of the twenty years, not only got flocks and
          herds, but "families" (for David actually puts in the plural)
          "like a flock." To go around these valleys, and occasionally
          count the families of a poor man, is like counting a flock of
          sheep. Gentiles (we merely repeat the name they have given
          themselves) feel like finding fault with us in regard to this
          matter, but if we are satisfied, why should they find fault? If
          the poor man has been lifted up on high, just as David said he
          should be, and if the Lord has made him to have families like a
          flock, why should you find fault with this poor man? Is he not
          better off here than in the old countries, where for twelve or
          sixteen hours daily labor he received only eight shillings per
          week, for himself and family--and was scarcely able to keep body
          and soul together--living and dying in the most squalid poverty?
          I cannot see any harm in the people coming to this distant land,
          and gathering around them flocks, and herds, and fields, and each
          multiplying his own families, till they resemble a flock. All
          seem to feel tolerably well about it. The wives of these poor men
          have smiling faces, and seem happy. I do not know but some of
          them quarrel, but that does not prove that the principles is not
          good and true. Monogamist families also quarrel sometimes, but
          you would not do away with marriage, and say that a man ought not
          to have one wife, because they pull hair occasionally. Why find
          fault, then, with the poor man David speaks about, whose families
          should be like a flock, because now and then one gets up a
          quarrel? The system is good; the quarrel is no part of the
          system, but is a violation of it, and is the introduction of
          discord into that which the Lord intended to harmonize. Plurality
          of wives is something a little different from what our fathers
          have taught us, and it will take us a little while to learn this
          ancient scriptural order. You would not find fault with a little
          child because it did not learn the alphabet, spelling lessons,
          and get into reading in one day. Let all have a chance to learn
          by experience, and by that which God has revealed in ancient and
          modern times, to rule, govern, and control these great flocks and
          families so that they may be worthy to rule in the Kingdom of
          There are many curious things written in the ancient prophecies
          and in the writings of the Psalmist. The people abroad in the
          world generally think a great deal of what David said. There are
          some churches so pious that they would not have a hymn, composed
          in modern times, sung by their congregations. They would think
          their chapels were polluted by singing a hymn composed by any
          poet or poetess in these days. You may think I am misrepresenting
          them, but I am not. You go to Scotland if you wish to see the
          truth of these words. Will the Scotch Presbyterians permit hymns
          of their own composition to be sung in their sanctuaries? No;
          what do they substitute? The Psalms of David--the man after God's
          own heart, who was so righteous when but a boy that God was with
          him, and who, long before he was raised to the throne of Israel,
          and while yet a youth, as it were, had eight wives, and into
          whose bosom God afterwards gave all the wives of his master Saul.
          This man knew how to make psalms, for he made them by inspiration
          for the Scotch Church to sing; he understood it, and when he
          looked upon and realized what a flock of wives and children he
          had, he no doubt felt a glow of pleasure in anticipation of them
          time when the same order should be established among that people
          who were to be gathered from all lands. When have any people ever
          fulfilled these ancient prophecies if this people are not doing
          it now.
          Go back, now, historians, and tell us what people have ever
          fulfilled these sayings, except the Latter-day Saints. Did the
          ancient church ever fulfil these prophecies? No; why not? Because
          the dispensation of gathering had not then come. They were
          commanded to build up churches in Rome, Corinth, Galatia,
          Ephesus, and various parts of the earth, and when they had built
          up these churches they were permitted to stay at home. David says
          the people of God are to be gathered from all lands, and we see
          that it was not done by the ancient church. Now come down from
          the days of the introduction of Christianity into Palestine to
          the present period and place your finger, if you can, on a people
          who have fulfilled these prophecies. You can find nothing that
          has had the appearance of it until the appearance of the Prophet
          Joseph Smith. Since his day you can see what the Lord has done in
          sending abroad His missionaries, as swift messengers, to preach
          the gospel to all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people,
          baptizing all who would repent, and building up churches to His
          holy name, then proclaiming in the ears of all the Saints, "Go
          from all these nations to the great western hemisphere, locate
          yourselves on the high portions of the North American Continent
          in the midst of the mountains, and be gathered in one, that you
          may fulfil the prophecies that have been uttered concerning you."
          When we see this, we see God fulfilling that which He spake many
          long centuries ago. And the work is still rolling on, just as
          fast as the wheels of time can roll it. The Prophet Isaiah, in
          the 35th chapter, says "The wilderness and the solitary place
          shall be glad for them, and the desert shall rejoice and blossom
          as the rose."
          Latter-day Saints lift up your hearts and rejoice with joy
          unspeakable, for you are the very ones who have the privilege of
          fulfilling this, you see it directly before you. Has this
          prophecy been fulfilled here? Was there a wilderness here? Was
          there a desert here, and does it blossom as the rose? I was not
          here this spring, but I will venture to say that if I had been
          within three miles of this city, in April or May, I should have
          seen, for five or six square miles, peach, pear, plum, and apple
          trees all in bloom, literally making the wilderness to blossom as
          the rose. What a miracle compared with twenty years ago, when I
          stood, solitary and alone, by the side of City Creek, near this
          temple block, and surveyed the scene! The prophecy of Isaiah has
          been fulfilled, thanks be to Him who rules, controls, and guides
          all these things.
          If there ever was a people that needed blessings, it seems to me
          that the Latter-day Saints are the ones. How much you have
          suffered in years past and gone! How great have been your trials
          for the truth's sake! How great your exertions to gather out from
          among the nations of the earth! How great has been your toil in
          this desert country to fulfil these prophecies! God bless you,
          and your generations for evermore, and give you a hundred fold,
          besides these valleys, to make you and your posterity rejoice, is
          my prayer in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, June 30th, 1867
                           Brigham Young, June 30th, 1867
            REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Bowery,
                       Great Salt Lake City, June 30th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          We have heard good instruction and good news from our brethren in
          the south and in the east, and we hear good news concerning Zion.
          But this is not good to the world, for Zion and the spirit of
          Zion are not loved by the wicked. There is good news, and it may
          be summed up by saying that God is carrying on His work most
          admirably. He has commenced His work in the last days, for the
          last time; and into this work He will gather all things. We are
          here in these mountains. Accidentally? Perhaps so. If we had
          Brother George A. Smith to tell the story, he would say we came
          here because we were obliged to come, and we stay here because
          there is no other place to which we can go. We have built cities
          in this mountainous region, because there was no other place
          where we could do so. We have not got through with our work here
          yet. The people have hardly commenced to realize the beauty,
          excellence, and glory that will yet crown this city. I do not
          know that I will live in the flesh to see what I saw in vision
          when I came here. I see some things, but a great deal more has
          yet to be accomplished. We go abroad and preach to the people and
          gather them home to Zion, and it appears to be the feelings of a
          great many that when they get here they have done all that the
          Lord requires of them--their mission is out, and they are then
          ready to go and work for themselves. I heard of one man who came
          here twenty years ago, who stayed a few years and got more
          property than he ever had before, then sold it, and went to
          California, feeling and believing that he had worked long enough
          for the Lord, and that henceforth he would work for himself. The
          last I heard of him he was in poverty, distress, and disgrace.
          Loved of the Lord? No; if the Lord did not hate him, he did not
          love him. Angels did not love him, Saints did not love him, and
          the devil despised him, as he does all apostates.
          On this particular point I said a little a Sunday or two ago. I
          will now take the liberty of saying a little more. If there is a
          despicable character on the face of the earth, it is an apostate
          from this Church. He is a traitor who has deceived his best
          friends, betrayed his trust, and forfeited every principle of
          honor that God placed within him. They may think they are
          respected, but they are not. They are disgraced in their own
          eyes. There is not much honesty within them; they have forfeited
          their heaven, sold their birthright, and betrayed their friends.
          What will the devil do with such characters? Will he have them in
          his kingdom? Yes, he will be obliged to, because he is an
          apostate himself. He apostatized from the Celestial Kingdom, and
          was thrust down to hell. Yet, when apostates get to his kingdom,
          he will say--"I do not like you, for you are just as mean as I
          am. I was a traitor and a liar, and I am yet. I despise myself
          and every character that betrays his trust." That is all I wish
          to say on that point. Let apostates go.
          A word now to the Elders of Israel, especially to the young
          elders. There are a great many young men born and brought up in
          this Church, and if they do not go to the nations of the earth to
          preach they are not, therefore, obliged to make shipwreck of
          their good education and the faith they have received. Brother
          Pitkin was talking about young men being ruined through acquiring
          bad habits and forming bad associations here. If we had sent such
          young men to preach they would, in all probability, have
          disgraced themselves and the cause; for I am satisfied that if
          any man or woman, old or young, wished to be honest, upright,
          truthful, and virtuous, there is no community on the face of the
          earthy that honors and seeks to promote every holy principle to
          such an extent as this does. Do you know it? If you do not, just
          go into the world and mingle with the people, and you will soon
          find it out.
          If there are any ladies and gentlemen present who have not joined
          the Church, I wish to say a few words to them. Are men or women
          honest with themselves and their God when they refuse or neglect
          to search diligently to know the truth of the latter-day work? I
          could not be, with the sensibility God has blessed me with. A man
          or woman desirous of knowing the truth, upon hearing the gospel
          of the Son of God proclaimed in truth and simplicity, should ask
          the Father, in the name of Jesus, if this is true. If they do not
          take this course, they may try and argue themselves into the
          belief that they are as honest as any man or woman can be on the
          face of the earth; but they are not, they are careless as to
          their own best interests. Before I heard the gospel I searched
          diligently to know and understand whatever could be learned among
          the sectarians respecting God and the plan of salvation. It was
          so with the majority of the Latter-day Saints. But very little
          can be learned among Christian professors; they are ignorant
          about God and His kingdom, and the design He had in view in the
          formation of the earth and peopling it with His creatures. The
          Christian world are deficient in these matters; and many among
          them who believed the Bible was true have felt this, and Martin
          Luther, John Calvin, John Wesley, and other great Reformers and
          revivalists have felt this, and have had the spirit of conviction
          upon them that God was going to reveal something or other to His
          creatures. My brother Joseph once said to me (and we were both
          Methodists at the time), "Brother Brigham, there is not a Bible
          Christian in the world; what will become of the people?" For many
          years no person saw a smile on his countenance, in consequence of
          the burden of the Lord being upon him, and realizing that the
          inhabitants of the earth had all gone out of the way and had
          turned every man to his own views. I am not speaking now of the
          world morally, but of their ignorance of the gospel of the Son of
          God and of the way to be saved in the celestial kingdom of our
          Father. There was not a Bible Christian on the face of the earth
          who was known to us. I cannot say what is to be found in the
          frozen regions of the north, or a little beyond; if any nook or
          corner among the icebergs contains an Apostle, I do not know it,
          but I suppose none have been able to find one. No people on this
          earth had the Priesthood of the Son of God at their command or
          within their grasp, and there was no delegation from God to the
          children of men.
          Now, we come proclaiming that the Lord has spoken from Heaven,
          and has sent His angels to administer to the children of men. If
          you ask "where is my proof?" my reply is, I am a witness? Yes,
          here is this whole people. What else has brought them together?
          Do you think they have been gathered for the sake of making
          money, or for raising a political kingdom? Try it, you statesmen
          and philosophers, and see if you can gather a people together as
          we came here. How did we come here? We came comparatively naked
          and barefoot, driven from our homes into these mountains, robbed
          of our horses and cattle, and our houses rifled by mobs. Were we
          sustained by any government? Did England put forth her hand to
          sustain us, or did France donate anything for the assistance of
          this poor people? No not anything. Did the Government of the
          United States? No, but I will you what they did do--they imposed
          a trifling tax upon us. When they were at war with Mexico they
          said, "Now, you Mormons are going into the wilderness, but we
          will prove whether you are loyal or not--we want five hundred of
          your men." Did we give them? Yes, we took the men from their
          wagons, from their aged fathers and mothers, their wives and
          children, and they went to fight the battles of the United
          States. Who helped us here? The Lord Almighty, and He has fed and
          clothed and sustained us, and given us the ability to gather
          around us the comforts of life. And now we declare that the
          principles of the gospel of the Son of God, and no man nor nation
          beneath the Heavens can contradict or confute what I say. And
          here are my witnesses--some few thousands in this congregation,
          who would rise and testify by the power of the Holy Ghost that
          this is the gospel of life and salvation. Can men and women be
          honest who let this pass by as a thing of nought, and say--"These
          poor despised 'Mormons' and their religion are not worthy of our
          notice, they are beneath our dignity and refinement." Stop! Pause
          and think! Do you know what refinement is? Do you know what
          belongs to honor and greatness? If you do, you will never make
          use of such expressions. Those who are honorable will honor their
          being, and prepare according to the best of their ability and
          knowledge, and the revelations God has given, to preserve their
          existence and identity, and to dwell for ever in the presence of
          the Father and the Son. Every person who is honorable and loves
          truth will do this. I do not want men to come to me or my
          brethren for testimony as to the truth of this work; but let them
          take the Scriptures of divine truth, and there the path is
          pointed out to them as plainly as ever a guideboard indicated the
          right path to the weary traveller. There they are directed to go,
          not to Brothers Brigham, Heber, or Daniel, to any apostle or
          elder in Israel, but to the Father in the name of Jesus, and ask
          for the information they need. Can they who take this course in
          honesty and sincerity receive information? Will the Lord turn
          away from the honest heart seeking for the truth? No, He will
          not; He will prove to them, by the revelations of His Spirit, the
          facts in the case. And when the mind is open to the revelations
          of the Lord it comprehends them quicker and keener than anything
          that is seen by the natural eye. It is not what we see with our
          eyes--they may be deceived--but what is revealed by the Lord from
          Heaven is sure and steadfast, and abides for ever. We do not want
          the people to rely on human testimony, although that cannot be
          confuted and destroyed; still, there is a more sure word of
          prophecy that all may gain if they will seek it earnestly before
          the Lord. This is to my friends or my enemies who do not believe
          in the Lord Jesus Christ and in the gospel which He has revealed
          in these days. Now, mark my words, if you are honest to
          yourselves you will inquire as to its truth. You are invited to
          inquire, and it is your duty to do so, of the Father in the name
          of Jesus, if these things are so. "Well," say a great many, "when
          Jesus was on the earth he wrought miracles." Very true, and have
          we not done so? You read all the history of the world, laying
          aside the Book of Mormon containing the history of the people who
          once inhabited this continent, and you cannot produce anything
          that will compare with the labors of this people in these
          mountains. Everything is thrown into the shade when compared with
          it. Have we any witnesses with regard to the healing of the sick
          by the power of God? Plenty of them. "O," say you, "we do not
          know anything about that." We do not want you to know anything
          about it until you learn for yourselves. Miracles, or these
          extraordinary manifestations of the power of God, are not for the
          unbeliever; they are to console the Saints, and to strengthen and
          confirm the faith of those who love, fear, and serve God, and not
          for outsiders. When Jesus was spoken to with regard to miracles,
          he said, "an evil and an adulterous generation seeketh after a
          sign, and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the
          Prophet Jonas," and this principle is as true with regard to
          individuals as to generations. Here is the truth--God has spoken
          from the heavens, calling upon the inhabitants of the earth to
          repent, and we call upon them to repent. Is there anything
          immoral or in the least unchristianlike in this? Not in the
          least. We also call upon all men to be baptized for the remission
          of their sins. Is this a heresy, is it immoral or
          unchristianlike? No, everybody will agree that it is not in the
          least. Then we say to all, if you have been in the habit of
          lying, stealing, or committing any sin whatever, do it no more,
          but live righteously and godly as long as you stay on the earth.
          Who can complain of this.
          Now, the sermon which I design preaching to the ladies comes
          right before me. It is said--"If it were not for your obnoxious
          doctrine of plurality of wives we could believe in the rest very
          well." It is not that. That is not the touchstone at all, but it
          is because our wives and daughters cannot be seduced; it is
          because this people are strictly moral, virtuous, and truthful.
          Now, taking the history of creation as given by Moses, let me ask
          the question--"Mother Eve, did you not partake of the forbidden
          fruit, as also did Adam, and thus bring sin and iniquity into the
          world?" "O, yes," says mother Eve. Then, why cannot you bear the
          affliction of it? Why not say--"If I was the cause of bringing
          evil into the world, I will firmly bear all that God puts upon
          me, and maintain His word and His law, and so work out my
          salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God working within
          me." I ask this question of you, mother Eves, every one of you.
          If you are not sanctified and prepared, you ought to be
          sanctifying and preparing yourselves for the blessings in store
          for you when it will be said of you, this is Eve. Why? Because
          you are the mother of all living. You might as well prepare first
          as last. If you wish to be Eves and mothers of human families you
          ought to bear the burden. But you say this is cruel. No, it is
          not cruel at all. Is there a passion in man that he cannot subdue
          for the sake of the gospel of salvation, that he may be crowned
          with glory, immortality, and eternal lives? Shame on the elder
          who, if duty calls, cannot go and preach the gospel until he
          winds up his earthly career and never permit a female to kiss
          him. I do not wish to say much upon this subject, but I say, woe
          to you Eves if you proclaim or entertain feelings against this
          doctrine! Woe to every female in this Church who says, "I will
          not submit to the doctrine that God has revealed." You will wake
          up by and by and say, "I have lost the crown and exaltation I
          might have gained had I only been faithful to my covenants and
          the revelations which God gave. I might have been crowned as well
          as you, but now I must go to another kingdom." Be careful, O, ye
          mothers in Israel, and do not teach your daughters in future, as
          many of them have been taught, to marry out of Israel. Woe to you
          who do it; you will lose your crowns as sure as God lives. Be
          careful! "Well," but say you, "these men, these elders of Israel,
          have it all their own way." That is not so, and we are not going
          to have it all our own way, unless our way is to do just right.
          And the man and woman who set up their will against the
          providence of God, will be found wanting when accounts are
          squared. They will have to say, "the summer is past, the harvest
          is ended, and we have not received our crowns." Will you think of
          this, sisters, you who are not married as well as you who are? I
          have a good many daughters, but it would be better for every one
          of my daughters, and for every female in this Church, to marry
          men who have proved themselves to be men of God, no matter how
          many wives they have, than to take these miserable characters who
          are running around here. For myself, I desire to please God,
          whether it is ever to see another wife or child while I live or
          not. Have I proved it? Yes, God, the heavens, and the Saints know
          it. When Joseph called upon me and my brethren here, we were
          always ready. We made it a point ever to be ready to leave
          fathers, mothers, sisters and brothers, wives and children to go
          and preach the gospel to a perishing world, and save as many as
          would hearken to our counsel. We have proved this years ago. We
          have been willing to leave all for the sake of the gospel, and
          therein the Lord has made us rich. But who is going to complain
          about it?
          I want the daughters of Israel, both old and young, to remember
          that part of my sermon intended especially for them; and I want
          our friends who come here, who are not of us, to hear what the
          Latter-day Saints have to say. If we have the words of eternal
          life for you, and you will not receive them at our hands, we want
          you to be left without excuse. The Lord has spoken from the
          heavens; He has sent His delegation to the earth, and He has
          commissioned men on the earth to preach this gospel and to bring
          people into the Church. If they disobey they must take the
          consequence; it is they and the Lord for it. As we have always
          told them, the gospel of Jesus which we believe and preach, which
          they call "Mormonism," is the doctrine of life and salvation, and
          if they do not believe it, they can pray to the Lord and ask Him
          for knowledge. All this they can do if they please. We do our
          duty in telling them what they should do, and the result is with
          them and their God. May God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, November 17th, 1867
                         Brigham Young, November 17th, 1867
               REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Old
                     Great Salt Lake City, November 17th, 1867.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
                            OF GOD--NECESSITY OF PRAYER.
          We have great reason to be thankful for the blessings we enjoy as
          individuals and as a people. There is no other people on the
          earth, that we have any knowledge of, who are blessed to the same
          extent as this people called the Latter-day Saints. If we are
          blessed more than others, we should be more thankful than others.
          The blessings and bounties of the Lord upon us are bestowed
          according to our faithfulness and obedience to the requirements
          made of us. We have seen times in our history as a people, that
          if the hand of God had not been immediately over us, we must have
          perished. But to secure His blessings the Lord requires the
          strict obedience of His people. This is our duty. We obey the
          Lord, Him who is called Jehovah, the Great I AM, I am a man of
          war, Eloheim, etc. We are under many obligations to obey Him. How
          shall we know that we obey Him? There is but one method by which
          we can know it, and that is by the inspiration of the Spirit of
          the Lord witnessing unto our spirit that we are His, that we love
          Him, and that He loves us. It is by the spirit of revelation we
          know this. We have no witness to ourselves internally, without
          the spirit of revelation. We have no witness outwardly only by
          obedience to the ordinances.
          About the time I was preparing myself to embrace the gospel,
          there were great reformation meetings, and many professed to be
          converted. Those were very stirring times. The cause of religion
          was the great topic and theme of conversation, and preachers were
          full of zeal to bring souls to Christ through repentance and
          faith in His name. I recollect very distinctly that if I
          permitted myself to speak in any of their meetings, the spirit
          forbade me mentioning or referring to the testimony of Jesus,
          only in a superficial way. A few who believed in the everlasting
          gospel which had been revealed through Joseph, the prophet,
          testified in their meetings that they knew by the spirit of
          revelation that God had done thus and so, and they were hooted at
          immediately by those reformers. If I spoke at all in their
          meetings, I had to guard every word I uttered, lest I should
          offend those who professed to understand the gospel of life and
          salvation, but who did not. Gradually we broke through this fear,
          and ventured to utter the sentiments of our hearts, in faith
          before God, delivering that to the people which the Lord had
          revealed to us. Such is the condition of the professed religious
          portions of Christendom to-day. They refuse to receive the
          testimony of Jesus through revelation from His spirit; but they
          believe in the mutterings, whisperings, and rappings of low,
          foul, degraded spirits, who delight to lead astray rather than to
          guide to the truth. They "Seek unto them that have familiar
          spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter; should not
          a people seek unto their God for the living to the dead?" Unless
          we are willing to be guided by the revelations of the spirit of
          the Almighty, by obeying and living up to the principles of His
          gospel, we are as apt to believe one thing as another, and to be
          influenced by, and follow the dictations of a bad spirit as a
          good one. We have the same testimony as the faithful followers of
          the Lord Jesus had anciently.
          The scriptures made use of by Elder George A. Smith this morning,
          show the way in which the former Saints became the sons of God.
          "But as many as received Him, to them gave He power to become the
          sons of God, even to them that believe on His name." Who did
          receive Him and believe on His name? Did the Jews as a nation?
          No. Did the Gentiles as nations? No. A few Jews and a few
          Gentiles only received Him and believed on His name. When the
          gospel was preached to the Jews and to the Gentiles, a few had
          ears to hear, eyes to see, and hearts that understood by the
          spirit of revelation; they believed the sayings of the Savior,
          and received the Lord Jesus Christ as the promised Messiah. It is
          written, "The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth
          the Father do; for what things soever He doeth, these also doeth
          the Son likewise. For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him
          all things that himself doeth." Again, it is written, "For I have
          given unto them the words which thou gavest me." The disciples
          believed the words of the Savior, and proved to Him and to His
          apostles that they were sincere and honest in their belief. Thus
          they were entitled to the spirit of revelation through their
          obedience. They asked and they did receive, "not the spirit of
          bondage again to fear, but the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry
          Abba, Father. The spirit itself bearing witness with our spirit
          that we are the children of God." While the same Holy Spirit, or
          comforter, becomes the testimony of Jesus to all true believers,
          "He will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of
          judgment;" for in the days of the Savior many who did not receive
          the gospel were pricked in their hearts, and they did perish,
          although convinced of its truth. And so it is to-day; wherever
          the gospel is preached by the Elders of this Church many are
          pricked in their hearts, and they testify in their own conscience
          that it is from heaven, and yet they will not receive the gospel,
          and perish in their sins. They smother the spirit of conviction
          within them, and go into greater darkness than before. "Whosoever
          believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God." When a man or
          woman anciently renounced the Jewish religion, or any of the
          sects of it that then existed among the Jews, forsaking every
          mode of worship excepting that which Jesus introduced, it was
          regarded as a sufficient testimony that they were honest--that
          they were born of God--and all the sincere and honest believers
          received the testimony of Jesus, which is the spirit of prophecy,
          and received power to become His sons.
          I think, however, that the rendering of this Scripture is not so
          true as the following, namely: "But as many as received Him, to
          them gave He power to continue to be the sons of God." Instead of
          receiving the gospel to become the sons of God, my language would
          be--to receive the gospel that we may continue to be the sons of
          God. Are we not all sons of God when we are born into this world?
          Old Pharaoh, King of Egypt, was just as much a son of God as
          Moses and Aaron were His sons, with this difference--he rejected
          the word of the Lord, the true light, and they received it. For
          "this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and
          men love darkness rather than light, because their deeds are
          evil." Then we receive not the gospel that we may become the sons
          of God, but that we may remain the sons of God without rebuke.
          Inasmuch as all had apostatized, they had to become the sons of
          God by adoption, still, originally, all were the sons of God. We
          receive the gospel, not that we may have our names written in the
          Lamb's book of life, but that our names may not be blotted out of
          that book. "For," saith the Lord, "He that overcometh, the same
          shall be clothed in white raiment, and I will not blot out his
          name out of the book of life." Why? Because he had overcome
          through his faithfulness. My doctrine is--that there never was a
          son and daughter of Adam and Eve born on this earth whose names
          were not already written in the Lamb's book of life, and there
          they will remain until their conduct is such that the angel who
          keeps the record is authorized to blot them out and record them
          elsewhere. These are my views on that intricate point, but we are
          satisfied to use this Scripture as it is rendered by our
          I now wish to make an application of this to our own day. By what
          means shall the people of this generation become the sons and
          daughters of the Almighty? By believing on the Lord Jesus Christ?
          Yes. How shall they know that they believe in Him? By yielding
          obedience to the gospel as it is revealed to us in this
          generation, at the same time believing in all that has been
          revealed to others until now, concerning the children of men, the
          character of God, the creation of the earth, the ordinances of
          the Lord's house, the oracles of truth--believing in all things
          that have been revealed to mankind from the time that the Lord
          first began to reveal His will to them. Now, we say to the people
          of the nineteenth century, and we speak the truth and lie not,
          whosoever believes that Joseph Smith, jun., was a prophet sent of
          God, and was ordained by Him to receive and hold the keys of the
          Holy Priesthood, which is after the order of the Son of God, and
          power to build up the kingdom of God upon the earth, to gather
          the house of Israel, to guide all who believe and obey to
          redemption, to restore that which has been lost through
          transgression--whosoever believes this, believing in the Lord,
          and obeying His commandments to the end of their lives, their
          names shall not be blotted out of the Lamb's book of life, and
          they shall receive crowns of glory, immortality, and eternal
          life. This is for the nineteenth century, for the generation of
          people now living, and who lived thirty or thirty-seven years
          ago. I am not now preaching to a congregation of unbelievers,
          that all who reject the gospel, who despise the principles of
          life and salvation that have been delivered to us, they must
          taste of the second death if they do not repent. There may be
          some, however, who are so ignorant that repentance is yet left
          for them. This is the gospel that we preach, the testimony which
          we send forth to the world, inculcating strict obedience to the
          requirements of heaven, which is expected from all who embrace
          this gospel. For example, Joseph, the prophet, said to the
          Colesville branch, "sell your farms." So he said to other
          branches, "gather up and let us go to the Ohio," and they went,
          and from the Ohio to Missouri. Before we went to the Ohio, Oliver
          Cowdery, Peter Whitmer jun., Parley P. Pratt, and Ziba Peterson
          started in the fall of 1830 to visit the land where the centre
          take of Zion was afterwards located. When Joseph went up he
          located the city. Those who had farms and stores were instructed
          to sell out, to forsake all, to give to the poor, and to impart
          of their substance to sustain this elder, clothe another elder,
          and to send another on his mission, which they did, and up they
          got, and to the Ohio and to the Missouri they moved. What other
          people would have done this? They are not to be found in
          Christendom. While in Missouri they moved from county to county,
          and then back east into Illinois; for, thus said the Lord,
          through the prophet Joseph, return to Illinois, and there the
          prophet was killed. Then the word of the Lord to us was: gather
          up my people, and flee to the mountains, and hide yourselves, and
          there wait until you shall see the hand of the Lord made bare,
          and the wrath of the Almighty poured out upon the wicked nation
          that has consented to the death of my prophets. Impart of your
          substance, was the word of the Lord to them, and who were there
          in all those trains of Saints that did not impart of their
          substance? When we left Missouri we covenanted before the Lord
          that we never would cease our endeavours until the last man,
          woman, and child should be brought out of Missouri to Illinois
          who wanted to be moved. A few tarried in Missouri and
          apostatized. When the persecuted and driven Saints reached
          Illinois, the word of the Lord through the prophet Joseph
          was--gather up to Commerce, which was afterwards named Nauvoo. We
          did not lose sight of one Saint in Missouri, and gave our means
          to gather out the last and least Saint that would leave. When the
          word came--"gather to the mountains from Nauvoo"--we agreed
          before we left that city that we would use our means and our
          influence to gather the last Saint to the mountains. I have sent,
          time and time again, to inquire if there was a Saint in Nauvoo
          who wished to be gathered to these mountains. If there are any,
          let them come, for we have means and teams to bring them. This
          proves that we have kept our covenants. Now the word of the Lord
          is go forward--press on. The kingdom of God is onward and upward.
          The proof of this declaration is before me to-day. 
          Who believes Joseph Smith to be a prophet? These my brethren and
          sisters who are now sitting before me. They entertain no doubts
          on this subject. They may sometimes be tempted and tried, and
          neglect their prayers, until they hardly know whether "Mormonism"
          is true or untrue. The cares of the world, we know very well,
          flood in upon them; but let me tell you one thing--and I want you
          to seriously remember it--if you are in darkness, and have not
          the spirit of prayer, still do not neglect your prayers in your
          families in the morning. you, fathers and husbands, get down on
          your knees, and when the cares of this world intrude themselves
          upon your devotions, let them wait while you remain on your knees
          and finish your prayers. Brother Daniel D. Hunt's blessing over a
          dinner in Missouri, when he and Benjamin Clapp first met, is a
          very good prayer for us all. It was: "O, Lord, save us from
          error." If you can say no more than this very short but
          comprehensive prayer, go down upon your knees and say it. When
          you have labored faithfully for years, you will learn this simple
          fact--that if your hearts are aright, and you still continue to
          be obedient, continue to serve God, continue to pray, the spirit
          of revelation will be in you like a well of water springing up to
          everlasting life. Let no person give up prayer because he has not
          the spirit of prayer, neither let any earthly circumstance hurry
          you while in the performance of this important duty. By bowing
          down before the Lord to ask Him to bless you, you will simply
          find this result--God will multiply blessings on you temporally
          and spiritually. Let a merchant, a farmer, a mechanic, any person
          in business, live his religion faithfully, and he need never lose
          one minute's sleep by thinking about his business; he need not
          worry in the least, but trust in God, go to sleep and rest. I say
          to this people--pray, and if you cannot do anything else, read a
          prayer aloud that your family may hear it, until you get a
          worshipping spirit, and are full of the riches of eternity, then
          you will be prepared at any time to lay hands on the sick, or to
          officiate in any of the ordinances of this religion. I do not
          recollect that I have seen five minutes since I was baptized that
          I have not been ready to preach a funeral sermon, lay hands on
          the sick, or to pray in private or in public. I will tell you the
          secret of this. In all your business transactions, words, and
          communications, if you commit an overt act, repent of that
          immediately, and call upon God to deliver you from evil and give
          you the light of His spirit. Never do a thing that your
          conscience, and the light within you, tell you is wrong. Never do
          a wrong, but do all the good you possibly can. Never do a thing
          to mar the peaceable influence of the Holy Spirit in you; then
          whatever you are engaged in--whether in business, in the dance,
          or in the pulpit--you are ready to officiate at any time in any
          of the ordinances of the House of God. If I commit an overt act,
          the Lord knows the integrity of my heart, and through sincere
          repentance, He forgives me. Before Joseph's death he had a
          revelation concerning myself and others, which signified that we
          had passed the ordeal, and that we should never apostatize from
          the faith of the holy gospel; "and," said Joseph, "if there is
          any danger of your doing this, the Lord will take you to Himself
          forthwith, for you cannot stray from the truth." When men and
          women have travelled to a certain point in their labors in this
          life, God sets a seal upon them that they never can forsake their
          God or His kingdom; for, rather than they should do this, He will
          at once take them to Himself. Probably this is so with many of
          the elders who are taken from us, and over whom many ignorantly
          mourn. I say, to God give thanks, for who knows but that had they
          lived there might have been trials to pass through which they
          could not overcome. It is all right, blessed be the name of the
          May the Lord bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, November 3rd, 1867
                          Brigham Young, November 3rd, 1867
               REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Old
                      Great Salt Lake City, November 3rd, 1867.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
                         EXAMPLES--THE SAINTS NOT IGNORANT.
          I will, in the commencement of my remarks, take up a subject upon
          which much as been said in the pulpit and in the chimney corner.
          It is regarding the Spirit of the Lord manifesting His will to
          His children. There is no doubt, if a person lives according to
          the revelations given to God's people, he may have the Spirit of
          the Lord to signify to him His will, and to guide and to direct
          him in the discharge of his duties, in his temporal as well as
          his spiritual exercises. I am satisfied, however, that in this
          respect, we live far beneath our privileges. If this is true, it
          is necessary that we become more fervent in the service of
          God--in living our religion--and more truthful and honest with
          one another, that we be not slack in the performance of any duty,
          but labor with a right good will for God and truth. If this
          people, called Latter-day Saints, live beneath their privileges
          in the holy gospel of the Son of God, are they justified in every
          respect before Him? They are not. If we do not live in the lively
          exercise of faith in the Lord Jesus, possessing His Spirit
          always, how can we know when He speaks to us through His servants
          whom He has placed to lead us? It was observed here this morning,
          by one of the brethren, that he never attempted to perform a duty
          required of him unless the Spirit manifested to him beforehand
          that he would be justified in doing it. Now, let me ask, how many
          of you know, by the manifestation of the Spirit of revelation,
          that the Lord has whispered to His servants the necessity of this
          people observing the Word of Wisdom? Some submit to it, and say
          that it is right, because their President says so; but, how many
          of the Saints have received the manifestations of the Spirit to
          themselves that this is the will of God? Again, how many know by
          the Spirit of revelation that they should contribute of the
          substance the Lord has given to them to gather home the poor
          Latter-day Saints from Europe? Many may have received a testimony
          from the Holy Spirit that this is their duty, but there may be
          one-half of the community who have not received such a
          manifestation. Now, is it the duty of those who have not lived so
          as to enjoy the Spirit of revelation, as others do, to perform
          this labour of love and charity, the same as those who have
          received the Spirit of revelation, to witness to them that it is
          right? We think that it is. I can call to mind revelations which
          the Lord delivered to His servant Joseph, that when they were
          written and given to the people there would not be one if fifty
          of the members of the Church who could say that they knew, by the
          revelations of the Lord Jesus, that they were of the Lord; but
          they would have to pray and exercise faith to be able to receive
          them, and in some instances some apostatized in consequence of
          revelations that had been given. This was the case when the
          "Vision" was given through Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon.
          At that time there was not as many in the whole Church as there
          is in this congregation. Yes, many forsook the faith when the
          Lord revealed the fact to Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon, as He
          did to His ancient Apostles, that all would receive a salvation
          except those who had sinned a sin unto death, of which the
          Apostle John said--"I do not say that ye shall pray for it." I
          prayed and reflected about it, and so did others. I became
          satisfied that, when a revelation came to Joseph for the people
          to perform any labor or duty, it was their privilege to go to
          with their might and do it collectively and individually, not
          waiting for the manifestations of the Spirit to me, but believing
          that the Prophet knew more than I knew, that the Lord spoke
          through him, and that He could do as He pleased about speaking to
          me. This is a close point; but I will tell you what is right,
          what is the duty of the Latter-day Saints, unless they can, by
          undeniable proof, show that the word of the Lord has not come
          through the President, they have no right to hesitate one moment
          in performing the duties required of them. This is the way I
          understand revelation. It is the privilege of the Latter-day
          Saints to know and understand the mind and will of God concerning
          them; yea, it is even the privilege of the wicked world to know
          this. The Spirit of the Lord bears witness to all people
          according to the faith, honesty, and humility which dwell in the
          individual who hears and in those who administer the word. In a
          great measure it depends upon this with regard to the witness of
          God to them. It is hard, however, for people to understand these
          things. The intelligence we possess is from our Father and our
          God. Every attribute that is in His character is in His children
          in embryo. It is their duty to improve and develop those
          attributes; and it is, consequently, necessary to pay strict
          attention to every requirement of Heaven, that we may better
          understand the mind and will of God concerning us and our duty.
          If we will live so as to enjoy the Spirit of revelation, we may
          know concerning ourselves and those we preside over.
          If the people are ready and prepared to receive the word of the
          Lord continually, it can be given to them. An elder may declare
          the truth philosophically, and the light of Christ may kindle up
          the candle of the Lord within those who hear him, and they see,
          understand, and are convicted of its truth, although the elder
          who preaches it to them may himself be void of the Spirit of
          revelation. Again, a man may preach to a people whose ears are
          closed, and their hearts hardened against conviction, they will
          not believe the gospel, yet the man who testifies to them may be
          full of the power of God. For example, we will say, here is a man
          on the right or the left, who declares that he cannot perform
          this or that duty unless he receives a witness to himself, direct
          from the Lord, that He requires the duty at his hands. Upon what
          principle has he the right to question any requirement made by
          the constituted authority of God on the earth? Is he entitled to
          any such right? He is not. He is not entitled to the right of
          bringing up any argument in his own mind, as to the right or
          wrong of it, or to in any way remonstrate against any requirement
          the Lord has made of him through His servants. He is under
          obligation to obey, whether the Spirit of the Lord gives him a
          manifestation or not. When the authorities call for so many loads
          of rock to be hauled for the Temple, should every man wait to
          know by direct revelation to himself whether he should draw rock
          or not? Or should all acknowledge the call as the word of the
          Lord to us, and promptly and willingly obey? When we asked the
          brethren to build this New Tabernacle, did they wait to get a
          revelation to themselves before the commenced the work? No; but
          while they were engaged in that work, when they knelt down to
          pray before the Lord, His Spirit was with them, and it justified
          the act. And so will it be with every duty that is required of
          this people, if they perform the same in faith before God. Our
          beloved brother did not speak as he meant. He will be understood
          to mean simply this: If a requirement is made of this people, it
          is their privilege to have a testimony that it is of God. This is
          what I mean, and it is what my brother meant who spoke this
          morning. I wish now to say a few words to the Bishops. It is a
          common saying, "as with the priest so with the people." I will
          change that a little, and say as are our bishops so are the
          people. We have said much to the people with regard to laying up
          provisions to last them a few years. How many of our bishops have
          provisions laid up for one year, two years, or seven years? There
          may be a few bishops who have got their grain laid away to last
          their families a year, but the great majority of them have not.
          The people do, or should look to their bishops for example. Each
          bishop should be an example to his ward. If the bishop of a ward
          lays up wheat to last his family a year, two years, or seven
          years, as the case may be, his neighbors on the right and on the
          left will be very apt to do the same; they will very likely build
          good bins and try to fill them. But I need not talk much about
          this. Do you ask me if I have wheat laid up? Yes, I have it all
          the time. I have been furnishing this tithing office in part with
          my own flour for the building of the New Tabernacle, and I
          calculate to furnish it still. I have so many hundreds of people
          to feed, it cannot be expected that I can save much; yet I have
          enough laid by to last my family for years.
          I wish now to refer to what was said this afternoon regarding
          this people's knowledge. It is said by our enemies that the
          Latter-day Saints are an ignorant people. I ask all the nations
          of Christendom if they can produce a people, considering all the
          circumstances, who are better educated in all the great branches
          of learning than this people, as a people. Many of them have been
          brought from poverty, and have been placed in comfortable
          circumstances in these mountains, where they have been taught how
          to get their living from the elements, and to become partially
          self-sustaining. How much do you know among the nations? Can you
          make an axe helve? "Yes," and so can we, and make an axe to fit
          it, and then we know how to use it. We can make a hoe-handle and
          a hoe to fit it, and then we know how to hoe the ground with it.
          Can we make a plough? Yes, and know how to use it as well as any
          people on the earth. We can make every agricultural implement,
          and can use it. We can make a cambric needle; and we can make the
          steam engine and vessel to carry it. We can direct the lightning,
          and make it our servant, after Franklin showed us how; and the
          philosophers of the day are as dependent on his discoveries as we
          are. We have all the improvements that have been made in the arts
          and sciences, and know how to use them to our advantage. We can
          make boots and shoes for the sturdy, plodding agriculturist in
          the field, and for the delicate lady in the parlor, and we know
          how to make the leather as well as others do. We can read the
          Bible and understand it, and our lexicographers can make
          dictionaries. Wherein, then, are we more ignorant than others? We
          have good mechanics, good philosophers, good astronomers, good
          mathematicians, good architects, good theologians, good
          historians, good orators, good statesmen, good school teachers,
          and we can make a good prayer and preach a good sermon. I heard a
          very sensible prayer the other day at camp Wasatch. In the prayer
          were these words--that "the militia might be enabled to keep
          their guns bright and their powder dry." We know how to make
          cloth, how to make it into garments, and wear it; we know how to
          provide for ourselves, how to protect ourselves, and we ask
          nobody to help us but God our heavenly Father. Then, wherein are
          we so woefully ignorant as some people make us out to be? We know
          how to build houses, and can make the furniture to furnish them;
          we know how to plant gardens, set out orchards, and plant
          vineyards. We know how to raise all kinds of vegetables, fruit,
          and grain, and everything else that will flourish in this
          latitude. Wherein are we ignorant?
          We may not be able to get out a great burst of words, which mean
          nothing, as many of the preachers and reverend divines abroad
          can. They speculate a great deal about walking the golden streets
          of the New Jerusalem, and about going into the presence of God to
          sing psalms forevermore, but when they are asked seriously where
          they are going when they leave this earth, they are unable to
          tell you. If you ask them what they are going to do in the next
          existence, when the labors of this word are ended, they are still
          in the dark. You may ask them where God lives, and they do not
          know--they say in heaven; but where is heaven? They do not know.
          If you ask them what He looks like, still they do not know. Some
          have gone so far as to say that He dwells beyond the bounds of
          time and space, and is seated on a topless throne, being Himself
          without body, parts, and passions. Numerous are the wild
          speculations of religionists regarding God and His habitation. We
          can instruct the world on these matters; wherein are we ignorant?
          We know and read history; we understand the geography of the
          world, the manners, customs, and laws of nations. Our astronomers
          describe to us the geography of the heavens, measure the
          distances between the earth and the sun, moon, and planets. We
          have learning to speculate on all these works of God and
          revelation unfolding reliable knowledge on many of the wonders of
          the heavens. Now, wherein are we more ignorant than other people?
          Is it because we believe the Bible, which declares that man is
          made in the likeness and image of God, that He has ears to hear
          our prayers, eyes to see His handiwork, a stretched-out arm to
          defend His people, and to make bare to punish the wicked nations
          of the earth? Wherein are we ignorant? We understand the laws of
          domestic and civil government; we know how to conduct ourselves
          like men of sense, like gentlemen and christians; we understand
          natural philosophy and medicine; and are satisfied of the
          emptiness of the vain philosophy of the world. If believing and
          knowing what we do constitute ignorance, then let us be ignorant
          still, and continue in the way which will lead us to the
          perfection of knowledge which the world call ignorance.
          Now, let me say to you, it is our imperative duty to use a
          portion of our substance to send for our poor brethren and
          sisters who are still back in the old countries. May the Lord
          bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, November 17th, 1867
                         Brigham Young, November 17th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder Brigham Young, jun., delivered in the Old
                     Great Salt Lake City, November 17th, 1867.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          I am grateful for this privilege of speaking to you for a short
          time this afternoon, and I trust that the Spirit of the Lord will
          be present to bless and edify both the speakers and hearers. By
          our experience we can testify that the Spirit of the Almighty is
          always present where His Saints congregate, and no person can
          come into their assemblies without feeling the influence of that
          Spirit, although he may not personally possess it. I have met
          with religious bodies of people in various nations, but I have
          never experienced that heavenly influence in any of their
          meetings that I have invariably felt while assembled with the
          Latter-day Saints.
          There is something about this people that is truly peculiar, and
          this peculiarity consists in their enjoying the Holy Spirit to a
          greater degree than it is enjoyed by any other people of the
          present day and for many ages past. The possession of this Spirit
          makes us happy under every circumstance of life, except in
          committing sin. The Lord has enlightened our minds by the spirit
          of revelation; hence, wherever you find a Latter-day Saint upon
          the face of the whole earth, you will find a happy person.
          Faithful Latter-day Saints everywhere triumph over all the ills
          that humanity is subject to, because they know that the Lord has
          redeemed them, and brought them forth to bless them with
          salvation in His presence.
          We, as a people, cannot sufficiently realize what the Lord has
          done for us. When we reflect upon the situation of this people in
          Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, Ohio, and other places, and contrast
          our present position with our circumstances then, we can, in a
          measure, realize what the Lord has done for us, and we begin to
          understand that He has led us from the midst of our enemies, and
          planted us where no man maketh us afraid. This has not been done
          by the feeble effort of man, but by the power of the Almighty,
          and the praise and thanksgiving of all His Saints are justly due
          to Him.
          This people are greatly blessed by receiving the Spirit of the
          Almighty, and by being privileged to go into His house and making
          covenants with Him, and in return receiving the keys of eternal
          life from his hands. We are peculiar in this. There is no other
          people upon the face of the earth that we know anything about who
          are permitted to make such covenants with the Most High God. If
          we do not appreciate these blessings it is because we do not live
          faithfully to the covenants we have made--because we do not live
          faithfully to the covenants we have made--because we do not do
          all in our power to fulfil the commandments of the Almighty, and
          obey, fully and freely, the words and counsels of those who hold
          God's authority upon the earth, who have led us thus far
          efficiently, and who can lead us into the presence of our Father
          and God.
          These servants of the Most High have called upon us, as a people,
          to step forward and do our utmost to deliver our brethren and
          sisters who are now in the old countries. The Lord has placed
          means in our possession to do this. He has led us forth from the
          midst of our enemies, where the lives of our leaders were
          constantly sought, and where no man durst say, he knew that Jesus
          was Christ, and that he lives. In delivering us, He has given us
          new life, and all that we require to sustain us and to make us
          happy and comfortable. Now, shall we use a portion of these means
          which He has given us to gather the Saints? The people of this
          city are better prepared to-day to emigrate every Latter-day
          Saint from foreign lands to these mountains, than the whole
          people of Nauvoo and surrounding country were prepared to
          emigrate on hundred families. I believe this statement to be
          true, and that it will bear scrutiny. While we feel very poor, we
          are really increasing in wealth; yet as we increase in wealth,
          our wants increase. If we have a fine carriage, we must then have
          a fine horse and harness to go with it; but instead of spending
          our means upon unnecessary luxuries, it is far better for us to
          sacrifice everything in property that our hearts are set upon,
          and let it go where it can be used to the gathering of Israel.
          This is the standard to which all the faithful are approaching,
          and the sooner we reach it the better for us. We must, sooner or
          later, give our whole hearts to our Father and God, if we wish to
          gain salvation. We owe to Him every energy of our souls, and all
          the earthly wealth we can amass, if He calls for it through His
          servants. We should look upon God as being unjust were He not to
          give us the blessings we are entitled to through His promises.
          There are hundreds in this congregation who know the situation of
          the poor Saints in the old countries, for they were once in the
          same condition themselves. It has not improved any since you
          left; but you were not able to realize it then as you should now
          be able to. When you were there in the midst of your enemies,
          when your children wanted bread, and were destitute of clothing
          and the comforts of life, there were none to help you to preserve
          them from perishing with hunger. Here you are comfortable, and
          the great majority of this people in these mountains are wealthy,
          and it has all been given them of the Lord. Then, shall we refuse
          to subject all we have to Him? When we identified our interests
          with this Church, we made a Covenant with Him to aid all in our
          power to gather together the honest from every land, kindred,
          tongue, and people, but we are too apt to forget our covenants,
          and to be slow in the performance of our duties. An immense labor
          has already been performed; many thousands are now in this
          Territory who have been gathered from the nations of Europe, and
          from other parts of the earth, still there are thousands in those
          lands who are praying for deliverance, and whose greatest hope in
          life is to identify their interests with ours in this our
          mountain home, and join with us in building up cities and temples
          to the most High God. They look to us for help, shall they look
          in vain? Shall we not, with uplifted hands, covenant afresh that
          we will devote the means which God has given us for the building
          up of His kingdom, and the gathering of His people of the house
          of Israel? Those who are not living under broken covenants will
          feel ready and willing to do this.
          If we do not put forth our hands to strengthen the cause of Zion
          on the earth with all we have and are, it is a dereliction of
          duty on our part, to say the least of it, and for which we stand
          accountable to God. In a few months the emigration of the year
          1868 will leave England, and now is the accepted time for the
          means to be supplied. The sooner we put forth our means for this
          purpose the better, that our agents may not be pressed for time
          to make every necessary arrangement.
          If you will show me a member of this Church, in this or any other
          country, who has faithfully paid his tithing, although he might
          only get ten shillings a week, and have to support a large family
          out of it, if he has been obedient to the counsels of the
          servants of God, there you will find a man who has prospered
          continually. it is invariably the case that men who have been
          honest with God have been greatly blessed of Him, even until they
          had not room to contain His blessings. I have known men in the
          old country whose wages did not exceed $2.50 per week, and out of
          this small sum they have supported a family of nine persons, paid
          their tithing, and in three years saved enough money to emigrate
          the whole of them. This could not have been done if the Lord had
          not blessed them. This is their testimony. I have seen it, and it
          is my testimony. We have seen His blessings so often and so
          visibly bestowed upon the faithful, that there is no room to
          doubt His word of His ability to bless us with all that we need.
          The words of the Apostle may be very fitly applied here: "And he
          that doubteth is damned--for whatsoever is not of faith is sin."
          Every intelligent Latter-day Saint, who has made himself
          acquainted with the dealings of God with this people, has no room
          to doubt the hand of the Almighty. We cannot doubt and at the
          same time enjoy the blessings which are for the faithful.
          May God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, December 8th, 1867
                          Brigham Young, December 8th, 1867
               REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Old
                      Great Salt Lake City, December 8th, 1867.
                           [Reported by Edward L. Sloan.]
          The subject of salvation is one which should occupy the attention
          of the reflecting among mankind. Salvation is the full existence
          of man, of the angels, and the Gods; it is eternal life--the life
          which was, which is, and which is to come. And we, as human
          beings, are heirs to all this life, if we apply ourselves
          strictly to obey the requirements of the law of God, and continue
          in faithfulness. The first object of our existence is to know and
          understand the principles of life, to know good from evil, to
          understand light from darkness, to have the ability to choose
          between that which gives and perpetuates life and that which
          would take it away. The volition of the creature to choose is
          free; we have this power given to us.
          We have reason to be thankful more than any other people. We have
          no knowledge of any other people on the face of the earth who
          possess the oracles of God, the priesthood, and the keys of
          eternal life. We are in possession of those keys, and,
          consequently, we are under greater obligations, as individuals
          and as a community, to work righteousness. I hope and trust we
          will continually manifest before the Lord that we appreciate
          these blessings. There is no question but every person here who
          seriously reflects upon his own existence, his being here, and
          the hereafter which awaits him, must many times feel that he
          comes short of doing all the good for which our Father in heaven
          has brought us forth. This I conclude from my own experience.
          Every mind that thinks deeply upon the things of time and
          eternity, sees that time, which we measure by our lives, is like
          the stream from the mountains which gushes forth, yet we cannot
          tell from whence it comes, nor do we know naturally where it
          goeth, only it passes again into the clouds; so our lives are
          here, and this we are certain of. We do know that we live and
          that we have the power of sight. We do know and can realize that
          we possess the faculty of hearing. We can discern between that
          which we like and that which we dislike. Give a child candy and
          it is fond of it, it wishes more; but give it calomel and jalap,
          and it turns from it with loathing. It has the power of
          discerning between that in which it delights and that in which it
          does not delight. It can taste, smell, see, and hear. We know we
          are in possession of these faculties. This life that you and I
          possess is for eternity. Contemplate the idea of beings endowed
          with all the powers and faculties which we possess, becoming
          annihilated, passing out of existence, ceasing to be, and then
          try to reconcile it with our feelings and with our present lives.
          No intelligent person can do it. Yet it is only by the spirit of
          revelation that we can understand these things. By the
          revelations of the Lord Jesus we understand things as they were,
          that have been made known unto us; things that are in the life
          which we now enjoy, and things as they will be, not to the
          fullest extent, but all that the Lord designs that we should
          understand, to make it profitable to us, in order to give us the
          experience necessary in this life to prepare us to enjoy eternal
          life hereafter.
          These principles are before us. We are now acting upon them. We
          feel to exhort ourselves and our fellow-beings, not only those
          who have embraced the gospel, but all mankind, to hearken to the
          still, small voice that whispers to the conscience and
          understanding of all living beings according to the knowledge and
          wisdom which they possess, instructing them in right and wrong,
          entreating them, wooing them, beseeching them to refrain from
          evil. There is not a person so sunk in ignorance but has that
          principle in him teaching him that this is right and that is
          wrong, guiding him in the way that he will not sin a sin unto
          death. Can we realize this? Yes. There are many who possess the
          spirit of revelation to that degree that they can understand its
          operations upon the creature, no matter whether they have heard
          the gospel preached or not, nor whether they are Christians,
          Jews, or Mahommedans. They are taught of the Lord, and the candle
          of the Lord is within them, giving them light.
          This principle we are in possession of, and it should be
          nourished and cherished by us; it is the principle of revelation,
          or, if you like the term better, of foreseeing. There are those
          who possess fore-knowledge, who do not believe as we believe with
          regard to the establishment of the Kingdom of God on the earth.
          Take the statesman, for instance; he has a certain degree of
          knowledge with regard to the results of the measures which he may
          recommend, but does he know whence he derives that knowledge? No.
          He may say: "I foresee if we take this course we shall perpetuate
          our government and strengthen it, but if we take the opposite
          course we will destroy it." But can he tell whence he has
          received that wisdom and foreknowledge? He cannot. Yet that is
          the condition of the statesmen in the nations of the earth. If
          the philosopher can gaze into the immensity of space, and
          understand how to fashion and make glasses that will magnify a
          million times, that knowledge comes from the fountain of
          knowledge. A man of the world may say: "I can foresee, I can
          understand, I can frame an engine, make a track, and run that
          engine upon it, bearing along a train of loaded cars at the rate
          of forty, fifty, or sixty miles an hour." Another may say: "I can
          take the lightning, convey it on wires, and speak to foreign
          nations." But where do they get this wisdom? From the same source
          where you and I get our wisdom and our knowledge of God and
          godliness. Realizing these things, I look upon my brethren and
          sisters, and ask what manner of persons ought we to be? We are
          apt to think wrong and to speak wrong. Our passions will rise
          within us, and without reflection the organs of speech are put in
          motion and we utter that which we should not speak. We have
          feelings which we should not have, and we neglect the great and
          glorious principles of eternal life. We are grovelling, of the
          earth earthy. We look after the things of this life, are attached
          to them, and it is hard for us to see and understand the final
          result of things, even though we have the spirit of revelation.
          What will be the final result of the restoration of the gospel,
          and the destiny of the Latter-day Saints? If they are faithful to
          the priesthood which God has bestowed upon us, the gospel will
          revolutionize the whole world of mankind; the earth will be
          sanctified, and God will glorify it, and the Saints will dwell
          upon it in the presence of the Father and the Son. We need to
          exert our powers, and call forth all the ability within us, and
          put into requisition every talent that God has given us, to bring
          about his glorious result, to bear off this Kingdom, and see that
          the gospel is preached to all the inhabitants of the earth. This
          is our duty and calling. It is obligatory upon us to see that the
          House of Israel have the gospel preached to them; to do all that
          is in our power to gather them to the land of their fathers, and
          to gather up the fulness of the Gentiles before the gospel can go
          with success to the Jews. We are under obligations to establish
          the Zion of our God upon the earth, and establish and maintain
          its laws, so that the law of the priesthood of the Son of God may
          govern and control the people.
          Go into the world, among the inhabitants of the nations of
          Christendom, whether Infidels, Episcopalians, Baptists,
          Methodists, Presbyterians, or people of any other religious sect,
          and tell them plainly that the law of God is going to be the law
          of the land, and they would be terrified, they would fear and
          tremble. But tell them that the law of liberty, and equal right
          to every person, would prevail and they could understand that,
          for it is according to the Constitution of our country. To do the
          greatest good to the greatest number of the people is the
          principle inculcated in it. But tell them that the law of Zion
          will be the law of the land, and it grates upon their ears, they
          do not like to hear it. Many have read with regard to the effects
          of Catholicism, when it exercised great power among the nations,
          and the thought of any church getting such a power strikes a
          terror to them. That church professed to be the church of God
          upon the earth, and some dread similar results to those which
          attended that. Supposing the early Christians had not departed
          from the truth, but had retained the keys of the kingdom, there
          never would have been a man put to the test with regard to this
          religious faith. If an Infidel had abused a Christian, it would
          have been stopped, and the wrong-doer would have been compelled
          to cease his violence, but no religious test would have been
          applied. The law of right would have prevailed. Some suppose that
          when the Kingdom of God governs on the earth, everybody who does
          not belong to the Church of Jesus Christ will be persecuted and
          killed. This is as false an idea as can exist. The Church and
          Kingdom of God upon the earth will take the lead in everything
          that is praiseworthy, in everything that is good, in everything
          that is delightful, in everything that will promote knowledge and
          extend an understanding of truth. The Holy Priesthood and the
          laws thereof will be known to the inhabitants of the earth, and
          the friends of truth, and those who delight in it, will delight
          in those laws and cheerfully submit to them, for they will secure
          the rights of all men. Many conclude, from reading the history of
          various nations, that Catholicism never granted any rights to any
          person, unless he would believe it as he was required to believe.
          But it is not so in the Kingdom of God; it is not so with the law
          nor with the Priesthood of the Son of God. You can believe in one
          God, or in three gods, or in a thousand gods; you can worship the
          sun or the moon, or a stick or a stone, or anything you please.
          Are not all mankind the workmanship of the hands of God? And does
          he not control the workmanship of His hands? They have the
          privilege of worshipping as they please. They can do as they
          please, so long as they do not infringe upon the rights of their
          fellow-beings. If they do well they will receive their reward,
          and if they do ill they will receive the results of their works.
          You and I have the privilege of serving God, of building up Zion,
          sending the gospel to the nations of the earth and preaching it
          at home, subduing every passion within us, and bringing all
          subject to the law of God. We have also the privilege of
          worshipping Him according to the dictates of our own consciences,
          with none to molest or make us afraid.
          I am now going to preach you a short sermon concerning our
          temporal duties. My sermon is to the poor, and to those who are
          not poor. As a people, we are not poor; and we wish to say to the
          Bishops, not only this city, but through the country, "Bishops,
          take care of your poor." The poor in this city do not number a
          great many. I think there are a few over seventy who draw
          sustenance from the General Tithing Office. They come to the
          Tithing Office, or somebody comes for them, to draw sustenance.
          If some of our clever arithmeticians will sit down and make a
          calculation of the hours lost in coming from the various parts of
          the city to the Tithing Office, and in waiting around there, and
          then value those hours, if occupied in some useful employment, at
          twelve and a half cents each, every eight of them making a
          dollar, it will be found that the number of dollars thus lost by
          those seventy odd persons in a week would go far towards
          sustaining them. We have among us some brethren and sisters who
          are not strong, nor healthy, and they must be supported. We wish
          to adopt the most economical plan of taking care of them, and we
          say to you Bishops, take care of them. You may ask the question,
          "shall we take the tithing that should go to the Tithing Office
          to support them, or shall we ask the brethren to donate for that
          purpose?" If you will take the time consumed in obtaining the
          rations drawn by them out of the General Tithing Office--for
          every person who is not able to come must send some one for
          them--and have that time profitably employed, there will be but
          little more to seek for their sustenance. Get a house in your
          Ward, and if you have two sisters, or two brethren, put them in
          it, make them comfortable, find them food and clothing, and fuel,
          and direct the time now spent coming to this Tithing Office
          wisely in profitable labor. Furnish the sisters with needles and
          thread to work at sewing, and find something for them to do. Take
          those little girls who have been coming to the Tithing Office,
          and have them taught to knit edging, and tidies, and other kinds
          of knitting, and make lace, and sell the products of their labor.
          Those little girls have nimble fingers, and it will only take a
          little capital to start them at such kinds of work. Where you
          have brethren who are not strong enough to saw and split wood, or
          do some kind of out-door labor, agree with some chairmakers to
          have his chairs bottomed, and get rushes, and set the brethren to
          bottoming the chairs. If you cannot get that for them to do,
          procure some flags or rushes, and let them make foot-mats, and
          sell them, but do not ask too high a price for them; do not ask a
          dollar or two dollars each for them, for one can be made in an
          hour or two. And if the market should get stocked with them, get
          some willows and have willow baskets made, and you can scarcely
          stock the market with them, for they wear out almost as fast as
          they can be made. In the spring have these brethren sow some
          broom-corn,--they will enjoy working a little out of doors in the
          nice spring weather,--and then in fall they can make brooms with
          the corn. By pursuing this course a Bishop will soon be able to
          say, "I have accomplished a good work; the brethren and sisters
          whom I had to help themselves." And in a short time, if their
          labor and time are wisely employed, you can build for them the
          finest house in the ward. You may call it a poor-house if you
          choose, though it should be the best house in the ward, and there
          its inmates can enjoy themselves, the younger ones can be taught
          music, and thus a source of enjoyment be created, as well as
          being taught in various kinds of profitable employment, and the
          lives of all be made a blessing to themselves, they being in the
          enjoyment of happiness and comfort. You may think that I am
          painting a fancy sketch, but it is practicable, and those are
          places I intend to visit by and by.
          Now, Bishops, you have smart women for wives, many of you; let
          them organize Female Relief Societies in the various wards. We
          have many talented women among us, and we wish their help in this
          matter. Some may think this is a trifling thing, but it is not;
          and you will find that the sisters will be the mainspring of the
          movement. Give them the benefit of your wisdom and experience,
          give them your influence, guide and direct them wisely and well,
          and they will find rooms for the poor, and obtain the means for
          supporting them ten times quicker than even the Bishop could. If
          he should go or send to a man for a donation, and if the person
          thus visited should happen to be cross or out of temper for some
          cause, the likelihood is that while in that state of feeling he
          would refuse to give anything, and so a variety of causes would
          operate to render the mission an unsuccessful one. But let a
          sister appeal for the relief of suffering and poverty, and she is
          almost sure to be successful, especially if she appeals to those
          of her own sex. If you take this course you will relieve the
          wants of the poor a great deal better than they are now dealt by.
          We recommend these Female Relief Societies to be organized
          Another thing I wish to say. You know that the first Thursday in
          each month we hold as a fast day. How many here know the origin
          of this day? Before tithing was paid, the poor were supported by
          donations. They came to Joseph and wanted help, in Kirtland, and
          he said there should be a fast day, which was decided upon. It
          was to be held once a month, as it is now, and all that would
          have been eaten that day, of flour, or meat, or butter, or fruit,
          or anything else, was to be carried to the fast meeting and put
          into the hands of a person selected for the purpose of taking
          care of it and distributing it among the poor. If we were to do
          this now faithfully, do you think the poor would lack for flour,
          or butter, or cheese, or meat, or sugar, or anything they needed
          to eat? No, there would be more than could be used by all the
          poor among us. It is economy in us to take this course, and do
          better by our poor brethren and sisters than they have hitherto
          been done by. Let this be published in our newspapers. Let it be
          sent forth to the people, that on the first Thursday of each
          month, the fast day, all that would be eaten by husbands and
          wives and children and servants should be put in the hands of the
          Bishop for the sustenance of the poor. I am willing to do my
          share as well as the rest, and if there are no poor in my ward, I
          am willing to divide with those wards where there are poor. If
          the sisters who need to be taken care of, and see them provided
          for, you will find that we will possess more comfort and more
          peace in our hearts, and our spirits will be buoyant and light,
          full of joy and peace. The Bishops should, through their
          teachers, see that every family in their wards, who is able,
          should donate what they would naturally consume on the fast day
          to the poor.
          You have read, probably, that we are starting the school of the
          prophets. We have been in this school all the time. The
          revelations of the Lord Jesus Christ to the human family is all
          the learning we can ever possess. Much of this knowledge is
          obtained from books, which have been written by men who have
          contemplated deeply on various subjects, and the revelations of
          Jesus have opened their minds, whether they knew it or
          acknowledged it or not. We will start this school of the prophets
          to increase in knowledge. Brother Calder commences to-morrow to
          teach our youth and those of middle age the art of book-keeping
          and impart to them a good mercantile education. We expect soon to
          have our sisters join in the class and mingle with the brethren
          in their studies, for why should not a lady be capable of taking
          charge of her husband's business affairs when he goes into the
          grave? We have sisters now engaged in several of our telegraph
          offices, and we wish them to learn not only to act as operators
          but to keep the books of our offices, and let sturdy men go to
          work at some employment for which by their strength they are
          adapted, and we hope eventually to see every store in Zion
          attended by ladies. We wish to have our young boys and girls
          taught in the different branches of an English education, and in
          other languages, and in the various sciences, all of which we
          intend eventually to have taught in this school. To-morrow
          evening we shall commence our course of lectures on theology. To
          that class I have invited a few, but not many. I believe I have
          invited the First Presidency, the Twelve Apostles, Bishop Hunter
          and his Counsellors, the first seven presidents of Seventies, the
          Presidency of the High Priests' quorum, the Presidency of this
          Stake of Zion, the High Council, the Bishops and their
          Counsellors, and the City Council. A few more will be invited,
          enough to fill the room. I wish us to profit by what we hear, to
          learn how to live, to make ourselves comfortable, to purify
          ourselves, and prepare ourselves to inherit this earth when it is
          glorified, and go back in the presence of the Father and the Son.
          God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, August 17th, 1867
                          Brigham Young, August 17th, 1867
            REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in Tooele City,
                                 August 17th, 1867.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
                            STATES--HOW TO PROLONG LIFE.
          I desire to say much to the people, but I fear I shall have to
          deny myself the satisfaction, unless I am strengthened of the
          Lord. I will present before you a few things with which I am more
          particularly impressed. I desire you to hearken to that which has
          been said during the session of this Conference, and to that
          which may yet be said during the continuation of our meeting.
          We can enjoy the blessings of heaven, or we can deprive ourselves
          of that enjoyment. Intelligent beings have the power to exercise
          their free will and choice in doing evil. All have the privilege
          of doing evil if they are disposed so to do, but they will always
          find that the wages of sin is death. The Latter-day Saints, by
          their righteousness, can enjoy all the blessings which the Lord
          has promised to bestow upon His people, and they can, by their
          unrighteousness, deprive themselves of the enjoyment of those
          blessings. We, for instance, exhort the Saints to observe the
          Word of Wisdom, that they may, through its observance, enjoy the
          promised blessing. Many try to excuse themselves because tea and
          coffee are not mentioned, arguing that it refers to hot drinks
          only. What did we drink hot when that Word of Wisdom was given?
          Tea and coffee. It definitely refers to that which we drink with
          our food. I said to the Saints at our last annual Conference, the
          Spirit whispers to me to call upon the Latter-day Saints to
          observe the Word of Wisdom, to let tea, coffee, and tobacco
          alone, and to abstain from drinking spirituous drinks. This is
          what the Spirit signifies through me. If the Spirit of God
          whispers this to His people through their leader, and they will
          not listen nor obey, what will be the consequence of their
          disobedience? Darkness and blindness of mind with regard to the
          things of God will be their lot; they will cease to have the
          spirit of prayer, and the spirit of the world will increase in
          them in proportion to their disobedience until they apostatize
          entirely from God and His ways.
          This is no new or strange thing that you are required to do.
          Thirty-five years ago we were called upon to reform our lives, by
          giving heed to the same Words of Wisdom; and if any man comes to
          you and tells you that you must have a little tea and a little
          coffee, by the same rule he may urge you to take a little tobacco
          and a little intoxicating liquor, or a little of any other
          substance which is hurtful to man. This destroys their claim and
          right to the spirit of revelation, and they go into darkness.
          There is not a single Saint deprived of the privilege of asking
          the Father, in the name of Jesus Christ, in the name of Jesus
          Christ, our Savior, if it is true that the Spirit of the Almighty
          whispers through His servant Brigham to urge upon the Latter-day
          Saints to observe the Word of Wisdom. All have this privilege
          from the apostle to the lay member. Ask for yourselves.
          We are called to be Saints, to be the chosen people of the Lord
          Almighty, to be the saviors of the children of men, to gather the
          house of Israel, and save the house of Esau. Are we trifling with
          our high and holy calling before the Lord? Are we trifling away
          our precious time? If we are, we are trifling with our salvation.
          Then hearken, O ye Latter-day Saints, and hear the Words of
          Wisdom which the Lord has given unto you. It is written: "For the
          children of this world are in their generation wiser than the
          children of light." There is a just reason for this saying. But
          the Latter-day Saints who hearken to the words of the Lord, given
          to them touching their political, social, and financial concerns,
          I say, and say it boldly, that they will have wisdom which is
          altogether superior to the wisdom of the children of darkness, or
          the children of this world. I know this by the revelations of the
          Lord Jesus Christ, and by the results of my own actions. They who
          have hearkened to the counsels given to them in temporal matters,
          have invariably bettered their condition temporally and
          spiritually. The day has gone by in which the people of God are
          to be trodden under foot by their enemies, in which they are to
          be poor outcasts to wander in sheep skins and goat skins, etc.,
          but they had better continue to do that, and dwell in the caves
          of these mountains, and dress as the Indians do, than to forsake
          their God and their religion. Who is there among this people who
          cannot handle the things of this world without loving them in
          preference to the things of God? If there is such a person, I
          pray God to make him or her poor. Some among us are so foolish as
          to lift up their heels against the Almighty as soon as He blesses
          them sufficiently to make them a little comfortable and
          independent. This is lamentable. It is a disgrace to humanity to
          suffer the paltry things of this mortality to decoy away our
          affections from God and turn them to the beggarly elements of
          this world.
          If you observe faithfully the Word of Wisdom, you will have your
          dollar, your five dollars, your hundred dollars, yea, you will
          have your hundreds of dollars to spend for that which will be
          useful and profitable to you. Why should we continue to practise
          in our lives those pernicious habits that have already sapped the
          foundation of the human constitution, and shortened the life of
          man to that degree that a generation passes away in the brief
          period of from twenty-seven to twenty-nine years? The strength,
          power, beauty, and glory that once adorned the form and
          constitution of man have vanished away before the blighting
          influences of inordinate appetite and love of this world.
          Doubtless we are about the best looking people to-day upon this
          footstool, and about the healthiest; but where is the iron
          constitution, the marrow in the bone, the power in the loins and
          the strength in the sinew and muscle of which the ancient fathers
          could boast? These have, in a great measure, passed away; they
          have decayed from generation to generation, until constitutional
          weakness and effeminacy are bequeathed to us through the
          irregularities and sins of our fathers. The health and power and
          beauty that once adorned the noble form of man must again be
          restored to our race; and God designs that we shall engage in
          this great work of restoration. Then let us not trifle with our
          mission, by indulging in the use of injurious substances. These
          lay the foundation of disease and death in the systems of men,
          and the same are committed to their children, and another
          generation of feeble human beings is introduced into the world.
          Such children have insufficient bone, sinew, muscle, and
          constitution, and are of little use to themselves, or to their
          fellow creatures; they are not prepared for life, but for the
          grave; not to live five, six, eight, and nine hundred years, but
          to appear for a moment, as it were, and pass away. Now, when a
          person is fifty years of age he or she is considered an old man
          or an old woman; they begin to feel decrepit, and think they must
          feel old, appear old, and begin to die. Premature death is in the
          marrow of their bones, the seeds of early dissolution are sown in
          their bodies, they feel old at fifty, sixty, and seventy years,
          when they should feel like boys of fifteen, sixteen, and
          seventeen. Instead of feeling decrepit at those years they should
          feel full of strength, vigor, and life, having attained to early
          maturity, prepared now to enter upon the duties of a long future
          life, and when two hundred years have been attained, they should
          then feel more vigorous than the healthiest of men do in this age
          at forty and fifty years.
          Let me assure you, my friends, that there does not exist another
          people in all the world who will take good counsel as readily as
          the Latter-day Saints do. All men are free to do right or to do
          wrong, to take good advice or reject it, to pursue the path that
          leads to eternal life, or to go down to death their own way. I am
          as independent in praying, and living a righteous life, as I
          would be if I were to violate the laws of God and man. This is my
          philosophy with regard to the human mind. We have cried to the
          nation of the United States, and to other nations for over a
          third of a century, saying, the wages of sin is death. Every man
          and woman who wishes to forfeit their right to the tree of life
          have the privilege of doing so. The nation that kills the
          prophets of God in any age must expect to reap cursings instead
          of blessings, unless it speedily repent. Judgment must begin at
          the house of God first, and we are perfectly willing it should.
          In 1857 they sent an army to Utah to annihilate "Mormonism," but
          the scourge with which they intended to overwhelm this people has
          come upon their own heads, and the end is not yet. I told General
          Thomas L. Kane, that friend to humanity, when he visited us in
          1857, that the coming of that army was the entering wedge to
          split the Government of the United States in pieces, and that
          soon. He, of course, could not see how this could ever be. They
          then were in great prosperity, and were going to annex the whole
          continent and neighboring islands, and so continue to annex until
          the whole world should take shelter under our national banner. He
          only saw this from a political stand point, basing his
          expectations of such grand results upon the goodness of the
          Constitution and laws. I acknowledged to him that we have the
          best system of government in existence, but queried if the people
          of this nation were righteous enough to sustain its institutions.
          I say they are not, but will trample them under their feet. I
          told General Kane that the Government of the United States would
          be shivered to pieces. Will this Government ever be restored to
          its former peace and tranquility, and the institutions thereof
          ever be maintained and honored? If they are, it will be by this
          people. Everything they are doing at present in Congress is only
          calculated to widen the breach, and alienate and destroy every
          vestige of love and affection that may yet be existing; and this
          they will continue to do until they have severed the last tie and
          worked out the entire destruction of the Government. They think
          they are doing the best that can be done. Many of them are
          honorable men, and would do good to the nation if they knew how.
          The results of their acts will be dissolution, strife, war, and
          bloodshed, until they are wasted away. The Lord will waste away
          the wicked as He said He would. A curse will come upon them to
          the third and fourth generation, saith the Lord Almighty, if they
          repent not, and refrain not from their sins. There is no
          likelihood of their doing this.
          The destruction of property and life during the war has been
          enormous; but I am satisfied that the destruction of the love of
          virtue--the love of every exalted principle of honor, and of
          political and social government--has been greater, comparatively,
          than the destruction of property and life. Religious societies
          abound in the nation. Although it never was more wicked than at
          the present time, it is strange to say that it never was more
          religious in profession. Religion is the ruling power. The
          conscience of the masses in regard to religion, to politics, and
          social life is moulded from the pulpit. In my early life I was
          acquainted with ministers of the sects of the day, and am
          satisfied that many of them lived honorably in their families,
          praying, and desiring, and seeking for guidance from on high.
          While on the other hand, to my certain knowledge, many of them
          encouraged a practice which to-day exists to an alarming extent,
          and which is openly and shamelessly acknowledged as a necessity
          of the age. To check the increase of our race has its advocates
          among the influential and powerful circles of society in our
          nation and in other nations. The same practice existed forty-five
          years ago, and various devices were used by married persons to
          prevent the expenses and responsibilities of a family of
          children, which they must have incurred had they suffered
          nature's laws to rule pre-eminent. That which was practised then
          in fear and against a reproving conscience, is now boldly
          trumpeted abroad as one of the best means of ameliorating the
          miseries and sorrows of humanity. Infanticide is very prevalent
          in our nation. It is a crime that comes within the purview of the
          law, and is therefore not so boldly practised as is the other
          equally great crime, which no doubt, to a great extent, prevents
          the necessity of infanticide. The unnatural style of living, the
          extensive use of narcotics, the attempts to destroy and dry up
          the fountains of life, are fast destroying the American element
          of the nation; it is passing away before the increase of the more
          healthy, robust, honest, and less sinful class of the people
          which are pouring into the country daily from the Old World. The
          wife of the servant man is the mother of eight or ten healthy
          children, while the wife of his master if the mother of one or
          two poor, sickly children, devoid of vitality and constitution,
          and if daughters, unfit, in their turn, to be mothers, and the
          health and vitality which nature has denied them through the
          irregularities of their parents are not repaired in the least by
          their education. A great proportion of the leading men of our
          nation have sprung from wealthy and influential families, have
          been reared and educated in the midst of circles where the vices
          of the age flourish the most vigorously, destroying moral force
          and the love of truth and virtue, making education and refinement
          mere cloaks to cover sins of the blackest dye. The great majority
          of that class of persons appear in society as polished gentlemen,
          whose suavity of manners would deceive, if it were possible, the
          very elect. They have been educated in our seminaries of
          learning, and this class of men are now seeking to denude the
          Constitution of the United States of all its protective and
          saving powers. 
          Why all this? They killed the Prophet. The mob that collected at
          Carthage, Illinois, to commit that deed of blood contained a
          delegation representing every State in the Union. Each has
          received its blood stain. In the perpetration of this great
          national sin, they acted upon their own free volition which God
          implanted within them, as much so as if they had been willing to
          hearken to the advice of the Prophet and his friends when they
          showed them how to preserve the nation from destruction, how to
          do good to all, and how so introduce every holy principle that is
          calculated to bless and exalt a people. But, said they, "we will
          not hearken to the counsels of this man;" for, like the Jews of
          old, they were afraid if they let him live he would take away
          their place and nation. They not only feared the principles which
          he taught, but they feared the increasing numbers which followed
          him; they feared that if they let him alone he would incorporate
          in his religion all the religion there is that is good for
          anything, or that is according to the Bible, and all the honest,
          truthful, and virtuous of the nation, they feared, would follow
          him; and they feared that thereby they would be deprived of their
          rich emoluments and livings, so they concluded to get rid of him
          by slaying him. In killing the Prophet Joseph Smith, they did not
          kill "Mormonism," and they cannot kill it unless they kill all
          the "Mormons," for if they leave a single Latter-day Saint living
          he will cry to the people to repent of their sins and return to
          the Lord, and the Lord will work with him to gather the
          righteous, build up His kingdom, build up Zion, and establish
          Jerusalem no more to be thrown down. Well, they will go on their
          way, and we will go on ours. If they had hearkened to the counsel
          of Joseph Smith, this nation would have had no wars; there would
          have been no division in the Government, but it would have gone
          on in harmony and prosperity. So this people if they will take
          the counsels which the Lord gives to them through His servants
          with regard to their grain, and prepare for all contingencies to
          which they are subject in this mountainous country, we shall
          never see a famine; but if we neglect his counsel, refusing to
          hearken to good advice, we shall, by taking this course, bring
          distress upon ourselves and upon all who depend upon us for a
          subsistence. Let us pursue a course to preserve ourselves and
          avert every calamity. This we can do. It is not necessary for
          calamity to come upon us, if we will only take a course to
          prevent it. According to present appearances, next year we may
          expect grasshoppers to eat up nearly all our crops. But if we
          have provisions enough to last us another year, we can say to the
          grasshoppers--these creatures of God--you are welcome. I have
          never yet had a feeling to drive them from one plant in my
          garden; but I look upon them as the armies of the Lord, and with
          them it is easy for Him to consume a great nation. We had better
          lay up bread instead of selling it to strangers, and thus avoid a
          great calamity that otherwise might overtake us. If the people
          refuse to hearken to this timely counsel they will commit a great
          error. Good actions always result in blessings. The history of
          the people of God in all ages testifies that whenever they have
          listened to the counsel of heaven they have always been blessed.
          All this people are satisfied that they will be more blessed to
          hearken to good counsel than not to do so.
          Instead of doing two days' work in one day, wisdom would dictate
          to our sisters, and to every other person, that if they desire
          long life and good health, they must, after sufficient exertion,
          allow the body to rest before it is entirely exhausted. When
          exhausted, some argue that they need stimulants in the shape of
          tea, coffee, spirituous liquors, tobacco, or some of those
          narcotic substances which are often taken to goad on the lagging
          powers to great exertions, but instead of these kind of
          stimulants they should recruit by rest. Our artificial wants, and
          not our real wants, and the following of senseless customs
          subject our sisters to an excess of labor. To supply these
          wants--to get a ribbon, an artificial flower, this, that, and the
          other gewgaw, rather than substantial necessaries--our farmers
          sell their wheat. Work less, wear less, eat less, and we shall be
          a great deal wiser, healthier, and wealthier people than by
          taking the course we do now. This whole Yankee nation eat so
          much, and so many good things, that they are always poor in their
          bodily habit; now and then only you will see a fleshy person
          among them; it is also the case with the people of the southern
          portion of the nation. It is difficult to find anything more
          healthy to drink than good cold water, such as flows down to us
          from springs and snows of our mountains. This is the beverage we
          should drink. It should be our drink at all times. If we
          constantly drink even malt liquor made from our barley and wheat,
          our health would be injured more or less thereby. It may be
          remarked that some men who use spirituous liquors and tobacco are
          healthy, but I argue that they would be much more healthy if they
          did not use it, and then they are entitled to the blessings
          promised to those who observe the advice given in the "Work of
          Wisdom." Some few persons who have been addicted to the use of
          hot drinks, &c., have reached the age of eighty, eighty-three,
          and eighty-four years, but had they not been addicted to such
          habits of living they might have reached the age of a hundred or
          a hundred and five years.
          We profess to be Saints of the Most High. We are the children of
          that Being who lives in the heavens, who is filled with all
          intelligence, and possesses all power. We cannot be prepared to
          dwell with Him unless we instruct our minds and sanctify
          ourselves in all things. I am happy to see our children engaged
          in the study and practice of music. Let them be educated in every
          useful branch of learning, for we, as a people, have in the
          future to excel the nations of the earth in religion, science,
          and philosophy. Great advancement has been made in knowledge by
          the learned of this world, still there is yet much to learn. The
          hidden powers of nature which give life, growth, and existence to
          all things, have not yet been approached by the wisdom of this
          world. There exists around us, in the works of God, an
          everlasting variety--no two leaves, no two blades of grass are
          alike. Natural philosophy, so far as known, marks these phenomena
          of nature, and reveals her wonders, but is incapable of revealing
          the modus operandi of the production. All this is veiled in
          impenetrable mystery to mortals. It is information which cannot
          be approached by science and philosophy known to man; it can only
          be reached through the revelations of the Almighty, the Great
          Author of Nature's work. Great perfection has been attained in
          the application of important discoveries to the wants and
          necessities of mankind. I can, in a moment, transmit my wishes to
          the east, and in a few minutes to the city of London. Great
          perfection has been attained in the art of telegraphy, yet there
          is much more to be learned, and the same may be said of the power
          of steam, and its application to the wants of mankind. While the
          wonders of art and science in the present age astonish us, yet
          there was much useful knowledge possessed by the ancients which
          is lost to us. One little simple art that they understood was
          that of tempering copper and making it equal to our finest
          tempered steel.
          Let the children in our schools be taught everything that is
          necessary with regard to doctrine and principle, and then how to
          live; and let mothers teach their daughters regarding themselves,
          and how they should live in their sphere of existence, that they
          may be good wives and good mothers. Let the sisters study economy
          in the labor and management of their homes. I am satisfied that
          more than one-half of the labor that is done in our houses can be
          saved by a judicious exercise of thought and good judgment. Then
          be wise in these things, and we shall not need tea and coffee, or
          any other stimulant stronger than our natural food. I say, God
          bless you, and I bless you in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, December 29th, 1867
                         Brigham Young, December 29th, 1867
              REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Old
                     Great Salt Lake City, December 29th, 1867.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          It is said that short visits make long friends, and short sermons
          perhaps make interesting meetings. I am sure this is the case
          sometimes. I am thankful for the privilege of being instructed,
          and of meeting with a people who manifest by their lives a desire
          for improvement. I am thankful that we have the privilege of
          meeting in this tabernacle from Sabbath to Sabbath. Last Sabbath
          I referred to the meagre congregations that generally attend in
          the morning, and to-day I really expected to see every seat in
          this house occupied. I cannot think that the people are sleigh
          riding, for there is no snow; neither can I conclude that they
          are in the kanyon, for the roads cannot be travelled. I do not
          think that they are fishing at this season of the year; neither
          can they all be in attendance at Sabbath schools. Then what are
          they doing? Are they praying, resting, sleeping, or wasting their
          time in frivolous and unprofitable employment? We are happy to
          see large congregations of the Saints in the afternoons. This is
          the only public meeting house in which meetings are held in the
          morning and afternoon on the Sabbath day in this city. The people
          of Great Salt Lake City make to one point to attend meeting in
          the morning and afternoon, unlike the people of the large cities
          of the world. I have seen them go to meeting in some of those
          cities, and I cannot compare them to anything that will describe
          them as they appeared to me better than the inhabitants of an ant
          hill. They run in all directions, the Methodists jostle against
          the Baptists, and the Baptists against the Presbyterians, and the
          Presbyterians against the Quakers, &c.
          Let the people come to meeting, and hear what is said, and if any
          of you are not instructed to your satisfaction, be so kind as to
          send up a card to the stand, intimating your desire to speak, and
          we will give you an opportunity of doing so, to display your
          wisdom; for we wish to learn wisdom and get understanding.
          We are in a great school, and we should be diligent to learn, and
          continue to store up the knowledge of heaven and of earth, and
          read good books, although I cannot say that I would recommend the
          reading of all books, for it is not all books which are good.
          Read good books, and extract from them wisdom and understanding
          as much as you possibly can, aided by the Spirit of God, for
          without His Spirit we are left in the dark. I have very
          frequently urged upon the people to live so that they can enjoy
          the spirit of revelation, even that intelligence which proceeds
          directly from heaven--from the fountain of all intelligence. Do
          this people live so? Yes, measurably. We improve slowly, and as
          brother George A. Smith has said, we do not improve fast enough.
          I acknowledge that this people are improving, and I am proud of
          it. When I address the throne of grace in prayer, I am happy to
          be able to thank God that the Latter-day Saints are striving to
          order their lives correctly before Him. I am pleased, I am happy,
          I am full of comfort, of joy, of peace, because of the progress
          this people are making; and yet I see how easy it is for a person
          to slide backward, and get into darkness and a blindness of mind.
          We are prone to wander, and do that which our inclinations bid us
          do; like the boys with their sleds, we go up hill very slowly,
          but rush quickly down again. We are too apt to be slow to learn
          righteousness, and quick to run in the ways of sin. The adversary
          of our souls is the path of truth and duty to God, until we
          become reckless in our disobedience to His commandments and to
          the counsels of His servants. There is one path--one line to
          follow to obtain and continue in the love and light of the Lord,
          which is, as it were, a compass to direct the Saints to the haven
          of safety, and it will not vary, for its directions are sure.
          We have many duties to perform, and a great work is before us. We
          have Zion to build up, and upon this we are all agreed, but we
          differ more or less respecting the modus operandi for we wish, in
          the majority of instances to follow the dictates of our own
          inclinations. We do this too much for our good. If the people
          will live so as to be directed continually by the light of the
          Spirit of the Lord, they never will go much astray. In many
          instances our anxieties, our desires, and our wills are so great
          that we actually plead with the Lord to allow us to bend duty a
          little particle for the purpose of accomplishing what we wish. We
          are pleased to do this, and to do evil also, hence "man is born
          to trouble as the sparks fly upward." We are very prone to
          wander. Let the people watch themselves lest they take a course
          that will lead them into darkness, and they know not the things
          of God, and be left to believe a lie instead of the truth. What
          is that which turns people away from this Church? Very trifling
          affairs are generally the commencement of their divergence from
          the right path. If we follow a compass, the needle of which does
          not point correctly, a very slight deviation in the beginning
          will lead us, when we have travelled some distance, far to one
          side of the true point for which we are aiming. When men take
          upon themselves strength, depending upon their own wisdom, light,
          and knowledge, saying--"I am right, and I care not what anybody
          else says;" and, "I will do thus and so on my own
          responsibility," asking no odds of God and His servants. "If I
          wish to go to the north, south, east, or west, or follow this or
          that employment, or pursue this or that course to obtain the
          necessaries of life, it is my affair, and I cannot see that any
          other man has anything whatever to do with it." I say, if we thus
          arrogate to ourselves strength, wisdom, and power, and think that
          we can judge for ourselves in all things independent of God and
          His servants, then are we liable to be led astray. Every man and
          woman who walks in the light of the Lord can see and understand
          these things for themselves; but through our anxiety, and over
          desire to have our own way, we often swerve and turn to the right
          or to the left of the true line of our duty. How often have we
          sealed blessings of health and life upon our children and
          companions in the name of Jesus Christ and by the authority of
          the Holy Priesthood of the Son of God, and yet our faith and
          prayers did not succeed in accomplishing the desires of our
          hearts. Why is this? In many instances our anxiety is so great
          that we do not pause to know the spirit of revelation and its
          operations upon the human mind. We have anxiety instead of faith.
          When a man prophesies by the power of the Holy Ghost, his words
          will be fulfilled as sure as the Lord lives; but if he has
          anxiety in his heart, it swerves him from the thread of the Holy
          Gospel, from the true thread of revelation, so that he is liable
          to err, and he prophesies, but it does not come to pass, he lays
          his hands upon the sick, but they are not healed. It is in
          consequence of not being completely moulded to the will of God.
          Do we not realize that this is so? And do we not realize that we
          should constantly strive to live in the counsel and light of God
          day by day, and hour by hour? If we do this we shall certainly
          make sure to ourselves a celestial inheritance.
          We have gathered the best people from among the nations of the
          earth, and yet we are not so good as we should be. Why are we not
          as good as we should be? Because we have eternal light and
          knowledge here, and no person is deprived of the privilege of
          asking and receiving of God for himself, but we do not all avail
          ourselves of this great privilege. We are not like others who are
          called by men to go on missions to the world, we are called of
          God, and carry with us true credentials, not the credentials of
          Paul, Peter, or any of the old Apostles and servants of God, who
          used them a thousand years ago, but we have the living oracles
          and the Holy Priesthood restored in our day, giving authority to
          men in the nineteenth century as in days of old. Having this
          authority, and these great advantages, we should be better than
          anybody else. We have believed in the Lord Jesus Christ, we have
          received in our faith the fullness of the gospel, we have yielded
          obedience to God's commandments, obeyed the ordinances of His
          house, receiving them in our faith and practice, and these we
          have received through apostles and prophets, called of God, in
          our own age, as was Aaron. These blessings and callings the
          Almighty has revealed in this as in all ages of the benefit of
          finite beings, that through obedience to the gospel, eternal life
          in the presence of God might be brought upon all who endure to
          the end in righteousness. By obeying the ordinances of God,
          mankind glorify God, but if they do not obey Him, they do not
          detract one particle from His glory and power. Although all His
          children should wander from the holy commandments, God will be
          glorified, for they are left to choose for themselves, to choose
          death instead of life, darkness instead of light, pain instead of
          ease, delight, and comfort. This liberty all beings enjoy who are
          created after the likeness and image of God, and thus they become
          accountable for their own actions. The commandments of God are
          given to us expressly for our benefit, and if we live in
          obedience to them we shall live in obedience to them we shall
          live so as to understand the mind and will of God for ourselves,
          and concerning ourselves as individuals. This is a subject upon
          which a great deal can be said, but I shall not follow it at this
          I exhort my brethren continually to live so that they may have
          the light of the Holy Spirit in them, to know their duty, and
          when they know their duty fully it will be to follow truly those
          whom God has placed over them to lead them as a community, as a
          people, as a kingdom of God; it will be to obey the counsel that
          is given them from time to time. What does the man who
          understands the spirit of his religion believe with regard to his
          own affairs, with regard to his life, with regard to his business
          transactions, &c.? He believes that it is his privilege to be
          dictated by the constituted authorities of the church of God and
          the spirit of revelation in all things in his mortal life. There
          is no part of his life that he will consider exempt from the
          guidance and dictation of the Priesthood of the Son of God.
          We wish the Latter-day Saints to meet at their respective houses,
          erected for that purpose, on the day appointed for a fast, and
          take with them of their substance to feed the poor and the hungry
          among us, and, if it is necessary, to cloth the naked. We expect
          to see the sisters there; for they are generally first and
          foremost in deeds of charity and kindness. Let the hearts of the
          poor be made glad, and let their prayers and thanksgiving ascend
          unto God, and receive an answer of rich blessings upon our heads.
          I think I told you last Sabbath that I would mention this subject
          again to-day.
          If you would be healthy, wealthy, full of wisdom, light and
          knowledge do all you can for the kingdom of God. I expect that
          there are brethren who are well to do, who can command their
          thousands, who consider that their business crowds them this
          year, and they do not see how they can give anything for the
          gathering of the poor Saints. I have a word of consolation for
          such. You, merchants, mechanics and farmers; yea, every one; let
          me console you, and say to you, keep your money, and pay your
          debts, and buy your teams, and your farms, and your goods. You
          think I am speaking to you ironically. Well, I acknowledge to you
          that I am. You keep all, and do not apply one dollar for any
          purpose outside of your business, and I will promise you, in the
          name of the Lord, that you will be poorer than you would have
          been if you had given of your substance to the poor. Do you
          consider these hard words? They are true words. The earth is the
          Lord's and the fullness thereof, the gold and the silver are all
          his; and he throws up the precious metals to view whenever he
          pleases, and when he pleases he sends his messengers to hide them
          in the bowels of the earth, beyond the reach of man. He also
          closes the eyes of the wicked gold hungers that they cannot see
          them; but they walk over them, and leave them for the righteous
          to gather in the due time of the Lord. Now, you who think that
          you must keep your means and that you cannot spare a portion to
          gather the poor another year, remember that you will not get rich
          by so doing. You may ask what I am going to do? I am going to get
          rich, for I calculate to give considerably more to gather the
          poor than any other man; because I want to be richer than any
          other man. I want more, because I believe I know what to do with
          it better than most of men.
          These are a few words of consolation to the brethren who wish to
          keep their riches, and with them I promise you leanness of soul,
          darkness of mind, narrow and contracted hearts, and the bowels of
          your compassion will be shut up, and by and by you will be
          overcome with the spirit of apostacy and forsake your God and
          your brethren.
          I see around me a great people. Joseph Smith was called of God,
          and sent to lay the foundation of this latter-day kingdom. He
          presided over this people fourteen years. Then he was martyred.
          Since that time your humble servant has presided over and
          counselled this people; he has directed the Twelve Apostles, the
          Seventies, the High Priests, and every quorum and department of
          the Melchizedek and Aaronic Priesthoods, guiding them through the
          wilderness where there was no way into a dry, barren land. For
          the space of twenty-four years he has watched over their
          interests, holding at bay their enemies, teaching them how to
          live, and redeem this country from the barrenness and desolation
          that have, for many generations, made it unfit for the habitation
          of man. What man or woman on the earth, what spirit in the
          spirit-world can say truthfully that I ever gave a wrong word of
          counsel, or a word of advice that could not be sanctioned by the
          heavens? The success which has attended me in my presidency is
          owing to the blessings and mercy of the Almighty. Why I have
          referred to this is to show you that I realize the importance of
          obeying the words of the Lord, which he gives through his
          acknowledged servants. When a revelation is given to any people,
          they must walk according to it, or suffer the penalty which is
          the punishment of disobedience; but when the word is, "will you
          do thus and so?" "It is the mind and will of God that you perform
          such and such a duty;" the consequences of disobedience are not
          so dreadful, as they would be if the word of the Lord were to be
          written under the declaration, "Thus saith the Lord."
          Now, I say to the people, will you gather the poor? To the Elders
          I say, will you carry the Gospel to all the world? Blessed are
          they who obey when the Lord gives a direct commandment, but more
          blessed are they who obey without a direct commandment. For it is
          written: "It is not meet that I should command in all things, for
          he that is compelled in all things, the same is a slothful and
          not a wise servant; wherefore he receiveth no reward. Verily I
          say, men should be anxiously engaged in a good cause, and do many
          things of their own free will, and bring to pass much
          righteousness, for the power is in them, wherein they are agents
          unto themselves. And inasmuch as men do good they shall in no
          wise lose their reward. But he that doeth not any thing until he
          is commanded, and receiveth a commandment with a doubtful heart,
          and keepeth it with slothfulness, the same is damned." I say this
          that you may understand that I feel just as patient, and just as
          kind towards the Latter-day Saints as a man's heart can feel, and
          am careful to take every precaution in directing their steps to
          the possession of eternal life in the presence of God that none
          may be lost. My course is not to scold, but to persuade and
          entreat the people to do their duty, holding before them the
          reward of faithfulness. It requires all the care and faithfulness
          which we can exercise in order to keep the faith of the Lord
          Jesus; for there are invisible agencies around us in sufficient
          numbers to encourage the slightest disposition they may discover
          in us to forsake the true way, and fan into a flame the slightest
          spark of discontent and unbelief. The spirits of the ancient
          Gadiantons are around us. You may see battle-field after
          battle-field, scattered over this American continent, where the
          wicked have slain the wicked. Their spirits are watching us
          continually for an opportunity to influence us to do evil, or to
          make us decline in the performance of our duties. And I will defy
          any man on earth to be more gentlemanly and bland in his manners
          than the master spirit of all evil. We call him the devil; a
          gentleman so smooth and so oily, that he can almost deceive the
          very elect. We have been baptized by men having the authority of
          the holy Priesthood of the Son of God, and consequently we have
          power over him which the rest of the world do not possess, and
          all who possess the power of the Priesthood have the power and
          right to rebuke those evil powers, and they obey not, it is
          because we do not live so as to have the power with God, which it
          is our privilege to have. If we do not live for this privilege
          and right we are under condemnation.
          I know that the Bishops in this Church are improving, and are
          better men, and they should lead and dictate their Wards still
          better than they do.
          It may be asked, should not brother Brigham lead the people
          better? No doubt he should. Will you hearken to one little
          saying? I can say, follow me as I follow Christ, and every one of
          us is sure to go into the celestial kingdom of our God, God being
          our helper. Can all the Bishops say this? I think not in every
          case. But are they improving? They are and that is not all, they
          will continue to improve, and they will become wise leaders of
          the people. They should be fathers to their Wards. They are
          looked upon as such by the people; and their example has its
          effect for better or for worse, and they should be foremost in
          every good word and work, to be successful in leading the people
          into the celestial kingdom of God.
          Here is a great people, and we have called upon them to
          contribute of their substance to gather the poor saints from
          abroad another year. It is now nearly three months since we
          commenced to call upon them for means to apply in this way. Men
          as for this purpose does not come in so readily as we think it
          should. Now, I will mention a single circumstance in this city to
          show you that there is money in the country. One mercantile house
          in this city traded in one month forty-one thousand dollars. If
          one house can sell this amount of goods in a month, surely we can
          gather considerable for so laudable a purpose as the gathering of
          our poor brethren and sisters to a place where they can be fed
          and clothed, and taught further in the things of God. Yet, for
          all this, we are improving as a people; but do we serve God with
          a perfect heart and a ready and willing mind? We do not. If the
          Latter-day Saints will put into my hands one-twentieth part of
          the means that go into the hands of their enemies, I think we can
          gather up every poor saint there is in the old country. Will they
          do this? I do not expect they will. My brethren are willing to go
          and preach the gospel in all the world. I would like to see them
          just as willing to assist in gather in them home. The kingdom of
          God is the safest institution on earth in which to invest means.
          We are citizens of His kingdom and members of His church, and we
          realize that we have to suffer all things for the gospel, but it
          will make us richer than we can possibly be in any other work.
          May God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / John
          Taylor, May 19th, 1867
                             John Taylor, May 19th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder John Taylor, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                        Great Salt Lake City, May 19th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                          GOOD SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE SOUTH.
          As we have just returned from a journey from the south, I presume
          it would be interesting to you to hear some little about how the
          Saints generally are getting on. We have had quite a pleasant
          journey, but rather a laborious one, travelling thirty, forty, or
          fifty miles a day, and preaching from once to three times a day.
          But we have had very pleasant remarks, feelings, and associations
          during our absence. We found that the President and those who
          were with him were welcomed and well received in every place we
          visited. There seems to be an increase of faith among the Saints,
          and a desire to live their religion and to keep the commandments
          of God. We also find that improvements are taking place in almost
          every place we visited; they are improving in their farming
          operations, their orchards, gardens, dwellings, &c., and some
          places we find are really very beautiful. Down in the far south,
          in St. George, and through that region of country, the people are
          beginning to live easier and better than heretofore, so that the
          matter of living is no longer a problem with any of them. In the
          early days of the settlement of that country a good many became
          dissatisfied and left. George A. used occasionally to go down
          with reinforcements expecting to find quite a large company, but
          when he tried to put his finger on them, like "Paddy's flea,"
          they were not there. At the present time, however, different
          feelings prevail; there are many now who desire to go down there
          as a matter of choice, and a great many there with whom I
          conversed feel as though it was as good a home as they could find
          anywhere in the valleys, and they would not wish to leave unless
          counselled to do so. Many of them stated that it took counsel to
          take them there and it would take counsel to bring them away. I
          noticed, too, that there was a very general disposition among the
          people to observe the Word of Wisdom. Of course we had to keep
          it; we could not for shame do anything else, for while teaching
          others to observe it we were morally bound to observe it
          ourselves; and if we had been disposed to do otherwise we could
          hardly have helped ourselves, for nobody offered us either tea,
          coffee, tobacco, or liquor. There seemed to be a general
          disposition among the people to obey, at least, that counsel,
          although they had not heard much preaching upon it until we went
          down and talked things over together. We enjoyed ourselves very
          much, and the people expressed themselves as being very highly
          gratified. They met us as you met us here--with their bands of
          music, schools, escorts, and so forth, and they made us welcome
          wherever we went, and we found that it was indeed a very
          different thing to preach the gospel among the Saints from what
          it is to preach it in the world. Instead of receiving opposition,
          contumely, and contempt, we were received with kindness, good
          feelings, and a hearty welcome.
          When I was at Conference at St. George I felt that I was among a
          very good people, and that there was a great deal of the Spirit
          of the Lord there; but when I came to reflect on the circumstance
          I was not surprised that there should be a good people there,
          because where there is a people that have been called upon to
          undertake what they consider to be a painful or unpleasant task
          or mission, and they go and perform that mission without
          flinching, they feel that they are engaged in the work of God,
          and that His work and His commands and the authority of the Holy
          Priesthood are more to them than anything else; and they have the
          blessing of God resting upon them, which produces peace and joy
          in the Holy Ghost. That is the reason why there is so good a
          feeling and so large a flow of the spirit of the living God
          through that district of country. But where there is a
          backwardness and a shrinking from duties assigned us, there is a
          drying up of that spirit, and a lack of the light, life, power,
          and energy which the Holy Ghost imparts to those who fulfil the
          dictates of Jehovah. When I reflect upon these things I take this
          lesson to myself--that is a good and pleasant thing to obey the
          dictates of the Lord, that it is praiseworthy and honourable to
          be found walking in the commands of Jehovah, and that it is a
          blessing to all men to fulfil all missions and to discharge all
          responsibilities and duties that the Lord lays upon them. When
          selecting brethren to go down there, I remember the Bishops asked
          me "what kind of men I wanted?" I told them I wanted "men of God,
          men of faith, who would go and sit on a barren rock and stay
          there until told to leave it." If we get a number of men of that
          kind to go, there is faith, union, power, light, truth, the
          revelations of Jesus Christ, and everything that is calculated to
          elevate, exalt, and ennoble the human mind and to happify the
          Saints of God. These are my views in relation to the order of the
          Kingdom of God.
          The Lord has established His kingdom on the earth, and He has
          given us His servants to guide and direct us. We, as a people,
          profess emphatically to be governed by revelation. We do not
          believe in this simply as theory, as something that would be
          beneficial to somebody else, but as something that will be a
          blessing to ourselves. We believe that God has spoken, that
          angels have appeared, that the everlasting gospel in its purity
          has been restored; we believe that God has organised His Church
          and kingdom on the earth, and that, through channels which He has
          appointed and ordained, He manifests His will first to the Saints
          and then to the world, and we believe that the more we adhere to
          the teachings of the servants of God the more we shall prosper
          both temporally and spiritually, the more we shall enjoy the
          favour of the Almighty, and the more likely we shall be to obtain
          for ourselves an everlasting inheritance in the celestial kingdom
          of our God. We believe that the intelligence and wisdom of man
          cannot guide us, and that we, therefore, need the guidance of the
          Almighty; and, being under His guidance and direction, it is our
          duty to submit to His law, to be governed by His authority, do
          His will, keep His commandments, and observe His statutes, that
          we may ultimately be saved in His celestial kingdom.
          May God help us to be faithful, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Daniel
          H. Wells, August 18th, 1867
                         Daniel H. Wells, August 18th, 1867
             REMARKS by President D. H. Wells, delivered in the Bowery,
                      Great Salt Lake City, August 18th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                        SACRAMENT--EXHORTATION TO THE YOUNG.
          I feel it a privilege to mingle my voice with my brethren in
          testifying to the truth of the work of the last days, although,
          if it were left to my own choice, I suppose I should very seldom
          speak to the congregation of the people, and I expect that if the
          Lord were to call upon me as He did upon Moses, I should do as
          Moses did--plead with him for a mouthpiece. Nevertheless, if I
          can say anything to comfort or encourage the Saints, or to
          strengthen their faith, it is my duty to do so, for I conceive
          that none have the right to conceal in their own bosoms the light
          and truth with which the Lord has blessed them, but that it is
          the duty of the Latter-day Saints, and of all people on the
          earth, to make known the good they possess, that all may be
          benefitted and blessed thereby.
          Jesus said, "Enter ye in at the strait gate, for wide is the gate
          and broad is the way that leadeth to destruction, and many that
          leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat;
          because strait is the gate and narrow is the way which leadeth
          unto life, and few there be that find it." He also said, "And
          this is life eternal, that they might know thee, the only true
          God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent."
          Eternal life is what we are all anxious to obtain. All the
          children of men on the face of the whole earth are anxious to
          secure to themselves an eternal existence in the great hereafter.
          Even those who have but a limited idea of the principles of the
          gospel look and hope for a beatitude or heaven hereafter, where
          they may dwell eternally in peace and happiness, free from the
          power of Satan, sin, and death. All the people of Christendom,
          and perhaps all the generations of men, have at some time in
          their lives felt the spirit of the living God convicting them of
          sin, and they have felt a desire to learn how they might secure
          to themselves eternal lives in the presence of God.
          We read that God created man upright, but that he has sought out
          many inventions. This is especially true in regard to religious
          matters. Instead of walking according to the precepts and
          commandments of God, as taught by His servants holding the Holy
          Priesthood, they have done as the Prophet foretold--taught for
          the commandments of God the precepts of men. More particularly is
          this the case in our day and generation, when the Lord has again
          revealed Himself and has opened up the dispensation of the
          fulness of times. We find a great many religious views, notions,
          and opinions upon the face of the earth at the present time; but
          in the absence of truth there is little difference among them,
          for they are all wrong. But when the truth is revealed it is
          necessary that mankind should pause, listen, and investigate that
          they may learn whether that which is proclaimed as truth be so or
          not, and if it be, embrace it and walk continually according to
          its precepts, that they may obtain that exaltation in the
          presence of the Father and Son which all so earnestly desire.
          What does it matter to me how eloquent the preacher may be, how
          beautiful the theory, or how nice the principles that are laid
          before me, if they are not true? Why should I attach any
          importance to, or circumscribe my faith and feelings by that
          which is not true, because it is beautiful or plausible, or
          because my fathers for hundreds of years before me have
          considered it sacred? When the word of God, the truth from high
          Heaven, has come, why not repudiate that which is false although
          contravening my early prejudices and the traditions of my fathers
          before me? I know of no reason why we should cling to the
          traditions of the fathers, more especially when we are told by
          the oracles of God that we have inherited lies from them. We find
          this to be true when we investigate, even with regard to the
          scriptures; for by the aid of the principles now made manifest
          through the revelations of the Lord Jesus, we can understand them
          as we never understood them before. Why? Because we have the
          light of truth, and we see from the stand point possessed by the
          prophets and Jesus and his apostles; hence the scriptures open up
          to our minds a new and entirely different field to that we
          possessed while under the guidance of teachers who have not come
          from God, neither hold the power of the Holy Priesthood.
          This is a great wonder to some. They cannot understand the
          difference between the Latter-day Saints and the Christian world.
          Say they: "There are a great many sectarian churches in the
          world, and you Mormons are only one added to the list." But this
          is not so; the principles of truth are not sectarian in their
          character. Are not the Mormons a sect? No. They are the church of
          the living God--the church of the First born; they are they who
          have come out from the world, as Jesus and his followers did in
          their generation. This people have been touched with the light of
          truth; they have received the testimony of Jesus, and know for
          themselves the truth of the holy gospel they have embraced.
          Having been made participants in the knowledge of God, through
          the power and gift of the Holy Ghost, they speak with assurance
          of these things, and not as they speak who only believe and hope.
          "But," say they who have not embraced the truth," we do not know
          whether that which you say is true or not." Suppose you do not,
          that does not make the truth false, and I can tell you how you
          may find it out. Repent of your sins, go forth into the waters of
          baptism, eschew evil, learn to do well, seek after the Lord your
          God with full purpose of heart, and you can obtain a testimony as
          we have done--you may learn to know God and Jesus Christ, whom to
          know is life eternal. This is the only principle upon which you
          can obtain that knowledge which you so much desire. Many a person
          will say--"If I only knew these things were so, I would be with
          you heart and hand." I have told you how you can find out. You
          cannot be healed of your leprosy of sin unless you comply with
          the requirements of the gospel. When Naaman came to the prophet
          Elisha to learn what he should do to be healed of his leprosy, he
          went away in a rage because he was simply told to wash himself in
          the river Jordan. But his servants came near and said unto
          him--"My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing,
          wouldst thou not have done it? How much rather, then, when he
          saith to thee, wash and be clean?" Then the Syrian went and did
          as he was commanded, and he was made whole. So it is with us all,
          we must comply with the requirements of heaven before we can
          receive its blessings. We need not expect to be cleansed from sin
          and made meet receptacles for the indwelling of the Holy Ghost,
          unless we yield obedience to the gospel, because this is the way
          appointed of God, our heavenly Father, for bringing us to a
          knowledge of the truth. Be honest, then, before God, and when you
          are pricked to the heart, and feel that what is called
          "Mormonism" may be true, follow up that feeling until you come to
          understanding, and then obey the gospel, and receive the Holy
          Ghost, which will give you a full knowledge of those things
          necessary for your salvation and exaltation hereafter. If the
          Lord had commanded you to do some great thing--or go to the ends
          of the earth or some other different undertaking--would you not
          have done it? How much more willing should you be to comply with
          these small things when they are for your own good? Eschew evil,
          repent of your sins, and walk in the ways of truth and
          righteousness, for they are the ways of peace and wisdom.
          It is wisdom in us to pursue a course in this, our earthly
          probation, that will secure to us eternal life in the world to
          come. It is our privilege to do so; we are here for this express
          purpose. The God who reigns in heaven is the father of our
          spirits and the God and Father of our Lord and Savior Jesus
          Christ; and we may become heirs of Him and joint heirs with Jesus
          Christ by complying with the requirements of the gospel that He
          has revealed. How plain and simple is the way of life if we will
          but open our ears to hear, our eyes to see, and our hearts to
          understand. God has revealed it; He has opened up the
          dispensation of the fulness of times, which will embrace within
          its purview all other dispensations since the world began. In
          this dispensation will be revealed the keys of the resurrection,
          which will enable men to go forth clothed with power to raise and
          bring forth the dead. The Lord has commenced this great work; we
          are engaged in it; and it will go forth until it covers the whole
          earth. The foundation of that kingdom which shall endure for ever
          and ever is laid. The principles of the kingdom have gone forth,
          and have touched the hearts of many of the children of men--one
          of a city and two of a family--and they have been brought
          together from the nations of the earth to the valleys of the
          mountains, as was foretold by the prophets thousands of years
          Jesus told the Jews that Abraham saw his day and rejoiced in it.
          They queried with Him as to how he--not fifty years old--could
          know anything about Abraham, who had been dead so long. Jesus
          said--"Before Abraham was I am." This seemed to puzzle the Jews;
          they did not understand the principle of pre-existence and that
          Jesus, who was then clothed with flesh, had possessed an
          existence in the spirit world, that he was the first born of many
          sons, and had been born before Abraham in the spirit. Jesus
          understood it, and once in a while, as in that case, he spoke
          upon the principle. The Jews prided themselves on serving the God
          of their father Abraham, but Jesus told them that the God of
          Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob was not the God of the dead but of the
          living, thus teaching them plainly the principles of the
          I will now say a few words with regard to partaking of the
          sacrament. This ordinance was instituted by our Savior, and his
          followers were commanded to partake of it in remembrance of Him.
          But how many of us partake of it regardless of Him in
          commemoration of whose death it is administered! I have seen some
          of the Saints take the cup very irreverently,--blessed and
          consecrated as it is--and drink to quench their thirst. I do not
          suppose that such persons think any more about our Lord and
          Savior than they do when drinking on ordinary occasions. To say
          the least of such conduct, it is highly improper and irreverent.
          I have seen brethren and sisters partake of the sacrament with
          their gloves on, and in a very careless attitude, stretching out
          the left hand. You should always put forth the right hand when
          taking either the bread or the cup; and you should take off your
          hats if you have them on, and partake of the consecrated emblems
          with reverence, and remember that you do it in commemoration of
          the death, sufferings, and resurrection of our Lord and Savior
          Jesus Christ, who will yet rule and reign on this earth, King of
          kings and Lord of lords. Would I partake of the sacrament with my
          hat or gloves on? No; I would take them off, and let my soul
          ascend in prayer and thanksgiving to my heavenly Father that I
          had been permitted to partake of the ordinance of the House of
          I am happy in believing that I am associated with a people in the
          majority of whose minds such feelings and desires predominate,
          and to whom the few hints I have dropped will be sufficient in
          regard to the carelessness to which I have referred. We have the
          principles of eternal life in our midst, and we practise them in
          our lives, and when the world witness the good actions of this
          people, it should be a testimony that they are of God. I say it
          is a testimony to the world of the truths of High Heaven revealed
          through this people, and it will bring this generation to
          judgment unless they listen to and obey the principles we teach.
          Do I know that? I do. The world may scout at it, and say things
          that are calculated to hurt our feelings, but that will not alter
          the truth. We offer the words of eternal life to the people, and
          if they will receive them they are welcome, but if they will not
          our testimony will prove unto them a savor of death unto death,
          instead of life unto life.
          That which is good tends to exalt us and to increase in us
          knowledge, power, understanding, and everything worth possessing,
          while that which is evil tends to destruction, and if its
          practice be persisted in it will lead to dissolution and even the
          loss of our own identity. This is the reward of the wicked; as
          the prophet has said, "The wicked will come to a full stop," but
          the blessing of the righteous is the same as that pronounced upon
          Abraham--to their increase there will be no end. This is the
          blessing conferred upon the Saints in their ordinations and
          endowments under the authority of the Holy Priesthood of the Son
          of God--the Melchizedek Priesthood, which is without beginning of
          years or end of days, without father, without mother, without
          descent, eternal, in the Heavens. That authority and priesthood
          have been again restored to the earth, and men are once more
          empowered to administer in the ordinances of the holy gospel.
          There is no authority of the kind upon the face of the earth
          except through that channel. None of the sects and denominations
          of the world possess that authority. It has not existed upon the
          earth for many hundreds of years. Do I know that this is true? I
          do, and you may obtain that knowledge upon the same principle
          that I obtained it--by working righteousness and obeying the
          ordinances of the gospel as appointed by Jehovah. Has not the
          Lord a right to prescribe the method by which we may approach
          Him; and, when He has done it, shall we scout at the idea and say
          some other way will do as well? Verily, no other way will answer
          as well. Let us, therefore, take heed how we prescribe a path for
          the Lord to walk in, or subvert the ways of truth which the Lord
          has revealed for the guidance of the children of men. We have no
          right to do it. It is for us who have received this knowledge to
          walk therein with fearfulness and trembling, and yet with joyful
          hearts, seeking to the Lord to guide and direct our steps, that
          we may always have His spirit to be with us to enable us to
          endure to the end, that we may make sure of our salvation in the
          world to come, and inherit thrones, dominions, and exaltations in
          the presence of the Father and the Son.
          How few there are of all who have been on the face of the earth
          that will find eternal lives?--for strait is the gate and narrow
          the way that leads thereto. It is the privilege of the children
          of men to attain to this if they will be obedient to the
          requirements of the gospel. But in this they can exercise their
          volition. They have been clothed upon with a tabernacle taken
          from the dust of the earth, and have become subject to the power
          of sin and death. They have come to pass through an earthly
          probation in order to be tempted and to prove whether they would
          be carried away by the wiles of Satan, and enjoy the pleasures of
          sin for a season, or whether, faithful to their trust, their
          integrity, and their God, they would endure the trials of this
          life, and come forth in the resurrection clothed upon with
          immortality and eternal lives.
          The world say we are exclusive because we do not hold communion
          or fellowship with the Sectarians. How can we do so when they
          scorn us and say we are a poor, ignorant, deluded set of people,
          without knowledge or intelligence? How can we, when we know that
          they and their leaders are blind, and that they will all fall
          into the ditch unless they repent of their evil deeds? We send
          forth our Elders to the nations of the earth to proclaim the
          principles of the gospel to the people, and to plead with them to
          turn from their evil ways, that they may be redeemed from the sin
          and iniquity which, like a flood, are overwhelming the nations.
          Yet, they call us uncharitable because we will not fellowship
          them. Far from being uncharitable, we exercise more charity than
          all the Christian world put together, for whilst they consign to
          perdition all who have not obeyed the gospel as they preach it,
          we believe that the great majority of all people who have ever
          lived on the face of the earth will be saved, and will enjoy a
          far greater glory than they ever anticipated. In this we are
          sustained by the testimony of the Scriptures, for the Apostle
          tells us that Jesus went to preach to the spirits in prison who
          were disobedient in the days of Noah, that they might live
          according to God in the spirit and be judged according to men in
          the flesh. If they who died disobedient to the gospel, having
          heard and rejected its principles, could be administered to by
          the Savior of the world, how much more reasonable is it to
          suppose that they who have lived according to the light they
          possessed, but yet died without a knowledge of the gospel, can
          enjoy the same privilege? How much more consistent it is to
          suppose this; and the dispensation of the fullness of times has
          opened up these great principles to the understandings of the
          Latter-day Saints. Do not say, then, that we are uncharitable. We
          believe not only that they who have died without the gospel may
          be saved, but we believe that they who rejected the gospel, who
          were disobedient in the days of Noah may be saved also.
          We have become the happy recipients of this knowledge, the
          knowledge that leads to life and exaltation in the presence of
          our Father, through yielding obedience to the gospel He has
          revealed in our day. Herein we differ with the Sectarian world.
          We differ also in our Church organization. In the Sectarian
          churches they place bishops at the head. I do not know that it
          matters, when they are altogether wrong; but I mention this to
          show that it is not the order of God. In His Church there
          is--firstly, Apostles, and afterwards helps of various kinds, the
          Bishops being those who administer in temporal things, and
          belonging to the lesser Priesthood. The Sectarians, however, do
          not understand the two orders of Priesthood--the Melchizedek and
          Aaronic. They substitute one thing for another--such, for
          instance, as sprinkling and pouring for baptism. They have
          perverted the principles of truth, and changed the ordinances of
          the gospel, and if the Lord does not hold them in derision now He
          will by and by, for He is not the author of such confusion. He
          has established His kingdom and has set His house in order, and
          has conferred His authority upon His servants, and told them to
          go forth and administer in the ordinances of salvation for the
          edification of the true and living Church. Then let us have
          respect to these things and live our religion, shun all
          associations with the wicked and ungodly, and walk faithfully
          before the Lord our God all our days, that we may be entitled to
          dwell in that holy city whose streets will be paved with gold and
          whose maker and founder is God.
          This is especially applicable to our young people, for Satan uses
          the wicked and ungodly to allure them into forbidden paths, and
          to captivate their hearts by fine dresses, nice deportment,
          smooth speeches, lively manners, and so on. I would say to my
          young sisters, that one of these boys or Elders, who is ready to
          stand forth for the defence of Israel, to go and preach to the
          nations, work in the kanyon, or do anything he may be required to
          do, though he may be dressed in homespun and appear rather
          uncouth, is worth more than a thousand smooth-tongued,
          hypocritical deceivers, who seek your society only to lead you
          astray. Be careful, my young sisters, of the associations you
          form, and do not let your minds be captivated by the giddy and
          worthless, or the first thing you know you will wake up in
          darkness, having made shipwreck of your faith through forsaking
          the ordinances of the House of God. How can you who have received
          these ordinances go and fellowship such persons and their
          practices? If you associate with the wicked and ungodly you will
          cut yourselves off from eternal lives and exaltation in the
          presence of our Father, for the wicked can never lead you
          there--no, never. As far as they lead you it will be in the ways
          of misery, death, and destruction. Parents should be careful to
          preserve their children in the ways of truth and righteousness,
          and in the purity of our most holy faith, that they may be
          faithful in their day and generation.
          If I were in the place of a great many of our young men, I would
          not go out on the road to different places, as many of them do,
          just for the sake of earning a little money. They too often fall
          into vile company, and learn to profane the name of the Deity.
          There is too much of it here in the midst of the Saints. I am
          sorry to say that some who profess to be Latter-day Saints so far
          forget themselves as to use the name of the Lord in vain, thus
          breaking the commandment, which says, "Thou shalt not take the
          name of the Lord in vain." Instead of the brethren being so
          heedless, thoughtless, and reckless as to profane the name of the
          Lord, they should hold it in the highest reverence. I would say
          to all, never speak irreverently of baptism or of any of the
          ordinances of the House of God. I have heard people, if they
          happened to fall into the water, say that they were baptized, and
          they would laugh over it and speak very irreverently. All such
          things tend to evil. Do not indulge in such levity. I remember
          once, before I was in the Church, being at a party given by one
          of my neighbors. One of the guests was a Latter-day Saint Elder.
          He said he was anxious to dance off some of his superstition and
          sectarianism. It chanced that they had a very poor fiddler and a
          very poor fiddle, and the strings kept breaking. This Elder,
          thinking, I suppose, to tickle our ears, who were not in the
          Church, proposed that we should lay hands on the fiddle. How do
          you suppose it struck upon my mind? Said I to myself--"You are a
          poor, miserable hypocrite; you do not believe your religion, and
          you blaspheme against God by professing to do so." That man's
          name was William Smith, and although a brother of the Prophet
          Joseph, and one of the Twelve Apostles, he has gone into
          darkness. Yet I have heard him speak when he had the spirit of
          the Lord with him, and I have been much pleased with his remarks.
          But by persisting in such an irreverent course a man's mind is
          gradually darkened, and, if not forsaken, it will finally lead to
          his overthrow and destruction.
          I speak these things by way of exhortation to my young brethren
          and sisters that they may not depart nor go astray from light and
          knowledge, but seek after that which is good continually, and so
          order their course as to be blameless before the Lord their God.
          I would not wish to make men offenders for a word. God is
          merciful, and we can forgive our brethren and sisters as long as
          they manifest a desire to do good. Let us try to be a pattern
          worthy the imitation of all, through our lives, be more perfect
          in our intercourse one with another, and do nothing offensive in
          the sight of God, but live so that we may ever have the guidance
          of His holy Spirit, which is my prayer in the name of Jesus.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, October 9th, 1867
                       George Albert Smith, October 9th, 1867
           REMARKS by Elder George A. Smith, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                         Salt Lake City, October 9th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          We are composed of persons from various nationalities. We speak a
          various number of languages. The languages and dialects of the
          British empire, the Scandinavian, the French, Dutch, German,
          Swiss, and Italian are all represented here. It appears that God
          in His divine wisdom revealed the gospel in the English language,
          which is the native tongue of the majority of the Saints,
          probably more than half of them having acquired it in America,
          and a large portion of the remainder in the old world. It is very
          desirable that all of our brethren who are not acquainted with
          the English language should learn it. We do not wish to blot out
          the original languages that they may have spoken, but we want
          them all--men and women, old and young--to learn the English
          language so perfectly that they will be able to thoroughly
          understand for themselves the teachings and instructions and the
          published works of the Church, as well as the laws of the
          country. And while we preach to all classes--all the boys and
          girls under ninety--to go to school and educate themselves in the
          various useful branches, we do not want our brethren who do not
          speak the English language to think that they are neglected or
          without the pale of this call. We hope the bishops and teachers
          will make every reasonable exertion to stir up the minds of the
          brethren and sisters who do not thoroughly understand English to
          the importance of this particular item of counsel. We, of course,
          wish them to stir up everybody on the subject of education, and
          to encourage, in every possible manner, our day and Sunday
          schools, for the cause of education should be popular in Israel
          now, as it was in the days of Joseph; the oldest scholar in my
          class was sixty-three years old. We shall have long winter
          evenings directly, and a good deal of time to spend in
          self-improvement, and it is our duty to become a cultivated
          people in all the useful branches of education known among
          mankind. There is a spirit among some of our young men in
          different settlements to appear rough and reckless; they indulge
          in rowdyism and cultivate the savage side of human nature. We
          ought to use all the influence and power we possess to suppress
          this, and to stir up in the minds of our young and old the
          necessity of cultivating simple, plain, innocent, and genteel
          manners. There is an idea out that a man who has to go to the
          kanyon cannot do it without swearing, or that when he gets to the
          mouth of the kanyon he must throw off his religion and swear all
          the way up and back again. Any man who entertains such a
          sentiment should dispense with it at once, for he needs his
          religion more there than anywhere else. The roads are rough, and
          there is danger of him being tipped over and breaking his neck,
          or mashing up his wagon or his team, and he needs the influence
          of his religion as much under such circumstances as under any
          others. The Elders of Israel should avoid indulging in rough
          language under all circumstances. Most men, if they thought there
          was a probability of them dying by some sudden accident, would
          begin to think about praying. When a man is more exposed to
          danger than at any other time I am sure he needs his religion,
          for if he should have a log roll over him, and be sent into
          eternity with a big oath in his mouth, he might not be recognised
          as a Saint on the other side of the vail. Hence I would like our
          brethren, and would recommend them to dispense with the idea,
          that on some occasions they can lay their religion to one side.
          It is said that an old Quaker, on a certain occasion when his
          family were grossly insulted and abused, felt very much like
          chastising the offender, but his religion forbade him fighting.
          He bore it tolerably well for a time, but at last his patience
          was exhausted, and, pulling off his broad-brimmed hat and his
          broad-tailed coat, said he--"Lie there religion until I lick this
          man." He might just as well have kept his religion on while doing
          the flogging. He might have felt as an uncle of Joseph
          Smith--Rev. Mr. Mack--did on a certain occasion. He was a Baptist
          minister, and was celebrated for his great physical strength. A
          professional pugilist went to see him once, and told him that
          hearing he was one of the strongest men in the state he had come
          to test his strength. The old man was too pious to wrestle or
          scuffle. The stranger said he would fight him, but Mr. Mack was
          too religious to fight. The stranger told him he had no ill will
          towards him, but said he--"I must and will know which is the
          strongest." Mr. Mack did his best to put him off, telling him
          that he was a minister and so forth, but the stranger would not
          be disappointed, and, as Mr. Mack turned round, he kicked him.
          The reverend gentleman's religion could not stand this, and he
          set to and gave the stranger a good thrashing. He went before his
          congregation and made a confession, which was something like unto
          this--"I bore all this patiently, notwithstanding my own nature
          was to try the man's strength, but after he kicked me I took off
          my coat and flogged him most properly." I think that kind of a
          rule might work under some circumstances; but at the same time a
          man should never lay down his religion, and should never believe
          that it is necessary to swear, not even in the kanyon. I tell you
          that every vile word we utter and every vile sentiment we
          entertain is a wrong for which we, some day, will have to atone.
          When I hear men--young or old--talking intemperately or
          improperly, I realize that they have that folly to overcome and
          repent of.
          In speaking of the education of our children, I wish to draw the
          attention of the Saints particularly to the system of phonetics,
          or the Deseret alphabet, which has been referred to by President
          Young and some of the brethren. This is calculated to
          considerably abridge the labor of our foreign brethren in
          learning to read English. I think that in all our schools
          phonetics should form one branch of study, and as fast as works
          of phonotopy can be obtained they should be introduced, for there
          is no doubt that a general reformation will be effected in our
          English orthography. It is said that the Lord will restore to the
          people a pure language, that they may all call upon Him with one
          consent. While we urge our brethren to acquire the English
          language, and to make themselves proficient in the useful
          branches of education, we wish them to remember that the
          orthography which the English nation has adopted is by no means
          perfect, for our present mode of spelling might be materially
          improved. According to the present system, it is a very long and
          difficult job for a man to learn to spell. I commenced as soon as
          I was old enough to put three letters together, and I have been
          at it ever since, and I hardly dare write a letter now without
          consulting the dictionary to see how some word or other should be
          spelled. The spelling of the English language is very arbitrary.
          For several generations it has been undergoing improvements and
          modifications, and it will, no doubt, go on until English
          orthography will become so perfect that every letter will have
          but a single sound, instead of having, as now, in some cases,
          four or five sounds to the same letter. Now, when a child learns
          to spell, he learns first to give to the vowel a its long sound,
          as heard in the word male, supposing that to be its only sound.
          In another position he gives it the Italian or grave sound--as in
          the word father, and so on, until he finds it has four or five
          distinct sounds, and then he has to continually exercise his
          judgment, or has to depend upon the judgment of some other man,
          to know which of these sounds to use.
          I wish our brethren to give this subject their serious and candid
          consideration, and do their best to introduce into our schools a
          system that will greatly abridge the time required to gain the
          various branches of a good education. No greater or more blessed
          mission can be given to an Elder in Israel than to teach the true
          principles of education to the rising generation of this
          Territory. I would advise our brethren, aside from the ordinary
          schools, to get up evening reading classes in all our settlements
          for the instruction of those who cannot attend at other times.
          The instruction of our wives and daughters is of the utmost
          importance. The disposition of some to neglect the education of
          girls is the extreme of folly. If we take pains to have the
          English language taught correctly to our wives and daughters,
          they will teach it to their children, and this will lay the
          foundation for the permanent improvement of the language of the
          state, of which we form the nucleus. Some of the ablest men in
          the Territory received the most of their education from their
          mothers, and it is said that the President of the United States
          was educated by his wife. I wish to call the attention of the
          Conference to the text of President Young in relation to storing
          wheat. This is a question of vast importance. A few years ago
          President Young gave counsel to the people of the Territory--most
          of whom agreed to it--to lay by seven years provisions. We were
          to have commenced three years ago, and were to have laid up one
          year's bread over and above the year's supply. The following year
          we were to add another year's supply, and so have continued until
          we had our seven years' supply laid up. How faithful the people
          have been in keeping this counsel I am not prepared to say, but I
          am afraid that few men in Israel, even among those how have
          raised breadstuffs and have had the power to control considerable
          quantities of it, had three years' bread laid aside when the
          grasshoppers made their descent this season and swept off half
          the grains, vegetables, and fruit raised in the Territory, and
          were prepared, if the whole had been swept off, to live for the
          next three years without laying in more bread. I am aware that
          some of our brethren thought this counsel extravagant; they
          considered that it could not be necessary to lay up such a
          quantity of bread; and some of them, instead of getting out
          lumber and making good substantial bins for the preservation of
          their wheat, turned out their means for teams, and freighted
          their bread to the north, to the east, and to the west; and not
          only so, but in many instances they gave it away, if they could
          only get half price for hauling it. Hundreds and thousands of
          sacks of flour have been hauled away, when it should have been
          stored up here against a day of want. I feel just as keenly on
          this matter now as when this counsel was given, and a little more
          so, for the army of the Lord--the grasshoppers--may have awakened
          my mind to the importance of the subject. 
          All nations have to take more or less precaution for their
          general preservation, and, as they are occasionally visited with
          years of scarcity, if they failed to do so the consequences might
          be disastrous. We are situated in the heart of a great desert,
          surrounded a portion of the year by impassable mountains. We have
          no railroads, no seaports, no great navigable rivers and canals
          by which we can bring provisions from abroad; and if there had
          been ten grasshoppers this year where there was but one particle
          of food raised in the Territory would have been consumed; then
          there would our bread have been? Where could we have gained our
          In the empire of China provision is made for the general
          preservation, and one-fifth of the produce of the country is
          stored in the public granaries against a day of famine. A famine
          occurred not long since in one of the provinces of China
          containing thirty-three millions of people--a little more than
          the whole population of the United States--and they lost their
          entire crop. China, however, is favored with large navigable
          rivers, some capable of navigation for over two thousand miles.
          There are also many canals and seaport towns that are used in the
          coasting trade; the result is that when this famine came on this
          province the storehouses were opened, and the grain or rice was
          carried to its inhabitants, and they were kept from starvation.
          We are differently situated. We have no public storehouses,
          neither can we bring sufficient provisions from abroad without it
          costing more than we are able to pay. A good many of us claim our
          descent from Joseph, who was sold into Egypt. He was the
          instrument of the Almighty in saving the Egyptians, through the
          interpretation of the King's dream of the seven fat and the seven
          lean kine, and the seven full and the seven blighted ears of
          corn. He prescribed the means by which the storehouses of Egypt
          were filled with corn, and when the seven years of famine came
          the whole people were actually saved from death through the
          wisdom of Joseph in laying up bread. We expect to be saviors on
          Mount Zion in the last days. We all exercise faith that God may
          give to our President wisdom and understanding to foresee the
          evils with which we may be threatened, and to take measures to
          avert them. Suppose that he comes forward and tells us how to
          prepare, and we neglect his counsel, then the watchman is clear,
          and we are liable to the dangers and difficulties resulting from
          disobedience. If the King of Egypt had not observed the counsels
          of Joseph almost the whole people would have been destroyed. As
          it was, those who did not obey Joseph's counsel were under the
          necessity of selling all their property, and ultimately
          themselves, for slaves to the king, in order to obtain that bread
          which they could have laid up during the seven years of plenty,
          if they had obeyed Joseph's counsel.
          Now, brethren, let us not treat this subject lightly. if we have
          been neglectful in times past, let us remember that we live in a
          high altitude, in a country subject to frost and to extreme
          drouth, that we have several times lost our crops, and that we
          have twice been reduced to famine or half rations through the
          crickets or grasshoppers. Let us heed the counsel given about
          storing up provisions, and, instead of freighting our food away
          to feed strangers, let us go to work and build good substantial
          granaries, and fill them with breadstuff, until every man and
          woman has enough on hand to last for seven years. Terrible
          destruction awaits the wicked. They will come to us by thousands
          by-and-by, saying--"Can you not feed us? Can you not do something
          for us?" It is said by the prophets they shall come bending, and
          shall say you are the priests of the Lord. What priest could
          administer greater earthly blessings than food to the hungry, who
          have fled from a country where the sword, famine, and pestilence
          were sweeping away their thousands? I look upon the subject of
          storing grain and other kinds of food as a very religious matter.
          How could a man who was half starved enjoy his religion? How on
          the face of the earth could a man enjoy his religion when he had
          been told by the Lord how to prepare for a day of famine, when,
          instead of doing so, he had fooled away that which would have
          sustained him and his family. I wish our brethren to lay this
          matter to heart, and not to rest until they have obeyed this
          particular item of counsel.
               I also advise them to live within their means, and avoid
          getting into debt. I suppose our nation at the present time owes
          about three thousand millions of dollars, and the several states
          owe one thousand five hundred million dollars more, and that the
          counties, cities, towns, and village owe as much more, making a
          total of about six thousand million dollars. All this is the
          result of folly, corruption, and wickedness of men in authority.
          I do advise my brethren to avoid getting into debt. "Well," say
          you, "how are we going to do it?" A few years ago, during the
          war, while money was plentiful and almost everybody had
          greenbacks, the President devised a plan. Said he--"You bishops,
          go to work and sow rye, and set our sisters and their children to
          work to make straw hats and bonnets and ornaments for the whole
          Territory." What does a nice straw cost now? I have bought so few
          of such things that I am not very well posted as to the prices,
          but I suppose five or six dollars. What would have been the
          result if this counsel had been faithfully kept for the last few
          years? The result would have been a saving of two hundred and
          fifty thousand dollars that have been paid out of the Territory
          for straw hats and bonnets and trimmings. "But," say some, "if we
          had not bought these things we should not have been in the
          fashion." Why bless you, sisters, in my young days, in northern
          New York, I wore hats made in the neighbourhood of lambs' wool.
          Why not produce them here? Why not manufacture and wear the
          beaver and other furs collected in our mountains rather than send
          them to the States to be manufactured, and brought back to be
          sold to us at exorbitant profits. If ninety-nine out of every
          hundred of you present were wearing these home made articles at
          this Conference, she who was not wearing one would have been the
          only one out of the fashion. Why she would be as odd as Dick's
          hat band, which was said to go half way round and tuck under. And
          if the brethren had all worn home made hats, the man wearing any
          other kind would have been an oddfellow among us. Why not make
          our own fashions, and keep the money in our pockets to do good
          with? It is a very simple matter to do, and the hats we can
          manufacture here are just as pretty and just as comfortable as
          the imported articles, most of which are made abroad out of
          materials that can be raised in abundance here! When any of the
          brethren start in the hat business here we cannot wear them, they
          are too heavy; we must buy hats that will not last more than a
          month. Why not go to work and manufacture our own, and have them
          suitable for either winter or summer? Why not plant the mulberry?
          President Young imported the seed, and he has on hand a half
          million of trees for sale. The silkworms are here, and our
          sisters and children have nimble fingers to handle them, and this
          is naturally as good a silk producing country as Italy or France.
          There is nothing on the face of the earth to hinder us, as a
          people, from making our own ribbons, silk handkerchiefs, and
          dresses; and it is believed, by those who are acquainted with the
          business, that we can actually produce silk here at a lower
          figure than other material clothing, taking into account the time
          it will last.
          I advise all the brethren to cultivate the mulberry, and raise
          silk, as well as flax and wool, and let us extend our efforts to
          the cotton region. There is no mission more important to the
          welfare and development of Israel than a mission to the cotton
          region. We have entered into the Church to build up the kingdom
          of God, and to labor where the master builder says we can labor
          to the best advantage. In that region we have a climate and a
          little land suitable for the production of cotton. What could we
          have done without what has been already raised there? When cotton
          rose to a dollar and a half a pound in the States, and it would
          actually pay to raise it in Santa Clara and send it to San
          Francisco and St. Louis for sale, what could we have done here
          but for our home grown article? Look at the thousands of pounds
          that have been grown and manufactured in this Territory. Where
          could we have got our clothing without the efforts that have been
          made in this direction by our brethren in Dixie? God bless them
          for their exertions. Every man who has done what has been
          required of him on the southern mission is entitled to the
          eternal gratitude of the Saints and will have the blessing of the
          In relation to the Word of Wisdom, I wish to impress upon the
          minds of the brethren the fact referred to by President Young
          yesterday--that it is perpetual.
          When I was in the States I had a conversation with a professor of
          some pretensions to learning, who declared that, if we carried
          out the institutions we had commenced here in the mountains,
          including the Word of Wisdom and our system of marriage, in about
          seventy years we should produce a race of men who would be able
          to walk the rest of the human race under foot. This is just what
          we expect. Do not let us be negligent or careless on these
          subjects, but pay strict attention and be diligent. And let us
          inaugurate a system of fashions of our own. I do not care about
          the shape of our hats and bonnets so long as they are of our own
          manufacture. I would just as soon a man should wear a bellows hat
          or a stove pipe as anything else, if it please him; but I say,
          encourage home manufactures instead of paying ten dollars for a
          hat made in Paris, or in the United States, with the word "Paris"
          put in the inside. I do not care whether the ladies wear a bunch
          of flowers, a cabbage leaf, a squash, or a scoop or a saucer on
          their heads, if it pleases them; but let it be made at home. I
          would recommend the brethren and sisters to establish societies
          for the promotion of home manufactures. With the money that has
          been spent and sent off for hats, bonnets, and trimmings since
          the President counselled the Bishops to raise rye to manufacture
          them, we could have built woolen and cotton factories in nearly
          every country in the Territory, with which we could have
          manufactured our own clothing, beside establishing other branches
          of business. These things are a great part of our holy religion.
          I tell you that the judgments of the Almighty are coming upon the
          earth, and the Saints will barely escape. God has gathered us
          here to these mountains to prepare for the storm. We were told in
          a revelation, given more than thirty years ago, to let the beauty
          of our garments be the workmanship of our own hands, and great
          many have tried to carry it out. The old fashioned spinning
          wheel, hand loom, and cards have been brought into requisition,
          but the majority prefer to buy everything that is imported. Our
          young men are afraid to get married because they cannot afford to
          buy all these trimmings. Say they--"We cannot do it, it is
          impossible with our limited means." Young men, when you get
          married take wives who will be a help to you. You do not want
          women who can only waste your means. Choose women who can spin,
          card, and make a mattress or comforter, if necessary, and, if she
          cannot do it, let her be willing to learn, and be zealous to make
          herself useful, for the woman who is really ornamental in society
          is the one who is useful as well. You go to New England, that is
          where a great many of us came from, regular old down east
          Yankeedom, and you will find many of the farms occupied by our
          grandfathers owned by Irishmen, and the girls who descended from
          that old Puritanic stock are above work now-a-days, and Irish
          girls are hired to do it. While the American ladies are living on
          the proceeds of their fathers' estates, and making a great
          display in following the fashions--they deem it not fashionable
          to work or even to have children--the boys are marrying Irish
          girls. If asked why they do this, they will say they are
          compelled to do it, for they cannot afford to marry a woman and
          hire another to wait upon her. Our girls ought to adopt a
          different policy. Every man and woman in the world ought to be
          useful. No man is too rich to labor. All men and women, according
          to their health, strength, and ability, ought to labor to sustain
          themselves, and for the welfare of the community. "The idler
          shall not eat the bread of the laborer." This is the law of
          Heaven. In connection with labor we should also take into
          consideration our manner of living. It is really probable that in
          many houses in this Territory full one-third of the provisions
          brought in for the support of the family is wasted, and what is
          cooked is not as palatable and healthful as it might be. Every
          female should study and become acquainted with the best modes of
          cooking, and introduce it into their families and wards. A great
          many of our sisters have come from districts of country in Europe
          where they have had to work in factories, and to follow other
          branches of business, and consequently have had but little
          opportunity to learn cookery and other household work; but I have
          known many of them, after arriving here, become very proficient
          housekeepers, and all may if they will try.
          I feel to impress these sentiments on your minds that we may
          become a practical people, and learn to provide within ourselves
          the necessaries of life, that in all things we may be pleasing to
          the Lord. Let us live in accordance with the laws of life,
          avoiding excess, all vulgarity and unnecessary levity, and
          endeavor to conduct ourselves wisely, properly, and genteely, and
          use our influence to promote that class of manners that will
          command respect everywhere. We shall thus lay the foundation of a
          great, polished, and highly civilized people, setting an example
          worthy of imitation in all things to all nations.
          May God bless us, is my prayer, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Lorenzo Snow, October 9th, 1867
                           Lorenzo Snow, October 9th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder Lorenzo Snow, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                         Salt Lake City, October 9th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          Knowing our religion to be true, we ought to be the most devoted
          people on the face of the earth to the cause we have embraced.
          Knowing as we do, or should know, that the gospel we have
          received promises all our hearts can wish or desire, if we are
          faithful, we ought to be very faithful, devoted, energetic, and
          ambitious in carrying out the designs and wishes of the Lord, as
          He reveals them from time to time through His servants. We ought
          not to be lukewarm or negligent in attending to our duties, but
          with all our might, strength and souls we should try to
          understand the spirit of our calling and nature of the work in
          which we are engaged. When Jesus was upon the earth he commanded
          his disciples to go forth and preach the gospel without purse or
          scrip, taking no thought beforehand as to what they should eat or
          drink, or wherewithal they should be clothed, but simply go forth
          and to testify of those things which had been revealed to them.
          In doing this they secured to themselves the blessings of the
          Almighty, and success attended all their exertions. They were
          bound to succeed; no power could cross their path and prevent
          them reaping the most sanguine success, because they went forth
          in the strength of the Almighty to perform His will, and it was
          His business to sustain and support them and to furnish them all
          the means of success. Through obedience to the commands of the
          Lord they secured to themselves the blessings of life with the
          privilege of coming forth in the morning of the first
          resurrection, and they had the assurance that in their labors no
          power on earth could successful oppose them. These were the kind
          of prospects I should have like had I been in their position, or
          in any other position, for to the thoughtful mind the idea of
          ultimate success in any pursuit is very pleasing. Now, had the
          Apostles, instead of doing as they were commanded, imagined that
          by doing something else they could have answered the same
          purpose, they would not have succeeded so well in their
          operations, neither would they have possessed that assurance of
          success which, under all the trials and persecutions to which
          they were exposed, was, doubtless, to them a source of constant
          pleasure and satisfaction.
          Quite a number of young men have been called to go to the
          southern portion of our Territory for the purpose of developing
          the resources thereof and building up Zion. Now, should they
          imagine that they could be as successful by taking upon
          themselves a mission similar to that given by Jesus to his
          disciples, they would find themselves very much mistaken. Had the
          Apostles or Seventies in the days of Jesus imagined that they
          could have fulfilled the missions given them by building an ark
          as Noah did, or building granaries and storing grain as Joseph
          did, they would have been grandly mistaken.
          Joseph, in the land of Egypt, was called upon to perform a
          certain class of duties, which were made incumbent upon him. He
          was not called to preach the gospel without purse or scrip, but
          to build granaries, and to use all his influence with the king,
          nobles, and people of Egypt to store their grain against a day of
          famine. I have often thought, in reflecting upon this subject,
          how little proof they had of the importance of doing what Joseph
          required of them, when compared with the abundance of proof we
          possess in relation to the importance of the duties required of
          us. There was Pharaoh--a Gentile, making no profession of
          religion--had a dream which none could interpret save Joseph, a
          stranger in the land, whom no one knew, who had been bought for
          money, and who was taken from prison into the presence of the
          king. No doubt the nobles and the people who heard of the
          interpretation of the dream believed that Joseph made that for
          his own benefit, glory, and exaltation, and that the king might
          think well of him; and when they saw him riding round in pomp and
          splendor, trying to establish granaries all through the country,
          they, no doubt, thought he was an imposter, and placed no
          credence in his predictions. In fact, I think I could hardly have
          believed it myself had I lived in those days. Many of the people
          placed such little faith in his words that, failing to lay up
          their food, when the famine overtook them, to save themselves
          from starvation they had to sell themselves for slaves to the
          King. Now, supposing that Joseph had gone to work and built an
          ark, he would not have been accepted of the Lord, neither could
          he have saved the people of Egypt nor his father's house. When
          Noah was commanded to build an ark, supposing he had established
          granaries, he and his house could not have been saved. So in
          regard to ourselves, when duties are required at our hands,
          whether it is to go to the southern part of our Territory, to
          Europe, to contribute to the Perpetual Emigration Fund, or to
          build temples, or whatever we may be required to do within the
          pale of the kingdom of the Almighty, we have to walk in the
          spirit of these requirements, and perform them, if we would gain
          power and influence with our God.
          I am pleased, indeed, to see the prosperity of Zion. I feel a
          spirit of solemnity upon me while standing here gazing upon this
          multitude of Saints. Seeing the difficulties through which we
          have passed, our present prosperity is astonishing to ourselves
          and equally so to the world. I feel to thank God for the
          prosperity of Zion as it presents itself at this time. And when
          we contemplate our individual position, and see the blessings God
          has conferred upon us in gathering us from the nations of the
          earth to the valleys of the mountains, where we are under the
          guidance of the Priesthood, we should be a contented, joyous, and
          happy people.
          I feel to say a word or two in reference to education. There are
          very few people who have arrived at the age of fifty and upwards
          who feel like studying mathematics; they do not feel like
          attending school and applying their minds to the acquisition of
          the sciences, but there is a kind of education worthy the best
          attention to all, and in which all ought to engage--that is the
          education of the Spirit. As we advance in life we one and all
          ought to be less passionate, more spiritually minded. The men
          ought to be more fatherly at home, possessing finer feelings in
          reference to their wives and children, neighbors and friends,
          more kindly and godlike. When I go into a family I do admire to
          see the head of that family administering to it as a man of God,
          kind and gentle, filled with the Holy Ghost and with the wisdom
          and understanding of Heaven. Men and women can increase their
          spiritual knowledge; they can grow better as years multiply upon
          them. It was so, in a measure, with the old prophets. When they
          stood on the verge of the grave, ready to give up the ghost and
          to pass from this life to another, they were full of the power of
          the Almighty, and could lay their hands on the heads of their
          children and tell them what would befall them down to the latest
          ages. The High Priests and Elders of Israel should cultivate this
          spirit, and live continually that they can have the revelations
          of the Almighty to guide them, that they may grow wiser and
          better as age advances.
          Nothing can be more foolish than the idea of a man laying off his
          religion like a cloak or garment. There is no such thing as a man
          laying off his religion unless he lays off himself. Our religion
          should be incorporated within ourselves, a part of our being that
          cannot be laid off. If there can be such a thing as a man laying
          off his religion, the moment he does so he gets on to ground he
          knows nothing about, he gives himself over to the powers of
          darkness; he is not on his own ground; he has no business there.
          The idea of Elders in Israel swearing, lying, and giving way to
          intoxication is far beneath them; they ought to be above such
          things. Let us put from us every evil, and live by every word
          that proceeds from the mouth of God. Let us lay hold of every
          duty assigned to us with ambition and energy, that we may have
          the spirit of our God, the light of truth, and the revelations of
          Jesus Christ within us continually. God bless the Latter-day
          Saints. God bless the President, the Priesthood, and all Israel,
          and may we be successful in winning our way onward in the path of
          eternal truth and glory; and that, as we advance in life, we may
          not only have the privilege of gazing upon this beautiful scenery
          within these walls, but of meeting together in a temple built by
          the power of the Almighty and the united efforts of His Saints;
          of building the Center Stake of Zion; and above all, when we have
          finished our course on the earth, that we may have the privilege
          of coming forth in the morning of the first resurrection with our
          bodies glorified and singing the new song. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, December 29th, 1867
                      George Albert Smith, December 29th, 1867
                REMARKS by Elder George A. Smith, delivered in the Old
                        Salt Lake City, December 29th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                         PRONENESS OF MANKIND TO GO ASTRAY.
          In the dealings of God with the children of men, in almost every
          of the human heart has ever manifested itself--that is, its
          proneness to stray from the Lord. On almost every occasion when
          the children of Israel began to get prosperous and wealthy, they
          forgot their duty and strayed from the Lord. After Joshua had led
          them across the Jordan, subdued their enemies, and placed them in
          possession of Canaan, he called the people together en masse, and
          exacted of them a covenant that they would serve the Lord, who
          had brought them out of Egypt and had wrought so many miracles in
          their favor; and it is recorded of that generation that they
          served the Lord all the days of Joshua and all the days of the
          Elders who outlived Joshua. This is about as long a time as
          Israel ever did abide by the law of the Lord. In reading the Book
          of Mormon this same trait of character is very noticeable in the
          history of the Nephites and Jaredites. When the Elders were
          stirred up to preach and prophecy to the people, or when, through
          the scourging of the Almighty, they were brought to repentance
          and to the knowledge of their fathers, it would be but an
          incredibly short time--a few years of peace and industry with
          their attendant blessings--before they would again go astray from
          God, follow new doctrines and forms of worship designed by men,
          and wickedness would soon again overspread the land. This was
          repeated time and again by the Nephites from the time they
          separated from the Lamanites until their final destruction. It is
          remarkable, however, in the history given in the Book of Mormon,
          that after the mission of the Savior to this continent, and the
          reception of the gospel by the whole of the Lamanites and
          Nephites, that for several generations they remained faithful to
          its precepts and principles, and walked before the Lord with such
          a degree of humility and thanksgiving that they were prospered
          and blessed in all things. This is the longest period of peace,
          and the most like a millennium that we have any account of in any
          of our records where time is given to us. It is true that Enoch
          and his followers were more faithful than this, for it is said
          that he walked with God three hundred and sixty-five years; but,
          as we have no detailed account of the transactions in his cities,
          or of the regulations in Zion under his direction, we are not
          prepared to use the short account we have of him and his people
          by way of comparison.
          All these lessons taught in the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and by
          our own experience are to warn us of the danger of going astray,
          and to show us how prone we are to lust after the leeks and
          onions of Egypt, or to sacrifice principle to gain some temporary
          advantage or to answer some mercenary purpose; and they should be
          so firmly fixed upon our minds, and so applied in our lives, that
          nothing could induce us to do so, for however great the seeming
          advantage resulting from such a course, it would in the end prove
          a serious disadvantage, for in following it we sacrifice our
          integrity, violate our faith, weaken our confidence in God and
          our power with him, and lay ourselves liable to fall into snares
          from which it is impossible for us to extricate ourselves.
          As I have already said, when I first read the Book of Mormon,
          this trait of character astonished me, and I have been equally
          astonished at seeing it manifested by this people during the
          thirty-seven years I have been conversant with their history. In
          relation to the Word of Wisdom, see what a variety of opinions
          and feelings have arisen amongst us. It is now about thirty-six
          years since that was given by the Lord to His people, not by
          commandment or constraint, but a principle with promise, and yet
          to-day many of us find it difficult to leave off our tea or to do
          without our tobacco. Had we, as a people, pursued an even,
          straightforward course in obedience to the counsels of the
          Almighty, many of us who to-day are in bondage to these and other
          pernicious practices would never have indulged in them.
          I moved to Kirtland with five families. The question immediately
          arose--"Where shall we settle?" Why, right here in Kirtland; the
          Lord designs to make this a stronghold for a few years, and here
          we are to settle, which was the counsel of the Prophet.
          The very first thing that occurred after this advice was that two
          out of the five came to the conclusion that they had better go to
          the neighbouring town, because they thought they could gain some
          temporary advantage. To Chagrin they went, in opposition to the
          advice of the Prophet, and in a few weeks they were in darkness,
          and not long after they were numbered with the enemies of Zion,
          and were soon using all their power for the destruction of the
          Saints. He that gathereth not with us scattereth abroad. Joseph,
          the Prophet, told us to go to work and build up the cities of
          Zion, and not to build up strange cities. Kirtland, of course,
          contained but few Saints, and they were poor, and many of the
          brethren who were mechanics would go to Cleveland, Painsville,
          and other places, while the residue were willing to take the
          advice of the Prophet and stay in Kirtland and get what work they
          could among the brethren, and make improvements, and at the end
          of the year it invariably turned out that those who had obeyed
          counsel had made the most means, and what was more, they had the
          best spirit, and, as a general thing, they are still in the midst
          of the Saints; while those who went abroad, contrary to the
          counsels and instructions of the servants of the Lord, became
          darkened in their minds, and eventually apostatized. The fact is,
          in relation to this, that we are to seek first the Kingdom of God
          and its righteousness, and to use all our efforts to sustain His
          Kingdom and each other, and to sustain and uphold those who
          uphold the Kingdom of God, and when we neglect to do this, and
          suffer temporary interests to drag us to the right or to the
          left, we lay a foundation for darkness and destruction. However
          many objections we may feel to abiding the counsels and
          instructions which are given to the Saints, we will find, under
          all circumstances, that they are invariably for the best, and
          that, when they have not been observed, the result was
          unfavorable. It seems to me that most of us can look back the
          last four or five years and see the course that has been pursued
          by some in their eagerness and determination to disobey counsel.
          By these lessons and examples in the school or experience we
          ought to make ourselves acquainted with the principles of
          progress, and profit by them. If we will do so God will
          strengthen our hands and enlighten our minds, and enable us to
          pull unitedly as a solid mass, all the powers of earth cannot
          prevail against us.
          Our weakness consists in division among ourselves, in not living
          up to our calling, in not abiding by the counsels which the Lord
          inspires His servants to impart unto us, and not abiding by the
          covenants which we make when we lift up our hands to Heaven and
          vote to sustain our President, or Prophet, as a seer and
          revelator unto us. This failure on our part weakens both his
          hands and ours. Brother Woolley said this morning--"We are
          progressing," and there is no doubt we are, but it is slowly.
          May the Lord bless us, unite our hearts, and quicken our
          progress, is my prayers, in the name of Jesus. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, January 12th, 1868
                          Brigham Young, January 12th, 1868
              REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Old
                         Salt Lake City, January 12th, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
                              OF THE "WORD OF WISDOM."
          I feel happy for the privilege of again speaking to the
          Latter-day Saints in this city; and I am also happy for the
          privilege of being a member of this Church. In this I am
          exceedingly blessed, and I can say of a truth, that my soul
          drinketh of that "river, the streams whereof shall make glad the
          city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High."
          I am full of peace by day and by night--in the morning, at noon,
          and in the evening, and from the evening until the morning. I am
          extremely happy for the privilege of living with those who are
          seeking to do the will of God. We are gathered together in the
          tops of these mountains for the express purpose of building up
          Zion, the Zion of the last days, the glory of which was seen by
          the prophets of the Almighty from the days of old. "And they
          shall call thee," says Isaiah, "the city of the Lord, the Zion of
          the Holy One of Israel." "The Lord shall be unto thee an
          everlasting light, and thy God thy glory." We are removed far
          away from those who bore rule over us and oppressed us, and who
          deprived the Saints of their constitutional rights. The Lord has
          led His people to a land where they can enjoy as much liberty as
          they are disposed to live for. There is no oppression here; there
          is no people on earth who have as few encumbrances upon their
          spiritual and temporal rights as the Latter-day Saints in these
          mountains. We have all liberty, yet we are not at liberty to do
          wrong in this community, and have it sanctioned, although many do
          wrong, which wrongs are in many cases overlooked and forgiven.
          The law of liberty is the law of right in every particular--that
          is, if we understand it to mean the privilege of doing anything
          and everything to promote the peace, happiness, and well-being of
          mankind, whether in a national, State, Territorial, county, city,
          neighborhood, or family capacity, with a view to prepare them for
          the coming of the Son of Man, and to have a place in the presence
          of their Father and God. Shall we say that we enjoy this law of
          liberty to the fullest extent? We do, in fact, and no power can
          deprive us of it. We have a good and wholesome government, when
          it is administered in righteousness and equity, and its laws
          scrupulously obeyed; and it guarantees to all their political,
          religious, and social rights. We have the privilege of
          worshipping God according to the dictates of our own consciences,
          and according to the revelations of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is
          true our consciences are formed more or less by circumstances and
          by the effects of early teachings, until we enter upon the stage
          of action for ourselves. Parental influences upon the growing
          organization of the unborn infant have much to in giving
          character to conscience. But we always have the privilege of
          answering a good conscience. We have the privilege of praying as
          many times a day as we please; we have the privilege of praying
          from morning until evening and from evening until morning without
          anyone to molest us. We have the privilege to meet in a
          congregational capacity in our great public meeting-houses, or in
          our ward meeting-houses, to attend to our sacraments and fasts,
          and there to tarry, when we are thus assembled, as long as we
          please without any restrictions whatever.
          There are circumstances in which it would be right to restrict a
          person even in prayer and worship. For instance, if a man should
          hire another to work for him so many hours a day, for which he
          agrees to pay him so much, the employed is thereby bound by the
          conditions of the agreement to work the number of hours
          stipulated, that he may justly collect his pay, for he is not
          paid for praying, nor for holding religious meetings and
          religious conversations with his fellow-workmen. If this may be
          called a restriction upon the free exercise of religion, it is a
          just one, for the restriction itself becomes religious duty in
          order that mistaken notions of religious freedom may be
          corrected. In such a case we would not say that a person is in
          the least degree abridged in the free exercise of his religious
          privileges, but rather, by keeping him to a faithful observance
          of his agreement, he is made to exemplify one of the foremost
          principles of true religion--namely, honesty. If a man has
          sufficient to supply his wants, and the wants of those who depend
          upon him, and can, without infringing upon the rights of others,
          afford to pray all the day long and then all the night long, he
          is free to do so.
          A great many instances might here be introduced to illustrate
          wherein men should not be permitted to do as they please in all
          things; for there are rules regulating all good societies, and
          the business intercourse of men with each other, which are just
          and righteous in themselves, the violation of which cannot be
          countenanced either by civil or religious usages. It is not the
          privilege of any man to waste the time of his employer under any
          pretence whatever, and the cause of religion, good government,
          and humanity is not in the least degree advanced by the practice,
          but the contrary is really the case. Men should be abridged in
          doing wrong; they should not be free to sin against God or
          against man without suffering such penalties as their sins
          I have looked upon the community of the Latter-day Saints in
          vision and beheld them organized as one great family of heaven,
          each person performing his several duties in his line of
          industry, working for the good of the whole more than for
          individual aggrandizement; and in this I have beheld the most
          beautiful order that the mind of man can contemplate, and the
          grandest results for the upbuilding of the kingdom of God and the
          spread of righteousness upon the earth. Will this people ever
          come to this order of things? Are they now prepared to live
          according to that patriarchal order that will be organized among
          the true and faithful before God receives His own? We all concede
          the point that when this mortality falls off, and with it its
          cares, anxieties, love of self, love of wealth, and love of
          power, and all the conflicting interests which pertain to this
          flesh, that then, when our spirits have returned to God who gave
          them, we will be subject to every requirement that He may make of
          us, that we shall then live together as one great family; our
          interest will be a general, a common interest. Why can we not so
          live in this world? This people have been gathered together for a
          further purpose than to prepare them to be one in the faith of
          the doctrine of Christ, to be one in the proclamation of the
          Gospel in all the world, to be one in our obedience to the
          ordinances of the house of God. All this we could have done in
          the different countries from whence we have been gathered out. We
          could have lived and died there, as many have, in faithfulness to
          the spiritual requirements of our religion, if the Lord had not
          had in view a great spiritual and temporal purpose in gathering
          His people from the four winds. The order of God among men is not
          complete without a gathering. Hence Jesus says--"O Jerusalem,
          Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets and stonest them which
          are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children
          together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings,
          and ye would not." And because they would not be gathered and
          avail themselves of the great blessings consequent upon it, their
          house was left unto them desolate, etc.
          We are gathered together expressly to build up the kingdom of
          God. We are not gathered together to build up the kingdom of this
          world. The voice of God has not called us together from the
          uttermost parts of the earth to build up and enrich those who are
          diametrically opposed to His kingdom and its interests. No, but
          we are gathered together expressly to become of one heart and of
          one mind in all our operations and endeavors to establish
          Christ's spiritual and temporal kingdom upon the earth, to
          prepare for the coming of the Son of Man in power and great
          When the everlasting gospel is preached by the power of the Holy
          Ghost, the minds of those who are honest and worthy of the truth
          are opened, and they see the beauty of Zion and the excellence of
          the knowledge of God which is poured out upon the faithful. Such
          men and women have seen in the revelations of the Spirit that God
          would gather His people even before the gathering was taught to
          them by the servants of God; and they understood the great object
          of the gathering, they say that the people of the Lord could not
          be sanctified while they remained scattered abroad among the
          nations of the Gentiles. When the people first receive the Spirit
          you may ask what you will of them, and they will yield it in a
          moment; their submission to God and the counsels of His servants
          is almost complete. They are ready to give their substance, their
          houses and lands, they are ready to leave all and follow Christ;
          they are ready to leave their good, comfortable, happy homes,
          their fathers and their mothers, and their friends; and some have
          left their companions and their children for the gospels' sake,
          and all this because of the vision of eternity--which has been
          opened to their minds so that they beheld the beauty of Zion, and
          they sacrifice all to gather to the home of the Saints.
          We have been assembled together from among all nations to be
          corrected in our lives and manners, and for purification before
          the Lord. We have come up to these mountains through trials and
          tribulations and perplexities, and what do we see when we come
          here? The fatigues of the journey have proved and tried the souls
          of many, so that they have faltered in their faith; the light of
          the Spirit within them has become darkened and the understanding
          benighted. They look for perfection in their brethren and
          sisters, forgetting that in the vision of the Spirit they saw
          Zion in her perfection and beauty, and that this state must be
          obtained by passing through a strict school of experience. When
          they arrive here they find the people like themselves, subject to
          many weaknesses of the flesh, and some giving way to them every
          day. The great majority of the people are apt to lose the Spirit
          they at first possessed through the cares of the world and the
          many afflictions they pass through in gathering together from the
          distant nations of the Gentiles, and through looking for
          perfections in others which they do not find and which they
          themselves do not possess. Notwithstanding this there exists no
          other community so dissimilar in their education and training,
          and yet so agreed in theological and civil polity as we are.
          What does the Lord want of us up here in the tops of these
          mountains? He wishes us to build up Zion. What are the people
          doing? They are merchandizing, trafficing and trading. I wish to
          view them as they are and where they are. Here is a
          merchant--"How much have you made this year, 1867?" "I have made
          sixty thousand dollars." "Where did you get it? Did the merchants
          in the east or the west give it to you?" "No." "Who did give it
          to you?" I answer that this poor people, the Latter-day Saints,
          who have gathered together in their penury, have put this means
          into the hands of the merchant. He has got it from a people, a
          great number of whom have been helped here by the means of
          others; and when they get a dime, a dollar, ten dollars, they
          carry it at once to the merchant for ribbons, artificials, etc.,
          making him immensely rich. We all have our pursuits, our
          different ways of supplying ourselves with the common necessaries
          of life and also its luxuries. This is right and the possession
          of earthly wealth is right, if we follow our varied pursuits, and
          amass the wealth of this life for the purpose of advancing
          righteousness and building up the kingdom of God on earth. But
          how easy it is to wander from the path of righteousness. We toil
          days and months to attain a certain degree of perfection, a
          certain victory over a failing or weakness, and in an unguarded
          moment slide back again to our former state. How quickly we
          become darkened in our minds when we neglect our duties to God
          and each other, and forget the great objects of our lives.
          The purpose of the Lord is to get the Saints together, and then
          preach to them the doctrines of the kingdom of God by the voices
          of His servants, and it is the duty and the privilege of all His
          people to conform to them in their lives, in all their daily
          pursuits, until they become one in all things, in every day's
          operations in life, for the obtaining of our bread and meat and
          clothing of every description, being one in the exercise of our
          ability in gathering together the various comforts of life around
          us, sustaining ourselves and the household of faith, and still
          being kind to the stranger. The Lord has not called us here to
          make our enemies rich by giving to them our substance for
          considerable less than it has cost us to produce it from the
          elements. They would use that means for our destruction. This
          course is against the mind of the Holy Spirit, against the mind
          of the angels who watch over us, against the commandments of the
          Almighty, against the mind of every faithful and true Latter-day
          Saint, and against the cause of God and truth. As Elder Orson
          Hyde has said, I would that all the inhabitants of the earth
          would repent of their evil ways and become righteous, and then
          work the works of righteousness all their days.
          As Latter-day Saints it is our business, morning, noon, and
          night, all the day long, all the week long, all the month long,
          all the year long, and all our life long, to sustain those who
          sustain the kingdom of God. Does not the religion which we have
          embraced incorporate everything which is in heaven and earth and
          under the earth? Yes, if there is a truth among the ungodly and
          wicked it belongs to us, and if there is a truth in hell it is
          ours. Everything that will produce good to the people is within
          our religion. With our religion we have embraced all good, but we
          have not engaged to sustain the powers of Satan and the kingdoms
          of this world. We have left them and engaged to sustain the
          good--the wine and the oil--until we become one, and act as with
          one voice in maintaining every temporal and spiritual interest of
          the political kingdom of our God on earth, whose officers shall
          be peace and whose exactors shall be righteousness. Our judges
          will be of our own selection, who will deal out justice and
          righteousness to the people. We are looking forward to this state
          of things. We expect to see the day when there will be none in
          our midst but those who are for God and truth and who are valiant
          for His kingdom on earth. As the Prophet has said--"Thy people
          also shall be all righteous; they shall inherit the land for
          ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may
          be glorified." We are longing for this state of things, then why
          not begin to work for it to-day? Why not commence the work to day
          by ceasing to do evil, by ceasing to give strength to the hand
          which would pierce us through with many sorrows? Why not begin
          to-day by sustaining those who will sustain the kingdom of God?
          This is my text for the Latter-day Saints, and I wish it to be
          constantly held before them until they exemplify it in their
          lives, by becoming of one heart and of one mind in all things in
          righteousness and holiness before the Lord.
          To observe the Word of Wisdom is nothing more than we ought to
          have done over thirty years ago. Touching this matter, I tell the
          people the will of God concerning them, and then they are left to
          do as they please in obeying it or not. It is a piece of good
          counsel which the Lord desires His people to observe, that they
          may live on the earth until the measure of their creation is
          full. This is the object the Lord had in view in giving that Word
          of Wisdom. To those who observe it He will give great wisdom and
          understanding, increasing their health, giving strength and
          endurance to the faculties of their bodies and minds until they
          shall be full of years upon the earth. This will be their
          blessing if they will observe His word with a good and willing
          heart and in faithfulness before the Lord.
          I am talking to the bishops continually almost, giving them
          instruction and advice, but it is hard for them to get the people
          to be guided by them. Now, for example, we will take the least
          ward in the city, and suppose the people all consent to be guided
          and controlled by the word of the Lord in all things, to be
          faithful in their labor and in the discharge of every duty, being
          economical, prudent, and industrious in all their labors, taking
          care of everything, abstaining from the use of spirituous liquor,
          tea, coffee, and tobacco, etc., also to let doctors alone, and
          faithfully abide the word of the Lord relating to the sick,
          manufacturing what they need to wear, and raising what they need
          for food; saving their dollars as they happen to get them by the
          sale of some of their products, sustaining themselves in all
          things, wanting only what they can produce in the country from
          the elements and the labor of their hands--suppose, I say, they
          were to take this course, three years would not pass away before
          the people of that ward would be able to produce everything they
          need in life. Thus, by a union of purpose and a concentration of
          action, that little ward would soon be able to buy out their
          neighboring wards, who would persist in pursuing the opposite
          course; and perhaps fifteen years would not pass away before this
          prudent ward would be able to buy out and own this whole city, if
          they continued to do as they were desired to do, and the rest of
          the wards pursued their own way. I pray my brethren the Bishops,
          the Elders, the Seventies, the Apostles, yea, every man and woman
          and child who has named the name of Christ, to be of one heart
          and of one mind, for if we do not become of one heart and mind we
          shall surely perish by the way.
          Before I close my remarks I will again remind my brethren and
          sisters that we have a duty to perform in sending for our
          brethren and sisters who are in foreign lands. We wish to gather
          them together. As to whether they will stick to the faith after
          they are gathered I know not, neither do I care. It is better to
          feed nine unworthy persons than to omit feeding one who is
          unworthy among the ten. So it is with clothing the needy and
          sending for the poor. They must have the same opportunities for
          salvation that we have, for the neglect of which they will be
          held accountable in the day of judgment as we will also be. Let
          us send for the poor. We are doing considerable, though we are
          not doing as much as we should do. If I could only have power
          sufficient with God I think I should accomplish the desire of my
          heart in this matter and that of my brethren and sisters. We do
          desire to have our friends relieved from their bondage, and
          brought to these valleys of the mountains to share with us the
          blessings we enjoy. It would be a blessing to the poor if we
          could only exercise the faith that Elijah had in the case of the
          widow's meal and cruse of oil, that the little we do get for the
          emigration of the poor may accomplish, under the blessing of God,
          much more than is natural for us to expect from it. If we can
          only obtain faith to multiply the means we do get, we may make a
          little reach out so far as to accomplish the desires of our
          May God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, February 8th, 1868
               REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered at Provo,
                            Saturday, February 8th, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          I am happy in the privilege of meeting with you. We have come
          here to lay before you matters pertaining to the building up of
          the kingdom of God upon the earth. The remarks which you have
          just heard from Brother George A. Smith are to the point. As far
          as I am acquainted with the inhabitants of Provo I think they are
          as good a people as those who dwell in Salt Lake City or in any
          other settlement in Utah Territory. I think much of Provo; it is
          a very favored locality. We have established a school of the
          prophets in Salt Lake City. It is written in a revelation given
          to the Prophet Joseph Smith, August, 1833--"Behold, I say unto
          you, concerning the school in Zion, I, the Lord, am well pleased
          that there should be a school in Zion." And when speaking of the
          President of that school, it is written--"And I will bless him
          with a multitude of blessings, in expounding all scriptures and
          mysteries to the edification of the school and of the Church in
          When the school of the prophets was inaugurated one of the first
          revelations given by the Lord to His servant Joseph was the Word
          of Wisdom. The members of that school were but a few at first,
          and the prophet commenced to teach them in doctrine to prepare
          them to go out into the world to preach the gospel unto all
          people, and gather the elect from the four quarters of the earth,
          as the prophets anciently have spoken. While this instruction
          prepared the Elders to administer in word and doctrine, it did
          not supply the teachings necessary to govern their private or
          temporal lives; it did not say whether they should be merchants,
          farmers, mechanics, or money changers. The prophet began to
          instruct them how to live that they might be the better prepared
          to perform the great work they were called to accomplish. I think
          I am as well acquainted with the circumstances which led to the
          giving of the Word of Wisdom as any man in the Church, although I
          was not present at the time to witness them. The first school of
          the prophets was held in a small room situated over the Prophet
          Joseph's kitchen, in a house which belonged to Bishop Whitney,
          and which was attached to his store, which store probably might
          be about fifteen feet square. In the rear of this building was a
          kitchen, probably ten by fourteen feet, containing rooms and
          pantries. Over this kitchen was situated the room in which the
          Prophet received revelations and in which he instructed his
          brethren. The brethren came to that place for hundreds of miles
          to attend school in a little room probably no larger than eleven
          by fourteen. When they assembled together in this room after
          breakfast, the first they did was to light their pipes, and,
          while smoking, talk about the great things of the kingdom and
          spit all over the room, and as soon as the pipe was out of their
          mouths a large chew of tobacco would then be taken. Often when
          the Prophet entered the room to give the school instructions he
          would find himself in a cloud of tobacco smoke. This, and the
          complaints of his wife at having to clean so filthy a floor, made
          the Prophet think upon the matter, and he inquired of the Lord
          relating to the conduct of the Elders in using tobacco, and the
          revelation known as the Word of Wisdom was the result of his
          inquiry. You know what it is, and can read it at your leisure.
          So we see that almost the very first teachings the first Elders
          of this Church received were as to what to eat, what to drink,
          and how to order their natural lives, that they might be united
          temporally as well as spiritually. This is the great purpose
          which God has in view in sending to the world, by His servants,
          the gospel of life and salvation. It will teach us how to deal,
          how to act in all things, and how to live with each other to
          become one in the Lord. There is no question but that the waste
          places of Zion will be built up, that temples of God will be
          reared, and the Elders of Israel will enter into them and perform
          ordinances for the redemption of their dead friends back to Adam;
          but do you know the method of operation by which this will be
          brought about? Do you understand the workings of this great
          machinery of salvation to accomplish the great end for which we
          are looking? With all of our experience we have but a very scanty
          or partial knowledge of this great work. We say that we will
          enter into this business or that business to suit our own tastes
          and notions, without thinking whether our proceedings will
          advance the kingdom of God or not, and when strangers come into
          our midst we are too apt to strengthen their hands, to destroy
          the very Zion which we are trying to build up. It may be that
          those who do this are not aware of the evil which they commit in
          taking this course; for while we encourage and strengthen those
          who are not of us, at the same time we firmly believe that
          scripture of the revelator respecting the separation of the
          Saints from the wicked--"And I heard another voice from heaven,
          saying: Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of
          her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues."
          We have met in these valleys of the mountains with an eye to the
          perfection of the Latter-day Saints as individuals or as a
          community, that instead of every man turning to his own way, all
          should be willing to be controlled by the God of heaven. We have
          established a school in Salt Lake City for the instruction of the
          Elders of Israel in the doctrines which are contained in the
          Bible, Book of Mormon, and Book of Doctrine and Covenants, etc.,
          and that is also the place where questions may be asked, and
          instructions given touching all doctrines and principles that may
          be entertained by them. That is also the place where correction
          may be given and explanations be made upon all matters which
          pertain to the temporal and spiritual lives of the Saints. It is
          about two months since that school was established.
          There have been petitions presented to the Legislature and much
          said concerning the division of this county. While cogitating
          upon this matter in our class, it came to me very forcibly to
          make a proposition for a few men to go to Provo and comfort the
          hearts of the brethren here, to show them the necessity of
          becoming one, of laying aside all individual bickerings, of
          overlooking and forgiving the weakness of one another, and of
          uniting our faith together to make this one of the most beautiful
          and lovely cities of Zion. Why not do this, brethren? I believe I
          made the motion myself before the class for President B. Young
          and President H. C. Kimball to go to Provo and make homes there,
          and live there a portion of the time; others were also named to
          do the same. If the brethren of the city of Provo are willing for
          us to dictate and guide them, and make our homes with them, we
          will try to do them good, and teach them the ways of life and
          salvation, and show them how to overcome the darkness so natural
          to the human mind, and give them extended ideas on the building
          up of the kingdom of God on earth.
          I have been informed by your presiding Bishop that this day was
          set apart for the people to make nominations for their municipal
          election. At the meeting for this purpose the people will have an
          opportunity of expressing their views and of making their
          nominations. If we would live according to the laws of God, be
          contented to live according to the rules and regulations of the
          Holy Priesthood, we should have but little use for probate
          courts, district courts, or supreme courts in our Territory;
          their existence here would only be in a name and form, for the
          people would live above the laws of man. We should have very
          little use for anything else in the shape of Government but the
          Priesthood, which is after the order of the Son of God. The Jews
          and Gentiles have of late brought some of their difficulties
          before the High Council in Salt Lake City for adjudication, in
          preference to going before the District Court; and the High
          Council, I believe, has invariably given satisfaction when such
          cases have been brought before it. This is a step in the right
          direction--to settle all matters without having recourse to law,
          which would do away with the necessity of employing and paying
          lawyers, court fees, etc. If we could ever see the time when we
          will live according to the laws of the Lord as given to us, and
          never suffer ourselves to transgress the wholesome, just, and
          righteous principles and rules which they inculcate for our
          guidance, we could live within ourselves, sustain ourselves, and
          make ourselves rich--rich in the knowledge of God and in the
          possession of this life. If we could learn to sustain one another
          and the interests of the kingdom of God, we would advance in the
          wealth of this world much faster than to sustain those who have
          no interest whatever with us. I would delight much to see a
          people who would actually live the principles of the Holy Gospel
          in every respect. But we are careless and thoughtless; we are not
          ignorant of the fact that we are continually making ourselves
          poorer by our unwise proceedings. This is grievous to behold. If
          every man in this Church would consent to be guided by the
          dictations of the Holy Priesthood in all their business
          transactions, dealing honestly with one another, giving to every
          man his due, instead of making a few rich and a great many poor,
          we would all become rich together, and have every convenience and
          appliance which is calculated to give comfort and happiness to
          man. We have got now about ten thousand dollars for the gathering
          of the poor, and a number of cattle of various kinds and ages,
          which we shall sell as soon as possible for money. If we had the
          money which the people have squandered by their injudicious
          trading, and by wrongly applied labor, we should have means
          sufficient to gather every poor Saint in the old world.
          I can see the foolishness of the Elders of Israel in wandering
          here and there with their produce to make gain, and trying to
          undersell each other; they have always lost by this proceeding,
          whereas if they had stayed at home they would have made money.
          Every man who has property and means should live so as to obtain
          wisdom to know how to use them in the best possible way to
          produce the greatest amount of good for himself, for his family,
          and for the kingdom of God; but instead of taking this course it
          does appear that the great majority of the Elders of Israel are
          crazy to run here and there to get rid of what they possess at
          any price. What for? Do they do this to build up the Kingdom of
          God? "Have you built a good house?" "No." "What have you got?"
          "Folly, folly, weakness, and poverty." When we can get the people
          to stay at home, and observe the law of God, we have the things
          of God for them, and the things of the world too as soon as they
          are prepared to receive them and make a good use of them. It
          grieves me to see the people take such special pains to make
          themselves foolish and miserable. I am speaking of the community,
          and it is the one man, the one woman, and the one child
          multiplied that makes the great nation or people. Let us learn
          wisdom and govern ourselves accordingly.
          We shall hold meeting among you to-day and to-morrow, and I hope
          the people of Provo will be benefited by our visit, and I pray
          that they will apply their hearts to understand, receive, and
          treasure up, and bring forth truth to the glory of God. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, February 16, 1868
                          Brigham Young, February 16, 1868
               REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Old
                         Salt Lake City, February 16, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
                          SAINTS--SEALING--VISIT TO PROVO.
          I am thankful that I have the privilege of meeting with you; I am
          thankful for the blessings of this day, and that I live in this
          fullness of times may well be compared to the commencement of a
          temple, the material of which it is to be built being still
          scattered, unshaped and unpolished, in a state of nature. I am
          thankful that the way is being prepared, and that we have the
          privilege of erecting a spiritual and moral superstructure--a
          temple of God. I am happy to be a member of this community; it is
          my joy, my delight to perform the little services which God has
          given me ability to do for the temporal and spiritual welfare of
          the children of men, for the establishment of the kingdom of God
          upon the earth, and for the bringing forth of His laws.
          We have been gathered to the valleys of these mountains for the
          express purpose of purifying ourselves, that we may become
          polished stones in the temple of God, for it is written, "Him
          that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and
          he shall go no more out." Christ is represented as a living
          stone, chosen of God and precious, and the Apostle represents the
          Saints "as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy
          priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God by
          Jesus Christ." We "are no more strangers and foreigners, but
          fellow citizens with the Saints and of the household of God, and
          are built upon the foundation of Apostles and Prophets, Jesus
          Christ himself being the chief corner-stone, in whom all the
          building fitly framed together groweth into an holy temple in the
          Lord." Then my brethren, "what agreement hath the temple of God
          with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath
          said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them, and I will be their
          God, and they shall be my people. Wherefore come out from among
          them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the
          unclean thing; and I will receive you, and be a father unto you,
          and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty."
          We are here for the purpose of establishing the kingdom of God on
          the earth. To be prepared for this work it has been necessary to
          gather us out from the nations and countries of the world, for if
          we had remained in those lands we could not have received the
          ordinances of the Holy Priesthood of the Son of God, which are
          necessary for the perfection of the Saints preparatory to His
          The great work of the gathering in the last days was plainly seen
          by the ancient Prophets and Apostles, and the glory of Zion was
          portrayed to them by the Spirit; but the sufferings and labors
          and toils and travels of the Saints to bring about the grand
          results which they saw they have not particularly described, for
          very likely the minutiae were not revealed to them; still they
          plainly saw by the spirit of revelation that the Saints would be
          gathered in the last days to be perfected and sanctified to
          become the bride, the Lamb's wife. I suppose that the visions of
          the Lord and the revelation of His Spirit given to His faithful
          people in former times, relating to the Zion of the last days,
          were much the same as they are when given to His people in our
          days. When we first receive the Spirit of the Gospel we receive
          great joy therein, great peace, and great satisfaction to our
          minds; and we are carried away in the Spirit to behold the
          beauties of Zion, and to contemplate the mysteries of the kingdom
          of God. Our brethren and sisters far away among the nations, when
          they received the gospel, and the spirit of revelation came upon
          them, delighted to contemplate the gathering of the Saints, it
          was a matter of joy to them to dream about it and think about it
          when they would awake from their slumbers. They would reflect
          upon it through the day, and talk about it in their prayer
          meetings, and in their prayer circles at home, the subject of
          gathering to Zion was constantly before them if they lived so as
          to enjoy the spirit of their religion. This spirit caused their
          hearts constantly to rejoice; it was not the journey across the
          sea and across the plains that gave them joy, but it was the
          contemplation of Zion in its beauty and glory, for they could not
          see the troubles and disappointments, perplexities and vexations
          they would have to pass through in gathering to Zion, nor did
          they think of the hardships they would have to endure after they
          were gathered. So the ancients viewed the glory of Zion in the
          last days.
          We cannot now administer the further ordinances of God in the
          fullest sense of the word legally unto the people, neither shall
          we be able to do so until we have a temple built for that
          purpose. Some may consider that I am notifying our common foe in
          saying this, but it is true, notwithstanding, and our common foe
          knows it. We must be situated in local circumstances wherein we
          can efficiently administer in those ordinances of the house of
          God that cannot be administered to a people while they are
          scattered abroad among the nations of the wicked. The Apostle
          John no doubt saw in vision, by the spirit of revelation, Zion in
          her beauty and perfection, and that Zion would have to be built
          up by the gathering of God's people out of Babylon. Under the
          influence of the same spirit the Psalmist exclaims--"Out of Zion,
          the perfection of beauty, God hath shined." "He shall call to the
          heavens from above, and to the earth, that He may judge His
          people. Gather my Saints together unto me; those that have made a
          covenant with me by sacrifice." The High Priest Caiaphas, under
          the influence of the same spirit of prophecy, foretold that Jesus
          should die for the nation; "and," as John says, "not for that
          nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the
          children of God that were scattered abroad." The gathering
          previously foretold is now being accomplished, and wherever the
          children of men are, if there are individuals among them who
          would delight to be disciples of the Lord Jesus, forsake sin and
          sinful company and practices, they are called upon to gather out
          from the wicked and assemble themselves together at some place
          designated by the finger of the Almighty. This work the Lord
          commenced over thirty years ago, and it is still progressing; the
          call is still to His people among the nations of the
          earth--Gather out of her my people, be not partakers of her sins
          lest ye receive of her plagues. When the righteous are thus
          gathered they will then be prepared for the coming of the
          It was remarked by Elder Woodruff that he did not think it would
          be a hundred years before the Savior will come. It is no matter
          about when he will come; I do not think the Father has yet been
          pleased to reveal it to any man upon the earth, and I do not know
          that He has revealed it to the angels. He had not done so in the
          days of the Savior, and I do not think that He has yet revealed
          it. Whether He comes to-day, to-morrow, this week, next week,
          this year, or next year, it matters not; we should be prepared
          for His coming, and this should satisfy us. It is our duty to
          make a close application of the requirements of heaven to our
          lives, and qualify ourselves to accomplish the work which the
          Lord has committed into our hands. How can we perform this work?
          Can we do it by every man turning to his own way, and by
          following the vain imaginations of his own heart? No, we will all
          decide at once that we never can perform this labor without being
          guided and directed by the Lord himself, through the means which
          it pleases Him to use to bring about the perfecting of His
          people, to prepare them for the glory which is to follow. I would
          not question the truth of the statement that the people ordered
          their lives before the Lord and their neighbors while they were
          scattered among the nations more perfectly than they do here in
          many instances, for there they had nothing to try them only the
          common enemy, and the finger of scorn pointed at them by
          unbelievers, which made them cling closer to their God; they had
          not the trials to undergo which the Saints have here. If it is
          necessary for us to be tried in all things, then weep not, mourn
          not because we are tried, neither let us object to the Lord
          directing our course in that path wherein the trials necessary
          for our perfection lie. If it is in sailing across the sea in
          ships, in being sick and cast down, in witnessing the sorrow of
          our dear friends, in receiving temptations and trials to which we
          have before been strangers; if it is in crossing the country from
          the United States to this place, by railroad or by ox team, no
          matter how, the Lord leads His people in this way expressly to
          give them trials which they have not passed through before, and
          which it is necessary they should have. While it is necessary
          that we should be tempted and tried, it is not necessary that we
          should give way to temptation.
          The Latter-day Saints are often drawn into circumstances that are
          most peculiar, and sometimes very trying, yet there exists no
          other people on the earth who enjoy the privileges and the
          freedom that we do. Our laws are often trampled upon with
          impunity, and the offender goes free. The members of the Church
          of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints often commit sins that if
          they were to commit in the world would cut them off from the
          church anti-christ, yet we retain them as members of the Church
          of Christ in mercy, and in consideration of the weaknesses of
          poor human nature, and they pass along unscathed, receiving the
          fellowship of their faithful brethren and sisters with the hope
          that they will reform and learn to live their religion more
          It is absolutely necessary that the Saints should receive the
          further ordinances of the house of God before this short
          existence shall come to a close, that they may be prepared and
          fully able to pass all the sentinels leading into the celestial
          kingdom and into the presence of God. Our brethren and sisters
          who are scattered abroad must be gathered to be tried, and then
          to be blessed with a preparation for a glorious reward. This
          people will be tried more or less while they remain in the flesh;
          they may even be called as Abraham of old was to offer up that
          which is the most dear to them of all earthly objects for the
          Gospel's sake. Some have already forsaken all and followed
          Christ; they have left their children, their husbands, their
          wives, their brothers and sisters and dear friends, some hoping
          again to see them, and many never expecting to see them again in
          this life. We shall be tried in all things, and the Lord is now
          disposed to try us by calling upon us to be of one heart and of
          one mind, to submit to be guided and dictated, governed and
          controlled by Him through the constituted authorities of His
          kingdom. We should not consider this a trial above what we can
          Is the wife tried because her husband wishes to dictate her and
          give her good and wholesome advice? Is somebody tried because his
          bishop wishes to control him for his good? Your bishop is very
          likely doing the best he can to advise the members of his ward
          for their best good. Does he advise you to do wrong? All the
          members of that ward who are full of faith and the power of God
          will be of one heart and mind with their bishop, and will go with
          him in all things, and while union continues in the Lord He will
          cause every move they make to culminate for the greatest good to
          that people and the cause of truth. If a bishop counsels the
          people of his ward to swear shall they swear? No. If he counsels
          them to steal shall they steal? No. If he counsels them to lie
          and bear false witness shall they do these wrongs? No. If he
          teaches them to break the Sabbath shall they break the Sabbath?
          No. If a bishop or any other officer in this Church shall counsel
          the people to violate any of the laws of God, and to sustain and
          build up the kingdoms of this world, I will justify them, and the
          Lord will justify them in refusing to obey that counsel. But if
          they counsel you to do right, which they do, take their counsel.
          Instead of supporting anti-christ we have agreed to give our
          time, our talent, our substance, our all, for the building up of
          the kingdom of God.
          Do right, and you will be tried all you wish to bear, and if you
          overcome, being made perfect through suffering, your rewards will
          be eternal life in the kingdom of God. Do wrong, and continue in
          doing wrong, and you will have trials more than you can bear, and
          be damned at last. When we receive chastisement let us not be
          discouraged, but be more faithful, enduring temptation, hardship,
          and perplexity, trusting in God, and walking in the light of His
          countenance day by day and hour by hour. By pursuing this course
          our life will be a cheerful and happy one even in the midst of
          severe trials. We have now some little trial to endure, but not
          much. We are part of a great nation; it has been one of the
          happiest and best nations that has ever existed with regard to
          liberty, the greatness of its institutions, and the land which it
          occupies. The Lord says--Let my servants and handmaidens be
          sealed, and let their children be sealed. This great and happy
          government under which we have lived so long says we shall not
          perform the ordinance of sealing. This may be a small trial to us
          for the moment. We shall see who will conquer--whether God will
          have His way in making manifest His purposes and having them
          fulfilled, or whether the wicked will have their way. They have
          had it, and have succeeded many times in overcoming the Saints
          and destroying them to that degree, causing them to apostatize,
          and putting them to death, that the Priesthood was taken from the
          children of men; but this is the last dispensation, and we shall
          see whether they succeed in this kind of proceeding now as they
          have formerly done.
          The Lord has revealed His will for His servants to take more
          wives than one. Our government says that a man shall not have but
          one wife, though he may have as many mistresses as he pleases; he
          may ruin and destroy as many of the daughters of Eve as he
          pleases; but his is forbidden to acknowledge but one as his wife.
          The government says you shall only have one wife; the Lord says
          take unto yourselves wives; and Saints obey the Lord, and we
          shall see who will come off victorious. The ordinance of sealing
          must be performed here man to man, and woman to man, and children
          to parents, etc., until the chain of generation is made perfect
          in the sealing ordinances back to father Adam; hence, we have
          been commanded to gather ourselves together, to come out from
          Babylon, and sanctify ourselves, and build up the Zion of our
          God, by building cities and temples, redeeming countries from the
          solitude of nature, until the earth is sanctified and prepared
          for the residence of God and angels.
          Our enemies say we shall not do this, and here will be a trial,
          as it has been for a long time past. One of the first objections
          that was urged against Joseph Smith was that he was a money
          digger; and now the digging of gold is considered an honorable
          and praiseworthy employment. They are hunting for gold all over
          the country, doing the very thing which they condemned in him.
          The next fault they found with Joseph and the Saints was that
          they were stirring up the slaves to rebellion against their
          masters; and this was published abroad. Have they not done, and
          are they not now doing, the very thing for which they falsely
          blamed the Saints? The next accusation was that the Saints took
          more wives than one. Whether they will make one grand sweep of it
          in the future, and all conclude to take more wives, I cannot say.
          I wish they might; I do not, however, wish this for any private
          benefit it will be to me or to God's people, but that they may
          make women honorable wives whom they now destroy, and conduct
          themselves more like human beings who bear the image of God than
          they now do before Him. It is for their own sakes that I wish
          this, and for the sake of the unfortunate females whom they
          outrage. I would like you to behold your little darling sisters
          and daughters here throwing themselves in the way of the
          Gentiles. Any Mormon brother or father who can suffer this to go
          on without reproof or advice must be ignorant of the
          consequences. The Lord says to the sons Israel, take the
          daughters of Israel to wife, and make them honorable, and let
          them multiply and replenish the earth, and fill up the measure of
          their creation, that their names may be had in honorable
          remembrance to the latest generation on earth and in eternity.
          Supposing that the Latter-day Saints had possessed the city of
          New York for the last twenty years, as they have these valleys of
          Utah, and the young women of that city from sixteen years of age
          to twenty-one had been in the hands of Mormon Elders as wives,
          how many would have now been living and honorable mothers of a
          bright, intelligent, and vigorous race of men and women, that
          have met an untimely grave, husbandless, childless, friendless,
          disgraced, and forgotten? Under such circumstances there would
          have been now living in honor, according to moderate calculation,
          from two to four hundred thousand females, whose filthy and
          corrupted remains are now mingling with the dust of that sinful
          This is a waste of life. Who will be answerable to God in the day
          of judgment for such acts? The voice of the Lord is gather out
          from her, my people, that ye partake not of her sins nor of her
          plagues, and build temples to My name, and seal up My sons and
          daughters to eternal life, to prepare them for My coming, for
          "the hour is not yet, but is nigh at hand, when peace shall be
          taken from the earth, and the devil shall have power over his own
          dominion; and also the Lord shall have power over His Saints, and
          shall reign in their midst, and shall come down in judgment upon
          Idumea, or the world." For, behold, the days are coming in which
          they shall say--"Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never
          bore, and the paps that never gave suck. Then shall they begin to
          say to the mountains, fall on us, and to the hills, cover us. For
          if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in
          the dry?" Devouring flames have already taken hold of the dry
          tree, and the hand of God in judgment is beginning to be felt by
          this nation, and soon will be upon all nations under heaven. Who
          will acknowledge the hand of God in the sufferings, travails, and
          deliverance of this people from the hands of their persecutors,
          and His handiwork in sustaining them in the wilderness, through
          sorrow, affliction, poverty, and wretchedness? All the faithful
          Saints will do it; but how few outsiders, as we call them, will
          stop to pray to God in the name of Jesus to know if this work is
          true; they pass it by as a thing of nought, as unworthy of their
          attention; they are so absorbed in the affairs of this world that
          the preparation for the next scarcely enters into their thoughts,
          and many of this class are honorable men.
          I rejoice when I contemplate the work of the last days, and
          survey the Saints in their possessions in Utah. I have but one
          text which I desire to keep before them--it is to forsake their
          sins and become united as one man in the purpose of all their
          temporal acts, that their labors may all centre in the building
          up and sustaining of God's kingdom instead of building up the
          kingdoms of this world.
          For their consolation I will say to my brethren and sisters that
          we have had a very happy time on our short visit in the south,
          and I think I never experienced greater peace, sweeter peace,
          than I have done on our short visit to Provo a week ago. We left
          the city a week ago last Friday, and returned again to this city
          on the Tuesday following. We had a most excellent meeting at
          American Fork, and everybody and everything seemed to cry peace
          on earth and good will to men. When we returned home we found
          rumors that there had been difficulty in Provo, and some of the
          brethren had been killed. Br. Heber C. Kimball, in conversing
          upon this subject in the School of the Prophets, remarked that
          the brethren voted that we should go to Provo and that the angels
          of the Lord should accompany us, but he did not expect that they
          would all go with us and leave you without any. There are good
          Saints in Provo, and they want to be better Saints; they may have
          committed errors, but when you arrive at the truth of the matter,
          they wish to be Saints. We are all called to be Saints, to be
          filled with the purity of God, and with the power of the Holy
          Spirit of the Lord Jesus--the spirit of revelation--we are called
          from darkness into light, from error to truth, from the power of
          Satan to the living God, we are called from the kingdoms of
          darkness to the kingdom of God and light, and, by and bye, we
          shall be chosen because we are worthy, and it will be said to us:
          "You have lived the life of a Saint, now you are chosen to be an
          heir of the celestial kingdom of our Father and god." Let us not
          forget, my brethren and sisters, the gathering of the Saints for
          sanctification and preparation to inherit all things. Let us live
          closer to our duty, that we may be sanctified and be prepared to
          dwell together in the celestial kingdom, which may God grant.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, March 29th, 1868
                           Brigham Young, March 29th, 1868
          REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                          Salt Lake City, March 29th, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          I am thankful for the privilege of again meeting with the Saints
          in this city, for the privilege of speaking to them, and of
          hearing others speak; and, in fact, I am happy in this life,
          which is a very excellent one, answering the purpose for which it
          has been ordained--a state of existence wherein to prepare for a
          better kingdom and a better life. We are now in a day of trial to
          prove ourselves worthy or unworthy of the life which is to come.
          We have reason to be thankful that the Lord has given unto us
          this opportunity and privilege to receiving truth and acting upon
          it for our own good, the privilege of increasing in knowledge and
          in wisdom, in understanding and in all things pertaining to this
          life and to that which is to come. I often think that we are all
          dull scholars, slow to comprehend things as they are, slow to
          believe, and slow to act in the right. We often act without
          wisdom, and often speak without consideration, causing grief and
          sorrow to our hearts. But we are here in this life to learn; we
          are in a great school, and if we are diligent and faithful, and
          fervent in our studies, then we have hope of being prepared to
          enter into an existence wherein we shall receive more than we can
          receive in this state,--where we can adopt in our lives
          principles of exaltation and progression faster than we can here.
          Let us apply our minds to wisdom in this life.
          The Latter-day Saints who dwell in these valleys have left their
          all to gather with the Saints, and for the express purpose of
          preparing for the coming of the Son of Man. When we consider
          this, and then consider how we spend our time--the precious time
          allotted to us in this life--to me it is a matter of
          astonishment. Men and women for slight causes make shipwreck of
          faith, lose the spirit of the Gospel, losing the object for which
          they left their homes and their friends. We are all searching for
          happiness; we hope for it, we think we live for it, it is our aim
          in this life. But do we live so as to enjoy the happiness we so
          much desire? There is only one way for Latter-day Saints to be
          happy, which is simply to live their religion, or in other words
          believe the Gospel of Jesus Christ in every part, obeying the
          gospel of liberty with full purpose of heart, which sets us free
          indeed. If we will, as a community, obey the law of God, and
          comply with the ordinances of salvation, then we may expect to
          find the happiness we so much desire, but if we do not pursue
          this course we cannot enjoy the unalloyed happiness which is to
          be found in the Gospel. To profess to be a Saint, and not enjoy
          the spirit of it, tries every fibre of the heart, and is one of
          the most painful experiences that man can suffer. Let not the
          Latter-day Saints deceive themselves, let them not pursue a
          course that will bring sorrow to their hearts instead of joy and
          peace. Let them not flatter themselves that they will receive
          salvation in the kingdom of God while living in the neglect of
          their duties. Unless we live our religion and sanctify ourselves
          by the law of God, we flatter ourselves in vain that we shall be
          made instrumental in the hands of God in preparing the way for
          the coming of the Son of Man for the redemption of Zion according
          to the words of the prophets, for the redemption of the earth,
          for the gathering of the children of Israel to the lands of their
          forefathers, for the ushering in of the fullness of the Gentiles
          and the reign of universal peace. These are serious matters with
          me, and should be looked upon as such by all the people.
          It is true that we are weak, feeble, frail, and prone to wander
          from the paths of righteousness. We are made subject to vanity,
          still it is our duty to bring into subjection to the law of
          Christ all the powers of our natures. If we thus subdue the
          wicked man that is within us, sanctifying the Lord God in our
          hearts, we may then begin to enjoy the glorious hope of joining
          the throng that will be gathered with the sanctified, and of
          being prepared for the coming of the Son of Man, when it will be
          said--"Behold the bridegroom cometh, go ye out to meet him." Now,
          will we deceive ourselves and be found among the foolish virgins,
          with no oil in our vessels; and when the wheat and the tares are
          separated, shall I be found a tare or a wheat? Let us ask
          ourselves the question, am I a wheat or a tare? The proof as to
          whether we are tares or wheat may be seen in our lives, as it is
          written--"For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is
          in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother."
          Again, "not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter
          into the kingdom of heaven, but he that doeth the will of my
          Father which is in heaven." This is the proof--keep the
          commandments, observe the ordinances, and preserve the
          institutions of Christ's Church inviolate, doing all things that
          are required of us, as unto the Lord, sanctifying ourselves
          before Him, and, "By this shall all men know that ye are my
          disciples, if ye have love one to another." By pursuing this
          course no person who is a true follower of Christ will be left
          without a witness, for "if any man will do His will, he shall
          know of the doctrine, whether it be of God or whether I speak of
          myself." I am satisfied that no man can live faithfully according
          to the requirements of heaven without having the testimony of the
          Spirit that they are born of God; but if they do not live so they
          have no such assurance, for the Lord is under no obligations to
          give them the witness of the Spirit, but if they live as He
          requires them He will fulfill unto them His promise. He is held
          to this according to His own word to His children that He would
          send unto them the spirit of promise, even the Holy Ghost, which
          will show them things to come.
          When I speak to the Saints I include myself. I profess to be a
          Saint with the rest of my brethren and sisters, and my public and
          private life is the proof whether I am truly a Saint or not. This
          is not all, but the spirit which I possess and communicate to the
          people is another proof, and the spirit which you possess and
          communicate to your neighbours is the proof by which you are
          known, as it is with myself. If we walk in obedience to the
          covenants which we have made with God and one another, we have
          the assurance that we shall walk no more in darkness, but in the
          light of life--in the light of the countenance of our heavenly
          Father. Then we can bear witness that we are born of God, and
          testify of Jesus as being the Son of God, the only begotten of
          the Father, full of grace and truth; and we then can strengthen
          our brethren, and are prepared to speak the truth to a wicked
          world and call upon them to repent, and forsake their sins,
          return unto the Lord, seek salvation, and make their peace with
          God before it is too late.
          A great many good people, who possess much of the spirit of the
          Lord, are naturally given to doubting, having so little
          self-reliance that they sometimes doubt whether they are Saints
          in truth or not. These often doubt when they should not. So long
          as they are walking humbly before God, keeping His commandments,
          and observing His ordinances, feeling willing to give all for
          Christ, and do everything that will promote His kingdom, they
          need never doubt, for the Spirit will testify to them whether
          they are of God or not. There are some who are always fearful,
          trembling, doubting, wavering, and at the same time doing
          everything they can for the promotion of righteousness. Yet they
          are in doubts whether they are doing the best possible good, and
          they fear and fail here and there, and will doubt their own
          experience and the witness of the Spirit to them.
          As we are now partaking of the emblems of the body and blood of
          the Savior, I will refer to this ordinance of the house of God,
          and ask the Latter-day Saints to call to mind their own feelings
          on this subject, as a testimony regarding their faith and
          assurance. Do you delight to partake of the sacrament of the
          Lord's supper? Would you assemble yourselves together here,
          Sabbath after Sabbath, for the express purpose of partaking of
          the broken bread, and of this water that has been prepared, as a
          witness to God, our Father, that we have received the Gospel of
          His Son, that we do delight in His words, and in keeping His
          commandments and requirements, thus testifying to our Heavenly
          Father, and to His Son Jesus Christ, that we are the disciples of
          Jesus? Would you leave your homes in the distant parts of the
          city to bear this witness and attend a meeting to observe this
          ordinance? The great majority of this people would do this
          Sabbath after Sabbath, month after month, and year, if they were
          left entirely to their own choice, without the interference of
          bishops and teachers, while a few would consider it not
          convenient to attend meeting, because the witness of the Spirit
          is not in them. Again, do we delight to call upon the Father in
          the name of Jesus--it is our joy and happiness to do so? Do we
          believe that He will hear our prayers, and that we shall receive
          benefit from our petitions to Him in the name of Jesus? Do we
          rely upon Him, and are we acquainted with His character in the
          least degree? Have we any knowledge of Him? Let us answer these
          questions in our own minds, that we may ascertain whether we do
          delight to bow down before Him to ask for the things which we
          need, and seek unto Him for His Spirit to guide us, and preserve
          us from all danger, that we may not wander into and by forbidden
          paths and fall out by the way, but be kept constantly in the
          narrow path which leads to life everlasting. Is it our pleasure
          to do good to our fellow-creatures, by travelling far away from
          our homes and friends to preach the gospel to a perishing world?
          This applies to the Elders of Israel, and also to the mothers and
          daughters and sons of those Elders. Do they delight to part with
          their husbands that they may go and call upon the nations to
          repent of their sins? Is it a joy to them to bear the burdens of
          a family in the absence of their husbands, preserving everything
          they have left? Is it a pleasure for the Elders to travel among
          the nations without purse or scrip, travelling from people to
          people, and from neighborhood to neighborhood, submitting to the
          finger of scorn, and the abuse of the wicked and ungodly?
          I will here say, however, that I have been treated kindly when
          travelling among strangers to preach this gospel. I do not know
          that I ever asked for a meal of victuals without obtaining it.
          Still, I have seen enough from the experience of others to know
          the real feelings, and to understand the desires of the ungodly
          concerning the Elders of Israel. They do not desire them any
          If you can answer these questions in the affirmative, it is a
          testimony to you that you delight in the building up His kingdom,
          that you delight in the Zion of the Lord as established in latter
          days. The answer of every faithful heart to these questions
          is--Yes, I delight in these things, and these are so many
          evidences that they are of God. Do we delight to feed the poor
          and clothe the naked? We do. I am happy in my reflections, it is
          a source of gratification to contemplate facts as they are, and I
          can say of a truth that I have done more, probably a hundred
          times over, for my enemies in feeding, clothing, and lodging
          them, and doing them good than they all ever did for me. Has a
          minister of religion ever passed through this country and been
          refused the privilege of speaking in any of our places of
          worship? No. Can the vilest of the vile enter into a house
          belonging to a Latter-day Saint and complain of suffering for
          food, and be turned away unsupplied? It is no matter whether they
          are Christian, Pagan, or Jew, they can tarry over night and be
          made as comfortable as the family can make them, and they can
          depart in peace and safety. Can the Elders of Israel say this of
          the world? They cannot.
               Whether it is a credit to me or not, that is with the Lord,
          but He has given me the ability that whenever I have wished to
          receive favors from those who knew me not I have obtained them. I
          know it is the custom of many Elders to say, "I am a 'Mormon'
          Elder; will you keep me over night?" and he is at once spurned
          from the doors of the stranger. Whether it is a credit to me or
          not, I never told them I was a "Mormon" Elder until I got what I
          wanted. I have thus stopped at many a house, and had the
          privilege of introducing the principles of our religion, and they
          have exclaimed, "Well, if this is Mormonism, my house shall be
          your home as long as you stay in this neighbourhood," when,
          perhaps, if I had said, "I am a 'Mormon' Elder" at the first they
          would have refused me their hospitality. I can say to the world
          they used me pretty well, and I have no fault to find with them
          in this respect. I have been abused sometimes by priests, but on
          such occasions I have ever been ready to defend the cause of
          righteousness and preach the gospel to all. The Elders of Israel
          have received more kindness from the infidel portions of mankind
          where they have travelled, than from those who profess
          Thousands of the Elders of Israel who are now occupying these
          valleys are now willing, if called upon, to leave their families
          and homes to go and preach the Gospel in all the world, and be
          abused, and cast out and suffer poverty and want for the Gospel's
          sake. Is not this a witness that you are right before God? It is.
          You are willing to feed and clothe the needy, and send means out
          of your scanty supplies to foreign lands to gather the poor
          Saints from those old countries; and it is marvellous in my eyes
          what the people have done within a few months back. About the 5th
          of February last we found that we could only raise about from
          eight to nine thousand dollars to send to Europe for the poor.
          Elders Hiram B. Clawson and Wm. C. Staines started for New York
          on the 17th of the month. Last Conference I had faith that the
          Lord would favor us and multiply means. When we came to send away
          the means we had, we were able to send 25,000 dols. with the
          brethren. This means was contributed in small amounts; but it is
          marvellous how it came in. We have exercised faith in this
          matter, and now we are able to send 25,000 dols. more, and we
          have not touched a bushel of wheat or a hundred of flour nor an
          animal that has been turned in, and the means keep coming in, and
          it comes more and more, and they will continue to give until the
          emigration is over. This is a witness to the people that they are
          right before high Heaven in these things, that the Elders are
          right in going to preach, that their wives and mothers and
          daughters are right in preserving their means and property from
          wasting in the absence of their natural guardians. They are right
          if they delight in coming to meeting to partake of the sacrament,
          and to bow down before the Lord and worship Him. They are right
          in feeding the poor and in paying their tithing.
          I will here say to the Latter-day Saints, if you will feed the
          poor with a willing heart and ready hand neither you nor your
          children will ever be found begging bread. In these things the
          people are right; they are right in establishing Female Relief
          Societies, that the hearts of the widow and the orphan may be
          made glad by the blessings which are so abundantly and so freely
          poured out upon them. And, inasmuch as we have embraced the
          fullness of the Gospel with honest hearts, the Lord has sworn by
          Himself that He will save us if we will continue to be obedient
          to His will. It is our privilege to seek unto Him, and obtain His
          Spirit to witness unto us continually regarding our labors and
          works, that we may always know whether we are in the line of our
          duty or not.
          This is the gospel; this is the plan of salvation; this is the
          Kingdom of God; this is the Zion that has been spoken and written
          of by all the Prophets since the world began. This is the world
          of Zion which the Lord has promised to bring forth. We are right
          when we pray for our neighbors, for our brethren and friends, and
          for our enemies. We are right when we are striving to become of
          one heart and of one mind. We are right when we are humble before
          the Lord, when we are as willing to forgive as we are to be
          forgiven. We are right in educating our children, and while we
          strive to be educated in every useful branch of an English
          education, let us also be learned in every moral and physical
          attainment; let us learn how to take care of and preserve
          ourselves and friends, how to plant, how to gather, how to build
          up, and how to beautify.
          The Saints in these mountains are a stalwart, athletic people.
          They have a great capital of bone, muscle, and sinew on hand.
          When this is not employed in the establishment and maintenance of
          various industries, in prudent, economical labor, the employed
          doing justice to the employer, working to do good for their own
          benefit and the benefit of the Kingdom of God, gathering around
          them in abundance the comforts of life, the great capital which
          God has given to us as individuals and as a people is wasted.
          This reminds me of what I said to the people of Provo. They
          naturally might have expected that they were going to be made
          more prosperous as a city by the money which we should take
          there. I told them that we brought nothing but knowledge to
          direct them in their labors and to teach them how to employ their
          time. This is the greatest wealth we possess--to know how to
          rightly direct our labors, spending every hour advantageously for
          the benefit of our wives and children and neighbors. This is
          right and commendable; it is required by Him whom we say we
          serve, and it is the only true way to fill honestly the mission
          we have here upon earth. We should not only learn the principles
          of education known to mankind, but we should reach out further
          than this, learning to live so that our minds will gather in
          information from the heavens and the earth until we can
          incorporate in our faith and understanding all knowledge which is
          useful and practicable in our present condition and that will
          lead to life eternal.
          Ye wise men of the world, ye men who profess to know how to guide
          the destinies of great nations, ye kings and potentates, ye
          emperors and rulers, who of you could take a people as poor and
          as ignorant in the affairs of this world as the Latter-day Saints
          were when they were scattered abroad among the nations, and
          gather them together, organize them politically and religiously,
          and show them how to become healthy, wealthy, and wise like this
          people? Statesmen and rulers can lay waste and destroy, but who
          of them can build up, enrich, and save the nation? They are not
          to be found. They give no evidence of possessing the capacity,
          for the proof of the ability of men to rule and manage is their
          works. I told them at Provo I would teach them how to get rich,
          in wasting no time, and wisely disposing of all ability which God
          has given them to do good.
          I have not spoken of the wrong, and I wish never to have an
          occasion to do so, that I may never have occasion to find fault
          with Israel again. It is the good I delight to dwell upon and
          promote and encourage. I delight to see the inhabitants of Zion
          increase in good works, in faith and faithfulness, and let sin
          pass behind, while they go on valiant and strong in the service
          of God. If we will hearken to counsel we shall be the best people
          in the world; we shall be as a bright light set upon a hill that
          cannot be hid, or like a candle upon a candlestick. We declare it
          to all the inhabitants of the earth from the valleys in the tops
          of these mountains that we are the Church of Jesus Christ of
          Latter-day Saints--not a church but the church--and we have the
          doctrine of life and salvation for all the honest-in-heart in all
          the world. Who else has got it? Is it to be found in the creeds
          of Christendom? It is not. We have the living oracles of the Lord
          Almighty to lead us day by day. In consideration of these things
          we should be exemplary in all our actions. We may do great works
          for the good of the poor, we may give all our goods to feed them,
          and our bodies to be burned for the work of God, yet if we trifle
          with the sacred name of the Lord, and with our own salvation, it
          will profit us nothing, and we shall be found wanting, with no
          oil in our vessels in the great day of the Lord.
          High Councillors, do you have any trials before you? "Yes." Have
          the brethren complained of each other? "Yes." Are their feelings
          alienated one from the other? Is there a party spirit manifested
          in the Council? "Sometimes." Do the brethren go off satisfied
          with the decisions of the Council? Bishops, do you have any
          trials? Are the feelings of the brethren in your Wards alienated?
          "Yes." What should they do in such cases? They should follow the
          rules laid down, and be reconciled to their brethren forthwith. I
          think that it can be shown that the great majority of
          difficulties between brethren, arises from misunderstandings
          rather than from malice and a wicked heart, and instead of
          talking the matter over with each other in a saint-like spirit,
          they will contend with each other until a real fault is created,
          and they have brought a sin upon themselves. "Therefore, if thou
          bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy
          brother hath aught against thee, leave there thy gift before the
          altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and
          then come and offer thy gift. Agree with thine adversary quickly,
          while thou art in the way with him, lest at any time the
          adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee
          to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily, I say unto
          thee, thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid
          the uttermost farthing." When we have done good ninety-nine times
          and then do an evil, how common it is, my brethren and sisters,
          to look at that one evil all the day long and never think of the
          good. Before we judge each other we should look at the design of
          the heart, and if it is evil, then chasten that individual, and
          take a course to bring him back again to righteousness.
          I want you to learn all you possibly can, and teach your
          neighbors, giving them all the information you can. When I see a
          brother or a sister refuse to impart knowledge, I know there is
          something wrong in the heart of that person. I am here to do
          good, and to teach my brethren and sisters to sanctify
          themselves, to get their food, to build cities and make farms, to
          teach them to accumulate knowledge, and then dispense it to all.
          I hope to see the time when we shall have a reformation in the
          orthography of the English language, among this people, for it is
          greatly needed. Such a reformation would be a great benefit, and
          would make the acquirement of an education much easier than at
          present. I say to fathers and mothers, never say a word that you
          would not be willing your son and daughter should say, or commit
          an act you would not sanction in your son or daughter, and so
          walk before your children that they may be prepared by your
          example to walk in the ways of life everlasting, and they will
          not depart from them; and if they, notwithstanding your example,
          should become froward in their feelings, and unruly, they will
          soon see the folly of their ways and turn to their parents and
          acknowledge their faults and again wish to be feasted at their
          father's table. Parents should never drive their children, but
          lead them along, giving them knowledge as their minds are
          prepared to receive it. Solomon has written, "He that spareth his
          rod hateth his son, but he that loveth him chasteneth him
          betimes." I do not think that these words of Solomon will justify
          the ruling of children with an iron hand. Chastening may be
          necessary betimes, but parents should govern their children by
          faith rather than by the rod, leading them kindly by good example
          into all truth and holiness.
          Our children who are born in the Priesthood are legal heirs, and
          entitled to the revelations of the Lord, and as the Lord lives,
          his angels have charge over them, though they may be left to
          themselves occasionally. We should learn our own nature, and live
          worthy of our being. When Jesus Christ was left to himself, in
          His darkest hour, he faltered not, but overcame. He was ordained
          to this work. If we should ever be left to ourselves, and the
          Spirit withdrawn from us, it will be to try the strength of our
          integrity and faithfulness, to see whether we will walk in His
          ways even in a dark and cloudy hour. At times our children may
          not be in possession of a good spirit, but if the parent
          continues to possess the good spirit, the children will have the
          bad spirit but a short time. Parents who are Latter-day Saints
          are the ruling power; they are the kings and queens. Rule in
          righteousness, and in the fear and love of God, and your children
          will follow you. May God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, October 7th, 1867
                       George Albert Smith, October 7th, 1867
            REMARKS by Elder George A. Smith, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                         Salt Lake City, October 7th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          There are, at the present time, in Great Britain ten or twelve
          thousand Saints, some of whom have been members of the Church for
          twenty or twenty-five years. They have contributed of their
          scanty means to feed the Elders and to help to emigrate their
          brethren and sisters, and in many cases many of them have gone
          without their meals and beds to make the Elders comfortable, and
          now they are without the means to gather with the Saints here in
          the mountains.
          There are a great many brethren, probably some are here to-day,
          who, in years past, have been assisted to this country by the
          Perpetual Emigration Fund, to which fund there is now due from
          individuals assisted about nine hundred thousand dollars. I wish
          to call the attention of this class of individuals to the
          condition of the poor Saints abroad. There are many Saints here
          who, before gathering home, have said to their brethren and
          sisters in the old world--"When we get to Zion, if God blesses
          us, we will remember you and do the best we can to aid you to
          emigrate." A great many persons have failed to keep their
          promise, and their friends back feel that they are forgotten and
          neglected. In many instances, no doubt, Elders while on missions
          have promised to assist those who have treated them with kindness
          and divided their morsel with them. I want to bring these things
          to the consideration of all our brethren. They should remember
          that our brethren and sisters in the old countries labor under
          the disadvantage of the prejudice against Mormonism. Employers
          and business men, who are under the influence of the priests of
          the day, are unwilling to extend the same kindness and facilities
          for labor to the Latter-day Saints that they do to other persons.
          Besides these disadvantages, many of our brethren there have to
          work for a shilling, eighteen pence, or two shillings a day, as
          the case may be, and out of this have to pay house rent, buy
          fuel, clothing, and every necessary of life for their families,
          and in some cases, perhaps, they have a sick father or mother to
          sustain out of their mere pittance, which is barely enough to
          keep life in their bodies. Our brethren, who have had the benefit
          of the emigration fund, should remember that their first duty, to
          God and themselves, is to liquidate these liabilities with the
          very first means they acquire after their arrival here; and that
          if they go on accumulating cattle, horses, houses, and lands, and
          these debts remain unpaid, they are robbing the poor and the
          needy. This is a matter about which the brethren should not feel
          neglectful or careless. Those who will come forward and honorably
          discharge their liabilities to the Perpetual Emigration Fund will
          be blessed in their substance and in their efforts. And you must
          remember that while you are doing this you are acquiring
          experience and gaining information that will make you more
          successful hereafter.
          My desire is that, when the Elders go from this Conference, that
          they should light a fire in the breast of every person who has
          liabilities of this kind. Let every man in Israel, whom God has
          blessed, be alive and awake to this matter, and respond to the
          call the President has made for contributions to the Perpetual
          Emigration Fund.
          I understand that over there, there are hundreds of sisters who
          are determined to remain single until they reach Zion, and there
          are men in our midst, and some of them in debt to the Perpetual
          Emigration Fund, who are able to send for a dozen or two of these
          sisters; they ought to bring them to this country and place them
          where they can marry according to their wishes. May the blessings
          of heaven be upon us that we may be able to gather all our
          brethren and sisters from the old world.
          I appeal to the sons and daughters of Zion to be awake to this
          subject. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Erastus Snow, October 8th, 1867
                           Erastus Snow, October 8th, 1867
             REMARKS by Elder Erastus Snow, delivered in the Tabernacle,
                         Salt Lake City, October 8th, 1867.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          I am persuaded that the subject last referred to by President
          Young--to prolongation of life and the preservation of health
          cannot be over-rated. This is one of the subjects relating to our
          temporal welfare that received the early attention of the Prophet
          Joseph, and the revelation commonly called the Word of Wisdom has
          been before the people for over thirty years. I feel assured that
          a word on this subject kindly spoken by our President is a
          prompting from on high, and I believe that every true Elder in
          Israel will bear witness that this is the word of the Lord to us
          at this time. I exhort every Bishop and presiding Elder in this
          city as well as throughout the country to lay this matter to
          heart as one subject requiring their special attention. Not to
          make it a hobby to the exclusion of everything else, so as to
          disgust the people, but in the true spirit of the Gospel seek to
          bring this matter home to the hearts and understandings of the
          people of their respective wards and settlements. Feel after
          those who may be stupid and ignorant, who do not come to meeting,
          and do not receive the spirit of this Conference. Let the Bishops
          and others in authority endeavor through their teachers and
          otherwise to search out such individuals, and dig round about
          them, and prune them that they may perchance bring forth fruit.
          In relation to matrimony--one of the texts before the
          Conference--perhaps there is not so much a lack of disposition on
          the part of the ladies as there is on the part of the gentlemen.
          The latter sometimes feel themselves unworthy or unprepared, and
          in many instances, perhaps, they are so. And if you ask why they
          are unprepared to assume these responsibilities as husbands and
          heads of families, it is mostly because they have neglected the
          word of the Lord which they have heard from this stand. They have
          not given their hearts to prayer sufficiently; they have not read
          the scriptures and educated their spirits; they have not drunk in
          the spirit of the Gospel. Every young man who has been taught by
          his parents to pray in secret, to mingle with the family in
          devotion, to attend meeting and receive the counsels of the
          servants of Lord, has grown in the spirit of the Gospel, and this
          has given them a disposition which has impelled them, as soon as
          they arrive at a suitable age, to move forward in the duties and
          responsibilities that they have been called upon, during this
          Conference, to assume. And they will meet with a like response
          everywhere from the opposite sex who are living their religion.
          If there is any lack of disposition on the part of the ladies it
          is because they are not living their religion, for the neglect of
          one duty leads to the neglect of another, and if our young men
          and women fail to make themselves acquainted with the law of God
          they are liable to be led away. Young men or women seeking the
          society of the wicked are soon befogged and led to destruction.
          If the young men of Israel are not alive to their duties, the
          young ladies may be left to wander in the society of the ungodly.
          This happens many times through the neglect of parents to impress
          on the minds of their daughters the value of the kingdom of
          heaven and the value and importance of salvation, exaltation and
          glory. Through the neglect of parents in properly educating their
          children many of them are now, perhaps, unable to discern between
          saint and sinner, and they would as soon associate with the
          wicked and unbelieving as with the righteous. It is a grievous
          sight to those who have laboured twenty-five or thirty years
          travelling over the world to preach the gospel and to gather the
          people to see the rising generation without that culture they so
          much need to develop within them a love of righteousness, truth,
          and every holy principle. There is a great a field for missionary
          labor in Utah, as in any part of the world. There is as great a
          necessity for preaching here at home in our settlements, even in
          some parts of Great Salt Lake City, as there is in any part of
          the world. There are those here who neglect the opportunities
          offered them and they need to be felt after personally.
          The subject of education is another of the texts given by our
          President for the elders of Israel to preach upon. I have already
          touched on it in a few words. I will say that our school teachers
          should not only be men qualified to teach the various branches of
          education, but they should be men possessing the spirit of the
          gospel, and who, in every look and word, and in all their
          discipline and intercourse with their pupils are influenced by
          that spirit. They should govern and control, not by brute force,
          but by superior intellect, sound judgment and the wisdom that the
          Gospel teaches that they may win the hearts of their pupils, and
          so be able to impress their minds with those principles they
          present before them.
          I can not speak too highly in favor of those good books that have
          been recommended to our schools--the Bible, Book of Mormon, Book
          of Doctrine and Covenants, and all other good books; but
          especially those that contain the history of the dealings of God
          with his people from the beginning of the world to the present
          time, as well as the teachings of the prophets and apostles; for
          the foundation of all true education is the wisdom and knowledge
          of God. In the absence of these, though we obtain a knowledge of
          every art and science and acquire what is termed by the world a
          first class education, we but obtain the froth and lack the
          foundation on which to rear a proper education.
          In relation to the missionaries south, I will say that I have
          heard some say when referring to this subject, "what is the use
          of the southern mission? what good can result from our going or
          sending there?" I will say to all such querying, grumbling,
          fault-finding, growling spirits, just wait a few years, and we
          will show you the good of the southern mission. I do not know but
          time would fail me to bring argument in favor of it, but I will
          say just wait and by the help of God we will show you.
          The subject of home production and becoming a self-sustaining
          people is another text, and this will probably guide me right
          back to "Dixie." I will ask the question, How are we going to
          become self-sustaining unless we avail ourselves of the elements
          around us and provide ourselves and families with what we need to
          eat, drink and wear, and our implements of husbandry and other
          things of like nature? We need iron ware and machine shops. Our
          sons need teaching the various mechanical arts. Instead of
          raising them all to be farmers or mule drivers, we want a goodly
          portion of machinists, painters, artists, smiths, school
          teachers, and all other useful professions. We shall also need
          lawyers. I do not mean dishonest contemptible pettifoggers; but
          statesmen-lawyers in the true sense of the word who understand
          the principles of justice and equity, and who make themselves
          acquainted with those general principles of jurisprudence, that
          wise statesmen have recognised throughout the civilised world,
          that they may not only be competent judges in the land, but be
          able to thwart the wicked effort of this ungodly set of
          pettifoggers. The southern country affords us facilities for
          raising many things that can not be successfully raised in the
          north. We have had four years of internecine war that has almost
          entirely prevented the raising of cotton--perhaps the most
          essential of all productions for articles of clothing. Will we as
          a people be blind to this fact, and now, that the first woe is
          past, lull ourselves to sleep and forget that there is another
          coming. Saint George, though the centre of our present operation
          in cotton raising is only on the borders of the cotton district.
          From three hundred to five hundred acres is the most that we can
          water from one dam and canal in that district of country, while
          lower down, the same labor would encircle a field of six or eight
          thousand acres of better land; but a little handful of people
          cannot grapple with so great a labor. We have commenced some
          small settlements on the Muddy. The settlers there were mostly
          substitutes,--Bro. Henry Miller calls them destitutes. Most of
          them got discouraged and came back, the rest stick and hang like
          a dog to a root--but they scarcely know what to do. The question
          is shall we allow this little handful to be worn out, or shall we
          strengthen their hands, and so keep moving and progressing, and
          hold what we have and get more.
          I like the idea of sending young men down there. It struck me as
          a decided hit when I heard the names read out yesterday. We can
          do with a number of young men who have small families or who are
          about to get them, and I say God bless them, and speed them and
          their wives on their way and by the help of God we will help
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / John
          Taylor, June 24th, 1868
                            John Taylor, June 24th, 1868
                     DISCOURSES delivered in the New Tabernacle,
                           Salt Lake City June 24th, 1868.
                                 Elder John Taylor.
          Were I to give way for my feelings at the present time I should
          not be able to address this congregation. I feel as, I suppose,
          most of you feel--sympathy with the deceased who now lies before
          us. When I speak of this as being my feeling, I am aware that I
          express the feeling of the generality of this people. In this
          bereavement that has afflicted us, we all participate. A wave of
          sorrow has rolled throughout the Territory, and feelings of
          sympathy and sorrow gush up from the fountains of every heart. We
          have met at this time to pay the last tribute of respect to no
          ordinary personage, but to a good man who was called and chosen,
          and faithful; who has spent a lifetime in the cause of God, in
          the establishment of the principles of truth and in trying to
          upbuild the Church and Kingdom of God on the earth; who has
          endeared himself by his acts of kindness, affection, integrity,
          truthfulness and probity to the hearts of thousands of Latter-day
          Saints, who feel to mourn at this time with no ordinary sorrow.
          That he is esteemed and venerated by this people as a friend, a
          counselor and a father, this immense congregation, who have met
          on this inauspicious occasion, is abundant testimony and proof if
          any is wanting. But his life, his acts, his services, his
          self-abnegation, his devotion to the cause of truth, his
          perseverance in the ways of righteousness for so many years have
          left a testimony in the minds, feelings and hearts of all who now
          feel to mourn his departure from our midst. But we meet not at
          the present time particularly to eulogize the acts of bro.
          Kimball, who is one of the First Presidency, and who stands, or
          who has stood as one of the three prominent men that live on the
          face of the earth at the present time.
          We do not mourn over him as over an individual in a private
          capacity; neither, when we reflect on the circumstances with
          which we are surrounded, and the gospel we believe in, do we
          mourn that he lies there as he is. For although to us he is
          absent and lifeless and inanimate, yet his spirit soars above
          clothed upon with immortality and eternal life. And as he has
          been in possession of the principles of eternal truth, by and
          bye, when the time shall roll around, that gospel and the
          principles of truth that he has so valiantly proclaimed for so
          many years, will resurrect that inanimate clay, and He who, on
          the earth proclaimed "I am the resurrection and the life," will
          cause him again to be resuscitated, reanimated, revivified and
          glorified, and he will rejoice among the Saints of God worlds
          without end.
          It is not then an ordinary occasion upon which we have met at the
          present time. It is not to talk particularly about our individual
          feeling and bereavement, although they are keen, poignant and
          afflictive; but we meet at the present time to perform a ceremony
          and to pay our last respects to the departed great one who lies
          before us. We do not mourn as those who have no hope; we do not
          sympathise with any foolish sympathy. We believe in those
          principles, that he, for so many years, has so strenously
          advocated, and believing in them, we know that he has simply
          passed from one state of existence to another. It is customary
          for men to say "how have the great fallen!" But he has not
          fallen. It is true that he has gone to sleep for a little while.
          He sleeps in peace. He is resting from his labors and is no more
          beset with those afflictions with which human nature always has
          to contend: he has passed from this stage of action, he has got
          through with the toils, perplexities, cares and anxieties in
          regard to himself, his family, and in regard to the Church with
          which he was associated; and in regard to all sublunary things,
          and while mortals mourn "a man is dead," angels proclaim "a child
          is born."
          We believe in another state of existence besides this; and it is
          not only a belief, but it is a fixed fact, and hence for a man of
          God to bid adieu to the things of this world is a matter of
          comparatively very small importance. When a man has fought the
          good fight; when he has finished his course; when he has been
          faithful, lived his religion and died as a man of God, what is
          there to mourn for? Why should we indeed be sorrowful? There is a
          church here on earth? there is a church also in heaven. He has
          migrated from one, and has passed into the other.
          We have had leave us before Joseph, Hyrum, David Patten, Willard,
          Jedediah, and a mighty host of good, virtuous, pure, holy and
          honorable men. Some have died, as it were, naturally; others have
          been violently put to death. But no matter, they are each of them
          moving in his own sphere. Bro. Kimball has left us for a short
          time that he may unite with them. And whilst we are engaged
          carrying on the work of God, and advancing and maintaining those
          principles which he so diligently propagated and maintained while
          he was on the earth, he is gone to officiate in the heavens with
          Jesus, with Joseph and others for us. We are seeking to carry out
          his will, the will of our President and the will of our heavenly
          Father, that we may be found fit to associate with the just who
          are made perfect, and be prepared to join with the Church
          Triumphant in the heavens. It is this that our religion points us
          to all the time.
          We embraced the gospel of Jesus Christ, and he who now lies
          before us was one of the first to proclaim it to thousands that
          are here. And what did that teach us? To repent of our sins, and,
          having faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, to be baptized for the
          remission of our sins, to have hands laid upon us for the
          reception of the Holy Ghost and to gather together to Zion that
          we might be instructed in the ways of life; that we might know
          how to save ourselves--how to save the living, and how to redeem
          the dead; that we might not only possess a hope that blooms with
          immortality and eternal life; but that we might have a certainty,
          and evidence, a confidence that was beyond doubt or peradventure
          that we were preparing ourselves for a celestial inheritance in
          the kingdom of our God. And when a man goes to sleep as bro.
          Kimball has done, no matter how, he lays aside the cares of this
          world; the weary wheels of life stand still, the pulse ceases to
          beat, the body becomes cold, lifeless and inanimate; yet at the
          same time the spirit still exists, has gone to join those who
          have lived before; who now live and will live for evermore. He
          has trod the path that we have all to follow, for it is appointed
          to man once to die, and after that, we are told, the judgment. We
          have all to pass through the dark valley of the shadow of death,
          and as I said before, it matters little which way this occurs;
          but it does matter a great deal to us whether we are prepared to
          meet it or not; whether we have lived the life of the righteous;
          whether we have honored our profession; whether we have been
          faithful to our trust; whether we are prepared to associate with
          the spirits of the just made perfect, and whether when He, who
          has said "I am the resurrection and the life" shall sound the
          trump we shall be prepared to come forth in the morning of the
          first resurrection.
          Joseph Smith stands at the head of this dispensation. His brother
          Hyrum Smith was associated with him. They were both assassinated.
          No matter; they are gone. Brother Heber is now gone, and whilst
          we mourn the loss they rejoice at meeting one with whom they were
          associated before; for he was the friend of Joseph and Hyrum
          Smith, and he was the friend of God, and God is his friend and
          they are his friends. And as they associated together in time so
          they will in eternity. It behooves us then not to think so much
          about dying, but about our living, and to live in such a way that
          when we shall fall asleep, no matter when, or how it may
          transpire, that our hearts may be pure before God. When I look
          upon a man like bro. Kimball, I felt like saying let my last end
          be like his. Let my life be as spotless, as holy and as pure that
          I may stand accepted before God and the holy angels. Our ambition
          ought to be to live our religion, to keep the commandments of
          God, to obey the counsel that those lips, now silent and cold,
          have so often given to us; to honor our calling and profession,
          that we may be prepared to inherit eternal lives in the celestial
          kingdom of our God. May God help us to do so in the name of
          Jesus: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, June 24, 1868
                         George Albert Smith, June 24, 1868
                                Elder George A. Smith
          The occasion which has called us together is truly one of
          mourning; but our mourning is not as the mourning of those who
          have no hope. Our father, our brother, our President has fallen
          asleep. He has fallen asleep according to the promise that those
          who die unto the Lord should not die, but should fall asleep.
          Still, the circumstances with which we are surrounded cause us to
          feel keenly, deeply this bereavement of his company, of his
          counsel, of his support, of his society, and the benefit of that
          wisdom which ever flowed from his lips. Short is the journey from
          the cradle to the grave, and all of us are marching rapidly in
          that direction; and the present occasion is certainly calculated
          to inspire in our minds a desire that in all our lives and
          actions we may be prepared for that coming event, that we may be
          prepared to rest in peace, and in the morning of the first
          resurrection to inherit eternal life and celestial exaltation:
          The association which we have had with President Kimball has been
          of long standing. He entered the church early after its
          organization. In 1832, with President Brigham Young, he visited
          Kirtland, and made himself personally acquainted with the Prophet
          Joseph, whose bosom friend he was from the time of their first
          acquaintance until the day of his death. President Kimball was a
          man that seemed embarrassed when called upon to speak in public
          in the early part of his ministry. My first acquaintance with him
          was in 1833, when in company with President Young he moved his
          family to Kirtland. The Saints were then building the Kirtland
          Temple. He had but little means, but he subscribed two hundred
          dollars and paid over the money. Efforts were being made to build
          another house, for school and other purposes, and he subscribed
          one hundred dollars for that also to buy the nails and glass.
          That was the first public meeting at which I ever saw Heber C.
          Kimball. When he was chosen one of the Twelve Apostles, and they
          were called into the stand to bear their first testimony as
          Apostles to the Saints, there was an embarrassment and a timidity
          about his appearance that was truly humble. And when he went
          abroad to preach, many felt almost afraid to have bro. Kimball
          preach because he had not as great a flow of language as some
          others. But it turned out, I am sorry to say, that some of those
          who were the most eloquent seemed to be those who fell off by the
          way side. It was a dark hour around the Prophet in Kirtland, many
          having apostatized, and some of them prominent Elders, when bro.
          Kimball and some others were called upon to take a mission to
          England. He went abroad when some of the first Elders were
          covered with darkness, and apostacy ran rampant through the
          Church. He started almost penniless, made the trip across the
          ocean, introduced the gospel to England, and laid the foundation
          for the great work that has since been accomplished there,
          accompanied by Orson Hyde, Willard Richards and Joseph Fielding.
          Bro. Kimball and Hyde remained in England about one year, and in
          that time 1,500 were baptized there. It was strange the power and
          influence which he had over persons whom he had never before
          seen. On one occasion he went out five days to some towns which
          he had never visited before, and among people whom he had never
          seen and who had never seen him, yet in those five days he
          baptized 83 persons. It seemed that there were a power and
          influence with him beyond that which almost another elder
          possessed. He returned home just in time to find the Saints in
          their troubles in Missouri. He had hardly got home until the
          clouds of mobocrasy intensified by apostacy again gathered around
          the Prophet. In a short time after Joseph was in prison and his
          counselors were in prison and all were closely guarded. During
          this time President Kimball visited the prison, the Judges and
          the Governor, and exerted himself to relieve the prisoners; and
          he had a peculiar influence with him, so that he could pass among
          our enemies unharmed when others were in danger. When the Saints
          were driven from Missouri, as soon as their feet were planted in
          Nauvoo, he built with his own hands a log cabin for his family,
          and started again to renew his mission to Great Britain, with
          President Young and others of his Quorum. It is not my intention
          to trace his history, but I have culled out these few
          circumstances to show you his integrity, his faithfulness, and
          his untiring labors to benefit mankind.
          We are called now to mourn; but we do not mourn as those who have
          no hope. Brother Kimball was a man who was the son of nature. The
          literature he loved was the word of God. He was not a man to read
          novels. He studied the revelations of Jesus. His heart was filled
          with benevolence. His soul was filled with love; and he was
          always ready to give counsel to the weakest child that came in
          his way. Thousands and thousands will remember him with pleasure.
          As we follow him to his last resting place, we must recollect
          that those men who stood side by side Joseph Smith the Prophet,
          who bore with him his burdens, and shared his troubles; who stood
          shoulder to shoulder with President Young while he faced the
          storm of apostacy, mob power and organized priestcraft, are
          rapidly passing away. Brother Kimball was foremost among them.
          Joseph loved him, and truly it may be said that bro. Kimball was
          a Herald of Grace. May we all so live that with our brother we
          may inherit the blessings of celestial grace, is my prayer in the
          name of Jesus: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Q. Cannon, June 24, 1868
                           George Q. Cannon, June 24, 1868
                               Elder George Q. Cannon
          The scene in which we are participating this day reminds us more
          strongly than any language can do how frail is mortal existence,
          and how slight a tenure we all have upon this life. Two weeks ago
          to-day, he, whose lifeless remains we now surround, was moving
          among us in this tabernacle; if not in the enjoyment of perfect
          health, yet in the enjoyment of such a degree of health as not to
          inspire us with any apprehensions as to his life. If we had been
          asked How long is bro. Heber Kimball likely to live? the probable
          answer would have been, he is as likely to live ten or twenty
          years as any other period. But since then, two weeks, two brief,
          short weeks, have gone, and we have assembled ourselves together
          to pay our last respects to his memory. It seemed to me when I
          entered the building, and sat down and looked upon the
          congregation, that the greatest eloquence I could indulge in
          would be silence. Yet it is due to him that our voices should be
          heard in instruction to those who remain, and in testimony of his
          great worth; and if possible to spread before them, the great and
          glorious example which he has set for us, and which if we will
          but emulate and follow, will result in the attainment of the most
          glorious blessings of which mortal heart can conceive.
          I have known bro. Heber from my childhood. To me he has been a
          father. I never was with him but what he had good counsel to give
          me. And when I speak this I speak what every one who was
          acquainted with him might say. He was full of counsel, full of
          instruction, and he was always pointed in conveying his counsel
          in plainness to those to whom he imparted it.
          Have we any cause, in reality, to mourn to-day? Have we any cause
          for grief and sorrow? When I stood by his bedside and saw his
          spirit take its departure, there was no death there; there was no
          gloom. I had seen but two persons die before, and they died by
          violence; but when I watched brother Heber I asked myself, Is
          this death? Is this that which man represent as a monster, and
          from which they shrink with affright? It seemed to me that bro.
          Heber was not dead, but that he had merely gone to sleep. He
          passed away as quietly and as gently as an infant falling asleep
          on its mother's lap; not a movement of a limb; not a contortion
          of his countenance; and scarcely a sigh. The words of Jesus,
          through Joseph, were forcible brought to my mind,--"they that die
          in me, their death shall be sweet unto them." It was sweet with
          him. There was nothing repulsive, nothing dreadful or terrible in
          it, but on the contrary it was calm, peaceful and sweet. There
          were heavenly influences there, as though angels were there, and
          no doubt they were, prepared to escort him hence to the society
          of those whom he loved and who loved him dearly. I thought of the
          joy there would be in the spirit land, when Joseph, and Hyrum,
          and David, and Willard, and Jededia, and Parley would welcome him
          to their midst, and the thousands of others who have gone before,
          and like them have been faithful. What a welcome to their midst
          will brother Heber receive! to labor and toil with them in the
          spirit world in the great work in which we are engaged.
          It is now twenty-four years lacking three days, since Joseph and
          Hyrum were taken away from us. Twenty-four years so fruitful in
          labor, so abundant in toil, so rich in experience! During that
          period bro. Heber has never wavered, never trembled. It may be
          said of him with as much truthfulness to-day, as was said by bro.
          Brigham on one occasion in Nauvoo, "his knees never trembled, his
          hands never shook." He has been faithful to God; he has been true
          to his brethren; he has kept his covenants; he has died in the
          triumphs of the faith; and as the Savior has said, "that which is
          governed by law is preserved by law and perfected and sanctified
          by the same," so will it be with him. He has gone to the paradise
          of God, there to await the time when this corruption shall put on
          incorruption, when this mortality shall put on immortality.
          My brethren and sisters, here is an incentive to us to be
          faithful. Contrast the death of this man with the death of the
          apostate--the traitor. Contrast the future--as it is revealed to
          us in the revelations of Jesus Christ--of this man, with the
          future of the renegade from the truth, and the wicked and those
          who love not God and who keep not his commandments. Are there any
          incentives presented to us this day to be faithful? They are too
          numerous for me to dwell upon or mention. There is every reason
          why we should be faithful. It is easier to keep the commandments
          of God than it is to break them. It is easier to walk in the path
          of righteousness than it is to deviate from it. It is easier and
          more pleasant to love God than it is to break his commandments.
          Then let us be true to God. Let us walk each day so that we may
          be worthy, when our life is ended, to associate with him whose
          spirit inhabited this tabernacle that lies here, and with others
          who have gone before, and with those who remain, that we may
          dwell together with them eternally in the heavens; which may God
          grant, for Christ's sake, Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Daniel
          H. Wells, June 24, 1868
                           Daniel H. Wells, June 24, 1868
                               President D. H. Wells.
          It is a great calamity to humanity when a great and good man
          falls. Earth needs their services. Good men are too scarce. The
          loss is not so much to them as it is to us who remain--as it is
          to humanity who are still left to wield an influence against the
          wickedness which is on the earth, and to sustain holy and
          righteous principles which the Lord has revealed from the heavens
          for the guidance of man. Herein is the loss which we feel when
          such men as bro. Kimball are taken away, He has made his mark. He
          has earned imperishable fame, and he will live in the hearts of
          the good, the true and the faithful--in the hearts of the just;
          and he will be remembered by the wicked, for he has often invaded
          the realms of darkness and sustained holy and righteous
          principles with all his might, power and influence, all the days
          of his life. It is true, for him we need not mourn, because he
          has passed to that home where Satan has no power. He has secured
          to himself a crown of eternal glory and righteousness in the
          celestial kingdom of our God. Not that he will come immediately
          unto this exaltation. The Savior of the world, himself, did not
          enter into his glory on the dissolution of his spirit and body;
          he went first to minister to the spirits in prison, being clothed
          with the holy priesthood. So with our brother and beloved friend,
          for he is still our friend, and, as has been well remarked, he
          was the friend of God and all good men. He is not lost He has
          only gone to perform another portion of the mission which he has
          been engaged in all his life, to labor in another sphere for the
          good of mankind, for the welfare of the souls of men. But he has
          laid for himself a foundation that is imperishable, on which a
          superstructure of glory and exaltation will grow and increase
          throughout all eternity.
          I do not stand here to eulogize our friend and brother to-day,
          but to satisfy my own feelings and pay a tribute of respect to
          his memory, for I loved him and he loved me, and he loved this
          people. He has friends also where he is gone. Who can answer the
          question whether they are more numerous than those who have
          assembled together to-day and those throughout this Territory?
          Who can say that they are not more numerous on yonder shore? Yet
          it matters not. Those who are faithful will yet be gathered with
          him and others, and come with him to a celestial glory, and with
          him dwell where there is no sorrow nor affliction. He rests from
          his labor, from the toil which surrounded him on the earth. This
          is, to-day, a source of consolation to his family and friends, to
          those who were intimately connected with him. They may be assured
          that he rests in peace. Let his example be followed; let his
          teachings be remembered; let us all live so that we may have a
          reasonable hope of meeting with him in a never ending future.
          May God help us to be faithful unto the end, as he has been; to
          fight the good fight and keep the faith, that at last, with him
          and those who have gone before, we may be found worthy to walk
          the golden streets of that eternal city, whose builder and maker
          is God: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, June 24, 1868
                            Brigham Young, June 24, 1868
                                 President B. Young.
          I wish the people to be as still as possible, and not to whisper.
          I do not know that I can speak so that you can hear me; but if I
          can I have a few reflections to lay before you. We are called
          here on this very important occasion, and we can say truly that
          the day of this man's death was far better to him than the day of
          his birth. I will relate to you my feelings concerning the
          departure of bro. Kimball. He was a man of as much integrity I
          presume as any man who ever lived on the earth. I have been
          personally acquainted with him forty-three years and I can
          testify that he has been a man of truth, a man of benevolence, a
          man that was to be trusted. Now he has gone and left us. I will
          say to his wives and his children that I have not felt one
          particle of death in his house nor about it, and through this
          scene we are now passing I have not felt one particle of the
          spirit of death. He has fallen asleep for a certain purpose,--to
          be prepared for a glorious resurrection; and the same Heber C.
          Kimball, every component particle of his body, from the crown of
          his head to the soles of his feet, will be resurrected, and he,
          in the flesh, will see God and converse with Him; and see his
          brethren and associate with them and they will enjoy a happy
          eternity together.
          Bro. Kimball has had the privilege of living and dying in his own
          house in peace; and has not been followed up by mobs and
          massacred. I consider this a great consolation to his family and
          friends; and it is a great comfort to me to think that bro. Heber
          C. Kimball had the privilege of dying in peace. It is not a
          matter of regret; it is nothing that we should mourn for. It is a
          great cause of joy and rejoicing and comfort to his friends to
          know that a person has passed away in peace from this life, and
          has secured to himself a glorious resurrection. The earth and the
          fullness of the earth and all that pertains to this earth in an
          earthly capacity is no comparison with the glory, joy and peace
          and happiness of the soul that departs in peace. You may think I
          have reason to mourn. Bro. Heber C. Kimball has been my first
          counselor for almost twenty-four years. I am happy to state, it
          is a matter of great joy to me; this is the third counselor that
          has fallen asleep since I have stood to counsel this people--and
          they have died in the faith, full of hope; their lives were
          filled up with good works, full of faith, comfort, peace and joy
          to their brethren. I have looked over this matter. In the
          fourteen years that bro. Joseph presided over the Church, three
          of the prominent counselors he had apostatized. This was a matter
          of regret. Sidney Rigdon, F. G. Williams and William Law, whom
          many of this congregation knew in Nauvoo, apostatized and left
          bro. Joseph. I have not been under the necessity of mourning and
          lamenting over the apostacy of any one of my counselors, and I
          hope I shall never have this to regret. I had rather bury them by
          the score than see one of them apostatize.
          A great deal could be said concerning bro. Kimball, whose remains
          are here. He is not dead. His earthly tabernacle has fallen
          asleep to be prepared for this glorious resurrection that you and
          I live for. What can we say to one another? Live as he has lived;
          be as faithful as he has been; be as full of good works as his
          life has manifested to us. If we do so, our end will be peace and
          joy, and we will fall asleep as peacefully. I held my watch with
          one hand and fanned him with the other while he breathed his
          For this family to mourn is perhaps natural; but they have not
          really the first cause to do so. How would you feel if you had a
          husband or a father that would lead you from the truth? I would
          to God that we would all follow him in his example in our
          faithfulness, and be as faithful as he was in his life. To his
          wives, his children, his friends, his brethren and sisters, to
          this family whom God has selected from the human family to be his
          sons and daughters, I say let us follow his example. He has gone
          to rest. We can say of him all that can be said of any good man.
          The Lord selected him and he has been faithful and this has made
          him a great man; just as you and I can become if we will live
          faithful to our God and our religion. There is no man but what
          can do good if he chooses; and if he be disposed to choose the
          good and refuse the evil. If any man choose the evil he will
          dwindle, especially if he has been called to the holy priesthood
          of the Son of God. Such a man will dwindle and falter, stumble
          and fall; and instead of becoming great and good, he will be lost
          in forgetfulness.
          We pay our last respects unto bro. Kimball. I can say to the
          congregation we thank you for your attention. We are happy to see
          you here. It would be a pleasure to us if it would be prudent,
          and we had time, for you to see the corpse; but it would not be
          prudent and we have not the time. This, perhaps, will be a matter
          of regret to many of you; but you must put up with it. I want to
          say to every one who wishes to see brother Heber again, live so
          that you will secure to yourselves a part in the first
          resurrection, and I promise you that you will meet him and shake
          hands with him. But if you do not live so, I can give you no such
          Now, my friends, I feel to bless you; and the family, the wives
          and children of bro. Heber C. Kimball. I bless you in the name of
          Jesus Christ. Will you receive the blessings which a father and
          husband has placed upon your heads? If you live for them you will
          enjoy them. I think he has never cursed one of his family; but
          his heart was full of blessings for them. He has blessed his
          brethren and sisters and neighbors and friends. His heart was
          full of blessings; but he was a scourge to the wicked and they
          feared him. Now, my friends, I cannot talk to you; my sore throat
          will not let me. But I feel to thank you for your kind attention
          here to-day, in paying our respects to the remains of bro.
          Kimball, and may God bless you: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Heber
          C. Kimball, April 12, 1868
                          Heber C. Kimball, April 12, 1868
             REMARKS by President H. C. Kimball, made in the Tabernacle,
                         Bountiful, Sunday, April 12, 1868.
                          [Reported by Elder Wm. Thurbood.]
          I have not the least disposition to talk to you if you do not
          wish me to, and if you say you do not want me, I will say good
          morning and go home. It is no pleasure to talk to a people who
          will not receive what you say. You know me, and then again you do
          not know me. You do not know who Heber C. Kimball is, or you
          would do better. You do not know yourselves, do you? Then how can
          you expect to know me? A man came to me this morning desiring to
          have some talk with me. I asked him if he was an honest, upright,
          truthful man? He replied that he thought he had no right to
          answer that question; but finally, he said he was an honest man.
          After he said that, it was revealed to me what sort of a man he
          was, but not before. I wish the people here to-day to behave
          themselves, as this is the Sabbath. Do you know what is the
          gospel? The gospel is the power of God unto all that obey, not
          unto all the believe, for the devils believe. Suppose now, for
          instance, I had here three rules, one a twelve inch, one a six
          inch and one a three inch? Would the three inch rule measure as
          far as the twelve inch? No; nor can the three inch or the six
          inch man measure as far as the twelve inch man, yet both may be
          good men and just as good as the man that can circumscribe
          thirteen inches. Therefore, if a man in this respect should be a
          little behind, we should not whip him up as we would a horse, but
          we should be lenient towards him.
          What brother Stevenson has said this morning is all good, and you
          would know it if you read the Bible and the Book of Mormon. There
          is not one quarter of you that read those books as much as I do;
          if you did, you would know they coincide the one with the other.
          This book, the Book of Mormon, is a pure record, and I know it,
          although it treats of wars and contentions. I have lived nearly
          all my life where it came forth and I understand all about it.
          I have been to the altar where Adam offered sacrifices and
          blessed his son and then left them and went to heaven. Now I want
          you to read the Bible and the Book of Mormon, for we have to
          build a city, we who are righteous and keep the celestial law, we
          have to build a city that will compare with the one that has gone
          to heaven. Consider these things and then see how you are
          You sit in judgment on your neighbors, when you are guilty of
          more tricks than they are, and when there is more evil in you
          than in them. Jesus said, "thou shalt not speak evil of thy
          neighbor," and the commandments say, "thou shalt not bear false
          witness against thy neighbor," and the commandments are binding
          upon us. Jesus said also, "thou shalt not commit adultery." Now
          some persons look upon adultery as an awful thing, which it is;
          but they pay no attention to the other command, which is equally
          binding, forbidding them to speak evil of their neighbor. It is
          said thou shalt not speak against the anointed; yet you do speak
          against them, and justify yourselves in doing evil. It is
          difficult for many here even to hold my name sacred; and when I
          have heard of what some men here would do, I have asked myself
          what manner of men they were. In doing the things that I have
          been speaking of you commit sin and violate your covenants. Do
          you doubt that I am one of the Lord's anointed? Do you not know
          that I am? This then will affect you unless you make restitution.
          Shall I tell you how? I wish I could refer you to the revelation.
          I have had men lie to me, and I have known this by the spirit of
          revelation, yet I could not prove it. Now these are not men of
          God. Some of you would like me to present the truth clothed in a
          fine dress and with hoops rather than that I should present it
          stark naked; but I speak this for your good, and why then do you
          wish to run away from or injure your friends?
          The Twelve Apostles, when first anointed, went into almost every
          part of the States, from Ohio to Nova Scotia, and organized
          Conferences and called on the whole Church to make donation of
          their means to purchase that land that God said had to be
          purchased either with money or with blood; and the whole Church,
          save the leaders, came under condemnation because they did not
          comply with the revelation. The revelation that gave us the
          authority and which says, "Let my servants, go, &c.," is in this
          Book of Covenants. At another time Zion's Camp was called, before
          I became an Apostle, and Joseph gathered up the Lord's warriors,
          His young men, the male members of the Church, and it took nearly
          every male member from Nova Scotia to Missouri to reinstate the
          Lord's people in the land of Zion. Those young men did their
          duty, and the Lord accepted their offering. They were the actors
          then, and are the leading men of the School of the Prophets
          to-day. Will this School of the Prophets stop? No, it was
          commenced in the days of Joseph, and it will not stop. Unless,
          however, there is a reformation right here, there is not one in
          twenty that will go and possess that land. Are you practical
          spinners? Can you adorn yourselves with the work of your own
          hands? Can you beautify and adorn the earth? I tell you that in
          general you are not going there unless a reformation takes place.
          Some of you will not be honest, some of you will not pray unless
          you are where some one can see you; and if some of you were going
          to my mill here, and should find a chain, you would look around
          to see if any person saw you, and if not, you would hide the
          chain at once; and such men call themselves Saints. I am telling
          you the truth, and I tell you that if you will put on Christ and
          live in Him you will see a great deal better than I can with my
          glasses. You cannot lead a person astray unless that person is
          willing to be led astray; a man could not be persuaded to lie
          unless he was inclined to lie; and if we tell a lie to deceive,
          we have to pay that debt before that sin is atoned for. It is
          said "Thine own words will condemn thee;" and it will be so when
          we go to judgment, and we cannot help it. I am an apostle, and
          Brigham Young is an apostle, and the voice of the Spirit called
          Brigham Young and myself in Kirtland, and Joseph Smith was told
          to place the priesthood upon us, and have we ever flinched? No.
          Now, when you are brought to judgment and you know that Jesus is
          there, that Joseph is there, that Brigham is there, that Willard
          and myself are there, and you are asked what have you been guilty
          of, you will have to give in your own testimony, and you can not
          get around it. The axe is laid at the root of the tree, and the
          acts of men and women will condemn them. There are hundreds and
          thousands of men in this Church today who have a plurality of
          wives which will be taken from them and they cannot help
          themselves, because they do not keep the celestial law.
          The office of an apostle is to tell the truth, to tell what he
          knows. Has the Lord spoken to me? He has. I have heard His voice
          and so have you; and when you hear my voice, and it is dictated
          by the Holy Ghost, you hear the voice of God through me, but you
          do not believe it. Great is the condemnation that will come
          because of lying. Now, let me say to you, be honest, and you,
          sisters, stop your slanders, and if you wish your characters
          exalted, exalt that of your neighbor. It is time for us to arise
          and wake up. I am telling you these things for your good, but you
          do not know it. There are many here to-day who, unless they
          repent, will never see my face again after my eyes are closed in
          death. I tell you that the man who justifies another in
          tantalizing his fellow-creature or in speaking against another is
          as bad as the man who does these things. I have not one word of
          reflection to make against you, yet you are living at a poor
          dying rate. Do you doubt it? I want you to be faithful, and I do
          not want a man or a woman of you to be lost.
          I wish now to talk to the little boys, my young brethren, and I
          want them all to hear me. What I have been saying to-day, my
          little boys, will apply to you as much as it will to your
          fathers. I wish you to be obedient to your fathers and to your
          mothers; but if your mothers tell you not to do that which your
          fathers tell you to do, you go right away and do as your father
          has told you, for he is the head. And, brethren, come to meeting
          instead of running about on the Sabbath day, and cease to tell
          lies. Let us, brethren, try and bind up everything and take hold
          together. I feel as the Savior did, I do not wish to leave you
          alone, I wish you to improve. I think as much of the people in
          this ward as I do of the people in any other ward in the
          Territory. I prayed last night and this morning that your minds
          might be prepared to receive my words. What would you give for a
          plow that had no point to it, or for a pair of glasses that you
          could not see through? and again, what account would you be if no
          dependance could be placed in you.
          I will now refer you to a little of my history. I was born in
          Vermont, and brought up very poor, and when nine years old I laid
          in my bed and in a vision saw those things that I have since
          passed through. Soon after I was baptized, brother Orson Pratt
          came to my house. I was standing in the door yard when he came
          in, and at the time I felt much of the holy Spirit upon me. I was
          then a potter at my wheel. While brother Pratt was talking with
          me a voice spake to him and said "Orson, my son, that man will
          one day become one of my apostles." I did not know this till
          afterwards. A voice also spoke to me and told me my lineage, and
          I told my wife Vilate that she was of the same lineage, and she
          believed it. I told her also that we would never be separated. I
          could tell you a thousand things that happened in that early day.
          I have been, as I have already told you, to where Adam offered
          sacrifices and blessed his sons, and I felt as though there were
          hundreds of angels there, and there were angels there like unto
          the three Nephites. I have also been over the hill Cumorah, and I
          understand all about it. I remember the time when I was baptized
          into the church, and how after I was baptized, Alpheus Gifford
          said he felt impressed to ordain me an elder. I was on my knees
          and jumped up and told him to hold on that I was not a learned
          man, and I thought that my ordination would injure the work. But
          presently the Holy Ghost came upon me till I thought that I
          should be burnt up. I could speak in tongues and prophecy, and I
          understood the scriptures. And now let me tell you that I was
          never made to die, that is spiritually; but that I am an
          inhabitant of this earth and will never destroy my right to it.
          It is my Father's and I know it, and His angels administer to
          men. This you can read in the Book of Mormon. Cleave now to the
          truth, and remember that a limb separated from a tree is not
          much, and so we are not much when separated from the truth.
          Therefore honor God and honor those you know; for if you do not
          honor those you know you will not honor God. If my children will
          not subject themselves to me they will not subject themselves to
          God; and so with our wives, they cannot honor God unless they
          honor us.
          Jesus said, "suffer little children to come unto me, for of such
          is the Kingdom of Heaven." They are heirs to the kingdom of
          heaven, and when they die they go to heaven. They are with Jesus.
          Our children are heirs to our rights and privileges, and when an
          earth is organized for us we will take our children there as God
          our Father brought His children here when He came.
          Let us be faithful and humble and keep the commandments; and if
          we will eat meat, let us eat that which is mild. I am inclined to
          think that pig meat is not good, and that fine flour is not good,
          and the finer the flour we eat the shorter will be our lives. It
          would be better for us to eat coarse bread, such as the Graham
          bread. I now feel to say peace be with you, peace rest upon you
          and I say my peace shall rest upon you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, April 6, 1868
                            Brigham Young, April 6, 1868
              REMARKS by President Brigham Young, in the New Tabernacle,
                                   April 6, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          The items of instruction which have been laid before us by Elders
          George A. Smith and George Q. Cannon are very important to us,
          they are subjects which we have dwelt upon for years. It is
          generally known among us that we commenced some years ago to
          raise cotton in the southern portion of our Territory, and it is
          also known that machinery to manufacture it has been introduced
          into this country. All this has been done to encourage the people
          to become self-sustaining. I am ready to acknowledge that the
          Latter-day Saints are the best people, and the most willing
          people to do right that I know anything about. But when we take
          into particular and close consideration their acts, and compare
          them with the teaching they are constantly receiving, we think
          and say they are very far from taking all the counsel given them
          of the Lord through His servants. But were they to be counseled,
          for instance, to go to the gold mines, many of them would obey
          with alacrity. If they were to be counseled to chew or smoke
          tobacco, many would lift up both hands for this, and shout for
          joy? If the sisters many of them, were counseled to continue the
          use of tea and coffee they would sit up all night to bless you.
          When we are counseled to do that which pleases us then are we
          willing to obey counsel. Yet when I consider the pit from whence
          we have been taken, and the rock from whence we have been hewn, I
          can say, praise to the Latter-day Saints. Again, when we consider
          the immensity of knowledge and wisdom and understanding
          pertaining to the things of this life, pertaining to the learning
          of this world, pertaining to that which is within our reach, and
          ready for the use and profit of the people, and particularly with
          regard to taking care of ourselves, and then consider our
          shortcomings, and slothfulness, we may look upon ourselves with
          shamefacedness because of the smallness of our attainments in the
          midst of so many great advantages.
          A thorough reformation is needed in regard to our eating and
          drinking, and on this point I will freely express myself, and
          shall be glad if the people will hear, believe and obey. If the
          people were willing to receive the true knowledge from heaven in
          regard to their diet they would cease eating swine's flesh. I
          know this as well as Moses knew it, and without putting it in a
          code of commandments. When I tell you that it is the will of the
          Lord to cease eating swine's flesh, very likely some one will
          tell you that it is the will of the Lord to stop eating beef and
          mutton, and another that it is the will of the Lord to stop
          eating fowl and fish until the minds of the people become
          bewildered, so that they know not how to decide between right and
          wrong, truth and error. The beef fed upon our mountain grasses is
          as healthy food as we need at present. Beef, so fattened, is as
          good as wild meat, and is quite different in its nature from
          stall-fed meat. But we can eat fish; and I ask the people of this
          community, Who hinders you from raising fowls for their eggs? Who
          hinders you from cultivating fruit of every variety that will
          flourish in the different parts of this Territory? There has not
          been a day through the whole winter that I have not had fresh
          peaches, and plenty of apples and strawberries. Who hinders any
          person in this community from having these different kinds of
          food in their families? Fish is as healthy a food as we can eat,
          if we except vegetables and fruit, and with them will become a
          very wholesome diet. What hinders us from surrounding ourselves
          with an abundance of those various articles of food which will
          promote health and produce longevity? If it is anything, it is
          our own neglect; or, in other words, which will answer my purpose
          better, the want of knowing how.
          We cannot say there are loafers on our streets; still, there are
          persons in our community who seem to have no other aim in
          existence, than to pass away their time to no purpose or use to
          themselves or the community. They have nothing to do, and think
          that they cannot apply themselves to anything that will benefit
          themselves and their families, when they might with great
          propriety be engaged in laying out a garden, fencing and planting
          it, and laying a foundation to make themselves and their families
          comfortable. It is true we have taken a great share of this
          people from manufacturing districts, where the great masses of
          the people know nothing about cultivating the earth; but they can
          learn it soon, if they will, after they get here. Let your minds
          be at home, and let your attention be directed to that which the
          Lord has given you for honor and glory to yourself, instead of
          being, like the fool which Solomon wrote about, whose eyes are in
          the ends of the earth. Consider that you are at home, and strive
          to make your homes happy, comfortable and delightful; let the
          spirit which you enjoy yourself abound therein.
          What is the reason that our brethren do not progress faster in
          their improvements? In a great measure it is for the want of
          leaders. But this is not altogether so. Generally it is for lack
          of judgment and wisdom, tact and talent, taste, industry and
          prudence in our Bishops. As it has been said, as with the priest
          so with the people. This is the case in a great measure; and we
          can say, as is the Bishop so are the members of his ward. It is
          the duty of the Bishops to take a course to make their lives,
          characters, doings and sayings fit examples in all things to the
          people of their wards. Some of our Bishops have made no
          improvements for eighteen years. I have asked the Bishops to sow
          a little rye, to make straw for hats and bonnets. A few have done
          so. I have asked them to do the same thing this spring, that the
          sisters of their wards may have straw to manufacture. If the
          Bishops have not time to do this, or have not the ground, get
          some of the brethren to do it who have time and ground, and let
          there be an acre of rye sown to each ward, and then ask the
          sisters to gather it in the proper season. Some say that wheat
          straw is as good as rye, if properly prepared. Gather the straw,
          and make your bonnets and hats, and wear them when you come to
          this tabernacle; and make hats for your husbands and sons to
          wear, and for your brothers and your sisters, your daughters and
          your mothers, and let us see all the sisters and all our brethren
          and all our children wearing hats and bonnets of material
          produced and manufactured by ourselves. I have been pleading for
          this for years and years.
          This is leap year; let the ladies take the lead in this and every
          other species of home industry at which they can be employed. We
          have asked the sisters to organize themselves into Relief
          Societies; I again ask the sisters in every ward of the Territory
          to do so, and get women of good understanding to be your leaders,
          and then get counsel from men of understanding; and let your
          fashions proceed from yourselves, and become acquainted with
          those noble traits of character which belong to your sex. Ever
          since I knew that my mother was a woman I have loved the sex, and
          delight in their chastity. The man who abuses, or tries to bring
          dishonor upon the female sex is a fool, and does not know that
          his mother and his sisters were women. Women are more ready to do
          and love the right than men are; and if they could have a little
          guidance, and were encouraged to carry out the instincts of their
          nature, they would effect a revolution for good in any community
          a great deal quicker than men can accomplish it. Men have been
          placed on the earth to bear rule and to lead in every good work,
          and if they would do their duty to-day in their own government,
          and then throughout the world, they would stop whining about the
          "Mormons" marrying so many wives, and the ladies would have
          somebody to protect them and they would not need to flee to the
          "Mormon" Elders for protection. But outside of this community
          they are destroying the sex, ruining all they can, and then they
          boast of their villainy. Shall I say that the women are
          short-sighted? I will say they are weak: I will say that it is in
          their nature to confide in and look to the sterner sex for
          guidance, and thus they are the more liable to be led astray and
          ruined. It is the decree of the Almighty upon them to lean upon
          man as their superior, and he has abused his privilege as their
          natural protector and covered them with abuse and dishonor.
          I wish the whole people of the United States could hear me now, I
          would say to them, let every man in the land over eighteen years
          of age take a wife, and then go to work with your hands and
          cultivate the earth, or labor at some mechanical business, or
          some honest trade to provide an honest living for yourselves and
          those who depend upon you for their subsistence; observing
          temperance, and loving truth and virtue; then would the women be
          cared for, be nourished, honored and blest, becoming honorable
          mothers of a race of men and women farther advanced in physical
          and mental perfection than their fathers. This would create a
          revolution in our country, and would produce results that would
          be of incalculable good. If they would do this, the Elders of
          this Church would not be under the necessity of taking so many
          wives. Will they do this? No, they will not; and there are many
          who will continue to ruin every virtuous woman they can, buying
          the virtue of woman with money and deception, and thus, the lords
          of creation proceed from one conquest to another, boasting of
          their victories, leaving ruin, tears and death in their pathway;
          and what have they conquered? A poor, weak, confiding, loving
          woman. And what have they broken and crushed and destroyed? One
          of the fairest gems of all God's creation. O man! for shame. If
          the men of the city of New York alone had done for the last
          twenty years as the men of this community have done, from two to
          four hundred thousand females from sixteen years of age and
          upwards, whose dishonor and ruin are mercifully covered in the
          grave, would now be in life and health, moving in the circles of
          happy homes, prayed for, respected, loved and honored.
          Now, ladies, go to and organize yourselves into industrial
          societies, and get your husbands to produce you some straw, and
          commence bonnet and hat making. If every ward would commence and
          continue this and other industrial pursuits, it would not be long
          before the females of the wards of our Territory would have
          stores in their wards, and means sufficient to send and get the
          articles which they need, that cannot yet be manufactured here
          and which they may want to distribute.
          It is an old saying that a woman can throw out of the window with
          a spoon as fast as a man can throw into the door with a shovel;
          but a good house-keeper will be saving and economical, and teach
          her children to be good housekeepers, and how to take care of
          everything that is put in their charge. I do not wish to go into
          detail here; I see too much; I know too much of the waste and
          neglect of our females to feel satisfied with them. Is this any
          more so with the female portion of our community than among the
          males? No, not at all; but the neglect, the idleness, the waste,
          and the extravagance of men in our community are ridiculous. They
          are constantly taught better; they know better; yet, in many
          instances, the same reckless waste is indulged in by the whole
          family. If we will learn to be wise and careful, we shall devote
          all our time in that way that will be of the greatest advantage
          to us and to our common cause, continually bettering our
          condition, and become more and more competent to do good.
          I have tried continually to get this people to pursue a course
          that will make them self-sustaining, taking care of their
          poor--the lame, the halt and the blind, lifting the ignorant from
          where they have no opportunity of observing the ways of the
          world, and of understanding the common knowledge possessed among
          the children of men, bringing them together from the four
          quarters of the world, and making of them an intelligent, thrifty
          and self-sustaining people. This is a work that is worthy the
          attention of the Saints. We have gathered thousands from many
          nations. By the aid of the Almighty we have raised them out of
          penury and miserable dependence, and have taught them how to
          become wealthy in possessions, useful to themselves and their
          neighbors, good citizens, and, I trust, faithful Saints. We are
          still continuing our labors in gathering the poor from foreign
          lands, and the people are doing marvels in contributing their
          means for this purpose; and it is still coming, and we hope to be
          able to still enlarge our operations for the deliverance of the
          poor and downtrodden Saints of all nations. We can continue to
          receive and send means until July.
          Now, sisters, will you commence to pay attention to the raising
          of silk? There are numbers of sisters in our community who could
          pay attention to this industry, and teach the children to gather
          the mulberry leaves and to feed the worms. I wish all those
          sisters whose hands are not tied with large families to enter
          into this business with heart and hand in their different wards.
          Plant the mulberry tree, and raise silk every year, also silk
          worm eggs. By pursuing this business faithfully, year by year, it
          will bring a yearly revenue to each ward of thousands of dollars,
          making the people more and more able to perform works of
          benevolence and mercy, and to make themselves more and more
          comfortable in their living.
          The Kingdom of God is upward and onward, and will so continue
          until its power and influence extend to the relief of the honest
          of all nations. It is for us to look to the welfare of the
          Kingdom of God; for it alone will sustain us, build us up and
          save us now and hereafter, and prepare us to enjoy a blessed
          eternity. May God bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, April 6th, 1868
                        George Albert Smith, April 6th, 1868
              DISCOURSE by Elder George A. Smith, delivered in the New
                          Salt Lake City, April 6th, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                         POOR--FISH CULTURE--PRODUCING SILK.
          We have been in the habit of looking contemptuously on the
          sectarian world, so far as their habits appear to us to be
          indications of hypocrisy. Among them men take great pains to seem
          to be religious. They will put on a long face, a sad countenance,
          and on the Sabbath day they will endeavor to seem to be very
          holy. But as soon as the Sabbath has gone by, a great many men
          will not scruple to commit the most outrageous acts of dishonesty
          and corruption, thinking, perhaps, by being so very good on the
          Sabbath day, that the wickedness and corruption of the remaining
          six days will be sanctified and justified.
          Well, we have looked contemptuously upon a spirit of this kind,
          and in so doing some of us may have failed to appreciate, as we
          ought, the importance of observing the Sabbath day. We may have
          felt that it was a tradition that we and our fathers had
          inherited from the sectarian world. There are many instances of
          our brethren failing to observe the Sabbath day. Some going to
          the kanyon on a Saturday for wood or lumber, knowing that they
          could not return with their loads until Sunday; or going out to
          hunt cattle when they knew they could not accomplish what they
          desired without breaking the Sabbath. I feel a desire to call the
          attention of the Conference to the consideration of this subject,
          because it not only involves a commandment given in the law of
          Moses, and endorsed by the new Testament, but it has been also
          enjoined upon us by revelation through Joseph Smith in the
          present generation; and if we neglect it we have no right to
          expect the blessings of God to that extent that its observance
          would ensure. We find on the 149th page of the Doctrine and
          Covenants something on this subject, to which I wish to call the
          attention of the brethren and sisters. It reads as follows:
          "Wherefore I give unto them a commandment, saying thus: Thou
          shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy
          might, mind and strength, and in the name of Jesus Christ thou
          shalt serve him. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Thou
          shalt not steal; neither commit adultery, nor kill, nor do
          anything like unto it. Thou shalt thank the Lord thy God in all
          things. Thou shalt offer a sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in
          righteousness, even that of a broken heart and contrite spirit.
          And that thou mayest more fully keep thyself unspotted from the
          world, thou shalt go to the house of prayer and offer up thy
          sacraments upon my holy day; for verily this is a day appointed
          unto you to rest from your labors, and to pay thy devotions unto
          the Most High; nevertheless thy vows shall be offered up in
          righteousness on all days, and at all times; but remember that on
          this the Lord's day, thou shalt offer thine oblations and thy
          sacraments unto the Most High, confessing thy sins unto thy
          brethren, and before the Lord.
          "And on this day thou shalt do none other thing, only let thy
          food be prepared with singleness of heart that thy fasting may be
          perfect; or, in other words, that thy joy may be full. Verily
          this is fasting and prayer; or, in other words, rejoicing and
          I read this simply to call your attention to the law as it has
          been given to us through Joseph Smith, our Prophet, and to
          impress upon the minds of the Elders the necessity of observing
          We find it also enjoined upon us in a portion of section 4, or a
          revelation in page 160, of the Book of Doctrine and Covenants,
          which reads as follows:
          "And the inhabitants of Zion shall also observe the Sabbath day
          to keep it holy."
          I have felt that it was necessary to call the attention of the
          Saints--the brethren especially, to this subject, because I
          believe it affects us in various ways. We should come together on
          the Sabbath day and partake of the Sacrament, and we should do no
          work, but what is necessary to prepare food for ourselves, or to
          feed our animals. We should observe the Sabbath as a day of rest,
          and if we do it faithfully we shall live longer; for my
          impression is, saying nothing about the commandment of the Lord,
          that nature requires one-seventh of our time for rest, and that
          when a man has worked fifty-two Sundays in a year, he is at least
          fifty-two days older than he needs to be, and has not done as
          much work during the year as if he had worked only six days a
          week and had rested the seventh. I hope our brethren will
          hereafter make their calculations to observe the Sabbath and thus
          act in accordance with the law of God. The evidence is plain on
          the face of the Book of Mormon, that when men commence to live in
          accordance with the laws of the gospel, as the people of Nephi
          did for about two hundred years after the Savior visited the land
          Bountiful, they shall begin to be stronger and to live longer.
          Amos, the son of Nephi, kept the records on the places of Nephi
          eighty-four years, and his son Amos kept them one hundred and
          eleven years: Book of Mormon, pages 494-6, sections 8 and 1 1.
          Previous to this period the Book of Mormon shows that the
          Nephites were a short-lived race. The observance of every other
          commandment of God, has a tendency to prolong human life. There
          is nothing to prevent us commencing, by observing the Word of
          Wisdom, to lengthen our days, in accordance with the words of the
          prophecies of Isaiah, which says, "for as the days of a tree are
          the days of my people."
          There are several subjects I wish to refer to in addressing my
          brethren in Conference. One of them is the emigration of the poor
          from Europe, which was agitated last Fall Conference. Some of the
          brethren have contributed liberally, and sufficient means has
          been collected to aid a considerable number; but nothing like
          what was desired. Yet with what has been raised here, with that
          which may be possessed by some who are partly able to help
          themselves, we expect to bring five thousand adults to the
          railway terminus. We also expect to raise the wagons, mules and
          oxen necessary to fit up teams, and the necessary provisions and
          teamsters, guards and arms, to go from here to the terminus of
          the railroad, and bring home the brethren and sisters and their
          children who may gather to that point. We also want to make plans
          and calculations, and every man and woman throughout the
          Territory should feel that it is a part of their duty to
          contribute his or her share to accomplish this; and then to lay a
          foundation for setting all these people to work at something that
          will enable them to live and acquire a competence as well as
          return the means expended in bringing them here. Those indebted
          to the Perpetual Emigration Fund should feel the importance of
          paying their indebtedness; and those who are not indebted should
          feel alive and awake to the accomplishment of this object. It is
          a great and glorious work which we have undertaken, and it will
          never do for us to be discouraged and leave it half done.
          There is another subject under consideration, which weighs very
          heavily upon the minds of the Saints. The Word of Wisdom
          recommends us to use the flesh of animals sparingly. The law of
          Moses prohibited to Israel the use of swine's flesh; but in the
          Gentile world at the present day it is considered superior, as
          food, to almost every other kind of flesh. And even among us,
          with the education and training that we have received, there is a
          great deal of it used. It seems to be a pretty general idea among
          the people that swine's flesh can be more easily raised than any
          other; but there is no doubt that, with proper care and
          attention, other kinds of meat might be produced with equal
          facility. For some reason God, by special law, prohibited its use
          to the children of Israel; and it certainly seems desirable that
          we should also discontinue its use, as within the past few years
          in some countries where a great amount of pork has been consumed
          the people have been afflicted with a kind of pestilence--a
          disease which is considered incurable. It is therefore wise and
          prudent for us to adopt plans to procure supplies from other
          sources. In some countries the culture of fish has recently been
          introduced. It was commenced, in the first place, by sportsmen
          for the purpose of increasing the amusement of anglers; but the
          French government, under the reign of the present Emperor, have
          commenced to stock the rivers of France with fish for the purpose
          of increasing the supply of healthy food to the people. This is
          being done successfully in New England, where rivers were
          formerly well stocked with salmon and other varieties of fish,
          though for many years they have become extinct. Laws have been
          passed in New Hampshire, Maine and other Eastern States,
          requiring the owners of mills to construct fish ways over their
          dams, so that the fish can pass freely up and down the streams,
          the dams having heretofore effectually prevented this.
          Persons have also been employed to re-stock the rivers, and in
          this way many choice varieties of fish have been again
          successfully introduced. The real fact is, they are as easily
          raised as hogs, if the proper attention is paid to them. Our
          beautiful lakes--such as Utah Lake and Bear Lake,--our rivers,
          and even our springs can, with a very little trouble and expense,
          be made to yield an immense quantity of this healthful food. I
          wish to call the attention of the Bishops and Elders, at home and
          abroad, to the propriety of studying this question; and if they
          lack information on the subject just let them drop a note to the
          Hon. W. H. Hooper, our Delegate at Washington, and ask him to
          furnish information on the culture of fish. He has it in his
          reach through the Bureau of Agriculture, and can send it under
          his own frank, and that will put you in possession of the
          information you require. You can feed fish as well as hogs, and
          they will eat a great many things you are little aware of, and
          with a little trouble you can procure that which will furnish an
          agreeable and healthy change in our diet.
          I also wish to advise our brethren,--the Bishops especially, to
          consider the propriety of taking proper measures for the
          production of poultry. Their flesh is agreeable and much more
          healthful as food than using great quantities of pork, as we are
          compelled to do in many instances.
          I will also call the attention of the congregation to the subject
          of raising silk. We are anxious to dress in broadcloth, and to
          wear fine clothing; but there is a difficulty in the way of our
          sending abroad for them, for we have scarcely anything that we
          can send to purchase the necessary material; hence the necessity
          of taking measures to raise it here. The revelation given to the
          Church years ago to let the beauty of our garments be the
          workmanship of our own hands, although it has not remained a dead
          letter, has never been fully complied with; and it is time that
          we, as a people, should be thinking of some new industry by which
          the kinds of clothing we desire may be produced, and also have a
          production or staple of some kind that we can send abroad that
          will bring us wealth in return, instead of sending away all our
          money, and bringing nothing back.
          It has been proven by a few years' experience that the mulberry
          tree grows in this country; the climate agrees with it, and it
          grows rapidly and thrives well. It has also been proven that the
          silkworm is healthy in this climate, and experiments have proven
          the fact that silk of a fine quality can be produced here in
          abundance. Now, silk has commanded gold in all ages. It once
          would pay for transportation overland on the back of animals from
          the frontiers of China to the west of Europe; and silk garments
          have been considered so delightful that they were worth their
          weight in gold. And in consequence of the high esteem in which it
          has ever been and is yet held, the trade in silk is still very
          remunerative. We would like to see our wives and daughters clad
          in the most delightful silk, but we cannot get it; and yet it can
          be cultivated and produced by their own nimble fingers, in this
          climate, just as easily as flax or wool, and at very little more
          expense. Several years ago in the States there was quite an
          excitement on this subject; but it proved a failure. The reason
          was that in many of the States where the experiment was tried the
          climate was too severe for the culture of the proper varieties of
          the mulberry; they would kill with the winter frosts, and then
          the summers were too damp or rainy for the healthy production of
          the worm. Our climate is peculiarly fitted in these respects. Our
          dry summers and mild winters are both suitable, and there is not
          a doubt but as fine silk may be produced here as anywhere in the
          world. President Young has taken pains to introduce the mulberry.
          He sent to Europe and obtained the proper kind of seed. It can be
          grown from the seed and multiplied to any extent from the
          cuttings. Our brethren in every ward should take this matter in
          hand and plant out these cuttings, and send for the silkworms,
          and set in operation a new branch of industry, which will employ
          us some six weeks or two months in the summer time in feeding and
          taking care of the worms; the residue of the labor--winding and
          manufacturing the raw material into silk can be conducted through
          the year. Millions of dollars worth of silk might thus be
          annually produced in this territory, from labor that now counts
          very little.
          The feeble, the aged, the lame, and almost any person, no matter
          how weakly, might be employed at this business; and silk always
          fetches such a price that it would pay us for sending it abroad,
          in addition to the amount we might use.
          It is just as easy for us to clothe ourselves with silk, the
          workmanship of our own hands, as to go ragged. Then, I feel it,
          conscientiously, to be a duty we owe to ourselves as a people,
          and the obedience we owe to the revelations of the Lord that we
          should add this industry to the branches we have already
          We should also take care of our sheep, and continue to erect
          woolen manufactories, and never relax our efforts in the
          cultivation of flax, hemp and cotton, for all these articles in
          their time and season are indispensable; and with the whole of
          them put together--the silk, wool, flax, hemp and cotton, we need
          ask no odds of mankind for clothes to wear, how ever beautiful we
          may choose to make them.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, April 8, 1868
                            Brigham Young, April 8, 1868
             REMARKS by President Brigham Young, in the New Tabernacle,
                              afternoon, April 8, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          President Heber C. Kimball has exhorted the bishops to gather
          around them the young men and teach them the privileges which
          they enjoy, and try to lead them in the right way. Bishops, I
          wish you to hearken to this piece of good advice. I will give
          each of the young men in Israel, who have arrived at an age to
          marry, a mission to go straightway and get married to a good
          sister, fence a city lot, lay out a garden and orchard and make a
          home, and especially do not forget to plant a proper proportion
          of mulberry trees. This is the mission that I give to all the
          young men in Israel. And I say to you, sisters, if you do not
          know how to milk a cow, you can soon learn. If you do not know
          how to feed the cows, you can learn. If you do not know how to
          feed the chickens, get them and learn how, and if your husband
          takes you to live in ever so small and humble a cottage, make it
          neat and nice and clean, and set out flowers around the doors,
          and let the husband plant fruit trees and shade trees, and let
          wives help their husbands that they may be encouraged to take
          hold of more important business that will create an income
          sufficient to sustain their wives, and by economy and care become
          wealthy in a short time, and have your carriage to ride in. What
          a satisfaction it will be to you to know that what you possess is
          the result of your industry and economy. "It was not given to us
          by grandfather, or by father, or by mother, or any relation; but
          we have got these comforts by our industry, saving, and the
          blessings of the Lord." By this means our young men and maidens
          will gain for themselves credit, respect, and a name in Israel
          worthy of the admiration of all good persons. How much better is
          this course than the opposite, to spend precious time to no
          profit, always being in a state of dependence. Were the Lord to
          speak of such conduct, he would use terms to show that He is not
          well pleased with it.
          I have a short sermon for my sisters. I wish you, under the
          direction of your bishops and wise men, to establish your relief
          societies, and organize yourselves under the direction of the
          brethren, and establish yourselves for doing business, gathering
          up your little amounts of means that would otherwise go to waste,
          and put them to usury, and make more of them, and thus keep
          gathering in. Let this be commenced forthwith. Ask your husbands
          to furnish you some straw for hats and bonnets, and when you get
          it put more than three straws over your head, and make a hat that
          will shade you from the scorching sun. I have a great desire to
          live and see the prosperity of this people, and one thing among
          the rest, I would like to see the time when our sisters will take
          more pains to beautify their children. When your children arise
          in the morning instead of sending them out of doors to wash in
          cold, hard water, with a little soft soap, and wiping them as
          though you would tear the skin off them, creating roughness and
          darkness of skin, take a piece of soft flannel, and wipe the
          faces of your children smooth and nice, dry them with a soft
          cloth; and instead of giving them pork for their breakfast, give
          them good wholesome bread and sweet milk, baked potatoes, and
          also buttermilk if they like it, and a little fruit, and I would
          have no objections to their eating a little rice. Rice is an
          excellent food for children, and I wish some of the brethren
          would cultivate it in these valleys. Upland rice will flourish in
          this country. Train up your children to be beautiful and fair,
          instead of neglecting them until they are sunburned and become
          like the natives of our mountains. Let the sisters take care of
          themselves, and make themselves beautiful, and if any of you are
          so superstitious and ignorant as to say that this is pride, I can
          say that you are not informed as to the pride which is sinful
          before the Lord, you are also ignorant as to the excellency of
          the heavens, and of the beauty which dwells in the society of the
          Gods. Were you to see an angel, you would see a beautiful and
          lovely creature. Make yourselves like angels in goodness and
          beauty. Let the mothers in Israel make their sons and daughters
          healthy and beautiful, by cleanliness and a proper diet. Whether
          you have much or little clothing for your children, it can be
          kept clean and healthy, and be made to fit their persons neatly.
          Make your children lovely and fair that you may delight in them.
          Cease to send out your children to herd sheep with their skins
          exposed to the hot sun, until their hands and faces appear as
          though they lived in an ash heap. I call upon my sisters to lead
          out in these things; and create your own fashions, and make your
          clothing to please yourselves, independent of outside influences;
          and make your hats and bonnets to shade you. I wish you, sisters,
          to listen to these counsels, and place yourselves in a condition
          to administer to the poor. Get your husbands to provide you with
          a little of this and a little of that of which you can make
          something by adding your own labor. I do not mean that you shall
          apply to them for five dollars and ten dollars to spend for that
          which is of no profit, but manufacture something that will be
          useful as well as beautiful and comely.
          You ought to enter into the cultivation of silk. Our bench lands
          are well adapted to the growth of the mulberry tree, the leaves
          of which produce the natural food for the silk worm. There is no
          better land nor climate in the world than we have for this branch
          of business. We can make ourselves independently rich at this
          business alone, if it is properly pursued. There ought to be a
          plot of land in each ward devoted to the cultivation of silk, and
          a cocoonery built in the centre of it, and in the season thereof
          let the children of the wards who have nothing to do, and aged
          people, gather the leaves and feed the worms. The work is light
          and interesting, while the sales of wound silk, for which there
          is always a market to be found, will do much towards feeding and
          clothing poor persons that would otherwise be entirely dependent.
          If the worms are well taken care of, the season of feeding only
          lasts from thirty-five to forty days. If I cannot succeed in
          getting the sisters with their children to attend to this
          business, I shall be under the necessity of sending to China for
          Chinamen to come here and raise silk for us, which I do not wish
          to do. To pay people the wages they want here would prevent us
          from raising silk profitably. We look forward to the period when
          the price of labor here will be brought to a reasonable and
          judicious standard.
          Now, sisters, go to forthwith and get you an acre of land, and
          get the Bishops and the brethren to fence it, and prepare it for
          the reception of the trees, and go and help them; but be sure to
          wear a wide brimmed hat while doing it, so as not to get tanned
          with the sun and the wind. Go to and raise silk. You can do it,
          and those who cannot set themselves to work we will set them to
          work gathering straw, and making straw hats and straw bonnets; we
          will set others to gathering willows, and others to making
          baskets; we will set others to gathering flags and rushes, and to
          making mats, and bottoming chairs, and making carpets. I pray you
          in Christ's stead to let gold hunting alone, and pray the Lord to
          cover it up in our region of country that it cannot be found.
          Those among us who are anxious to find rich gold deposits, are
          equally anxious to destroy themselves, and we are no wiser than
          our little children are in handling sharp-edged tools. They would
          not only destroy themselves, but all around them if they had the
          power to do it. Instead of hunting gold, let every man go to work
          at raising wheat, oats, barley, corn and vegetables, and fruit in
          abundance, that there may be plenty in the land. Raise sheep, and
          produce the finest quality of wool in large quantities. By the
          migratory system of feeding sheep in this country they will be
          healthy, and produce large clips of wool. I hope, by the
          blessings of the Lord, to demonstrate this the present season. In
          these pursuits are the true sources of wealth, and we have as
          much capital in these mountains to begin with as any people in
          the world, according to the number of our community. Real capital
          consists in knowledge and physical strength. If we know how to
          apply our labor, it will produce for us everything we can ask
          for; it will bring to us the food and the clothing we want, and
          every facility we need for comfort, for refinement, for
          excellence, for beauty, and for adornment. It will bring to us
          the wealth of the world, the gold and the silver, although gold
          and silver are not real wealth. They are useful as a medium of
          exchange, as foundation upon which to base a currency, and to use
          as ornaments and household vessels; and so gold should be
          regarded until there is enough of it to pave our streets. O, ye
          Elders of Israel who are greedy for gold, instead of wasting your
          time in search of it, gather around you the comforts of life,
          with which the elements are loaded, and make yourselves rich in
          all the elegancies and conveniences by means of economy and
          industry. I wish the sisters to lead out in the fashions. It is
          very little difference what fashion you produce. I would just as
          soon see you wear hats with wide brims as not, if you have that
          fashion that will give comfort and convenience and produce health
          and longevity. We wish to promote the longevity of the people.
          Tell your husbands to get you a heifer calf or two and some
          chickens, and you will feed them, and take care of them, instead
          of feeding pigs, and if your husbands have springs on their land,
          get them to clean them out and dam them up a little, and
          introduce the spawn of the best fish we have in these mountains,
          and collect all the information that has been printed, and which
          comes within your reach on the subject of raising fish. And raise
          your potatoes and parsnips and carrots for feeding them with,
          adding a little corn meal, or a little oat meal. We can raise
          fish here, and the cost will be one fourth less per pound than
          other meats. You may think that fowls are injurious to the
          garden; but they are not. They will pick up grubs and cut worms
          and other destructive insects, and the good they do in this
          respect will far overbalance any trifling injury they may do to
          young plants. They will keep your gardens clean of these pests,
          and fatten, giving you plenty of eggs to eat. Take care of them,
          and get a little patch of lucerne planted to give to your young
          heifer, and rear her until she gives you her increase. This is
          for you young women who want to get husbands. Tell the young men
          that you will sustain yourselves, and teach them how to sustain
          themselves if they do not know how, if they will only come and
          marry you. Now, girls, court up the boys, it is leap year. Give
          them to understand in some way that it is all right. You are
          ready, and you want to help them to make a good home, to form a
          nucleus around which to gather the blessings and comforts of
          life, a place to rally to. While you are on the move and
          unsettled you can get nothing that is permanent. Tell the boys
          what to do, and you sisters of experience, ye mothers in Israel,
          go to and get up your societies, and teach these girls what to
          do, and how to get the boys to come and marry them. The neglect
          and lazy habits which our boys are falling into are a disgrace to
          us, to say nothing about the sin of such conduct. They produce
          nothing, and consider themselves unable to take care of a family,
          and they will not marry. This conduct of theirs leaves our young
          women without partners; they want somebody to look to, and
          something that they can do to advantage and bless themselves, and
          have a home to go to. Young men, fit you up a little log cabin,
          if it is not more than ten feet square, and then get you a bird
          to put in your little cage. You can then work all day with
          satisfaction to yourself, considering that you have a home to go
          to, and a loving heart to welcome you. You will then have
          something to encourage you to labor and gather around you the
          comforts of life, and a place to gather them to. Strive to make
          your little home attractive. Use lime freely, and let your houses
          nestle beneath the cool shades of trees, and be made fragrant
          with perfumes of flowers.
          These are practical teachings; they are things which this people
          must be taught, for if we do not learn to take care of ourselves
          and save ourselves, who will do it for us? Will the Gentiles help
          us, and care for us? Will they do us good? No. And I tell you
          further, Elders of Israel, that you do not know the day of your
          visitation, neither do you understand the signs of the times, for
          if you did you would be awake to these things. Every organization
          of our government, the best government in the world, is crumbling
          to pieces. Those who have it in their hands are the ones who are
          destroying it. How long will it be before the words of the
          prophet Joseph will be fulfilled? He said if the Constitution of
          the United States were saved at all it must be done by this
          people. It will not be many years before these words come to
          pass. How long will it be before they will be coming here for
          bread, for the bread of life, and for the bread which sustains
          the body? Do you know this? You do not. This community live as it
          were from hand to mouth. They must learn to lay up food.
          Notwithstanding all that has been said to the people on this
          subject, not one man to thirty has bread sufficient to last him
          one year. As our mechanics are paid, they might have laid up
          their hundreds if not their thousands a year. Brethren, learn.
          You have learned a good deal it is true; but learn more; learn to
          sustain yourselves; lay up grain and flour, and save it against a
          day of scarcity. Sisters, do not ask your husbands to sell the
          last bushel of grain you have to buy something for you out of the
          stores, but aid your husbands in storing it up against a day of
          want, and always have a year or two's provision on hand. A great
          abundance of fruit can be dried. There are but few families in
          this city who do not have the privilege of drying and laying up
          fruit. Yet the majority of families in this community, instead of
          using fruit that was dried last fall but one, are using fruit
          dried last year when the grasshoppers were here. A year's supply
          should be kept ahead, so that families would not be compelled to
          eat fruit that had been injured by grasshoppers and other
          insects. We should accumulate all kinds of nutritive substances,
          and preserve them from worms, which can easily be done. If we do
          not take care of ourselves, we shall have a very poor chance to
          be taken care of. If we will hearken to the counsel that is given
          to us we shall know how to sustain ourselves in every particular.
          Mothers in Israel, sisters, ask your husbands to take care of the
          sheep they have got, and not wilfully waste them; but multiply
          them and bring our wool to the factories to be manufactured, or
          trade it for yarn and cloth. The woolen mills which we now have
          in the country will work up a great deal of wool if they can get
          it. Who is there in our community that raises flax? Is there any
          attention paid to this culture? I think not, but it is, "Husband,
          sell your wheat, sell your oats to buy me the linen I want." We
          shall in the future have flax machines here to make the finest of
          linen; and we can make the cotton and silk in abundance. I would
          urge the brethren of the southern country to plant cotton
          sufficient to supply the wants of the factories that are now in
          the country, and let us continue our labors until we can
          manufacture everything we want. All this is embraced in our
          religion, every good word and work, all things temporal, and all
          things spiritual, things in heaven, things on earth, and things
          that are under the earth and circumscribed by our religion. We
          are in the fastnesses of the mountains, and if we do these
          things, and delight in doing right, our feet will be made fast
          and immovable like the bases of these everlasting hills. We ought
          not to desire anything only on righteous principles, and if we
          want right, let us then deal it out to others, being kind and
          full of love and charity to all. My brethren and sisters, I have
          occupied considerable time; but I have not spoken one tenth of
          what I wish to say to you. By the authority that the Lord has
          granted to me, I bless you in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, May 10th, 1868
                            Brigham Young, May 10th, 1868
              REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the New
                           Salt Lake City, May 10th, 1868.
                              [Reported by G. D. Watt.]
          The gospel which we preach is the gospel of life and salvation.
          The Church which we represent is the Church and Kingdom of God,
          and possesses the only faith by which the children of men can be
          brought back into the presence of our Father and God. The Lord
          has set his hands to restore all things as in the beginning, and
          by the administration of His Holy Priesthood, save all who can be
          saved, cleanse from the world the consequences of the fall and
          give it to the hands of His Saints. I am a witness of these
          things. How far short we may come of being what we should be, or
          of improving as fast as we should, matters not; this is the
          Kingdom of God, this is the way of life and salvation, and all
          who hearken to and receive it in their faith, and live it in
          their lives, will have the privilege of returning to their Father
          and their God; and none else will come into His presence. It is
          true that the spirits of all people will return to God who gave
          the, both Saint and sinner, but as to their staying there and
          becoming permanent settlers in His immediate presence is another
          The practical part of the lives of the Saints in our day, and in
          former days on this earth or on other earths, is another part of
          the great subject of salvation. The faith of the people as a
          general thing is correct; but the lives of many of the Latter-day
          Saints are far from being what they should be. To be Latter-day
          Saints men and women must be strictly honest; they must observe
          that code of moral religion which is taught in the world and
          which is as good as can be taught. There are numbers of the human
          family who profess the religions of men who live the moral code
          acknowledged among them as strictly as men and women can do.
          When we talk of the true Church of Christ we speak of a system of
          theology, the principles of which will bear upon every motive and
          act of mankind. If there is a fault in the people, it will make
          it manifest; if there is a weakness, it will be made apparent,
          for the Lord takes this course that His children may exhibit what
          is in them. In the latter days He will reveal the secrets of the
          hearts of the children of men. He is now doing this by breaking
          up the people here and there. He is leading them through
          circumstances to try them to the uttermost. If we are not tried
          in all things already, there is plenty of time yet for us to be
          so tried, even as Abraham was. Be patient, my brethren and
          sisters, for we shall all have the privilege of being tried to
          the uttermost if we are worthy. How many trials Abraham had, and
          how severe they were we have not been fully informed. A portion
          of his life has been committed to paper, and handed down to us,
          which we can read at our leisure. Whether he was tried as we are
          tried, and in as many ways as the Latter-day Saints are tried, I
          do not know. There is no question but that he was tried
          sufficiently to prove before his Father and God that he was
          worthy of the blessings he obtained--that he was worthy of the
          priesthood and the keys thereof--that he was worthy to receive
          the articles of truth, to dispense salvation to his father's
          house and to his friends and neighbors, and to all who would
          hearken to his counsels.
          The Latter-day Saints are a very peculiar people, and they are
          led in a peculiar way. We are brought into circumstances so as to
          be a stumbling block to the nations, through the failings and
          weaknesses of the Latter-day Saints. Jesus was a stumbling block
          to the nation of the Jews, and to the generation in which he
          lived, and to all that knew him, and how singular it is that
          Jesus Christ, at this late day, and at such a distance from the
          theatre of his operations, should have attained such celebrity
          and fame; even his disciples are not only canonized, but almost
          deified, and looked upon as though they were gods come down to
          dwell with men. Every circumstance connected with the Savior's
          life is looked upon as being divine. Christendom now acknowledge
          that Jesus was the Son of God; they look upon him as God
          manifested in the flesh according to the New Testament; yet the
          generation in which He lived did not see these tokens of divinity
          which this generation recognize. To them he was "a root out of
          dry ground"--"a stumbling block," "a rock of offence." So with
          the Latter-day Saints. They are a stumbling block to this
          generation. The world see all their weaknesses and faults, and
          see no divinity in the work in which they are engaged. Yet this
          is not to be wondered at, inasmuch as the world could not see it
          in Jesus when he dwelt in mortality. We are looked upon as a low,
          degraded, ignorant set of fanatics. This is the opinion of the
          great majority of the learned and refined world. Others say that
          our people are the dupes of a few. We do not claim to be very
          wise, but we do know that that portion of mankind called
          Christians in our day, who profess to be followers of the meek
          and lowly Jesus, are grossly ignorant of His character, and of
          the means and way of Salvation which He offers to the world. The
          Latter-day Saints, as a people, may not be so far advanced in the
          knowledge of many of the sciences, as their neighbors; but they
          are learning how to take care of themselves, which is one of the
          greatest arts known to man. When the most learned and scientific
          among men scrutinize their own lives and experience, they are
          under the necessity of acknowledging that they are faulty, weak,
          ignorant; they are "strangers from the covenants of promise,
          having no hope, and without God in the world."
          Instead of considering that there is nothing known and
          understood, only as we know and understand things naturally, I
          take the other side of the question, and believe positively that
          there is nothing known except by the revelation of the Lord Jesus
          Christ, whether in theology, science, or art. The world receive
          information and light on great principles of science and
          knowledge in the arts, to subserve the hidden purposes of the
          Almighty, but they are ignorant of the source from whence it
          comes to them. They seek not to know God, whom to know is life
          everlasting. They seek not to know the source of their own
          existence, and of all light and truth. They are not willing to
          acknowledge His hand in anything; and for this the God of Heaven
          is displeased with them, and His anger is kindled against them.
          They have every evidence that can be asked that Joseph Smith was
          a prophet sent from God, yet they cannot acknowledge it; while at
          the same time, with the scriptures in their hands, they can but
          acknowledge the supremacy of the doctrine we preach over the
          dogmas of the age, and in the growth of this community in the
          face of a constant stream of abuse and persecution, gathering the
          poor from all nations, they must acknowledge the superior wisdom
          and power displayed, that cannot be attributed to man. The wisdom
          which God has given them teaches them better. It teaches them
          that a secret something, an invisible agency is evidently at work
          behind the curtain. What mortal has the power to call people from
          the ends of the earth? While Jesus Christ was in the flesh He did
          not manifest his power. How much power did He manifest over the
          people of the world in His day? Did He send His disciples to the
          nations and call His followers together from the ends of the
          earth by thousands? He did not. There is no doubt but that He had
          the power to call the people together; but he did not manifest
          it. The people saw no exhibition of this power when he was among
          them. But He is doing it now, and if it had been the time to do
          it in His day it could have been done by the power of the heavens
          through Him, as it is now done by the same power through Joseph
          Smith and his brethren. God is now displaying His power in a
          marvelous degree, whispering to the inmost souls of the children
          of men in foreign lands with a still, small voice, "flee to the
          mountains, for the day of the Lord is upon the wicked nations of
          Babylon;" and the cry: "come out of her, my people" has gone
          throughout the world. Do we improve as fast as we should? We do
          not improve as fast as we might; but I am happy to know that we
          improve, and we can improve more if we please. Compare the
          progress of the Saints in the days of the Savior and His
          disciples, with the progress of the Saints in these days.
          When a "Mormon" Elder offers evidence of this great work to
          unbelievers, they tell him that he is a party concerned, and his
          evidence cannot be taken with regard to Joseph Smith's mission. I
          ask the Christian world where are your witnesses that Jesus is
          the Christ? Who are those who testified of His mission, and how
          many are there? Eight persons testified of Him, and their
          testimony is recorded, and they were his disciples and parties
          concerned; yet at this day all the Christian world is ready to
          receive their testimony. I testify that this work of God in which
          we are engaged has been commenced to gather the house of Israel
          and establish Zion in the last days, and has more outward and
          weighty evidence to prove that it is of God than there was in the
          days of Jesus to prove that he was the Christ. When the Book of
          Mormon came forth it was testified to by twelve witnesses, and
          who can dispute their testimony? No living person on the earth
          can do it; and besides the testimony of these twelve witnesses,
          hundreds and thousands have received a witness to themselves from
          the Heavens, and who can dispute their testimony? No living
          person on the earth can do it. This infidel world inquires,
          "where do you get your testimony?" We answer, we get it from the
          Heavens. Were we to ask them where they get the knowledge they
          possess, they reply, "We do not know it; it came to us; we know
          not its source." We have testimony that the Bible is true, that
          the prophecies contained in it are true, that Jesus is the son of
          God, and came to redeem the world. Have the so-called Christian
          world this kind of testimony? They have not. All the testimony
          they can boast of is the testimony of eight men who lived nearly
          two thousand years ago. The infidel world cannot receive their
          testimony, because they were parties concerned.
          We are asked if signs follow the believer in our day as in days
          of old. We answer, they do. The blind see, the lame leap, the
          deaf hear, the gift of prophecy is manifest, also the gift of
          healing, the gift of revelation, the gift of tongues and the
          interpretation of tongues. Jesus said that these signs should
          follow them that believe. His Church and Kingdom always have
          these signs which follow the believer in all ages when the true
          Church is in existence. Do they follow any but believers? They do
          not. The gift and power of the Holy Ghost, as enjoyed by the
          ancient saints, and its various manifestations, are not received
          in the faith of modern Christian sects. They say that the gift
          and power of the Holy Ghost have ceased; that the canon of
          Scripture is full; that there is no more new revelation, no more
          prophecy, no more inspired visions, no more administrations of
          angels as in days of old, no more voice of God from the heavens,
          no more inspired prophets and apostles, who seal on earth and it
          is sealed in heaven; from whence then have they testimony that
          Jesus is the Christ, and that God lives? The very book which they
          believe to be inspired, and which they offer to the heathen and
          the infidel as the strongest evidence they possess for the
          divinity of their religion declares positively that signs shall
          follow the believer, and this very important declaration and
          promise they discard altogether. We say that signs do in our day
          follow the believer, and here is the witness and testimony that
          Jesus is the Christ.
          If we speak of ourselves our testimony is nothing, but if we
          speak by the power of God that is within us, the same Spirit
          bears witness that we are the true followers of the Lord Jesus,
          and convinceth the world of sin and of a judgment to come. The
          Spirit of the Almighty is abroad among the people, and all, who
          will listen to the truth will be convinced by the spirit of
          truth, and they will flow together from distant lands, and as the
          salt of the earth is gathered out the nations will break to
          pieces; and are they not at this time breaking to pieces? The
          honest in heart are gathering out, by thousands and tens of
          thousands from the nations of Babylon. They are leaving their
          fathers, and mothers, and husbands, and wives, and children, and
          friends, and associations, at the call of the gospel preached by
          the Elders of this Church. What power, but the power of God,
          could stir up the world and enlighten the soul and better the
          condition of multitudes, teaching them to make the wilderness
          blossom as the rose and the desert places to be inhabited?
          After the Latter-day Saints are gathered together, I repeat, that
          we do not improve as fast as we should. This World of wisdom
          which has been supposed to have become stale, and not in force,
          is like all the counsels of God, in force as much to-day as it
          ever was. There is life, everlasting life in it--the life which
          now is and the life which is to come. We have had this Word of
          Wisdom thirty-five years last February, and the whole people have
          not yet learned to observe it after the true spirit and meaning
          of it. There is within a few years past a great improvement in
          this, so much so that I very much doubt whether a tobacco spittle
          could be found upon the floor of this tabernacle after this
          congregation is dismissed. Tobacco is not good to receive into
          the human system; hot drinks are not good. We will use cold
          drinks to allay thirst and warm drinks for medicine. Flesh should
          be used sparingly, in famine and in cold. The people are
          beginning to listen to these things. The Spirit of the Lord is
          urging the people to cease from everything that is evil, and to
          reform in their lives; for unless the spirit urged the people to
          do right, we might as well talk to the sides of this house. We
          are urged by the spirit to refrain from articles which tend to
          death, to preserve this life, which is the most precious life
          given to mortal beings preparatory to an immortal life. It is our
          business to prepare to live here to do good. Instead of crying to
          the people prepare to die, our cry is prepare to live
          forevermore. These mortal houses will drop off sometime, and when
          they are cleansed and purified, sanctified and glorified, we
          shall inherit them again forever and ever. Let all the Saints
          pursue a course to live. Let those who fight against God's
          Kingdom fall asleep; and let those who build it up live and
          prosper until their work in the flesh is done. We say to
          worldly-wise men, acknowledge the hand of God in your greatness
          and wisdom and in all the blessings which you receive, for you
          receive them all from him.
          Are we improving as a people? We are. I have said, and say
          to-day, that according to the age of the people we have improved
          as fast as the church of Enoch. I trust we improve faster, for we
          have not as much time as they had. In some of the first
          revelations which were given to this Church the order of Enoch
          was given for a pattern to this people; and Enoch patterned after
          the heavens. The object of the School of the Prophets is to train
          ourselves until we can receive the order of Enoch in all its
          fullness. In the commencement of this Church the Latter-day
          Saints could not receive it, and they were driven from city to
          city, as the Lord said they should be through the mouth of His
          servant Joseph, until they should be willing to receive this
          There is no evil in doing good, no wrong in doing right. It is
          the evil that people do which renders them obnoxious to the
          heavens, hateful to each other, and unworthy of their being upon
          the earth. Let the people be righteous, full of love, faith and
          good works, loving and serving God with all their hearts, and
          they are happy, and they strive to make everybody around them
          happy. From henceforth the wicked will become more wicked, and
          their wickedness will be made more manifest, and the corruptions
          which now lurk in darkness will stalk abroad, and confidence and
          safety will vanish from among men, until the good-meaning people
          among all nations will be willing to flee to any place to find
          peace and safety. Let us be obedient to the man we serve. We
          believe in a one Man power, and that Man is God our Father, who
          lives in the Heavens. In being united with Him we can see the
          beauty of the order of heaven.
          The written word which we have, namely, the Old and New
          Testament, the Book of Mormon and the Book of Doctrine and
          Covenants all agree in testifying that Jesus is the Christ, but
          no man can know this without the testimony of Jesus, which is the
          spirit of prophecy. Flesh and blood did not reveal that fact to
          Peter, but the Father who is in heaven. By this power do we know
          that Christ lives and is the Savior of the world, and has
          commenced His work in the last days, to gather His people, redeem
          and build up Zion, gather the remnants of Israel, bring the
          Gentiles into His covenant who will receive the gospel, restore
          the Jews to their land, and establish the New and Everlasting
          covenant, which He established with the fathers and ratified to
          the children. We are in this work; and we are called to be
          faithful and to sanctify ourselves as a people and prepare for
          the coming of the Son of Man. May God help us to do so. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Erastus Snow, April 8th, 1868
                            Erastus Snow, April 8th, 1868
                DISCOURSE by Elder Erastus Snow, delivered in the New
                          Salt Lake City, April 8th, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                            POOR--MISSION TO ST. JOSEPH.
          Thirty-eight years ago the Prophet Joseph Smith, in a little
          upper room in Father Whitmer's house, Fayette, Seneca County, New
          York State, gathered six men together by commandment of God, and
          proceeded to organize the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
          Saints. Perhaps this was the smallest number with which a church
          was ever organized. But the Savior compared the Kingdom of Heaven
          to a mustard seed, which, He said, is the least of all seeds, but
          which, when grown, becomes greater than all herbs, so that the
          fowls of the air can lodge in its branches. From this small
          beginning the Latter-day Saints have become a great people. That
          which has brought this about, specially, has been the fulfilling
          of the commandments of God, given through Joseph and the ancient
          prophets, in reference to the gathering of His people from
          Babylon in the latter days. One reason assigned by the Lord for
          the gathering of His people is set forth in the revelations of
          St. John, where He says, "Come out of her O, my people that ye be
          not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her
          plagues." This, in a few words, explains the chief reason for the
          Lord requiring His people to gather together. But the prophets
          Isaiah and Micah assign another good reason--they predict that
          the mountain of the Lord's house in the last days shall be
          established in the tops of the mountains, and the nations shall
          flow unto it, saying. "Let us go up to the mountain of the Lord
          and to the house of the God of Jacob, for He will teach us of His
          ways, that we may learn to walk in his paths."
          These two scriptures show unto us that the Lord has required His
          people to gather in the last days, that they might escape the
          sins of the wicked, and the plagues which shall be poured out
          upon them, and that they might be taught in His paths, taught to
          govern themselves, to correct their foolish habits and customs,
          and to train themselves and their offspring that they may be able
          to build up Zion according to the law and order of Heaven.
          We have already made a commendable advance in this direction. I
          rejoice in moving to and fro among this people to see the spirit
          of improvement manifested by them in both temporal and spiritual
          things, and the increase of unity in their midst. Yet there is
          still room for further improvement in all these matters. There is
          one principle which fathers and mothers, and the Elders of Israel
          generally, should understand and teach to their children, that
          is, what trials and tribulations this people have passed through
          to establish themselves in this, their mountain home; and that
          these things have been borne for the Kingdom of Heaven's sake and
          not for filthy lucre's sake. Had it been gold or silver or
          worldly comfort we had followed after, we should not have
          gathered together, but should have been scattered through this
          wicked world. We left these worldly considerations when we
          embraced the gospel and emigrated to this country. Yet our common
          foe is on the alert to neutralize our efforts and to draw away
          our young men, and many of the middle aged who have forgotten the
          testimony of Jesus and have ceased to realize that this is the
          work of God, and when they hear reports of the discovery of gold
          or silver, or think they see a chance to make money by digging
          for gold or by freighting, they launch forth and strike hands
          with unbelievers, engage in their enterprises, and neglect the
          good work of God. This ought not to be. Our young men are heirs
          to the priesthood and of all the blessings of the new and
          everlasting covenant, and they ought not to employ themselves in
          building up the kingdom of darkness or spending their strength
          with unbelievers. But I suppose it is all right to have these
          temptations spread before us, in order that the people may be
          proven more effectually. It is important that our young men, and
          all Israel who do not thoroughly understand these principles,
          should be taught, so that the love of the gospel may be uppermost
          in their hearts.
          I am persuaded that the Lord is perfectly willing that His people
          should possess every good thing the earth will afford, orchards,
          gardens, vineyards, houses, carriages and every other good thing,
          to be enjoyed with thanksgiving and used with prudence and
          judgment. I am aware that the hosts of hell have sought to
          control the wealth of the world, and Lucifer has ever sought to
          allure the righteous, as he did the Savior when he offered Him
          the kingdoms and wealth of the world if He would only fall down
          and worship him. It becomes the Elders of Israel, young,
          middle-aged or old, to imitate the example of the Savior, in
          saying, "Get thee behind me Satan." As to the riches of the world
          they belong to the Lord, and He gives them to whom He will. If we
          are determined to devote our lives to the kingdom of Heaven, and
          not to this world, we shall in due time inherit all that is good
          for us to inherit; and unless we realize the objects of our
          existence, and learn to govern and control our spirits so as to
          devote ourselves and our energies and all the means given to us
          to build up Zion, then the good things of this life would be
          wasted upon us comparatively.
          During the progress of this Conference there have been various
          means of industry and enterprise spoken of and presented for the
          consideration of the people, such as the producing of wool, flax,
          hemp, cotton and silk, and the introduction of machinery for the
          manufacture of the raw material into the various fabrics
          necessary for the use of the people in cold and warm weather. The
          subject of developing the mineral resources of our Territory is
          one of great importance. Iron, copper, coal, lead zinc and tin
          abound in our mountain home, and the development of these
          minerals is of far more importance to the welfare and prosperity
          of a nation, than the development of mines containing the
          precious metals; for the latter are limited in their use, while
          the grosser metals are those that, in their uses, enter into all
          the ramifications of life. The discovering and opening of gold
          and silver mines tempt the cupidity of the blind worshippers of
          mammon, and spread corruption among the people. The prayers of
          every good man and woman should ascend to God, that in Zion these
          precious metals may be covered up and concealed until it is His
          good pleasure for His Saints to possess the kingdom, so that they
          may be governed and controled by the righteous instead of the
          There is much neglect in some of the distant settlements on the
          part of our foreign brethren, with regard to taking out their
          naturalization papers. The word "white" is stricken from the
          Constitution of Deseret, and when the citizens of African descent
          are admitted to the polls, the adopted sons of America who have
          come here to obtain homes for themselves and their posterity,
          should not be indifferent respecting the rights of citizenship
          and neglect to take the steps necessary to secure to themselves
          the full privileges pertaining thereto.
          The emigration of the poor has commended itself to the hearts and
          feelings of the people, and I am sure that their liberal response
          to the calls made upon them last October will do much to commend
          them to the favor of Heaven, and to secure the blessing of the
          Lord upon the labor of their hands. Let us continue in this great
          work, and let every bishop and elder exert himself in his sphere,
          to encourage the people to send in their available means of every
          kind, that our President and those whom he calls to assist him
          may be able to carry out the glorious programme that he has
          adopted for the gathering of the poor. Let the people in every
          ward be awake and alive to this subject, that neither provisions
          nor teams for the outfit may be lacking when the time comes to
          send for the poor. If the people find that their plans for
          freighting and other business are thwarted to some extent in
          doing this, they will in the end find themselves richer, for the
          Lord has given us abundant evidence in times past that He
          controls the avenues of wealth and prosperity to this people. And
          who need fear the locusts and grasshoppers? Have we not been
          tried in these things before? and if it is essential that we
          should be again, all right. I can say with David of old, "I have
          not seen the righteous forsaken nor his seed begging bread." The
          Lord has said, "it is my business to provide for my Saints," and
          if He does not do it we certainly can not. We may plow, sow, and
          irrigate, but we cannot give the increase. And if the blade
          grows, it may wither or the locusts devour it; and if they do God
          directs them, for there is not a sparrow which is not fed by our
          Father in Heaven, neither does a hair of our heads fall to the
          ground without being numbered; neither is there a locust that is
          not cared for by Him who rules all things, and He can dispose of
          them as seems to Him good He can move them east, west, north or
          south, and can destroy or multiply them at pleasure. And He can
          preserve our crops; but He certainly will not do it unless we
          adopt the measures He has ordained. We must plow and sow and plan
          and leave the event with Him. He will not forsake His people, and
          He will provide for the multitude that we may gather up.
          We may exert ourselves to the utmost to gather the poor and send
          forth our teams to bring them to our homes and He will provide
          abundance for us to feed them and ourselves and the locusts that
          He sends among us. And when the locusts have eaten enough, He
          will bid them leave, providing we are not over anxious to
          transport our substance to feed the wicked and build up hell in
          our midst. If the Lord thinks that the locusts will be less
          offensive and do less harm than hordes of the ungodly in our
          borders, I am contented to feed them, provided our people will
          cease feeding their enemies. I do not mean that we shall cease
          feeding the hungry, no matter whether he is Saint or sinner; but
          cease to feed and build up the wicked who will not labor with us
          to develop the resources of the country and help to build up
          Zion. God has called us to turn away from the folly of sustaining
          and building up Babylon--the worshippers of mammon--those who
          have no interest in common with us in establishing Zion and
          building up the Kingdom of our God upon the earth.
          With regard to the aborigines of this continent, there are
          several prophecies in the Book of Mormon to the effect that they
          will one day become a pure people; but that will not take place
          until the fulness of the Gentiles has come. Then, according to
          the promise, the Spirit of the Lord will be poured out upon them
          and they will inherit the blessings promised. Until that time we
          expect they will be a scourge upon the people of Zion, as the
          Lamanites were a scourge to the Nephites of old. That which the
          Lord is pleased to use as a scourge to-day, He may use in days to
          come as a means of support and of strength. It becomes the
          Latter-day Saints as a people to cherish the principles of love
          and good will to all men, and especially the household of faith;
          and also to the natives, who are blind and ignorant pertaining to
          the principles of the gospel, and not to thirst for their blood,
          nor be very revengeful for every wrong that they, in their
          blindness, may commit; but to exercise generous forbearance. God
          will enable us to inflict such summary chastisement upon them as
          circumstances may require, when it is His good pleasure that they
          should be chastened. Or else He will take it in hand Himself, for
          He can easily destroy, by various diseases, those who are
          shedding the blood of the Saints. And this will be far more
          acceptable to Him than if it were done by us.
          It certainly ought not to be specially gratifying to any one to
          shed the blood of his fellows, whether red, black or white. I
          have seen that the Lord has taken care of the Lamanites as well
          as of the Latter-day Saints, and He requires that we should
          exercise our reasoning powers, and not throw ourselves heedlessly
          into positions where we are exposed to the wrath of the savages.
          Inexperienced men who are unacquainted with Indian habits and
          customs, and their mode of warfare, should never be trusted
          beyond the confines of our settlements with their wives and
          families, to commence operation on their own account. They
          thereby tempt the cupidity of the savages. Men of experience,
          energy, watchfulness--men with kind hearts and generous impulses,
          who can forgive an injury--are the men who should be selected on
          all occasions to lead out in the formation of new settlements on
          our frontiers; and they should be sustained by obedient and
          experienced men, who will help to control and take care of the
          people and keep them out of danger.
          I have thought many a time that the Lord has suffered the natives
          in various places to drive in our outpost; just as a wise vine
          dresser will clip off the end of his vines that they may produce
          more fruit and make less wood. We are sometimes in the habit of
          scattering too far. Being over anxious to spread, we lay on more
          warp than we have filling for.
          I would say a word in relation to the missionaries who went South
          last fall to the Muddy. Brother Joseph W. Young and myself left
          here on the second of March and visited the settlements between
          this place and St. Thomas on the Muddy. The bad condition of the
          roads and the limited amount of time at our command, having to
          return here to Conference, prevented us devoting that amount of
          time to the settlements that we wished to. But we found them
          generally in a prosperous condition; though in some places we
          were reminded of what we saw last winter in Salt Lake City, and
          of Israel of old when Moses went up into the mountain and they
          got Aaron to make them a calf. Still as a general thing we found
          the people prosperous.
          I will say for the benefit of those who have sons and daughters
          and friends there, who have been reared in and about Salt Lake
          City and the older settlements, that it must not be expected that
          everything will run smooth with them, or that they will realize
          all their expectations. There are many here who assisted in
          establishing settlements in Salt Lake Valley, and who know the
          difficulties we had to encounter for the first two or three
          years; and there are others who have gone out and buffeted the
          difficulties of establishing settlements upon our borders north
          and south. The country on the Muddy affords facilities for
          extensive and prosperous settlements, but there is a lack of
          timber. They have done very well for fuel, as within about thirty
          miles of St. Thomas there are large groves of cedar and pinion
          pine, which will supply them with fuel for many years, and a good
          natural road to it, and springs of water in the grove. There is
          also considerable sawing timber in the mountains twenty miles
          east of St. Thomas; and a much larger body of excellent saw
          timber in the mountains west of St. Thomas about fifty or sixty
          miles. But in both these places portable steam mills are
          necessary, as there are springs of water in the timber, but no
          creeks sufficient for water mills. And until they are able to get
          mills to saw their lumber, they cannot make very much advance
          towards building. As to fencing, the only fences in that region
          of country are two stone corrals, one in each settlement for
          corraling the stock at night which is herded in the day. And I am
          fully satisfied that it is very much cheaper; and that they will
          make far greater progress in developing the country by adopting
          this system of herding their stock, than they would by attempting
          to fence their land. And I will say that in my visit to that
          country I have not, to the best of my recollection, seen one
          single animal preying on the crops in that section of country. I
          wish I could say as much for the best fenced sections of country
          in the other portions of our Territory.
          Those who went down to St. Thomas last Fall seem comfortable,
          pleasant and happy. Everything around them exhibits an air of
          thrift and comfort. I cannot say quite as much for those located
          at St. Joseph. For many of those who went to that settlement
          heard of a country higher up stream, and they felt anxious to
          visit it; and instead of settling down at once and beginning to
          improve and make themselves a home, they waited in hope of
          finding a better country. By and by in the course of the Winter a
          man, who was responsible and ought to have taken a different
          course, led them out to the Upper Muddy, and when they were
          called back again to St. Joseph, they came feeling disappointed.
          The result was, their feelings were unsettled, and six weeks or
          two months of their labor may be said to have been thrown away;
          and yet not thrown away, for I trust the experience they have
          received, and the instruction which followed, have sealed lessons
          on their minds that they will not forget, and that will prove
          more valuable to them than any amount of means they would have
          earned by that two month's labor. And I trust God will overrule
          it for their good.
          They were much pleased and rejoiced to see us among them, and to
          hear our word; and were ready and willing to be told what to do,
          and to go with their might and do it; and I believe that since
          our visit among them they have settled down in their feelings and
          have gone to work in good earnest to make themselves homes. They
          have not Salt Lake market to go to, and they cannot procure all
          the little luxuries of life; and their food and manner of living
          will necessarily be somewhat crude and primitive, but wholesome
          and healthy. I scarcely know of a single instance of sickness
          among them. There were a few who, when they were migrating south
          last year during the months of November and December, and were
          exposed to severe storms, took cold and fever, but since their
          arrival in that country they have been healthy.
          It is very natural for them, like children, to feel after home
          and father and mother, and the scenes of their youth. And it is
          very natural, too, for the sympathies of parents to be with their
          children. But let not this mistaken sympathy lead parents to give
          wrong counsel to their children to their hurt. It requires stout
          hearts to develop a new country like that; but perseverance, time
          and patience will accomplish it. There is plenty of bread--the
          staff of life--in the country, and no necessity for actual want
          among any of them. It is not now as it has been in St. George and
          on the Muddy, where there was no bread in the country and we had
          to come to Sanpete or to Salt Lake City to fetch it.
          I would say to all who have been called and have not gone,--for
          judging from the best information I have, not above half of those
          called are in the southern country,--for the sake of your own
          future welfare and prosperity, respond to the calls that have
          been made upon you and strive to fill that mission with
          confidence, boldness and energy. Or if there are good and
          sufficient reasons why you should not do so, go to the President
          and make known your circumstances, that you may be released, that
          your consciences may not condemn you and that your God may not
          condemn you, and that your future usefulness may not be
          curtailed. Let no one flatter himself that he can pass along in
          obscurity, unnoticed, and neither magnify his calling, nor yet be
          discharged from it. It will linger around you, it will haunt you
          and will be like a canker worm gnawing at the root of your
          felicity. Take steps to be exonerated one way or the other, and
          God will bless you: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, May 17th, 1868
                            Brigham Young, May 17th, 1868
                  REMARKS by President Brigham Young, at Bountiful,
                                   May 17th, 1868.
                           [Reported by Edward L. Sloan.]
                        BUILD UP ZION--TAKING CARE OF GRAIN.
          I have been looking back over my own experience a little, with
          regard to the religion that we have embraced. I have been asking
          myself what proof have the Latter-day Saints that they are
          actually in the path that leads to everlasting life? Have the
          Saints any evidence that they love and serve God? I will tell you
          my experience in a few words. Before the gospel came to me, the
          world was dark and thorny; and I studied for myself to do
          business as a man of the world. I soon became disgusted with the
          world as it was, for I found that I could scarcely trust any one.
          When the gospel came I found what I wanted. It filled every wish,
          desire and hope pertaining to this life or that which is to come.
          I received it and the spirit and life of it, and I have asked
          myself, while sitting here, what proof have I that I love God,
          that I delight to serve Him and build up His kingdom? It is
          natural to love somebody, or something or other. If you find a
          person who does not wish to love some object, you would call that
          man or woman an unnatural person. If I am asked what I love, I
          would answer, "I love this gospel which I have received." "Do you
          love the wicked?" No. "Do you not like to converse with them?"
          No. I have no delight in the wicked, in their conversation or
          society, only to do them good. This proves to me that if I do not
          love God I do not love any being. If I do not love His gospel
          which He has revealed in the day in which we live, I do not love
          any principles upon the earth. If I do not love the people who
          are gathered out from the nations, who compose the Church and
          Kingdom of God on the earth, I do not love any body. If I do not
          love to talk about our religion and to teach it to others, have
          it in my house and with me all the time, I do not love anything.
          If I spend a minute that is not in some way devoted to building
          up the Kingdom of God and promoting righteousness, I regret that
          minute, and wish it had been otherwise spent. This proves to me
          that the Spirit of the Lord is with me.
          Our teaching to the brethren and sisters is for them to purify
          themselves. I shall not ask them to love the Lord our God with
          all their hearts, it is a requirement of Heaven, and you know it
          as well as I do. But will ask some things. Will our brethren
          cease using language which they should not use? This is one of
          the rules in the School of the Prophets. Will the Elders of
          Israel pray in their families? Will they pay their tithing? We
          can ask this, for it is an outward labor. If they do not love the
          Lord with all their hearts, they can pay their tithing, and pay
          it as an old gentleman in the east said he could do when he was
          paying a poor man some grain. He said the devil stepped up to him
          and whispered "scoop out a little," He stood and listened, and
          something said to him again, "scoop out a little," tempting him.
          Said he, "Mr Devil, leave my barn; if you don't I'll heap every
          half bushel for this poor man."
          They can heap up the half bushel, and send in the butter and eggs
          for the Public Works, and to feed the poor a great many of whom
          are supported from tithing; they can perform required labor, if
          they do not love the Lord with all their hearts; and they can
          cease to take the name of the Lord in vain. If you say you get
          tempted to use language you should not use, I will tell you what
          to do. If you are in the kanyon and your cattle are likely to
          fill you with wrath, fill your mouth with India-rubber and keep
          it close that the words cannot get out. Do not say a word to
          grieve the Spirit of God.
          Cease contending with each other. Keep the Word of Wisdom. There
          are but few of the Elders now who use tobacco, and our sisters
          can do without their tea and coffee. They can keep the Word of
          Wisdom, for many of them do keep it. I only saw one cup of coffee
          last summer during my trip south, and it was for an old lady
          eighty years of age. She asked me if she might not take her cups
          of coffee; and I told her to take it, and blessed her and her
          coffee. We can stop the use of liquor. We can be wise in our work
          and not labor beyond our strength. We can cease running in debt
          and purchasing things that we could do without.
          If the Latter-day Saints could look at things as they are, they
          would see that there is a grievous sin upon this people for
          neglecting their stock and letting them perish; turning their
          sheep on to the range for a few hours, and bringing them up and
          penning them twenty hours out of the twenty-four, until they
          become diseased and sickly. If the people could see as an angel
          sees, they would behold a great sin in neglecting the stock which
          the Lord has given them, for it is the Lord who gives us the
          increase of cattle and sheep, yet many of the people treat them
          as a thing of naught. I heard a man say, in 1853, that it was a
          curse to the people to have so much wheat. He said he could not
          get anything but wheat for his work. I told him if he did not see
          cause in this life, to repent his saying, he would yet repent it.
          These are all the gifts of God; and when we treat lightly His
          gifts, it is a sign we desire that which we should not possess.
          These are things concerning which the people need to be
          instructed. We should take a course to preserve our lives and the
          lives of the animals committed to our care. We should refrain
          from using swine's flesh. We should breathe the pure mountain air
          in our bed-rooms. We should have lofty rooms, high above the
          ground, for though this earth is pure, compared with miasmatic
          places, the air that is above the ground is preferable to that
          close to it. We should have plenty of pure, fresh air. If
          children are kept in close bed-rooms, they become puny and
          weakly. Let them sleep where they can have abundance of pure air,
          in well ventilated rooms, or out of doors, in the summer time, in
          a safe place; it will be most beneficial for their health.
          In building up the Zion of God on this land we must become very
          different from what we are now, in many respects and particularly
          in financial matters. I look at myself and ask myself what have I
          done to become wealthy? Nothing; only to preach the gospel. Yet I
          have nothing but what is the Lord's. He has only made me steward
          over it, to see what I will do with it. I have never walked
          across the streets to make a trade. I do not care anything about
          such things; I desire to preach the gospel and build up the
          Kingdom of God. True, I have considerable wealth, but it has not
          been my wisdom that has put it in my possession. There are many
          men who are so anxious for wealth, that if they cannot make a
          fortune in a few months, they feel they are not succeeding
          according to their desires, and they turn to something else. I do
          not do this; nor am I anxious to spend a dollar as fast as I make
          it. Some people feel as if a dollar would burn a hole in their
          pockets; and you will see a great many almost crazy to spend
          whatever they have. When they see wheat selling for a price far
          below its value, instead of putting it in a bin and keeping it,
          they dispose of it--throw it away, comparatively speaking. I keep
          it, and by this means I am now able to feed the public hands.
          Years ago, Brother Kimball counseled the people to lay up two
          year's provisions, and then enough for four, for six and for
          seven years. I have it now, and I am dealing it out. Some people
          have so much faith that although the grasshoppers are around in
          such vast numbers, they are confident of an abundant harvest,
          because of the movements made to gather the poor this season.
          They say the Lord would not inspire His servants to bring the
          poor from the nations that they might starve. And so believing,
          they will go and sell the last bushel of wheat for comparatively
          nothing, trusting in God to provide for their wants. My faith is
          not of this kind; it is reasonable. If the Lord gives good crops
          this season, and tells us to lay up from that abundance, I do not
          think He will increase His blessings upon us if we foolishly
          squander those He has already given us. I believe He will bless
          the earth for His people's sake; and I will till it and try to
          get a crop from it; but if I neglect to take advantage of the
          goodness of the Lord, or misuse or treat lightly His mercies, I
          need not expect that they will be continued upon me to the same
          extent. Have not my sisters here, gleaned in the fields around
          for years past? And when they have had their gleanings thrashed
          out, have they not taken the grain to the stores and sold it to
          our enemies, instead of laying it by? And yet they will expect to
          be blessed continually with plenty! I have not so much faith as
          this. I have a reasonable faith, a sustaining faith, one that I
          can build my hopes upon; and I think I will not be disappointed.
          I labor and toil, but I do not waste my labor.
          Now, you who wish to hire out with wicked and mingle with the
          ungodly, does it suit you to hear the name and character of the
          Deity profaned, and every principle of propriety violated? If you
          go to the gold mines, or wherever the wicked are, you will hear
          the name of that Being whom you recognize and acknowledge as your
          Savior, blasphemed and taken in vain, and the name and character
          of the Almighty vilified and abused. Can you bear this? Does it
          suit you to have your ears saluted with such language and your
          spirits contaminated with such society? I would not associate
          with those who blaspheme the name of God, nor would I let my
          family associate with them. By this you may know whether you are
          in the path that leads to life and salvation. If you can hear the
          name of the Deity lightly spoken of and blasphemed, and not be
          shocked at it you may know that you are not in that path. Some of
          the young men who had been with the surveying party last year,
          wanted to come into my house as friends and visit my daughters,
          when they came home. They asked me if I had any objections. I
          told them I had. They asked me the reason. My reply was, I
          believe you have been wicked, while you have been gone. Have you
          not been in the habit of taking the name of the Deity in vain?
          They admitted they had occasionally; and I told them that was my
          objections to their being in my house. I do not wish my daughters
          to be entangled with any who do not serve God. I would rather see
          every one of them sealed to Father Perkins here, who is 85 years
          of age, than that any of them should be sealed to a wicked man.
          Can you mingle with the wicked and feel contented in their
          company? If you can you are on the road to destruction; you are
          not on the road to perfection. If you can deal, and trade, and
          visit, and ride, and be with the ungodly, and cannot see the
          difference between them and the righteous, if you are ever saved
          in any decent kingdom, it will be because you are totally
          ignorant. But if you can truthfully say, I love prayer, not
          swearing; I love truth, not lying; I love honesty, not
          dishonesty; I love God and His laws, you may be assured you are
          on the road to exaltation and eternal life. Let us sustain the
          kingdom of God; and if we do, we will sustain ourselves in truth
          and righteousness.
          From my remarks, some may gather the idea that if a poor,
          miserable, corrupt, wicked person was to be found among us, who
          was suffering for lack of food, he should be turned out of doors.
          No, no; feed him, and let him go his own way; but do not let him
          have any influence in your families. Be kind to all as our Father
          in heaven is kind. He sends His rain upon the just and the
          unjust; and gives the sun to shine upon the evil and the good. So
          let our goodness extend to al the works of His hands, where we
          can; but do not yield to the spirit and influence of evil. Do not
          encourage wickedness in our midst. Do not encourage the wicked to
          come and live with us, to lead our brethren astray. Do not follow
          after vain and foolish fashions. If our ladies see a new fashion
          brought in by some poor, miserable, corrupt person, they adopt
          it; and every one wants to pattern after the fashions that are
          brought here no matter how ridiculous they may be nor how wicked
          the person who introduces them. Many of the fashions are
          unbecoming and inconvenient. They do not become Saints. And the
          daughters of Israel should understand what fashions they should
          have, without borrowing from the impure and unrighteous. They
          should hearken to the counsels of those whom God has appointed to
          lead His people. We have the words of life; we are the head; and
          we should lead in fashions and in everything that is right and
          proper; and not be led by the world. We have salvation to offer
          to the people; and if they will not accept it, the result will be
          with themselves.
          The Latter-day Saints should wake up and begin to think of these
          things. We must mark out a path for ourselves and walk in it.
          Just as sure as we are the Church and Kingdom of God, just so
          sure have we to give laws and fashions to the world, sooner or
          later. When we walk humbly before the Lord and observe His
          precepts, we can say to the world, follow us and our fashions.
          Then they may offer us fashions--new ones--from New York, from
          London, from Paris, but we will not have them. We will tell them
          we are capable of making our own fashions, and our own clothing,
          without following after any one.
          Brethren and sisters, I can say with all my heart, God bless you.
          I desired to come here to see you, to talk with you, to see how
          you felt. By coming into this house I can tell something of your
          spirit. You are improving. The people are improving as well as
          their leaders; and if they will look at their own experience,
          they will say concerning the subjects I have been treating on,
          "that is what I have been looking for and what I want." We desire
          to get closer to the mark, to have closer communion with God, to
          be prepared for the day that is approaching, when we will have to
          go and build up the centre stake of Zion, where the order of
          Enoch, as is recorded in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, will
          be established.
          May the Lord bless you. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Q. Cannon, April 7th, 1868
                          George Q. Cannon, April 7th, 1868
              DISCOURSE by Elder George Q. Cannon, delivered in the New
                          Salt Lake City, April 7th, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          The subjects which have been touched upon by brother George A.
          Smith ought to be of paramount importance to us as a people under
          our present circumstances. The gospel of life and salvation,
          which we have received, would be of comparatively little avail to
          us unless we can prolong our lives and the lives of our children
          and posterity on the earth. The greatest boon that God has given
          us, and that upon which every other hinges, is life. With life we
          need health, the power to carry out designs of our being upon the
          earth. Without these blessings every one must perceive that other
          blessings which we value very highly would be of little or no
          account. God has moved upon His servant Brigham in a very
          powerful manner of late to stir up the peoples minds to the
          consideration of a great variety of subjects connected with our
          temporal well-being; and the more these subjects are reflected
          upon the more important do they appear, and the more we hear
          about them, the more we are impressed with the necessity of
          paying attention to them.
          We have heard considerable of late, especially since twelve
          months to-day, on the subject of the Word of Wisdom. Almost every
          elder who has spoken from this stand has felt the necessity and
          importance of calling the attention of the people to this
          subject. We are told, and very plainly too, that hot drinks--tea,
          coffee, chocolate, cocoa and all drinks of this kind are not good
          for man. We are also told that alcoholic drinks are not good, and
          that tobacco when either smoked or chewed is an evil. We are told
          that swine's flesh is not good, and that we should dispense with
          it; and we are told that flesh of any kind is not suitable to man
          the summer time, and ought to be eaten sparingly in the winter.
          The question arises in the minds of a great many people, "What
          then are we to eat if we drop swine's flesh and eat very little
          beef or mutton, and cannot drink tea or coffee, why, dear me, we
          shall starve to death." In conversation with one of the brethren
          the other day, he remarked "the diet of the poor is principally
          bread and meat, and if they dispense with meat, they will be
          reduced to very hard fare." I reasoned with him on the subject,
          and before we had got through, I believe I convinced him that
          other articles of food could be raised more cheaply and in
          greater variety than the flesh of animals. But just at the
          present time we are destitute, to some extent, of this needed
          variety; and, hence, the very apparent necessity that we as a
          people should turn our attention to the multiplication of
          varieties of food in our midst. We should not confine ourselves
          to a few articles of diet and be content therewith; but the
          people who have the opportunity of so doing should cultivate a
          variety of food for the benefit of themselves and families.
          It is a fact, which the experience of ages has confirmed, that
          man of all creatures, requires the greatest variety of food. His
          stomach is fitted to digest a greater variety of food than the
          stomach of any other animal. God has created him lord of
          creation, and all that is created around us is created for man's
          use and benefit. It would therefore be very unwise for
          intelligent man, inasmuch as God has given to him the vegetable
          creation, and has made him lord of the animal creation and placed
          him as monarch of the finny tribes, to be content to sit down and
          eat as our degraded Indians do.
          It is to remedy this that we hear the teachings that are given at
          the present time by the servants of God. Man requires food to
          build up his body. He requires food that is adapted to the
          development of bone, muscle and sinew; but this is not all. He
          requires food that is suitable to feed his brain and to supply
          the waste sustained in consequence of the use of his mental
          faculties. There is a necessity, therefore, for us to take these
          things into consideration. My opinion is that it will be most
          difficult for fathers of families to induce their wives and
          children to refrain from the use of tea and coffee, if they do
          not supply their tables with other articles in their place, and
          unless food, suitable to the requirements of the human system, is
          provided, our wives and children will be exposed to constant
          temptation to transgress the counsels that are given in regard to
          our diet. It is an exceedingly difficult thing for most people to
          break off and discontinue cherished and long standing habits. A
          man who has never drunk tea, coffee or spirit, or one who has
          never chewed or smoked tobacco, is not at all affected by the
          counsel to discontinue their use; but they who have been
          accustomed to them miss them when they are deprived of them, and
          they want something to supply their place. I speak, now, not from
          my own experience, but from what I have heard others say on these
          things. There is a craving felt by parties when they discontinue
          the use of these stimulants, and they need variety. This variety
          must be supplied, and we must take steps to supply it.
          The culture of fish has been alluded to. Physiologists say that
          fish contains more of the elements necessary to strengthen and
          build up the brain than almost any other known substance. It
          would supply a great want if we had it in abundance. But our
          supply of this article of food is very limited, and hence we are
          taught at the present time to take measures for its increase. I
          see no reason why we should not raise our own fish as we do our
          eggs or chickens. This Territory is better adapted to the raising
          of fish, in consequence of our system of irrigation, than any on
          the Continent we know anything of, and I believe that the time is
          not far distant when our farmers will raise fish for their own
          tables as they now raise beef, mutton, pork, fruit or any other
          article of diet now in use. It can be done easily by bestowing a
          little attention, thought and care on the subject.
          We must also cultivate fruit more extensively than we now do; and
          we must multiply every variety of diet, and if it is possible
          discover new varieties. It is only a few hundred years since the
          potatoe was discovered, and what a blessing it has proven to man.
          There are other vegetables, probably, as good and as healthful as
          it is if we could only bring them into use. But vegetables are
          not grown among us as they should be; there is not that attention
          paid to them that, it seems to me, they should receive. My theory
          is, that if we wish to raise a healthy, noble looking,
          intellectual and perfect race of men and women we must feed our
          children properly. We must prevent the use by them of every
          article that is hurtful or noxious in its nature. We must not
          permit them to drink liquor or hot drinks, or hot soups or to use
          tobacco or other articles that are injurious. I do not believe
          that you cold ever make as great and noble race of men, if you
          feed them on one article of food alone, s if you gave them a
          variety of diet. We have illustrations of this in India, where
          the chief diet is rice--of itself a very good article of food. We
          have other illustrations in the case of other races. A people
          who, for instance, are fed on potatoes alone do not have the
          stamina that they would have if they had a greater variety of
          food. Such a people could, I believe, be kept subjected more
          easily to thraldom than a nation which is better fed. The
          millions of India are kept in subjection by as many thousands of
          Europeans. There are doubtless many causes for this, among the
          chief of which is their diet.
          God has given to us a land that is bounteous; every variety of
          food can be produced here in the greatest profusion. It only
          requires the exercise of the powers with which we are endowed,
          with proper industry, to bring forth food in the greatest
          abundance and supply every want of man and beast. But whilst I
          speak in this strain about a variety of food, I am opposed in my
          own feelings, to a great variety of food at one meal. I believe
          that we enslave our women; we crush out their lives by following
          the pernicious habits of our forefathers in this respect. We sit
          down to table and, especially if we have friends, our tables are
          covered with every delicacy and variety that we can think of. I
          believe in variety at different meals, but not at one meal. I do
          not believe in mixing up our food. This is hurtful. It destroys
          the stomach by overtaxing the digestive powers; and in addition
          to that it almost wears out the lives of our females by keeping
          them so closely confined over cooking stoves. A variety of food
          is not incompatible with simplicity of cooking; they can go hand
          in hand. We can have variety in diet, and yet have simplicity. We
          can have a diet that will be easily prepared, and yet have it
          healthful. We can have a diet, that will be tasteful, nutritious
          and delightful to us, and easy to digest; and yet not wear out
          the lives of our mothers, wives, daughters and sisters in its
          These are topics, my brethren and sisters, that should claim the
          attention of the Latter-day Saints, because they pertain to our
          every-day existence here on the earth; and if we follow the
          course marked out, and seek to follow the counsels given, the
          result will be that, here in these valleys, we shall raise a race
          of men who will be the joy of the earth, whose complexions will
          be like the complexions of angels--full of health, purity,
          innocence and vitality; men who will live until the wheels of
          life will stand still in consequence of the gradual decay of the
          body; not afflicted and brought to the grave prematurely by
          disease engendered by improper feeding and other unhealthy
          habits. We can do what no other people ever could do, at least no
          other people living in the present generation. We are here a new
          people, forming our habits and laying the foundation of a great
          work, and of course are in a state of transition. We can
          therefore, if we so please, accommodate ourselves to new
          habits--habits recommended and taught to us by the servants of
          God. One of the great advantages that would result from our
          having a more simple diet would be that we should be less apt to
          overload our stomachs through the tempting character of the food
          we eat. How often is it the case, after we have eaten enough,
          somebody will say, "Here is something I would like you to eat a
          little of; do taste it." Well, you taste, and before you are
          aware of it, you have eaten more than you should; your stomach
          rebels, and you feel that you have done a wrong, and if your
          stomachs are weak, you have to pay the penalty of your
          We are expecting a heavy emigration this season. We hope to see
          them come by the thousands. How are these brethren and sisters to
          be employed? Already we are under tribute. The great majority of
          the articles of clothing that we wear is imported, and there is
          nothing more apparent, to those who reflect on this subject, than
          that we as a people must turn our attention to the creation of
          new industries. Our President has led out in this direction. He
          has set an example to the capitalists of this Territory, worthy
          of all imitation by introducing machinery and urging upon the
          people the cultivation of certain articles--such, for instance,
          as cotton and wool. It is a matter of necessity for us to turn
          our attention to these branches. We must use the facilities God
          has given us in the best possible manner for increasing the means
          of employing those who come into our midst. It should be our aim
          as individuals, as families and as a community to dispense with
          everything that we cannot manufacture. I am told that thousands
          of dollars a year are expended in supplying our tables with
          mustard imported from the East. I have no means of knowing the
          truth of this, but it seems incredible, that we, with the
          facilities we have for its production, should depend upon
          importation for the supply of a common article like mustard.
          But this is only one article. When we sit down to our tables, and
          take a survey, we find many articles that are thus imported. It
          may be, and frequently is said by a certain class of persons that
          articles can be imported much cheaper than they can be
          manufactured here. This is urged by them as a reason for
          importing; but it is a delusion and a snare, and the man who
          utters such a sentiment is an ignoramus. He knows nothing about
          the true principles of building up a people and kingdom. That
          which is manufactured here, though it cost ten times the amount
          it would cost in the east, is the cheaper, for that is the
          commencement of independence. The man or the family who carried
          on home manufacture is laying the foundation for true and lasting
          independence. They are helping to emancipate the people here from
          the thraldom under which we have groaned, sweat, toiled and bled
          for years. This Territory has been bled of its money and life by
          this erroneous idea. We must stop this drain or we will sink into
          slavery more abject than that felt by any other people on the
          continent. The cause of God requires us to take a different
          course, and if we pursue that marked out for us, means and
          facilities will increase on every hand. We would like to see it
          fashionable in the Territory to dispense with all articles that
          are imported. But now, when one family procures an imported
          article, their neighbors feel that they are not in the fashion
          unless they have the same. One lady and gentleman must have a
          fashionable bonnet and hat, and their neighbors must have the
          same. You can see the result--these fashions make us slaves. Our
          young ladies are ashamed to go into company unless they can dress
          like their companions; our young men feel the same. And it is not
          confined to one class; we all partake of it to a certain extent.
          We must reform; there is nothing more apparent than that. We must
          change our habits, and make it fashionable to have articles of
          our own manufacture, and dispense with all articles that are not
          so, unless they are absolutely necessary for our comfort and
          The Lord has multiplied around us every facility for making us a
          great and mighty people. We have been able, in an astonishing
          manner, to create comfortable homes; the land has been touched by
          the power of God, and it yields to use of its strength in
          abundance. Nowhere on the face of the earth can food be raised of
          a better quality than here. Our cereals, fruit and vegetables are
          unsurpassed in the world. We can also produce the finest of hemp,
          flax, wool and silk. All these articles can be produced in
          abundance here, if we will bestow the attention and care
          necessary for their culture.
          When we reflect upon our position twenty years ago--then this
          Territory was a desert and we were cut off by almost illimitable
          stretches of barren waste from the rest of the world--we can
          realize to some extent what God has done for us. Now we and our
          children and the stranger can dwell here in peace, comfort and
          security. This should stimulate us to press forward. There is not
          work too great, under the blessing of God, for us to accomplish
          if we will only exercise the ability and power that He has
          bestowed upon us. I look forward to the day, and I trust it is
          not far distant, when we will have everything in our midst
          necessary to make us a great and mighty people; when our young
          people will be the best educated, trained to the best manners,
          dressed in the best clothing, and appear to better advantage than
          any people on the continent or in the world. I look forward to
          this; and it seems to me that it is in the near future. Great and
          wonderful changes will be affected in Zion. Our young people will
          be educated in true principles; they will be healthy and
          beautiful, filled with the Holy Spirit, and attractive to God and
          man. Our habitations will be delightful to visit; our orchards
          and gardens and all our surroundings will be the most beautiful
          that can be imagined. Is there anything to prevent it? Nothing
          but our own unfaithfulness. God, who has blessed us as we are
          blessed to-day, is willing to bless us more abundantly. Heaven is
          full of blessings to be poured out upon us, if we will only
          prepare ourselves to receive them. The faith that the Saints are
          now manifesting in sending for the poor will bring down the
          blessings of God upon them, and will increase our faith to
          accomplish those labors that we have yet to perform. Send for
          five thousand people! Yes, and the Latter-day Saints can do it
          and perform their other labors too. What effect does this have
          upon us? It fills us with faith and confidence that there is no
          labor that can be assigned to us that we can not perform. And
          this is the training that God is giving to us. It is upon the
          principle that gymnasts perform their feats of almost super human
          strength--by continued practice. It is so with us. God in the
          beginning gave us small works to accomplish. We performed them,
          and as a consequence, had faith to attempt greater, and thus we
          have gone on until to-day. And the work we are now doing is
          preparatory to some greater work that He has yet in store for us
          to accomplish.
          May God bless us, my brethren and sisters and His wisdom be given
          unto us. May His Holy Spirit rest mightily on all the Latter-day
          Saints that their minds may be filled with it, that when the
          prophet and servants of God speak unto us, our hearts may be
          prepared to receive their counsels, treasure up our words and
          carry them out in our lives, that when Jesus comes we may be
          prepared to meet Him, which may God grant for Christ's sake.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, May 17th, 1868
                            Brigham Young, May 17th, 1868
                         REMARKS by President Brigham Young,
                            at Bountiful, May 17th, 1868.
                           [Reported by Edward L. Sloan.]
                             LOVE OF GOD--OUR COVENANTS.
          There is a large congregation of people before me who profess to
          be Latter-day Saints, though they are few in number when compared
          with the people at large. But those who are here, are here
          because of our religion. It is very seldom that you find a person
          in our midst, who is one of our citizens, who has come here with
          any other object than to serve God, be numbered with His Saints,
          help to build up Zion and establish peace and righteousness upon
          the earth. We look upon each other as though we ought to be
          Saints indeed; but while we are looking at our brethren and
          sisters we are very apt to behold their faults instead of their
          virtues. We are all liable to err; we are subject to weaknesses
          and liable to go astray; to do that which we should not do, and
          leave undone that we should do. This seems to be interwoven with
          the nature of all mankind through the fall. Still, we are here as
          Latter-day Saints; we have assembled ourselves together to become
          one; to become the people of God, the children of Zion, the
          children of light. We are here for the express purpose of
          separating ourselves from the world and establishing that order
          of government that we read of in the Holy Scriptures; and we
          desire to see the glory of Zion upon the earth that has been
          spoken of by the Prophets of God.
          The mass of the people in Christendom are taught to believe in
          the Bible, and they are taught to believe that Jesus is the
          Christ, the Redeemer and Savior of the world. This is the
          tradition of our fathers. This has been taught to us. And the
          Christian world have sought to understand enough with regard to
          the plan of salvation to prepare them to enjoy the happiness and
          bliss of a world where righteousness reigns triumphant. A portion
          of the Christian world say they are preparing for the Millennium
          and the Second Advent of the Savior; but their lives and conduct
          do not agree with their professions. They are taught to believe
          the sayings of Jesus and the Apostles and Prophets, sufficient to
          die by, and that they may be prepared to enjoy heaven hereafter;
          but they have no idea of making a heaven here on earth, of
          building up the Kingdom of God, that Jesus can come and receive
          his own. Our traditions have been to try and get through this
          world having religion enough and belief enough in Christ so that
          we could leave it and go where we could enjoy heavenly bliss
          forever. The Christian world have very limited ideas with regard
          to the Kingdom of Heaven on the earth. We as Latter-day Saints
          have confessed before Heaven, before the heavenly hosts, and
          before the inhabitants of the earth, that we really believe the
          Scriptures as they are given to us, according to the best
          understanding and knowledge that we have of the translation, and
          the spirit and meaning of the Old and New Testaments.
          We have confessed before angels and men, and have acknowledged by
          our acts that we believe most assuredly that Jesus has called
          upon us as his disciples--those who will receive the truth, obey
          His commandments, observe His precepts and honor His laws, to
          come out from among the wicked, to separate ourselves from
          sinners and from sin. If we have not confessed this by our acts
          as well as by our faith, then we are mistaken concerning the
          gathering of ourselves together. But we have confessed it, and we
          do believe it, and it is for us to live according to that which
          we acknowledge. We acknowledge the covenant under which we live;
          we believe it, and are honest in our belief; and we will honor
          that covenant by obedience to the laws of God. If we do not, our
          words and our actions contradict each other. By our acts, by our
          coming together, by our leaving our homes, our friends, and our
          birthplaces that were dear to us according to the customs and
          belief of the world, we have declared our desire to serve the
          Lord. We have left the graves of our fathers--as our natives here
          would say, who lay great stress on birthplaces as well as many
          civilized nations; many have left fathers and mothers, brothers
          and sisters; and some have left husbands and some have left wives
          and children: what for? Because they believed in the words of
          Jesus and His Apostles, as well as in the Prophets and in the
          testimony of the Prophet Joseph and the Elders who have been sent
          unto them. This people have confessed this, and have shown to the
          world that they are honest in their belief; and that they are
          willing to carry out in their lives the spirit and meaning of
          this faith. Is not this the situation of the Latter-day Saints?
          It is. This is our profession before the Heavens and all the
          inhabitants of the earth. Yet when we examine the feelings,
          views, wishes, desires and aspirations of this people, we see
          them wandering after almost everything but that which they should
          possess. With all these professions, and our willingness to
          forsake fathers, mothers, sisters, brothers, wives and children,
          houses and homes, and the comforts of life for the gospel's sake,
          we are yet far from aspiring to the holiness and the purity and
          perfection of Latter-day Saints. That people should forsake
          everything on the earth that would naturally be dear to them, of
          a worldly nature, for righteousness' sake, and then fall into a
          deeper vortex of folly and sin than they were in before, is
          My mission to the people is to teach them with regard to their
          every-day lives. I presume there are many here who have heard me
          say, years and years ago, that I cared very little about what
          will take place after the millennium. Elders may preach long
          discourses concerning what took place in the days of Adam, what
          occurred before the creation, and what will take place thousands
          of years from now, talking of things which have occurred or that
          will occur yet, of which they are ignorant, feeding the people on
          wind; but that is not my method of teaching. My desire is to
          teach the people what they should do now, and let the millennium
          take care of itself. To teach them to serve God and to build up
          His Kingdom is my mission. I have taught faith, repentance,
          baptism for the remission of sins, and the laying on of hands for
          the reception of the Holy Ghost. These principles you were taught
          in foreign lands. You are teaching them to your children. There
          is scarcely a child in Israel but is looking forward with anxiety
          to the time when he or she will be baptized. These things we
          understand alike. We have been baptized and have had hands laid
          upon us for the reception of the Holy Ghost. We have been taught
          to exercise faith, and to enjoy the gifts of the gospel. What has
          to be taught now? How to live. Have they to be taught to send for
          the Elders when they are sick, and that the prayer of faith will
          heal them? They understand these things. We are to be taught with
          regard to our every day life in a temporal point of view.
          Some may think they have the privilege of going to the gold mines
          or doing as they please, without being instructed concerning
          their temporal duties; that no person has a right to interfere
          with their temporal matters. Yet we have been performing labors
          year after year from the beginning, of various kinds, that the
          people have not seemed to think have had anything to do with
          temporal matters. I commenced such labors in the beginning of my
          career in the ministry. When the people believed and received the
          gospel, I commenced my temporal labors. They were baptized, which
          is a temporal work. By the laying on of hands--another temporal
          labor--they received the Holy Ghost. When they received that
          Spirit they saw they were to be gathered out from among the
          wicked. They saw the judgments of God were to be poured out upon
          the ungodly. This they saw in the vision of their minds. They saw
          the Saints were to be gathered out, understanding this by the
          Spirit which they had received. What had to be taught to them
          then? To gather up their little substance; if they had a farm or
          possessions, to sell them; and gather up with their families and
          friends and substance, to the land of Zion. And where is the land
          of Zion? It is wherever the finger of the Lord has pointed out
          for His people to gather to. That is the place to go to. I
          recollect a lady asked me in Canada, in 1832 or '33, how large
          Jackson County was; and when I said 30 miles square, said she,
          "Suppose the whole world would embrace your doctrine, how would
          they get into Jackson County?" My reply was that, "Jackson
          County, in that case, would cover the whole world. Zion will
          expand as far as the necessity of the case requires it. You need
          not fear but there will be room for you, if you believe and
          gather with the Saints."
          We commenced teaching the people the doctrine of Jesus, and then
          we commenced to build up the Kingdom of Heaven on the earth. We
          commenced this years ago. Have we been successful? In part, we
          have. A few have been gathered together, but our work is not
          accomplished. The Lord never could teach His people while they
          were among the wicked how to live by themselves, how to unite
          their efforts and their whole power for the establishment of His
          Kingdom. This kingdom is not of the world, says Jesus. It is
          different from any other kingdom that is now upon the earth; and
          while the people of it are mixed with the people of other nations
          and kingdoms, the Lord could never teach them how to establish
          His Kingdom. He must get them away from the wicked; gather them
          out; bring them into a place He has reserved for them to gather
          together, where He can teach them of His laws.
          As I said once to by brethren in the school of the Prophets,--I
          have not asked you, I dare not ask you to fulfil almost the first
          requirement of the Kingdom of Heaven, almost the simplest
          principle, and one of the first things that should be observed. I
          have not asked the people yet to perform this great labor, and if
          I were to refer it to you, you would say the same. You may ask
          what it is? It is to love the Lord thy God with all thy heart,
          with all thy mind and with all thy strength, and thy neighbor as
          thyself. Now, is this not almost one of the first requirements
          that God has made of His people? and I have not yet required it
          of the people. Love the Lord thy God will all thy heart, and then
          speak evil of thy neighbor? No, no! Love the Lord thy God with
          all thy heart, and speak that which is not true? No, oh, no! Love
          the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and take that which is not
          thy own? No, no, no! Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart,
          and seek after the riches of the world and forsake your religion?
          No! Love the Lord thy God with all thy heart and take His name in
          vain, curse and swear? No, never! If the love of God was really
          in the hearts of all who call themselves Latter-day Saints, there
          would be no more swearing, no more lying, no more deceiving, no
          more speaking evil of one another, no more running after the
          ungodly nor dealing with the enemies of Zion, no more running
          after the gold mines; nothing would be sought after only to build
          up the Kingdom of God. This we have not yet asked. But we do ask
          some things. Let us forsake those sins that are so grievous, and
          let us try to do right before the Heavens and with each other.
          Look at the Elders of Israel to-day; how many of them are gone to
          hunt gold. Hundreds of them are running off to Cheyenne to get
          work on the railroad. Where are their crops, their flocks and
          their families? All left, that they may get a little wealth.
          We have been crying to the people for years and years to cease
          their trading and trying to speculate with the enemies of this
          people. We have said to them, "Store up those things that the
          Lord gives to us, these are years of plenty, these are the days
          when the abundance of the blessings of Heaven are upon the soil
          we occupy; treasure up your wheat or our traders will take our
          flour and carry it to our enemies." But our elders will go and
          borrow money of strangers for the sake of speculating. Is this a
          fact? I do not know how it is here in Bountiful, but it is so in
          other places. Bountiful is a good and suggestive name; is it an
          appropriate one? Have you here an abundance of flour? If so, I
          will call upon you for some for the Public Works. There is
          nothing, nor has there been for a long time, to supply the public
          hands, only what I furnish out of my private store-house. If you
          have an abundance of beeves and flour and butter and eggs, and
          other things, will you furnish something for the Public Works?
          But if you are as they are in many other places, many of you have
          not got breadstuffs to last you one week. If one-half have
          breadstuffs to last them till harvest, it is more than they have
          in other places. Yet we have asked the people to save their wheat
          against such a year as last year or this year. Here are the
          devouring insects ready to take everything that we have. These
          are things the people have got to be taught to observe. There are
          certain rules in life and certain principles to be observed by
          this people. They must cease trading with those who would destroy
          us. To be called out from the wicked, and then take a course to
          call the wicked to us, how inconsistent it is! If the Lord were
          to say, "I will let the wicked drive you again, and I will call
          you to another place, where there is no one to disturb you;" how
          long would it be until the course taken by many would call the
          wicked in among us again, to seek to destroy us? The Latter-day
          Saints must stop this course, or they will bring evil upon
          themselves, and we will have to leave. These are the things we
          have to learn. We have the privilege of choosing now. It is in
          our hands, it is within our power, whether we will stay in these
          mountains and build up the Zion of our God, or make the wicked
          and ungodly fat by our labor and give them our possessions. This
          many are doing, by running in debt to our enemies, and pursuing a
          course that is wrong. If they do not cease it they will have
          cause to weep and mourn.
          All Latter-day Saints enter the new and everlasting covenant when
          they enter this Church. They covenant to cease sustaining,
          upholding and cherishing the kingdom of the devil and the
          kingdoms of this world. They enter into the new and everlasting
          covenant to sustain the Kingdom of God and no other kingdom. They
          take a vow of the most solemn kind, before the heavens and earth,
          and that, too, upon the validity of their own salvation, that
          they will sustain truth and righteousness instead of wickedness
          and falsehood, and build up the Kingdom of God, instead of the
          kingdoms of this world. When we came here to these valleys, who
          were here to trouble us? Nobody; but we have fed those who would
          destroy us, opened our houses and farms to them, to speculate and
          trade and traffic and get gain, and what do we make by it?
          Now, some of my brethren may ask, "Brother Brigham, do you expect
          to dictate me where I shall sow my wheat, and when I shall sow
          it, and in similar matters?" I have said and will say again, if
          Brother Brigham had time to be in every house he would teach them
          how to keep house. How many sisters set up their stockings by
          guess work, and do not know the number of the yarn and the number
          of the needles to use? In this matter I would instruct many of
          the sisters, if they would not take umbrage at me for doing so.
          The sisters ought to know about housekeeping and the brethren who
          farm about farming, but they need to be taught. Learn to be neat
          and cleanly in all that you do. Do you ask me if I am going to
          dictate you in such matters? If I am not to dictate you, you are
          not to be saved in the kingdom I calculate to be saved in. If I
          know something that you do not understand it is my duty to teach
          you; and if you know something that I do not know, it is your
          duty to communicate your knowledge to me, till we become perfect
          by increasing in knowledge. Brethren, we have many things yet to
          learn. Many of the brethren south are ruined by running in debt;
          men of handsome property, which will go for comparatively nothing
          because of their vain imaginations.
          Ye Latter-day Saints, learn to sustain yourselves, produce
          everything you need to eat, drink or wear; and if you cannot
          obtain all you wish for to-day, learn to do without that which
          you cannot purchase and pay for; and bring your minds into
          subjection that you must and will live within your means. When
          we, as a people, can come to understand that we can live by
          ourselves, then we can live of ourselves, without any outside
          world. We did live so when we first came here. Were there any
          stores to go to? Were there places to go to where money could be
          hired? Did we live? Yes. Were we healthy? Yes. Much healthier, as
          a people, than we are now. Did we grow and increase? Yes; and as
          soon as we had time to till the earth and reap a crop, we
          produced wheat and corn and potatoes. We turned our cattle on to
          the range to make our beef. We had plenty of wheat. We began to
          make our clothing here. We drove in sheep and we took care of the
          wool, and made it into cloth. I brought a carding machine with
          me. It was the only one in the Territory for years, and it carded
          up a great deal of wool. We made up this wool into cloth and wore
          it. When the gold came, then merchants came and the spirit of
          speculation came. Then men ran to the gold mines to get money;
          and then was the rush to the stores. Says the husband "I must
          have a suit of broadcloth and a fine pair of boots;" while the
          wife and daughters said they must have nice bonnets and dresses;
          and this has been continued until we have involved ourselves.
          Are you going to be dictated in these matters? Yes, or you will
          sooner or later leave the Kingdom of God and go somewhere else.
          Is it hard to say this to the people? Is it infringing upon their
          rights? They have the privilege to choose the good or to choose
          the evil. It is as manly and as praiseworthy for an individual to
          make the choice to do good, work righteousness and love and serve
          God--it is more noble, than to choose the downward road. One or
          the other will be the choice of every individual. Do not trifle
          with evil, or you will be overcome by it before you know. Our
          business is to build up the Zion of God on the earth. Do you
          think you will do it and go hand in hand with the wicked? No,
          never. I know you may say, and say truly, according to the
          parable spoken by Jesus to his disciples, when the bridegroom was
          coming, the cry was, "Go ye out to meet him," but while he
          tarried, they all slumbered and slept. And when they awoke with
          the cry, "the bridegroom is here," there were foolish virgins
          among them who had no oil in their lamps. He did not say that
          they would be among the ungodly. It is among those who are the
          bride, the Lamb's wife, that the foolish are to be found. But he
          never has instructed us to call on the ungodly, and those who
          would mob us, to make foolish virgins. Some may quote the parable
          of the wheat and the tares and say they must grow together. Let
          me tell you, the tares will be in the field, and many will think
          they are wheat, until harvest comes; but at no time has the Lord
          said, bring the wicked and ungodly among my people to scourge
          them; for they are capable of bringing upon themselves all the
          evil necessary to perfect the good. The Lord bless you: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Daniel
          H. Wells, March, 1868
                            Daniel H. Wells, March, 1868
               REMARKS by President D. H. Wells, delivered in the Old
                          Salt Lake City, 22d March, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          We learn, as we progress in our experience in the Church and
          Kingdom of God, the necessity of living near to the Lord in order
          to enjoy His Holy Spirit and to reach the standard to which it is
          our privilege to attain. We can all remember when we received the
          gospel, how elated we were, and how glorious everything looked to
          our vision. We saw no difficulties but what we were willing to
          attempt to surmount. There appeared nothing in our way but what
          we thought we could overcome, and we felt, that, so far as in our
          power lay, we would remain faithful so long as we lived on the
          earth; that we could not stumble at anything that might come
          before us, and that we were competent to encounter the evils of
          life and every difficulty and affliction, counting it more
          honorable to be a doorkeeper in the House of the Lord than to
          feast with the rich and ungodly.
          This is the experience, I might say, of all who have received the
          gospel in sincerity. I suppose that the Apostles and disciples of
          our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ also felt elated with the idea
          that they were associated with the Savior of the world--the Son
          of God; but we find that they shortly afterwards deserted him.
          And even in the days of the deliverance of Israel from Egypt,
          they doubtless were elated with the mission of Moses, and went
          forth nothing doubting; but we see in a short time that their
          minds again reverted to the things of the world, and the place
          they had left, and they transgressed so deeply that the Lord
          would not permit them to enter the promised land; yet, not to be
          frustrated or thwarted in His purposes, He declared that their
          children should inherit it. So it is with the Latter-day Saints.
          A good many feel, I think, as though their religion has become an
          old story. They received the word gladly in the first place, and
          were perhaps a good deal elated with the idea of being members of
          the Kingdom of God on the earth; but when they begin to live in
          that Kingdom and find that those ideas are not realized as fast
          as they imagined they would be, they get dull, and fancy the work
          does not progress. Perhaps they neglect their prayers; they think
          it is of little use to pray; they become cold, slothful and dull,
          and their minds become darkened. Instead of living so as to enjoy
          a full measure and flow of the Spirit of God, they become
          discontented and dissatisfied with the Kingdom of God and the
          principles of our holy religion.
          If we only reflect, when we enlisted in this cause it was for a
          lifetime--for eternity; not for a few days, or a year or two, and
          then to fall away and return again to the beggarly elements of
          the world. We did not receive these principles with any such
          idea; but we enlisted for time and for all eternity under King
          Emmanuel's banner. We covenanted that we would keep the law of
          God, walk humbly before Him, and do all in our power to build up
          Zion, and hold on to those principles made known in His kingdom,
          that we might attain to the blessings which were in the future.
          They who get weary and discontented think, perhaps, that they are
          not called and chosen. Why, we are called or chosen to be
          righteous, holy beings; and let us remember that the time for
          being chosen because we have been righteous will come after a
          while, and happy will be that individual who has so lived up to
          his privileges as to be among the chosen ones. If we wish to
          attain to this great blessing we must live for it, and not be
          neglectful in regard to the things of God. We must apply our
          religion to our daily lives. We can meet and sing and pray and
          soar away in the spirit, for we have as much in our spiritual
          exercises as any people on the earth to raise our drooping
          spirits and fill our souls with joy; but, on the other hand, our
          religion does not consist of that alone; it is practical.
          We read that when the Kingdom of God shall be set up, the
          kingdoms of this world shall be broken in pieces; and that the
          power shall pass into the hands of the righteous and the just
          preparatory to that day when Jesus shall reign "King of nations
          as he now reigns King of Saints." We are engaged in this
          preparatory work--the dispensation of the fullness of times in
          which this great temporal kingdom, which shall stand for ever, is
          being established, and you and I, brethren and sisters, if we are
          united and earnest in our efforts for the promotion of the
          principles of truth may become happy instruments in the hands of
          the Lord in assisting in this great work. This is the
          dispensation of the fullness of times, and it comprises the keys,
          powers and authorities of all the dispensations since the world
          began; and we should live so as to enjoy a full flow of the
          Spirit of God so that we may progress and commune with Jehovah
          and holy beings, for the heavens are ready to drop with fatness
          if we will make good use of the blessings already conferred upon
          us. When we do this with clean hands and a pure heart before the
          Lord, blessings will flow to Israel in greater abundance than
          ever before. Look where you will upon the face of the earth and
          you can find no people blessed as we are even now. Why is it?
          Because we have a better country, and have better opportunities
          for bringing forth the blessings of the earth in a temporal point
          of view? No; we labor under many disadvantages that are unknown
          in most other places; and yet we are more comfortable and happy
          than any other people. It is because the blessings of the
          Almighty are with us, and we shall have them in greater abundance
          inasmuch as we will cleave to the Lord and prove to Him our
          But I fear there is a great neglect of prayer in the midst of
          this people. It is our privilege, nay, more, it is our duty to
          seek to the Lord frequently, that we may enjoy the full measure
          of His Spirit. Peradventure there may be something between us and
          our brother or sister--we may have spoken evil of them, or they
          may have spoken evil of us. We may have neglected our secret
          prayers, or to pray in our families; and if so we shall decrease
          in that good spirit which ought to pervade every breast, and we
          are more liable to yield to the evil influences that are around
          us and to become more captious in our remarks with our brethren,
          and less courteous, civil and circumspect in our intercourse one
          with another, and more apt to say things that are calculated to
          injure the feelings of our brethren. Perhaps we neglect our
          fences and let our stock trespass on our neighbors' fields,
          gardens or orchards, and give them occasion to say hard things
          about us; and then we go and retaliate and speak hasty words. To
          carry this idea a little further, perhaps we take that which is
          not our own, or borrow and do not return, or perhaps we go and
          take down our neighbor's fence on purpose to let our stock go and
          get his hay or grain. Or, perhaps, some amongst us go hunting
          stock on Sunday, or to the kanyons with our teams, when we should
          be keeping the Sabbath day holy. It may be possible that a great
          many of this people practice some of these things and thus
          prevent a free flow of the Spirit of God unto themselves, and get
          darkened in the counsels of their minds. This should not be. If
          any of us find ourselves in this dilemma let us seek at once to
          remove the obstacles from our path, just as we would raise the
          gate if necessary to let down the stream to irrigate our gardens.
          Many a soul may be drooping for the want of spiritual moisture,
          and they do not know what the difficulty is. There are obstacles
          in the way that need removing, that our minds may be enlightened
          by the light of the Spirit of the living God.
          It is moreover necessary that we should take this course that we
          may be united, that when the word shall come from our bishop, or
          a call is made upon us by any in authority who has a right to
          dictate, we may be ready to respond and be glad of the
          opportunity of so doing. A man should never fail of improving the
          opportunities that are given him for doing good, or he will be
          the loser if he dies. A man may perhaps feel a little elated if
          he escapes the call of a bishop or get excused, thinking that it
          militated a little in his favor; but who is there who has ever
          felt so, but what he has had seasons of regret for not going
          forth manfully and freely performing the duty required of him?
          How much better such persons would feel if they had done so. On
          the other hand how well they feel who have always responded to
          every call made upon them! I do not think there is a person that
          lives who feels different. If he does, he feels very different to
          what I do. How often have I witnessed the pride and joy the
          brethren have felt in relation to this in their re-unions at the
          parties of the "Mormon Battalion," the "Pioneers" and "Zion's
          Camp!" and other associations. How many have said to me, "I was
          with you at such a place, and such a place; and I was with the
          Saints in their troubles in Illinois and Missouri." And they
          speak of it as though they were proud to have been there. And
          even in the times of trouble we had in our early settlement here,
          when clothing and provisions were scarce, the same feeling is
          manifested. "I was here," says one, "and I," says another, and
          they feel glad that they were counted worthy to endure these
          trials and stand firm. It is a matter of satisfaction to every
          one who has proven himself worthy thus far; and when we shall
          have passed a little further along, and have got through this
          state of mortal existence, will we not, in that great reunion
          beyond the grave, feel still more to congratulate ourselves and
          each other that we have passed safely through, and that we have
          had virtue, strength and integrity sufficient for our day? and we
          shall be glad and rejoice that the difficulties we encountered
          were thrown in our way, and that we had the opportunity of
          proving ourselves before the Heavens.
          Do not let us be discouraged at difficulties and trials, for we
          are sent to this state of existence for the express purpose of
          descending below all things, that we may pass the ordeals and
          trials of this life and thereby prove our integrity and be
          prepared to rise above all things. And after all, we have not
          been called upon to endure to that extent that the Savior of the
          world was. But he was not subjected to the afflictions he had to
          endure without hope, neither are we; but we are called to pass
          through them that we may prove whether we have power and strength
          to stand in that day when all things shall be shaken, and nothing
          doubting, cleave to the Lord our God with full purpose of heart,
          no matter how much things are against us, apparently. If we can
          pass these tests and trails we shall prove to God and angels that
          we are worthy to receive the welcome plaudit, "well done, thou
          good and faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of the Lord."
          These great principles are known to the Latter-day Saints, and
          they know also that there again exists communication between the
          heavens and the earth, and that the way has been opened through
          the ordinances of the House of God, for the full flow of His
          Spirit; and yet some of them begin to falter in their feelings
          and slacken in their duties and to go into darkness. Let it not
          be said in Israel, or in all the borders and coasts thereof, but
          let the Saints, as with the heart and voice of one person,
          continually strive to promote those principles and that unity
          which are necessary to wield an influence with the Heavens for
          the Kingdom of God on the earth. It was once said facetiously by
          one of the founders of American Independence, that it was
          necessary for them to hang together, because if they did not they
          would most likely hang separately; meaning that if they did not
          succeed in gaining their Independence they would be convicted of
          treason, and put to death. It is so comparatively with the
          Latter-day Saints; unless we act unitedly and in concert in
          temporal as well as in spiritual things, we shall suffer loss. A
          Latter-day Saint in the world may live his religion as
          circumspectly as we do in the valleys of the mountains, but what
          power or influence can he wield for the kingdom, standing alone?
          All the surroundings of the world are against him. But if we are
          united in this great work, we shall in the due time of the Lord,
          become a great and mighty people on the earth, that can never be
          uprooted nor overcome by the floods of sins and corruption, that
          have so long deluged the world. The Latter-day Saints have no
          rights that the world consider themselves bound to respect, and
          if we expect them to do so we shall be deceived, especially if we
          live near to God. I have seen this tested over and over again in
          my own experience. What rights had the Latter-day Saints in the
          State of Missouri? Why, every right that many could ask for. Were
          they respected by the people or the authorities of the State? No,
          but the rights of this people were trampled under foot and they
          were expelled from the State. It was the same in Illinois, and in
          every place where they gathered together. In view of this it was
          a great blessing conferred upon us when the Lord brought us out
          here where the wicked could not have such control over us as they
          formerly had. Since that time we have become a great and mighty
          people in comparison to what we were then, and we are exerting an
          influence in the earth.
          Shall we, who have enjoyed the Spirit of the Lord, and, I might
          say, have a knowledge of the powers of the world to come, suffer
          bickering, strife and division to enter into our midst? Let it
          not be said in the midst of Israel, but let us be more careful
          hereafter in our intercourse one with another than we have been
          in times past. Let us not trespass upon that is our neighbors',
          either in feelings, property or possessions. Let us be courteous,
          and, instead of engendering strife and destroying each other as
          they do in the world, let us build each other up. We have to
          prepare to co-operate with the Lord in the establishment of His
          Kingdom, and it should be our special business to first perform
          the duties devolving upon us, and let our individual matters, if
          we have any, be secondary. This kingdom is made up of individuals
          as much as any other kingdom, and is prospered and built up by
          our individual efforts, but if we can have our labors wisely
          directed, then he who acts as he is counselled, is not only
          attending to and securing his own interests, but he is working
          for the good of the kingdom generally. For instance, the farmer,
          who is engaged in raising the various kinds of grain, and is
          industrious, frugal and economical, is a good citizen and is
          doing as much for the kingdom as he who is preaching the gospel;
          but if he be counseled to direct his energies especially to the
          raising of flax, hemp, or the mulberry, it is his duty to heed
          that counsel, and so work unitedly with the Saints of God under
          the direction of those who are appointed to direct the labor of
          this people and thus bring about the greatest good to the whole.
          So with the mechanic, and in fact with every individual in
          There is one thing I particularly wish to speak upon. There is
          much knowledge which we need that would benefit us if we would
          take the trouble to search for it in useful books and apply it.
          Who amongst us knows how to analyse the soil, and so be able to
          tell what kind of produce it is best adapted for? This knowledge
          we can acquire from books, and by experiments in agricultural
          chemistry. We do not raise sufficient grain and other produce in
          this Territory to make ourselves comfortable. Why is this? Some
          of us have a very poor way of farming. I remember when I was
          south last year--though I need not go out of this county to find
          such farming--of seeing land that had not been harrowed above
          once in three or four years, and neither plowed nor sowed in that
          time, and watered only once or twice in a season; still they
          reaped a crop every year, and the people complained that they had
          not seed enough for their land, and they were, I think, the
          poorest people I have yet found in this Territory. I told them
          they were criminally poor, that there was no reason for their
          being so, but that it was the result of their indolence and bad
          management. I said to them, "Suppose you rented this land, and
          the owner should come and see you, and find what a condition his
          land was in, overrun with cockle and black seed and the weeds so
          numerous that they choke out the grain, would he not upbraid you
          and take a portion of that land from you and let it to others who
          would cultivate it properly?" Said I, "you complain of poverty,
          but you have more land than you can handle properly, and that is
          the great cause of your poverty. Then, again, you had more cattle
          than you could take care of, and the Indians got them. Now if you
          had had fewer cattle, and had taken better care of them, the
          Indians would not have taken them and you would have been better
          off. I told them they had better dispose of a portion of their
          land, and keep no more than they could cultivate properly, and
          they would get twice the amount of grain they ever got before and
          with less labor. This was for the want of intelligent farming.
          How many of us here do not reap half such crops as we might reap
          for the same reason? It has been said by somebody that "he who
          makes two spears of grass grow where but one grew before is a
          benefactor to his race;" but how much more so is he who, by his
          superior intelligence, helps to increase the necessaries and
          comforts of life! Let us learn to analyse the soil and know its
          component parts, then we will understand whether it is best
          adapted to the growth of vegetables, or wheat or other kinds of
          grain; and know where to put trees, strawberries, and other
          things, that they may have the kind of soil best adapted to their
          The recuperation of the soil, too, is a matter of great
          importance. Some people think if they put manure on the land,
          that is all it requires. There is some land that would be better
          with sand mixed with the soil; some would be benefitted by having
          clay mixed with it. If we would pursue this course we might
          cultivate less land and receive a greater reward for our labor.
          We might also cultivate lucerne, carrots, beets and cabbages to
          keep a cow. Now the custom is in most cases to send them to the
          range, making them travel from eight to twelve miles daily. This
          causes their feet to become tender, and they have to be sent to
          the blacksmith's to be shod; and when they get to the range there
          is little but bitter weeds for them to eat. This is no way to
          keep a cow. If we wish them to be of any service they should be
          well fed with lucerne or other suitable food, and kept up in the
          city and attended to properly; then a cow would do some good,
          give good milk and butter, which go a great way towards making a
          family comfortable. Then, again, almost anybody can keep a few
          chickens, and, with them and a cow properly attended to, very
          little additional expense is necessary to make a family
          comfortable. In this country a great many neglect these things
          and complain about poor living, just for the want of a little
          attention. They have girls and boys too, who could attend to
          these matters.
          I wish to speak in relation to imparting the necessaries of life
          to the poor and the needy. We do not furnish labor enough in the
          winter season to those who depend upon it for their daily bread.
          It seems to me that the men who have the means do not make the
          improvements they might make in the winter, and so employ those
          who are destitute. In the summer there is plenty of labor for
          every body, and through the Territory; and it frequently happens
          that hands are scarce and wages high; but as soon as the storms
          begin to come in the Fall, laborers are thrown out of employment
          and have nothing to do through the long winter. I think the
          Bishops should turn their attention to this matter and contrive
          more useful and profitable employment for the winter season. The
          first Thursday in every month, let us remember, is a day set
          apart for fasting, prayer and donations to the poor. It will soon
          come around again. Notwithstanding there may be a little scarcity
          felt in the midst of the people, do not let us neglect those
          things. Do not forget them, and let us live up to those things
          necessary in the midst of the Saints of the Most High God, so as
          to keep a full flow of the Spirit in each and every one of us,
          and seek to make a better use of the blessings with which the
          Lord has surrounded us. The elements are rich and laden with
          everything that is good for man, and it is for us to exercise our
          discrimination and understanding to draw our support therefrom,
          that we may become a great, free and independent people, able to
          bear off His kingdom against every opposing obstacle.
          May God help us to do so, and to be faithful, is my prayer in the
          name of Jesus: Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, July 25th, 1868
                           Brigham Young, July 25th, 1868
             REMARKS by President Brigham Young, made in Mill Creek Ward
                       meeting house, Sunday, July 25th, 1868.
                           [Reported by Edward L. Sloan.]
          From my earliest labors in the ministry I have taken truth as my
          text; but I will refer this morning to the words on one of the
          banners here, "Education is our motto." This will by my text. We
          are here that we may learn to improve. My inquiry is, How can I
          do the most good to my fellow beings? What can I say to them;
          what can I do; how shall I walk before them; how shall I commune
          with them to do the greatest possible good to the human family? I
          am so weak that when I give instructions to my brethren and
          sisters it seems but a very feeble effort, when the mind is open
          to behold the great things of God, the riches of eternity; to
          behold that which is understood by angels and by those made
          My first remarks will be concerning such exercises as we have
          seen here this morning. The Latter-day Saints have many pastimes,
          and they enjoy themselves in social society with one another. Yet
          I think, in my reflections, that we should have an increase--and
          we are having partially an increase--of recreation for our youth.
          We have very few holy-days. When the 24th of July comes, we hail
          it as the anniversary of a day deliverance; a day of peace and
          joy to the Latter-day Saints, in finding the peaceful valleys of
          these mountains, where we can rest and gather the people
          together, and enjoy the privilege of serving God without any to
          molest or make us afraid. These two days with Christmas and New
          Year's, are about all the holidays we have, that we notice at
          all. On reflection, I have come to the conclusion that it would
          be better if we would pay more attention to these public
          exercises, and direct the minds of our children by observing
          them, taking a course to have them avoid getting into the habit
          of drinking and every kind of rowdyism, and other things that are
          unbecoming; and in all of our amusements have objects of
          improvement that are worthy of pursuit. I think we are improving
          a little in this respect; but more of us should take an increased
          interest in it. We should have more of the children attend Sunday
          School, and the teachers should continually place objects before
          them that will lead them to study to improve in their manners, in
          their words, in their looks and in their behavior; and that will
          guide their minds aright. You will find we can place before them
          objects that will do them much good in their thoughts and
          reflections, that will improve their young and tender minds, and
          have an influence upon their future lives for good; and we can
          thus bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord by
          taking a course to lead their minds.
          The brethren here have caught us as they generally do. I had no
          thought of any person coming to meet us, nor of seeing the
          schools lining the road. I thank them for their good feelings to
          the elders of Israel. But is there any good in it? Yes. It
          attracts the attention of the young people--that is, I mean all
          under a hundred years old--elevates their feelings, and is
          calculated to induce reflections and thoughts of a life that is
          useful; and they will think, when are we going to have another
          meeting? when is brother Brigham coming to see us again; with
          brother Wells and brother Cannon, and others?--we cannot say
          brother Kimball, for he has gone to reap the reward of his
          labors. It will have the effect of drawing them to good, and they
          will follow after good continually. Is there any harm in Sunday
          School parties? No! it is one of the most harmless kinds of
          enjoyment when conducted aright. If they wish to dance, let them
          dance; let them talk and play; but not do any wrong. They must
          not get angry with each other; and if any do wrong instruct them
          to do right. If our children are thus taught, they will be
          patterns of piety and their conduct will be worthy of imitation.
          I would be very pleased to learn that your Bishop, brother
          Miller, was preparing a place for parties; with a little pond to
          float boats on, and other means of enjoyment, where the people
          could assemble to have their exercises. Get the young minds to
          follow after you in these things, and they will follow after you
          in every precept that is good. And I would like to hear of other
          Bishops taking steps to prepare suitable places for the same
          We are gathered here from various nations of the earth; and many
          of us have been in conditions of society where we have been
          wanting in many privileges which others enjoy. The people come
          here and their feelings are united directly, which is a positive
          proof that there is something in our belief more than there is in
          the beliefs that are recognized in the world. They come here and
          try to be one immediately, and to amalgamate their feelings. We
          see this, and it is encouraging; and we see our prominent men
          leading out and directing the minds of those from the eastern and
          those from the western world, and teaching them never to do a
          wrong, never to do evil; and, by example, to beautify themselves
          and their places, and everything around them. This is good, for
          in it we do no wrong; we do not do anything by it to injure our
          feelings or the feelings of others, nor to grieve our spirits;
          but we do that which will increase beauty and excellence among
          the people. In this the Lord is well pleased. For the sake of our
          children, for the sake of the youth of our land, I am pleased,
          every time I travel, to see this manifestation of respect for the
          elders of Israel.
          We wish to improve. I will ask a question with regard to
          knowledge and wisdom and understanding and all the blessings of
          Heaven bestowed upon the people, and it is this: Who are
          deserving of honor and glory, who are deserving of a good name?
          The man and the woman who seek to know and understand the mind
          and will of God and to carry it out in their lives, or those who
          are slothful and who seek to live by what they call faith alone?
          I think we would decide that those who manifest by their works
          that they seek to do the will of the Lord are more acceptable
          before Him than those who live by faith alone. I believe the
          Latter-day Saints are the best people on the earth of whom we
          have any knowledge. Still, I believe that we are, in many things,
          very negligent, slothful and slow to obey the words of the Lord.
          Many seem to act upon the faith that God will sustain us instead
          of our trying to sustain ourselves. We are frightened at seeing
          the grasshoppers coming and destroying our crops. We pray to the
          Lord and try to exercise faith that He may remove these devouring
          insects. We got along very well in the first part of the season,
          and our crops looked beautiful. But how has it been for the last
          few days? I can understand your feelings by my own. A week ago
          yesterday I went through here on my way to Provo, and everything
          looked promising. Yesterday when I returned, fields were
          stripped, young orchards were stripped of the leaves, and the
          evidences of destruction were to be seen around. Some try to
          exercise faith and ask the Lord to remove this destructive power.
          I remember saying in the School of the Prophets, that I would
          rather the people would exercise a little more sense and save
          means to provide for themselves, instead of squandering it away
          and asking the Lord to feed them. In my reflections I have
          carried this matter a considerable length. I have paid attention
          to the counsel that has been given me. For years past it has been
          sounded in my ears, year after year, to lay up grain, so that we
          might have an abundance in the day of want. Perhaps the Lord
          would bring a partial famine on us; perhaps a famine would come
          upon our neighbors. I have been told that He might bring just
          such a time as we are now having. But suppose I had taken no heed
          to this counsel, and had not regarded the coming time, what would
          have been my condition to-day.
          View the actions of the Latter-day Saints on this matter, and
          their neglect of the counsel given; and suppose the Lord would
          allow these insects to destroy our crops this season and the
          next, what would be the result? I can see death, misery and want
          on the faces of this people. But some may say, "I have faith the
          Lord will turn them away." What ground have we to hope this? Have
          I any good reason to say to my Father in heaven, "Fight my
          battles," when He has given me the sword to wield, the arm and
          the brain that I can fight for myself? Can I ask Him to fight my
          battles and sit quietly down waiting for Him to do so? I cannot.
          I can pray the people to hearken to wisdom, to listen to counsel;
          but to ask God to do for me that which I can do for myself is
          preposterous to my mind. Look at the Latter-day Saints. We have
          had our fields laden with grain for years; and if we had been so
          disposed, our bins might have been filled to overflowing, and
          with seven years' provisions on hand we might have disregarded
          the ravages of these insects, and have gone to the kanyon and got
          our lumber, procured the materials, and built up and beautified
          our places, instead of devoting our time to fighting and
          endeavoring to replace that which has been lost through their
          destructiveness. We might have made our fences, improved our
          buildings, beautified Zion, let our ground rest, and prepared for
          the time when these insects would have gone. But now the people
          are running distracted here and there. I do not wish to condemn
          them. I wish all the justification that can be brought to them.
          But I look at them as they are. They are in want and in trouble,
          and they are perplexed. They do not know what to do. They have
          been told what to do, but they did not hearken to this counsel. 
          I have never promised a famine to the Latter-day Saints, if we
          will do half right. You have never heard it drop from my lips
          that a famine would come upon this people. There never will, if
          we will only do half right, and we expect to do better than that.
          There is not another people on the earth whose faith and works
          are directed for the accomplishment of good like the Latter-day
          Saints. But we do not obey counsel as we should. Yet when we look
          at them and at others on the face of the earth, we have reason to
          say we are proud of the Latter-day Saints. But are we all we
          should be? No. We must learn to listen to the whispering of the
          Holy Spirit, and the counsels of the servants of God, until we
          come to the unity of the faith. If we had obeyed counsel we would
          have had granaries to-day, and they would have been full of
          grain; and we would have had wheat and oats and barley for
          ourselves and for our animals, to last us for years. The people
          have also been counseled to take their straw and stack it up,
          making nice beautiful ricks of it. You may see the day your
          cattle will want it or perish. If you keep your straw you will be
          able to have your cattle to work with when you want them. Is the
          hay kept? No: it must be sold. A train will come in from Utah
          County, from Davis County, from Tooele, loaded with hay, and it
          must be sold, even if there is nothing--comparatively
          speaking--got for it. Save your hay; save your chaff; save your
          straw; save your wheat; save your oats; save your barley, and
          everything that can be saved and preserved against a day of want.
          We have taken our flour north, and sold it for a song, and now we
          see the day when our brethren are paying twelve dollars a hundred
          for it on the railroad, brought from the States. If we had been
          prudent we might have had enough to supply them, and we could
          have sold hundreds and thousands and tens of thousands of
          dollars' worth this season. I was inquired of this spring what I
          would sell flour for, to be taken down with the teams that went
          to the terminus, and I had to say we have none to spare. But we
          have sent it to Montana, and we have sold it for next to nothing,
          and now our bins are empty. Who is deserving of honor or glory
          from God? Those who have preserved their substance, or those who
          have wasted it? Those who have preserved it; for they know how to
          preserve those things which the Lord places in their hands. But
          some have had so much faith in the providences of God to feed
          them that they would sell their grain even if they got a mere
          nothing for it. I remember a time when some people almost cursed
          wheat, it was so plenty. Would the common laborers and mechanics
          take wheat for their pay? No. Would they save it? No. The Lord
          had given us large crops; would they build bins and store the
          grain away? No. But it was taken to the city and sold for
          anything it would bring. There was a time when my heart was
          pained at hearing wheat spoken of as it was; and I was afraid at
          seeing the manifestations of ill feeling which were exhibited by
          some of the brethren, principally among the mechanics, concerning
          We have seen one grasshopper war before this. Then we had two
          years of it. We are having two years now. Suppose we have good
          crops next year, the people will think less of this visitation
          than they do now; and still less the next year; until in four or
          five years it will be almost gone from their minds. We are
          capable of being perfectly independent of these insects. If we
          had thousands on thousands of bushels of wheat, rye, and barley,
          and corn we might have said to them, "you may go, we are not
          going to plant for you." Then we could have plowed up the ground,
          put in the manure, and let the land rest, and the grasshoppers
          would not have destroyed the fruits of our labors which could
          have been directed to the beautifying of Zion and making our
          habitations places of loveliness.
          Just as sure as the Lord lives we are going to see times when our
          neighbors around us will be in want. But some may say, here have
          ten years, twenty years, thirty years gone, and the sayings of
          Joseph and the Apostles have not all come to pass. If they have
          not all been fulfilled, they all will be fulfilled. When we saw
          the flaming sword unsheathed in the terrible war between the
          north and the south, we could see in it the fulfillment in part
          of the prophecies of Joseph. But when peace comes for a short
          time we forget all about it, like a person who comes into the
          Church because of seeing a miracle. If he has professed an
          obedience to the gospel and a belief in its principles because he
          saw a miracle performed, he would need another in a day or two to
          continue him in his belief; and he wants a repetition of miracles
          to keep him in the Church. Let peace continue for a few years,
          and the prediction of Joseph spoken of would be forgotten by all
          but a few. So it is with us, comparatively. Let crickets, or
          grasshoppers, or frosts, or anything else come and destroy our
          crops, and we feel it then; but just as soon as prosperity comes
          we forget what has happened.
          Take the people and I am proud of them; but there is a feeling
          with them that they must not be counseled in their temporal
          matters. I call this a sectarian notion, for we will find yet
          that God is Dictator in everything. Take the case of the Children
          of Israel and the miracles that were wrought in their deliverance
          from the land of Egypt. The question arises, was it through their
          faith, or because of the promises which God had made to their
          fathers? The Lord sent Moses to Pharaoh, who wrought many
          miracles before him; and Pharaoh sent for his wise men, his
          astrologers, soothsayers and magicians, and they wrought their
          miracles before Moses and Aaron. Finally, the Lord said, the
          Children of Israel must be brought out of Egypt; but was it
          because of their faith, or because of the promises made to
          Abraham, Isaac and Jacob? It was because of the promises of the
          Lord, and not because of the righteousness of that people, that
          He brought them out. They came to a place where they were hemmed
          in, with the Red Sea before them and the armies of the Egyptian
          monarch behind them, and the mountains on either side of them,
          and they cried out that they would be destroyed. But the Lord
          divided the water, and took them over in safety; and it was
          because of the promises He had made to their fathers. They passed
          through the Red Sea in safety and the Egyptians were drowned. Was
          it because the Egyptians were so much more wicked? I suppose not;
          but it was because the Lord had said, "Let the Children of Israel
          go free," and they would not; and He punished the Egyptians for
          not letting them go; and He punished the Children of Israel by
          not letting them go into the promised land, for their wickedness
          in the wilderness. They cried against Moses because he had led
          them away from the fleshpots and leeks of Egypt, and the Lord
          said he would feed them. But was it because of their
          righteousness that he sent them down Manna for food? I have no
          evidence to believe that it was because of their righteousness.
          Do you think they were so very righteous that the Lord would not
          let their clothing grow old? It was not because of the
          righteousness of the Children of Israel, but because of the
          promises of the Lord to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, for He must
          fulfill the promises made to His servants. He wanted at one time
          to destroy the whole people, and told Moses to let Him alone that
          He might destroy them because of their wickedness and rebellion,
          and He would make of him (Moses) a great nation; but Moses
          pleaded in their behalf, and called upon the Lord to remember His
          promises, and they were preserved. When Moses was on the mount
          they went to Aaron and inquired where Moses was, and demanded
          gods to go before them. And Aaron told them to bring him their
          ear rings and their jewelry, and they did so, and he made of them
          a golden calf; and the people ran around it, and said these be
          the gods which brought us out of the land of Egypt. How much
          credit was due to them? Just as much as to us, for not saving our
          grain when we had an abundance, and, when the grasshoppers come,
          crying, "Lord turn them away and save us." It is just as
          consistent as for a man on board a steamboat on the wide ocean to
          say, I will show you what faith I have, and then to jump
          overboard, crying, "Lord save me!" It may not seem so daring; but
          is it any more inconsistent than to throw away and waste the
          substance the Lord has given us, and when we come to want, crying
          to Him for what we have wasted and squandered? The Lord has been
          blessing us all the time, and He asks us why we have not been
          blessing ourselves. 
          Will this be instructive to you, by brethren, hereafter? A great
          many have taken this counsel, and they are prepared. I had my
          seven years breadstuffs on hand last year; but I have to deal it
          out, and I will deal it out to the last bushel, and try my faith
          with my brethren. But are we deserving of praise from God or man?
          Who are deserving of praise? The persons who take care of
          themselves, or the ones who always trust in the great mercies of
          the Lord to take care of them? It is just as consistent to expect
          that the Lord with supply us with fruit when we do not plant the
          trees; or that, when we do not plow and sow and are saved the
          labor of harvesting, we should cry to the Lord to save us from
          want, as to ask Him to save us from the consequences of our own
          folly, disobedience and waste. It is said, by some, that the Lord
          is not going to tell His servants to gather His people here to
          starve. That is true; but the Lord has said, "Gather the poor
          from the nations;" and to the people here, "Gather and save the
          produce I put within your reach, and prepare against a day of
          want." Suppose a hundred thousand or a million of starving people
          were coming here, and we had only grain to last for a couple of
          years, with famine around; they would offer their gold and their
          silver and their plate and their precious things for bread to
          eat, and you would hand it out until all was gone. Then you could
          sit down and look at the riches you had got, until all would
          perish together with hunger. This would be so, unless the people
          act more wisely than they do now.
          We have had peace in these mountains since we came here; and the
          protection of the Lord over this people has been as visible to me
          as when Moses caused darkness to come upon all the land of Egypt
          except the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel dwelt.
          But what credit is due to us before the Heavens and the earth,
          even supposing we had such faith as to get the Lord to fight our
          battles and do for us what we could do for ourselves? Not a
          particle. He requires obedience at our hands. One of the prophets
          has said, "To obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than
          the fat of rams;" and it is written, and I have never heard it
          contradicted--it was said in the days of Jesus and His Apostles,
          and it has been said in this our day--that we shall be judged
          according to our works and not according to our faith. One of the
          Apostles has said, "Show me thy faith without thy works, and I
          will show thee my faith by my works." If a man heals a person who
          is sick, it does not prove that he keeps all the commandments of
          God. One man went to Jesus and said, I know you have power; my
          servant is sick, and if you come and touch him he will be healed.
          And Jesus said he had not seen such faith in Israel. And he said,
          "Your servant is made whole." Was it the faith of this man who
          came to Jesus, or the charity and mercy of the Savior, by which
          the sick person was healed? Jesus saw the man's faith, and he
          said I will bestow a blessing here; and in this is manifested the
          mercy of God. In many things are the mercies of God made
          manifest; and for the people to turn around and claim that it is
          because of their righteousness is foolish and wrong. If these
          grasshoppers were all moved away it would not be because of the
          righteousness of the people, but through the mercies of God. It
          is for us to lie so that we can claim the blessings of God. You
          recollect reading of the brother of Jared, Mahonri Moriancumer,
          who saw the Lord. If he had not kept the commandments of God he
          would not have had power to see the finger of the Lord. But he
          was faithful in all things, and this gave Mahonri such exceeding
          great faith that he had a right to the blessings he asked. If we
          were to keep the commandments of God, as he did, we would have
          the right to claim the blessings even as Mahonri had. But if we
          will not be obedient in all things we cannot claim them. If we
          are obedient in all things He will bestow upon us every blessing
          we desire; if we are obedient in some things and disobedient in
          others, He will do as He pleases.
          Twelve years from now will tell whether we have been instructed
          today or not. If the grasshoppers come again we can then find who
          has grain in their bins. With regard to faith and repentance, and
          baptism for the remission of sins, and the laying on of hands for
          the reception of the Holy Ghost, and the ordinances of the
          Gospel, the people are united; but when we come to the
          providences of God to us, then is the place for scepticism to
          come in and the people to differ. We are bound by our covenants
          to accept the word of the Lord. There is a difference of opinion
          as to getting the word of the Lord; but if you will read and
          cultivate the Spirit of God you will understand how it is
          obtained. The Lord is not everywhere in person; but He has His
          agents, speaking and acting for Him. His angels, his messengers,
          His Apostles and servants are appointed and authorized to act in
          His name. And His servants are authorized to counsel and dictate
          in the greatest and what might be deemed the most trifling
          matters, to instruct direct and guide His Saints. The people have
          done well for the past year or two, in leaving off their tobacco,
          their whisky, their coffee and their tea; and if they will keep
          on doing this, and increasing in righteousness, we are as surely
          on the high road to excellence, glory and eternal lives, as we
          are here to-day.
          I pray the Lord that we may have His spirit to guide us to help
          build up the Kingdom of God. Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / Orson
          Pratt, June 14, 1868
                             Orson Pratt, June 14, 1868
             DISCOURSE by Elder Orson Pratt, sen., delivered in the New
                          Salt Lake City, June 14th, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
                             APOSTACY--THE RESTORATION.
          We have assembled ourselves together this afternoon, according to
          our usual custom, to worship the Lord our God and to partake of
          the Lord's supper, in commemoration of the death and suffering of
          our Great Redeemer. In this manner we show forth his death until
          he comes. By attending to this ordinance, and all other
          ordinances and institutions of the Kingdom of God, we witness
          before God, before angels and before one another, that we are His
          Jesus is the only name given under Heaven by whom salvation can
          come. There is no other being or name, no other person appointed,
          no individual that has received authority to open up the way of
          salvation to the human family, only our Lord and Savior Jesus
          Christ. It is He in whom the Latter-day Saints believe; it is He
          whom we worship. We also worship the Father in His name. It is
          the gospel which He has revealed which we have received. It is
          the Holy Ghost which the Father bestows upon the children of men,
          through His name, by which we are sanctified and made pure in
          The gospel of the Son of God is not a doctrine of late invention;
          but it is an old doctrine--a doctrine that was made manifest in
          the beginning. It has been taught in every dispensation; and all
          that were saved in the days of Adam, Enoch, Abraham, Moses, or
          the prophets, as well as in the days of Christ, and since His
          day, were saved through belief in the Son of God, and in His
          gospel. This great plan was revealed to mankind in the early ages
          of the world as well as in the meridian of time.
          The same gospel that was preached by the Apostles, was also
          preached by the ancient patriarchs and antediluvians. The same
          gospel that was preached in the days of the apostles, is also
          preached now to the Latter-day Saints. There has been a variety
          of dispensations of this gospel, made manifest to the human
          family. We have had in addition to the law of the gospel, many
          ordinances and institutions given to the children of men, suited
          to their particular circumstances, and to the conditions in which
          they were placed.
          In the days of Moses, for instance, certain laws and ordinances
          were revealed from Heaven, suited to the condition of that
          people. But they had the gospel preached to them before the law
          of carnal commandments was revealed. Hence Paul says, in his
          epistle to the Hebrews, the gospel was preached to them as well
          as unto us, that is, to those who were in the wilderness with
          Moses. They had the gospel; but it did not profit them, says
          Paul, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. Hence
          they had to be dealt with and chastised for their unbelief and
          rebellion. The Lord had to afflict them, cutting many of them off
          and swearing in His wrath that they should not enter into His
          The gospel was also preached to Abraham. The same gospel by which
          the heathens were saved in the days of the apostles was known and
          preached in the days of Abraham. The same gospel that, according
          to the testimony of the New Testament, brought life and
          immortality to light was preached before the days of Abraham to
          Enoch and through understanding the principles of that gospel his
          faith in the principles of immortality and eternal life became so
          strong that he was translated and taken to Heaven without seeing
          In these latter times the Lord our God has condescended to send a
          dispensation of His gospel to the human family. You may enquire,
          what is the purpose the Lord has in view in sending the gospel in
          this age? Have we not here the books that contain the gospel of
          the Son of God, as it was preached in ancient times? Have we not
          here the word of the living God by which the people were saved
          before and after Christ came? And if they could be saved in those
          different dispensations in the early ages of the world and in the
          meridian of time, why should the Lord reveal another dispensation
          of this same gospel to the human family? I know that these
          enquiries arise, more or less, in the minds of individuals. I
          have often heard them in travelling among the various nations of
          the earth. When the gospel as revealed in the Book of Mormon, has
          been presented to the people, and they have been told that God
          has commenced another dispensation of the same gospel, they would
          immediately enquire "What is the use of it? We have the gospel by
          which the ancient were saved, revealed in the New Testament, and
          why do you bring us another dispensation of it?" Let me reply to
          this, and say a few words in relation to the object and purposes
          that our Father in Heaven has had in view in revealing the gospel
          afresh to the children of men.
          If it had not been for the great apostacy after the apostles had
          preached the gospel, during which the last vestige of the Church
          of Jesus Christ was rooted out of the earth by the wickedness of
          the children of men; if it had not been that the priesthood was
          taken from the earth and the power to preach the everlasting
          gospel in its fullness had ceased among the nations, I do not
          know that there would have been any necessity whatever for
          another revelation of the gospel, and its gifts, blessings and
          powers, and the priesthood and apostleship in the latter days.
          But I think it can be proved beyond the power of controversy or
          reasonable contradiction that the gospel of the Son of God, as it
          was preached in the days of the apostles, has been entirely
          rooted out from among men. I do not mean the letter of it; we
          have that in part; but I mean the power to preach it and to
          administer its ordinances; the power to build up the church and
          kingdom of God; the power to speak in the name of the Lord; the
          power which characterized the ancient servants of the living God;
          the power which rested on the inspired apostles by which they
          could call upon God and receive revelation from heaven. That
          power has been rooted out from the earth. A form has been left it
          is true,--in fact a great many forms; but what is the form
          without the power? What, for instance, is the use of preaching
          baptism for the remission of sins to the human family, if there
          is no person authorized and ordained from God to administer
          baptism to those who believe and repent? None at all. People
          might go forth and preach baptism from age to age and from
          generation to generation, but who could be baptized or what would
          be the use of it, unless there were authority to administer the
          What use would be the Lord's Supper, of which we are now
          partaking, if we should go and preach it all the days of our
          lives provided there were no persons authorized to administer the
          ordinance? None at all. They could not partake of the ordinance
          acceptably before God. We could not receive the ordinance of
          baptism for the remission of sins, unless there were some person
          sent by new revelation to administer this ordinance to us.
          Again, what use would be the ordinance of the laying on of hands
          in confirmation, as it was performed in the days of the ancient
          apostles? This is a part of the gospel as well as faith and
          repentance. What use is it unless there is a man called of God to
          lay on hands and confirm the gift of the Holy Ghost upon the
          heads of baptized believers, as was done anciently?
          Here is the great question between the Latter-day Saints, and the
          whole Christian world. It is one of the great fundamental
          principles at issue between us and the whole world. And it is
          something of the greatest importance. It is not one of the
          non-essentials; but it is something that concerns the whole human
          family, no matter whether they are religious people or
          irreligious; whether believers in the Bible or unbelievers, or
          whether they are of this, that or the other sect. This is not the
          question; but the great question is, has God authority among the
          nations to preach, to baptize, to administer the sacrament, to
          confirm by the laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost
          to lay hands on the sick and command them in the name of Jesus
          Christ to be healed as they did in ancient days, or has He not?
          If He has not we may preach until doom's day, and our preaching
          will not save us in the fullness of the glory of the heavenly
          worlds. We may baptize, and our baptisms will not be recorded in
          the heavens. We may administer the sacrament, but God will never
          receive the authority by which it is administered, and it will
          not be recorded in the behalf of the individuals who received it
          from unauthorized hands.
          What testimony have we that there has been no authority for many
          generations, or from the days of the ancient apostles until the
          present century? Have we any evidence in relation to this matter?
          We are sorry to say that we have so much that we are obliged to
          believe that darkness has truly reigned over the inhabitants of
          the earth, and gross darkness has filled their minds. We will
          present a little testimony before this assembly, this afternoon,
          on this subject; but as it is a subject with which you are well
          acquainted we need not dwell upon it long.
          One of the greatest evidences that can be offered that authority
          to preach the gospel and administer in its ordinances has ceased
          from the days of the apostles down to the present time, is that
          which is acknowledged by the whole Christian world, Catholic and
          Protestant, namely that the days of revelation have ceased, that
          the canon of Scripture is closed and full.
          Now supposing we admit this, for the sake of reasoning a little
          while on the subject. Admit that after the apostles fell asleep
          there was no further revelation, that the canon of scripture was
          closed up at the end of the first century of the Christian era.
          If we admit this you see the dilemma into which the whole world
          is plunged. No man can receive the priesthood and authority to
          administer either in word, in doctrine or in ordinances without
          new revelation from Heaven. Shall I prove it? Let me refer you to
          the testimony of Paul in the epistle to the Hebrews, wherein he
          says that no man taketh this honor to himself, except he be
          called of God as was Aaron. Turn over to the Book of Exodus, if
          you wish to learn how Aaron was called. God, in the first place,
          by His own voice, and by the ministration of an angel, called His
          servant Moses, raised him up as a great and mighty prophet, gave
          him authority from the heavens to administer in the name of the
          Lord; and then gave him revelation and commandment to call his
          brother Aaron. God spoke to Moses, on that occasion, and told him
          that his brother Aaron should be a minister and that he should
          set apart Aaron unto the Priesthood, and that he should have
          power to go in and out before the Children of Israel; and that he
          should wear the breastplate, containing the Urim and Thummim, so
          that he could enquire in behalf of the Children of Israel, and
          judge between man and man.
          Was Aaron called in any other way but by new revelation through
          the prophet Moses? He was not. Can any man receive the priesthood
          only by revelation? Can he receive his calling in any way wherein
          God does not communicate himself by new revelation from Heaven? I
          answer no, no. No man can assume the priesthood, and the power
          thereof, and officiate therein, unless he be called as this man
          of God was called in the days of Moses.
          Admit then that the canon of scripture was closed when John the
          Revelator received his gospel, after he returned from the Isle of
          Patmos, and that when the apostles passed from the earth
          communication between earth and Heaven was closed, who could be
          their successors? No individual could hold the office or receive
          it unless God sent new revelation from heaven, pointing out by
          name the individual upon whom the authority and calling to preach
          and administer in His name should rest.
          If revelations were given in the second, third, fourth, fifth or
          any of the following centuries, where are those revelations? They
          are not in the Bible. Can we find them among the records of the
          Roman Catholics? No. What do we find there? According to the
          testimony of their bishops, archbishops and most learned men,
          they believe in no new revelation; but they take for their guide
          the traditions and revelations that have been handed down to
          them. We judge them out of their own mouths. If there have been
          no revelations given to the Catholic church, as they themselves
          testify in their writings, then there has been no Pope called to
          sit in the chair of St. Peter; no bishops nor archbishops to act
          in the places of the ancient apostles; and they are all
          impostors. Perhaps I ought to qualify that saying a little. There
          may have been some of them who were very sincere in following the
          traditions of their fathers, and who received the priesthood
          among the Catholics with all the sincerity that characterized
          some of the heathen priests, in receiving their priesthood from
          their fathers. But sincerity does not prove authority; and we
          have their own testimony that all authority was cut off from
          them, and that there was no man designated by name through
          revelation to occupy the position of St. Peter in Rome.
          Again, come down to about three centuries ago, when the first
          Reformers came out and began to testify and protest against the
          Mother Church, and what do they exhibit? We are hunting for
          authority. They have invented articles of faith, and these alone
          are the basis of their authority. As a sample we may take the
          Church of England in the days of King Henry the Eighth. We may
          also take the Reformers on the Continent of Europe under Martin
          Luther, Calvin, and various other great Reformers. Men, no doubt,
          who were sincere and who did much good among the people. But let
          us hear their testimony. They declare also that the canon of
          scripture is full. In this respect, they follow in the tracks of
          the old "Mother." They exclaim, "No revelation, no voice of God;
          no inspired prophet or apostle; no communications with the
          heavens, no ministration of angels."
          Well, then, what have you got? Oh, we have the scriptures of the
          Old and New Testament. But the scriptures do not call you to
          administer in the ordinances of the gospel. The scriptures did
          not name you, Martin Luther, nor you John Calvin, nor any of you
          Reformers, as the individuals to go forth to baptize the people
          and establish the kingdom of God. "Oh, but," says one, "the
          scriptures tell us to go into all the world and preach the gospel
          to every creature." They do not tell you any such thing. That
          commission was given to men who lived 1800 years ago. It did not
          mean Paul, Timothy, Titus or Barnabas, but it meant the eleven
          men, and them only.
          "But," says one, "did they not have others to assist them?" Yes,
          but they did not act by virtue of that commission which Jesus
          gave to his apostles, just before he ascended to the presence of
          his Father. That applied to the individuals to whom he spoke, and
          to no others. Paul could have had no authority to preach or
          baptize, until the day of his death if God had not given a new
          revelation to that effect. Timothy never could have acted and
          baptized, until the day of his death, without being ordained by
          the spirit of prophecy and by the laying on of hands, as we are
          informed in the New Testament. Barnabas never could have gone
          forth among the people as an apostle,--for he was an apostle,
          though not one of the Twelve--and acted in connection with the
          apostle Paul, unless the Holy Ghost had said "separate to me
          Barnabas and Saul for the work of the ministry unto which I have
          called them." It required new revelation. And if no man could act
          even in the days of the apostles on the old commission given to
          the eleven, how much less can people act upon it who live 1500 or
          1800 years after who undertake to pick it up, and say we are
          authorized to preach under this commission because those eleven
          men were authorized.
          What would you think, Americans,--citizens of this great
          republic, if some man in Great Britain should take it into his
          head to come over here, to this country of ours to represent the
          inhabitants of Great Britain; and when you ask him for his
          authority, "Oh," says he, "I have received no new commission. My
          government did not commission me to come to America to act as
          Minister Plenipotentiary." We again ask him, by what authority
          then do you present yourself before this great Republic? You
          must, of course, pretend to some authority? "Oh, yes," says he,
          "but I have no new commission, I have an old one given to one of
          my predecessors,--one given to a man dead and gone. I happened to
          have access to his writings and papers, and finding his
          commission I put it into my pocket and came here to act as
          Now would you not think he had left his country because he was
          insane? Would you acknowledge his authority? No. Would God
          acknowledge the authority of a man who assumed to act under an
          old commission given to people who have laid in their graves some
          eighteen centuries? No. If we act in the name of the Father, Son,
          and Holy Ghost in administering the great and sacred ordinance of
          baptism, we must be commissioned by the Father, the Son, and the
          Holy Ghost to do this work, or else it would be blasphemy and
          wickedness in the extreme, not only in those who administer, but
          in those who suffer themselves to be deceived and receive the
          ordinance from their hands. 
          It is a testimony then to us when both the Catholics, and the
          Protestants in all the various sects, rise up and tell us that
          the canon of scripture is full and closed, and when they present
          us with their articles of faith, and say here are sixty-six books
          in the Old and New Testaments, and you must not receive
          revelation from God only as it is contained in these sixty-six
          books. There has been no new revelation since, no new commission,
          no new authority, no voice of angels, no voice of God, no
          inspiration, no calling by new revelation; but we act only upon
          the old commission. When they tell us this, if we are reflecting
          people, we find ourselves totally unprepared to receive the
          gospel at their hands.
          As to the gospel being in the world, the letter of it is here, to
          be sure; but where is the authority to administer? Where is there
          a man, among the Catholics or Protestants, among Christians, or
          pagans, or Mahommedans, or elsewhere, who could have ministered
          the gospel to any of our forefathers who lived before the present
          century? Nowhere could you or I have received the gospel, forty
          years land of ago, if we had then lived? We could have read the
          letter of it; we could have read what God did when He had
          authority upon the earth. But reading a thing is entirely
          different from receiving it. Reading about new revelation,
          prophecies and ministrations of angels is one thing, but the
          actually receiving them is entirely another thing. You can read
          these things and never enter the Kingdom of God; but if you
          receive them, and continue faithful, you have a testimony, a
          witness within yourselves that you are accepted of the Lord our
          God. All other hopes are vain. It is in vain for us to look for
          all the blessings of the gospel, when there is no priesthood or
          authority among the children of men. Moreover, what were the
          blessings that followed the administration of the Holy Spirit?
          That is a part of the gospel just as much as faith and
          repentance. The servants of God were entrusted not only with the
          ministration of the word and the outward ordinances, but Paul
          says "God has made us able ministers of His spirit." There was
          something that had power in it, when the authority was on the
          earth. It gave power to administer the letter and the outward
          ordinances; and it also gave power to administer the Spirit
          according to the promise that God had made. Hence we find, that
          when the people at Samaria were baptized, through the preaching
          of Philip, they did not then receive the Holy Ghost. But when the
          apostles at Jerusalem heard that the Samaritans had received the
          letter of the word, through Philip, they sent Peter and John; and
          when they came down and prayed for them, and laid their hands
          upon them, they received the Holy Ghost.
          Here then is an instance of the ministration of the Spirit as
          well as of the water. Here was a power that attended the ancient
          apostles. they had authority given to them from on High to
          administer in this higher ordinance wherein the Spirit of God was
          shed forth abundantly in the hearts of the children of men.
          But we do not wish to dwell on the subject of this great apostacy
          and the loss of authority of which we have been speaking. We
          desire to dwell upon a more pleasing subject, namely, the
          restoration of authority and power to minister the word, and the
          ordinances, and the Spirit of the gospel, to the children of men.
          "Has such authority been restored" inquires one? Yes; if it has
          not, neither you nor I can ever obey the gospel. We may hear it
          preached, but we never can obey its ordinances, without such
          restoration. The great question is, "How was it restored?" The
          Latter-day Saints are ready to answer this question.
          As God, from time to time, since the beginning, gave His
          authority to men, in different dispensations, so He has again, in
          the last dispensation, sent His angel from Heaven. Does this
          stumble you, that God has sent a messenger from the courts of
          glory, down to our earth? It is something contrary to the
          traditions of the Christian world. It is something that does not
          agree with the notions of our forefathers for many generations.
          It does not stumble this congregation; they would not be sitting
          on these seats to-day if they had not believed this with all
          their hearts. An angel has been sent. What for? In the first
          place to reveal the Book of Mormon, containing the testimony of
          the fullness of the gospel in all its plainness, as it was
          revealed here on this continent. By whom? By our Lord and Savior
          Jesus Christ. When? Soon after His resurrection from the dead.
          Soon after He had finished His ministry in the land of Jerusalem,
          He appeared on this great Western Hemisphere, peopled by numerous
          nations--the remnants of the House of Israel, of whom our
          American Indians are the descendants. They saw Jesus as well as
          the Jews at Jerusalem. They beheld the wounds in His hands, in
          His feet, and in His side. They saw Him descend clothed in a
          white robe; they saw Him come down into the midst of their
          assemblies, in the northern portion of what we call South
          America. They heard Him open His mouth and teach the multitude
          assembled on that occasion. They gathered themselves together day
          after day as far as they could to hear Him teach.
          They felt His power as well as the people on the Eastern
          Continent. The glorious principles of the gospel were taught to
          them as well as to the Jews at Jerusalem. They had the privilege
          of being immersed in water for the remission of their sins, and
          having hands laid upon them for the outpouring of the Holy Ghost
          as well as their brethren in the distant land of Jerusalem. They
          heard His voice proclaiming the gospel which he had introduced
          for the salvation of the children of men, and also explaining the
          scriptures and prophecies and unfolding all things that should
          happen even down to the end of time. They wrote His teachings as
          did Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. The teachings and writings of
          the disciples and apostles that were called on this American
          continent were recorded, as well as his sayings on the land of
          Asia. They had the privilege therefore of knowing about the plan
          of salvation as well as the people of what we term the Old World.
          That testimony has been brought to us. How? By the ministration
          of an holy angel of God.
          But even then, we could not obey this gospel. The revealing and
          translating of this book by inspiration did not give authority to
          Joseph Smith to baptize, to lay on hands for the gift of the Holy
          Ghost, or to administer the Lord's Supper. No, he only did the
          work given him to do--reveal the record of the gospel as taught
          among the Israelites of the American continent. Could the Church
          arise or anybody be baptized from that? No; it required still
          further authority. Authority to translate is one thing, authority
          to baptize is another. Authority to reveal the Book of Mormon is
          one thing; authority to build up the Church and Kingdom of God is
          another. But God did afterwards give the authority to baptize and
          build up His Church. How? By sending angels from Heaven who,
          themselves, had the power to ordain persons to be Apostles. An
          individual who does this must hold the Apostleship himself; no
          other being would have authority. Whom did the Lord send to
          restore the Apostleship again to earth, and to confer it on
          Joseph Smith? No less personages than Peter, James and John, who
          were with Jesus when he was transfigured in the mount, who then
          heard the voice of the Father. These persons who held the keys of
          the Kingdom of God, and had power to administer its ordinances,
          laid their hands on this great modern Prophet that he might be
          filled with the Holy Ghost.
          Again, did this Church arise according to the wisdom, power and
          understanding of men? No; God gave commandment in relation to it,
          and pointed out the day on which it was to be organized. And
          according to this commandment and revelation it was organized
          with six members on the 6th of April, 1830.
          Here is the great difference between us and the religious world.
          And, how immense is the difference! If what we have been speaking
          of, this afternoon, be true, you behold the condition of the
          whole human family in regard to the ordinances of the gospel. You
          see that without authority they cannot embrace the gospel. If it
          be not true then all these Latter-day Saints are deceived, and
          we, like all the rest of the world, are without authority and
          power. But if it be true, not only you and I and the people of
          this Territory are concerned, but every man and woman in the
          world are equally so. If God has, indeed, sent His holy angel and
          conferred the Apostleship, and power and authority to administer
          among the inhabitants of the earth, first to the Gentiles, and
          afterwards to the scattered remnants of Israel, who can be saved
          without obeying these institutions of Heaven?
          Was any one, either Jew or Gentile, saved anciently who rejected
          the preaching of the Apostles? Not one. It mattered not how
          righteous they might have been, even if they had received the
          ministrations of angels, like good old Cornelius, they could not
          be saved without obeying the gospel. You know Cornelius was so
          righteous, and had given so many alms to the poor, that they had
          ascended to God as a memorial in his favor. Yet with all this the
          Lord had to send an angel to tell him that he was not yet in the
          right way. This angel came to Cornelius and told him to send for
          Simon whose surname was Peter, and he should tell him how to be
          saved. Cornelius might have reasoned thus: "Am I not righteous
          enough to be saved without sending for Peter? have not my alms
          come up before the Lord as a memorial? and has He not sent to me
          an holy angel from Heaven to tell me that my prayers have
          ascended up to Heaven before Him? and is there any necessity for
          me to send for a man to tell me whereby I may be saved?" "Yes,"
          said the angel, "he shall tell you." As much as to say, you
          cannot be saved with all you prayers and alms, unless you have a
          properly authorized servant of God, to tell you how to be saved,
          and to administer the ordinances of salvation to you.
          When Jesus gave the commission to his apostles in ancient days he
          told them to preach the gospel to all the world,--to every person
          under the whole heaven, and said, "he that believeth and is
          baptized shall be saved, but he that believeth not shall be
          damned." But is not this very severe? Is there any charity in
          this expression? Must all be condemned who do not bow to this
          order? Are there not good sects among the Pharisees, Sadducees,
          and Herodians, and good people of all sects and parties, just men
          whose prayers continually ascend before God? How is it that none
          of them can be saved without obeying this gospel which these
          eleven men were commissioned to teach? That was the decree. It
          mattered not how much righteousness they had, they all had to bow
          to that one system, that one ordinance, that one church, and be
          united heart and hand in the building up of that kingdom, and
          outside of that there was no salvation.
          Now, if it be true, as I said, in the first place, that God has
          sent His angels and that He has conferred the apostleship, and
          given authority to administer in His name; if this be true is
          there a man or woman, Jew or Gentile, Mahommedan or Pagan, rich
          or poor, among the priests or people that can be saved without
          receiving the Book of Mormon and the authority that God has
          established? No, not one, if they have had the opportunity of
          hearing and receiving it. If it be not true, all mankind should
          reject it. Do you not see the importance of it? It is a message
          that goes forth, like the ancient one,--with authority and power.
          The same declaration is given in these days as was given then. A
          new revelation has been given to us, with new authority, similar
          to what was given to the apostles in days of old.
          I will read a little in relation to this authority, in a
          revelation given in the early rise of this church to the
          apostles, and the authorities of this church who had been called
          by revelation from the Lord Jesus Christ. "Therefore, go ye into
          all the world, and whatsoever place ye cannot go into ye shall
          send, that the testimony may go from you into all the world unto
          every creature. And as I said unto mine apostles, even so I say
          unto you, for you are mine apostles, even God's high priests. Ye
          are they whom my Father hath given me; ye are my friends;
          therefore as I said unto mine apostles I say unto you again that
          every soul who believeth on your words and is baptized by water
          for the remission of sins shall receive the Holy Ghost, and these
          signs shall follow them that believe: In my name they shall do
          many wonderful works; in my name they shall cast out devils; in
          my name they shall heal the sick; in my name they shall open the
          eyes of the blind, and unstop the ears of the deaf; and the
          tongue of the dumb shall speak; and if any man shall administer
          poison unto them it shall not hurt them; and the poison of a
          serpent shall not have power to harm them." Again he says, and
          notice how it agrees with the ancient commission, "Verily,
          verily, I say unto you, they who believe not on your words and
          are not baptized in water in my name, for the remission of their
          sins, that they may receive the Holy Ghost, shall be damned and
          shall not come into my Father's kingdom where my Father and I
          are, and this revelation unto you and commandment is in force
          from this very hour upon all the world, and the gospel is unto
          all who have not received it."
          I have read this, in order that the similarity of the two
          commissions might be apparent to you. We have a commission to
          preach the gospel to all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people;
          to call upon Gentiles and Jews, ministers and religious people,
          and professors of all denominations, as well as unbelievers, to
          believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, to repent of their sins, to be
          baptized, by those holding authority, for the remission of their
          sins, that they may be filled with the Holy Ghost by the laying
          on of hands. To contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to
          the Saints, that they may have power with God, as promised to
          every soul that believes. "And," says the Book of Mormon, "if
          there be one soul among you that doeth good he shall work by the
          gifts and powers of God, and woe be to them that deny these gifts
          and powers, for they shall die in their sins, and they cannot be
          saved in the kingdom of God." Amen.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, August 9th, 1868
                           Brigham Young, August 9th, 1868
               DISCOURSE by President Brigham Young, delivered in the New
                          Salt Lake City, August 9th, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          I will endeavor to speak to the people so that they can hear me.
          We very frequently hear complaints about the people being unable
          to hear. That is very annoying to me; there is no satisfaction in
          taking to people if they cannot hear. I talk a great deal in
          public and in private. I have labored for many years in preaching
          the gospel of the Son of God; and when I first commenced, it
          seemed as though I was under the necessity of speaking very loud.
          I could not satisfy my own feelings without talking with a loud
          voice. I have acquired this habit, and to talk loud and long for
          many years wears on a person's constitution.
          This gospel that we have embraced is worthy the attention of the
          high and the low, the rich and the poor, the wise and the
          ignorant, the noble and the ignoble. It commends itself to the
          feelings, understanding and conscience of every creature beneath
          the heavens that is endowed with intelligence. There is no system
          that is perfect except the gospel of the Son of God. Every art
          and science is incorporated in the gospel of salvation delivered
          to the children of men. If the inhabitants of the earth possess
          ingenuity, knowledge, wisdom or understanding they receive it
          within the purview or pale of this gospel that comes from heaven.
          I have said, and I still feel it, that outside the gospel of the
          Son of God--the plan of salvation--there is nothing but death,
          hell and the grave; everything else is within our religion. But
          when we talk about comprehending our religion, why, we might as
          well undertake to comprehend eternity. We have a little of it.
          The Lord has made manifest to the children of men a portion of
          it, enough to enable them to continue on, to grow, increase,
          expand, to add wisdom to wisdom and knowledge to knowledge, for
          light cleaves to light and truth to truth. The power to increase
          in knowledge is in our possession if we will improve the golden
          moments as they pass by.
          We talk a great deal to the Latter-day Saints. What for? To bring
          them to a knowledge of the truth; to place them in a position in
          which they may be prepared to inherit that glory which they
          anticipate. And to obtain that perfection which we desire more
          will be required of us than merely a spiritual exercise of the
          mind; our outward works pertaining to our natural life, and in
          fact our whole souls must be devoted to God, and the upbuilding
          of His Kingdom. We talk to the people to bring them to the
          knowledge of the truth, and to bring ourselves, for we are with
          you, so that we may understand what we should do, how we should
          labor, how direct our lives here, in order that we may be
          perfected and prepared to enjoy life everlasting in the presence
          of the Father and the Son. I still feel to urge upon the
          Latter-day Saints the necessity of a close application of the
          principles of the gospel in our lives, conduct and words and all
          that we do; and it requires the whole man, the whole life to be
          devoted to improvement in order to come to knowledge of the truth
          as it is in Jesus Christ. Herein is the fullness of perfection.
          It was couched in the character of our Savior; although but a
          scanty portion of it was made manifest to the people, in
          consequence of their not being able to receive it. All they were
          prepared to receive He gave them. All we are prepared to receive
          the Lord gives us; all that the nations of the earth are prepared
          to receive He imparts unto them.
          The inhabitants of the earth do not acknowledge the Lord as they
          should. There are very few but who believe in a Supreme Being;
          but do they honor God? No, they take His name in vain. Do they
          believe Him to be what He is? No, they so far mystify the
          character of Deity that it is impossible for the people to
          understand it. Do they reverence His name? No. If they believe in
          a God, He is so far off that they never can get near Him; they
          know nothing about the conduct of this Being; and He is so far
          off in their imaginations that He knows nothing about the
          children of men; at least such is the feeling amongst them, and
          yet many of the so-called Christians say His centre is everywhere
          and His circumference nowhere. They have mystified the affairs of
          salvation to that degree that the whole world of mankind have
          lost that reverence that is due to the Supreme Being.
          The Latter-day Saints have received the Spirit of the Lord; the
          proof is here in the gathering and the oneness of the people.
          Have the Elders of Israel been to any other country but this?
          Yes. To preach the Gospel? Yes. Have they been to England and
          preached the gospel there? Yes. have the people believed? Yes.
          Where is your proof? The proof is that they have left all, if
          they had anything, and have come up to the gathering-place where
          the Saints are assembled. The Elders have also preached through
          the different nations of Europe so far as they were allowed to do
          so. In some countries the law would not permit them; but the Lord
          will yet revolutionize those nations until the door will be
          opened and the gospel will be preached to all. Have the people
          believed? A few of them. But we gather the poorest of the people,
          the unlearned, and a few of the learned; but generally, we gather
          those who are poor, who wish to be redeemed; who feel the
          oppression the high and the proud have made them endure; they
          have felt a wish to be delivered, and consequently their ears
          were open to receive the truth. Take those who are in the
          enjoyment of all the luxuries of this life, and their ears are
          stopped up; they cannot hear; but go to the poor, to those who
          are in poverty and want, and they are looking every way for
          deliverance, and when they hear the Elders preach their ears are
          open to hear and their hearts are touched with the Spirit of the
          Lord, and many of them have believed. These are they that we
          gather together.
          Now, when we look around upon the Latter-day Saints, in a
          temporal point of view, we are proud of them. I have been in
          countries where the men, women and children had to
          labor--wearying their lives out of them to get the bread
          necessary to keep their lives in them. I have gone to bed many a
          time, and when I have turned down the bed I would find the sheet
          patched from end to end, so that I would wonder which was the
          original sheet. I have also known young ladies--I do not know
          that I ought to say this, but I do not say it to their disgrace,
          but to their praise--come home from their work on a Saturday
          evening, and retiring to a room, throw a blanket over their
          shoulders, and wash every particle of their clothing, that they
          might be able to go out on Sunday to attend meeting. These are
          they that we have baptized. Why? Because their ears were open,
          and the Spirit of the Lord found a way to their hearts, and they
          saw there was deliverance in the gospel. The rich and noble, as a
          general thing, have turned a deaf ear to the voice of the Elders
          of Israel. Now, the gospel that we have embraced comprises every
          glory, honor, excellency and truth there is in the heavens, on
          the earth or beneath the earth. Is it worthy of the attention of
          the poor? Yes, it is. According to the reading of this book--the
          Old and New Testament as well as the Book of Mormon and the Book
          of Doctrine and Covenants--which we regard as the foundation of
          our work, the Lord has chosen the poor of this world,--rich in
          faith--and the time will come when He will give the earth to His
          poor for an everlasting inheritance. I speak this for the comfort
          of my brethren and sisters who have been poor. They have come
          here, and what do we see? The youth, the middle-aged and the old
          improving in letters, in mechanism and in the arts and sciences.
          We bring them here to improve them, and if the Lord will bless us
          sufficiently, and the people will bless themselves, we will have
          a nation that understands all things pertaining to the earth that
          it is possible for man to grasp. Will this people be
          praiseworthy? Yes, and honored and honorable. Will they be looked
          to as examples? Yes; and it is the duty of the Latter-day Saints
          to live their religion so that all the world can say there is a
          pattern for us, not only in our business and worship, but in our
          knowledge of things that are, things that have been and of things
          that are yet to come, until the knowledge of Zion shall reach the
          uttermost parts of the earth, and the kings and great men shall
          say, "Let us go up to Zion and learn wisdom". Will they come here
          to learn how to govern? Yes. One of the simplest things in the
          world is to control a people. Is there any particular art in
          making this people obedient? There is just one. If you Elders of
          Israel can get the art of preaching the Holy Ghost into the
          hearts of the people, you will have an obedient people. This is
          the only art required. Teach the people truth, teach them correct
          principle; show them what is for their greatest good and don't
          you think they will follow in that path? They will just as far as
          it is consistent with their weaknesses and the power of darkness
          that is over the inhabitants of the earth--with us as with
          others. We have merged partially into the light, and we should be
          very thankful and obedient to the requirements of Heaven, that we
          may receive more and more. 
          Every art and science known and studied by the children of men is
          comprised within the Gospel. Where did the knowledge come from
          which has enabled man to accomplish such great achievements in
          science and mechanism within the last few years? We know that
          knowledge is from God, but why do they not acknowledge him?
          Because they are blind to their own interests, they do not see
          and understand things as they are. Who taught men to chain the
          lightning? Did man unaided and of himself discover that? No, he
          received the knowledge from the Supreme Being. From Him, too, has
          every art and science proceeded, although the credit is given to
          this individual, and that individual. But where did they get the
          knowledge from, have they it in and of themselves? No, they must
          acknowledge that, if they cannot make one spear of grass grow,
          nor one hair white or black without artificial aid, they are
          dependent upon the Supreme Being just the same as the poor and
          the ignorant. Where have we received the knowledge to construct
          the labor-saving machinery for which the present age is
          remarkable? From Heaven. Where have we received our knowledge of
          astronomy, or the power to make glasses to penetrate the
          immensity of space? We received it from the same Being that
          Moses, and those who were before him, received their knowledge
          from; the same Being who told Noah that the world should be
          drowned and its people destroyed. From Him has every astronomer,
          artist and mechanician that ever lived on the earth obtained his
          knowledge. By Him, too, has the power to receive from one
          another, been bestowed, and to search into the deep things
          pertaining to this earth and every principle connected with it.
          We can receive all this in our education here; but to acquire a
          knowledge of these principles, time and study are required. Let a
          child go to school, and he commences with a, b, c, and goes on to
          a-b ab, and then to words of two or three syllables until he is
          prepared for a higher course of studies. No child can learn
          algebra or common arithmetic at first, but he has to go on day by
          day, just as you and I have to do. We have learned many things
          concerning the Kingdom of God upon the earth, and we can learn
          still more. But with all we have learned, are we prepared,
          Latter-day Saints, to put our trust in God implicitly? No, we are
          not. How do we know? By the acts of the people and by our own
          experience. This is in consequence of the evil and the power of
          satan that is in the world through the fall. He has beguiled the
          inhabitants of the earth, and has thrown a mist before their eyes
          so that they can not see the providences of God. Who is it can
          see the power by which the leaves of yonder trees grow? Can you
          see and understand it? No; why? Because there is a vail dropped
          over the eyes and minds of the children of men, so that they can
          not behold the providences of God nor His handiwork in all
          nature. We are deprived of this knowledge; but we can begin to
          see and understand through receiving the Gospel. But we have
          still a great deal to learn.
          It is said that "obedience is better than sacrifice." It is far
          better. When I look at the Latter-day Saints--and when I say you,
          I reckon myself--(I, Brigham, am with you,) where are we? what do
          we understand? how far have we advanced? What do we expect to
          receive? How are we looking at things pertaining to this world?
          We have received the first principles of the Gospel; and we have
          received the spirit of the Gospel; but do we live so as to
          increase in this day by day? That is the question. Do we live our
          religion so that we improve on all the knowledge that God has
          given us? Do we live up to the light that the Lord has revealed?
          You may answer this question. The Latter-day Saints, as a people,
          are a very good people, they are excellent; they have come to a
          oneness that is most remarkable--astonishing to ourselves, and
          also to others. But are we one yet? No, not exactly; we have a
          great deal to learn before we come to a unity of the faith and
          see eye to eye as the people of God have to do in the
          Latter-days. We see some things, but we do not see all that is
          for our best interest; if we did we would live our religion.
          Now, my brethren and sisters, from the high and from the lower
          circles of life, find if you can on the face of the earth a
          gentleman or lady, that is, one who is a true gentlemen or a true
          lady, (we have many that are called gentlemen and ladies); but
          you find one in the strict sense of the word, that is, as I would
          interpret the word, and you will find a man or woman that would
          border very closely on an angel. Every word that they speak will
          be seasoned with grace: every act of their lives would be as nigh
          as mortals can come to angels; nothing pertaining to them low,
          degrading or disgraceful. You find a gentleman an you will find a
          man who possesses a heart full of charity, faith and love, full
          of good works, whose hand is always open to do good to every
          creature. You find a lady, and she is one who is ready to impart
          wisdom, knowledge, truth, and every virtuous and holy principle
          to her sisters and her fellow beings. These are the true lady and
          gentleman; but they are of a higher order than those we now call
          ladies and gentlemen. You may say my definition is incorrect. Be
          it so, it matters not to me. I have my own views with regard to
          these things. I look upon the Latter-day Saints as being a very
          good people, but very far from what they should be. "Well, we
          must have time to grow," says one. Very true, we can not learn
          even the "First Reader" in a day. When we commenced going to
          school we learned a little to-day, and a little more tomorrow,
          and a little more the next day, and so added knowledge to
          knowledge; and by and by you and I have to come to a unity of the
          faith. This is the gospel--the plan of salvation--that we believe
          in. This is the doctrine we preach to the people--to purify
          ourselves as He is pure; to sanctify the Lord God in our hearts,
          that we may be counted worthy to receive His blessings and be
          sustained by Him. 
          We know very well that the name "Mormon" is rudely applied to the
          Latter-day Saints, and we know very well what the world thinks of
          us; but what matters it to us? Nothing. Suppose that we had the
          power to take the poor and the ignorant, the low and the degraded
          who are trodden under foot by the great and the powerful among
          earth's inhabitants, and bring them together and purify them and
          fill them with knowledge and understanding and make a nation of
          them worthy of admiration, what would you say to this? O, ye
          inhabitants of the earth, can you do it? The Lord can. Well it is
          such a people that I am looking upon; this is the people I expect
          to be saved with. I am proud of them. Not proud of their
          ignorance or meanness; not proud of their wickedness by any
          means. But I am proud to think that we have received the gospel
          and are enabled to sanctify ourselves if we are disposed to. I
          delight in the Later-day Saints, because of their obedience to
          these principles, and not because of their rough, uncouth course
          of life.
          Now, it is for us to perfect ourselves by these principles. We
          have received the gospel and have been baptized for the remission
          of our sins. Is there anything wrong in this? No, the Christian
          world profess to believe the Old and New Testaments; the Jews say
          they believe the Old Testament. We believe both, and that is not
          all, we believe in the Book of Mormon and the Doctrine and
          Covenants given by the Lord to Joseph Smith and by him to the
          Church. We also believe if we were destitute of the Spirit of the
          Lord, and our eyes were closed so that we could not see and
          understand things as they are by the spirit of revelation, we
          might say farewell to all these books, no matter how numerous. If
          we had all the revelation given since the days of Adam and were
          without the spirit of revelation to be and abide in the midst of
          the people, it would be impossible for us to be saved in the
          celestial Kingdom of God. The world look upon us a set of
          fanatics for believing this; but that does not matter at all to
          us. We have our course before us; the path for us to tread in is
          marked out. What is it? It is march on, march on, ye Latter-day
          Saints, to the higher orders of life in this world. March on, ye
          Latter-day Saints, to the higher orders of life in this world.
          March on, ye Latter-day Saints, until you are prepared to receive
          life everlasting in the presence of the Father and the Son. What
          matters it what the world say? That makes no difference to us,
          not in the least. But I will tell you what concerns us, to order
          our lives in accordance with the principles of the gospel that we
          have embraced. Let a Christian live his religion and he is
          honored and thought much of by his brethren and friends and
          acquaintances. And even the wicked contemplate a man or woman who
          lives his or her religion with a feeling of reverence, and they
          involuntarily honor that being who honors his God. The vilest
          wretch that lives on the face of the earth looks with reverence
          on a person who is a true follower of Jesus, and cannot help it.
          If we respect ourselves we will shape our lives accordingly. If
          we do so, we shall become pure and holy. Is there anything wrong
          in this? No; neither is there the least wrong in the world in
          acknowledging the hand of God in all things. If I had the skill
          given me to-day to construct a machine by which we could pass
          from nation to nation in the atmosphere as they now do on terra
          firma on the railway, would there be any harm in acknowledging
          God in this? I should receive the knowledge from Him; it is not
          independent and of myself. I am dependent upon Him for every
          breath I draw and for every blessing I receive. If you, ye
          nations or wise men of the earth, are not dependent upon Him, we
          would like to see you act independently. Let a man who thinks he
          has power independent of God--if there be such a man--take a
          grain of wheat, rye, barley, or a kernel of corn from the element
          God has ordained and organized for its development, and see if he
          can make it grow. All acknowledge that it can not be done. Well,
          then, there would be no harm in acknowledging God in all things.
          But, here I pause a moment; I do not mean that we should
          acknowledge the hand of God in a man or woman doing wrong; but I
          will acknowledge the hand of God in sustaining the individual
          while he does it. No matter what wrong a human being may commit
          he or she is sustained by the Almighty while doing it. But the
          act is of the creature and not the Creator. We should acknowledge
          the hand of God in all things. And if we do this we will live our
          religion a little better than we have.
          O, ye my sisters, will not you improve a little? Shall I come to
          our own capacity here to-day? Yes; then let us look a little and
          see what is for our advantage. How many of my brethren and
          sisters are there who have a mint or a bank to go to with an
          inexhaustible fountain of wealth? None; we are poor. We gathered
          poor. It is true that we are decently clad; but why not go to the
          fields and take the straw and make you hats and bonnets, and save
          that means to send for the poor Saints? Would ten thousand
          dollars pay for the hats and bonnets worn by this congregation
          to-day? By no means. But suppose that we say five thousand, that
          amount had better be used in sending for the poor than in
          spending it in articles the material for which can be gathered
          and manufactured right here. I see a very few straw hats in this
          congregation to-day with straw trimmings, made by the bands of
          the wearers perhaps, and can you beat them for beauty with
          imported articles? No, you can not. Well, these are lessons we
          try to teach the people all the time. We teach men who have been
          in the factory all their lives how to prepare the ground, to
          plant potatoes, corn, squash, cucumbers, onions, and cabbage,
          that they may have something to eat when the dreary storms of
          winter overtake them. And thus we teach the people how to live.
          This is our business. If you do not learn to live here, how can
          you live hereafter? If you do not understand the things of this
          life, how can you understand the things pertaining to the life to
          come? Just as the apostle says with regard to loving one
          another--"If you say you love God and hate your brother you deny
          your own words, for how can you hate him whom you have seen and
          love Him whom you have not seen?" You can not do it. We make the
          application here, how can we understand things a thousand years
          ahead if we do not understand what is here to-day? We take
          children, and teach the little girl to spin, weave, and knit her
          stockings; and the boys to drive team, plow, to go to the field
          to hoe and prepare the ground, and to sow the seed so that they
          may have food to eat. What next? Why, say your prayers always
          before going to work. Never forget that. A father--the head of
          the family--should never miss calling his family together and
          dedicating himself and them to the Lord of Hosts, asking the
          guidance and direction of His holy spirit to lead them through
          the day--that very day. Lead us this day, guide us this day,
          preserve us this day, save us from sinning against Thee or any
          being in heaven or on earth this day! If we do this every day,
          the last day we live we will be prepared to enjoy a higher glory. 
          There is a little matter I want to speak upon to you, my sisters.
          It is a subject that is very obnoxious to outsiders. They have
          given us the credit for industry and prudence; but we have one
          doctrine in our faith that to their view is erroneous, and very
          bad; it is painful to think of. Shall I tell you what it is
          sisters? "Oh," says one, "I know what you mean, my husband has
          two, four, or half a dozen wives." Well, I want to tell the
          sisters how to free themselves from this odium as many of them
          consider it. This doctrine so hateful and annoying to the
          feelings of many, was revealed from heaven to Joseph Smith, and
          obedience is required to it by the Latter-day Saints,--this very
          principle will work out the moral salvation of the world. Do you
          believe it? It makes no difference whether you do or not, it is
          true. It is said that women rule among all nations; and if the
          women, not only in this congregation, Territory and government,
          but the world, would rise up in the spirit and might of the holy
          gospel and make good men of those who are bad, and show them that
          they will be under the necessity of marrying a wife or else not
          have a woman at all, they would soon come to the mark. Yes, this
          odious doctrine will work out the moral reformation and salvation
          of this generation. People generally do not see it; my sisters do
          not see it; and I do not know that all the elders of Israel see
          it. But if this course be pursued, and we make this the rule of
          practice, it will force all men to take a wife. Then we will be
          satisfied with one wife. I should have been in the beginning; the
          one wife system would not have disagreed with me at all. If the
          prophet had said to me, "Brother Brigham, you can never have but
          one wife at a time." I should have said, "glory, hallelujah, that
          is just what I like." But he said, "You will have to take more
          than one wife, and this order has to spread and increase until
          the inhabitants of the earth repent of their evils and men will
          do what is right towards the females. In this also I say glory,
          hallelujah. Do men do that which is right now? No. You see
          travelers--young, middle-aged, or old--roaming over the world,
          and ask them where their families are, and the answer will
          generally be, "I have none." You go to the city of New York, and
          among the merchants there I doubt whether there is one man in
          three who has a wife. Go to the doctor and ask him, "where is
          your wife and family?" and, "thank God I have none," will be his
          reply. It is the same with the lawyer. Ask him about his wife,
          and his reply will be, "O bless me, I haven't any, I say it to my
          praise, I am not troubled with a family." You go to the parson,
          and were it not for his profession, the cloak of religion that is
          around him, not one in a thousand of them would have wife or
          Do not be startled, my sisters; do not be at all afraid; just get
          influence enough among the daughters of Eve in the midst of this
          generation until you have power enough over the males to bring
          them to their senses so that they will act according to the rule
          of right, and you will see that we will be free at once, and the
          elders of Israel will not be under the necessity of taking so
          many women. But we shall continue to do it until God tells us to
          stop, or until we pass into sin and iniquity, which will never
          Do you see anything very bad in this? Just ask yourselves,
          historians, when was monogamy introduced on to the face of the
          earth? When those buccaneers, who settled on the peninsula where
          Rome now stands, could not steal women enough to have two or
          three apiece, they passed a law that a man should have but one
          woman. And this started monogamy and the downfall of the
          plurality system. In the days of Jesus, Rome, having dominion
          over Jerusalem, they carried out the doctrine more or less. This
          was the rise, start and foundation of the doctrine of monogamy;
          and never till then was there a law passed, that we have any
          knowledge of, that a man should have but one wife.
          Now, sisters, I want you to see to this. I advise you to have
          faith and good works; be fervent in spirit and virtue, and try to
          live so as to bring the men to the standard of right, then we
          shall have no trouble at all. I believe that in Massachusetts
          they have only 27,000 more women than men; but that is not many.
          There is a cause, perhaps, for this. A good many young men go
          into the army, or go here or there. What is done with the
          daughters of Eve? In may countries they stick them in the
          factories, into the fields, the coal mines, and into the
          streets--as I have seen hundreds of them--gathering manure, &c.,
          working all day and getting a penny at night to buy a loaf of
          bread with. They stick some of them down into the iron works,
          under the ground to pack the ore, or into the building to lug off
          the iron. But the young men are sent to the wars. When England
          and the rest of the nations learn war no more, instead of passing
          a law in this or any other nation against a man having more than
          one wife, they will pass a law to make men do as they should in
          honoring the daughters of Eve and making wives of and providing
          for them. Will not this be a happy time? Yes, very fine. If you
          will produce this to-day, I'll tell you what I would be willing
          to do, I would be willing to give up half or two-thirds of my
          wives, or to let the whole of them go, if it was necessary, if
          those who should take them would lead them to eternal salvation.
          And then you may have my daughters, if you will only lead them in
          the way they should go that they may obtain eternal life; if you
          will teach them the gospel, how to live, how to honor their
          being, honor their God and live their religion. Do this and you
          are welcome to them. Would I get more wives? if I had a mind to;
          but if I had none at all it would be all right. If I have one it
          is all right, and if I should have a score it would be all right.
          I mean to teach, pray and plead with the people to save
          themselves by hearkening to the commandments of God, and to live
          their religion so that we may get through a world of sin,
          darkness, ignorance and unbelief. Man is prone to wander as the
          sparks are to fly upwards. The spirit is warring with the flesh
          continually, and the flesh against the spirit. Which will come
          off victorious? This will decide the destiny of all the
          inhabitants of the earth. If the spirit reigns triumphant and
          overcomes the body and its passions, that character will receive
          glory; but if the passions and sin, within the flesh, overcome
          the spirit and subdue it, that character will be lost. That is
          all there is of it. The Lord has done all on His part. His grace
          is sufficient; He has laid the plan of salvation for us to
          follow. Work on the square and all will be right. God bless you.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 / George
          Albert Smith, June 21, 1868
            DISCOURSE by President George A. Smith, delivered in the New
                           Salt Lake City, June 21, 1868.
                            [Reported by David W. Evans.]
          The visit of the Savior of the world, his crucifixion and
          resurrection from the dead, the proclamation of the gospel
          through the nations by his disciples and apostles brought the
          subject to the attention of a great portion of the world. The
          Savior, himself, is represented as going to his own--to his own
          nation, to His own people, and they received Him not. He came to
          them with the words of life, light and salvation, but they could
          not appreciate them. They conspired against Him and put Him to
          death. He says in relation to this that it must needs be that
          offences come, but woe to him through whom they come, it were
          better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck and he
          cast into the depths of the sea. The offences did come. His
          servants went forth and preached, and, according to the histories
          that have come down to us, they were all martyred with but one
          exception, that is John, who is represented to have been cast
          into a cauldron of oil. We find, however, in the New Testament,
          that the writings of John are the last that are handed down to us
          by King James' translators as inspired writings. His three
          epistles, written almost a hundred years after the birth of the
          Savior, are the last books that King James' translators would
          give to us as inspired writings. Perhaps you have reflected upon
          this matter. King James' translators were learned men selected by
          the King to translate the Scriptures. They translated the
          writings of the various apostles and prophets, and then took a
          vote among themselves to decide which were inspired and which
          were not. You will remember that not one among this body of
          learned divines even professed to have the inspiration of God
          upon him. They were learned in the languages, sciences and the
          opinions of men, and their vote was the only test by which they
          decided which of these books were given by revelation and which
          were not. And it was perhaps only a single vote that saved the
          books of James, and perhaps only a single vote that cast out the
          books of the Apocrypha.
          Now, this is calculated to make men reflect upon the position of
          a church without an inspired leader, without a man at its head
          who can ask the Lord for guidance and obtain an answer. The
          Church of England made no pretensions to inspiration. It had
          protested against the Church of Rome as being the "beast," the
          "false prophet," the "mother of harlots and abominations of the
          earth," and everything that was corrupt, and had inaugurated a
          reformation, and established the Protestant Church of England,
          with the King for its head; but it had no inspiration. And this
          body of learned men passed their votes on these sacred books
          without any pretense whatever to inspiration from the Almighty.
          Yet "no man knoweth the things of God but by the Spirit of God." 
          Soon after the death of the apostles, divisions occurred in the
          Christian churches on a variety of topics. They had commenced to
          engraft into the religion of Jesus idolatrous ideas, after the
          similitude of an idolatrous worship. These ideas gradually crept
          in for some three or four hundred years, the Christian religion
          being held in a subordinate position by the State; and several
          times the whole power of the Roman Empire was exerted to
          exterminate it from the earth. This course of things finally
          terminated in a political change, during which the first
          Christian Emperor arose and stopped the persecution of the
          Christians. This was Constantine the Great. He was, by no means,
          the most pious of Christian Sovereigns, but he was the first
          Christian Emperor, and by means of the cross for his banner he
          had been able to wade through the blood of his competitors and
          set himself on the throne of the Roman world. In the year 306 he
          established the Christian religion as the religion of the State,
          and suppressed the time-honored rites of Pagan temples and
          heathen modes of worship.
          This change produced a tremendous influence, not only upon the
          Pagan, but also upon the Christian portion of the Empire. Up to
          that period the Christians had been oppressed and trampled down,
          and had even been under the necessity of burying their dead in
          secret. Many portions of the city of Rome are honey-combed with
          subterraneous catacombs excavated in the rock where thousands of
          Christians were secretly entombed during the time that to bury
          after the Christian manner was a violation of the laws of the
          Roman Empire; and when to adhere to this mode of burial or to
          acknowledge themselves Christians was liable to cost them their
          lives, the confiscation of their property, or liberty.
          This change, however, was not wrought at once. Unfortunately for
          the progress of Christianity and the peace of mankind, the
          Emperor Julien, the Apostate, in 361 attempted to re-establish
          the Pagan religion in the empire. This brought on a bloody
          struggle, which resulted in an amalgamation of Christianity and
          Paganism. Idol worship had always existed in Rome. The gods of
          the Greeks and Romans, and the gods and goddesses that were
          manufactured for the occasion had temples built to them, and
          their worship not only directed but enforced by the laws of the
          Empire. But when Christianity became the religion of the State,
          these rites were banished and a vast amount of Pagan property was
          The rites and ordinances of the Christian religion were few and
          simple, when compared with the ostentatious display observed in
          the worship of Pagan idols. It might not be amiss to enquire what
          the religious ceremonies of the early Christians really were.
          They believed in the divine mission of our Lord and Savior Jesus
          Christ, and endeavored to follow his precepts. The Savior said,
          "Let him who will be my disciple take up his cross and follow
          me." When the Savior commenced His mission He went to the waters
          of the Jordan and was baptized by immersion, thereby setting an
          example to all to follow Him. His disciples preached faith,
          repentance, and baptism for the remission of sins, and the
          ordinance of laying on of hands for the reception of the Holy
          Ghost, and the administration of what is termed the sacrament. In
          these were comprised the principal portion of the outward
          ordinances and ceremonies that were observed by the early
          Christians. They met on the Sabbath day to worship, receive
          instruction and to call upon the name of the Lord and to partake
          of the emblems of the death and sufferings of our Lord and
          Savior, and to witness unto him thereby that they were determined
          to keep His commandments unto the end.
          Their places of worship were generally private houses, or such
          retired places as they could obtain so as to be free from the
          interruption of their enemies. And in connection with the
          ordinances to which I have referred, their religion consisted in
          the observance of a strict moral code. When a man entered the
          church by the door, that is by faith, repentance, baptism for the
          remission of sins and the laying on of hands, he was required to
          live in strict obedience to the principles laid down in the
          teachings of our Savior, to sustain and uphold the truth and to
          lead a pure and upright life, and "to do to others as he would
          that others should do unto him." These, in short, were the
          prominent religious observances that existed at the time of the
          Apostles of our Lord and Savior, who had established branches of
          the church in nearly all parts of the known world. But these
          simple principles were soon trespassed upon by philosophers.
          Paul, in warning the members of the church of this, says: "beware
          lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit after
          the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world and not
          after Christ.
               The religion of the Pagan world was made up in a great
          measure of ostentatious display. Offerings and sacrifices of
          various kinds were made in temples of great magnificence, some of
          which were kept constantly open for this purpose. A great number
          of persons devoted their lives to the service of these gods. They
          worshipped the images of almost every creature that could be
          imagined, and the planets, which were generally represented by
          collossal statues of exquisite workmanship. The influence of
          these deities over the people was universal. Nations dare not go
          to war without consulting these oracles. Some of their temples
          were dedicated especially to war. There was one in Rome which was
          kept constantly open in time of war and shut in time of peace.
          And there was one period in which war was so prolonged, that this
          temple, dedicated to the god of war, was kept continually open
          for a hundred years. And everything that a zealous love of the
          marvellous and the wonderful could do to sustain the tottering
          empire of Paganism was done, and to enforce the observance of
          pagan rights. And to ensure respect to their ancient mythology,
          thousands of the disciples of the meek and lowly Jesus were put
          to death.
          This is but a glance at the difference of the two systems. But at
          the time of Constantine the religion of Jesus had varied very
          materially from what it was two hundred years before.
          Some writers dispute in relation to Constantine's conversion.
          Some say that he was baptized by immersion in the old church of
          St. John Lateran, at Rome, which was originally a heathen temple,
          dedicated to the goddess Faustina, one of the roman Empresses,
          who, by some historians is asserted to have been one of the most
          lewd women that ever lived in Rome; but who was regarded as a
          paragon of purity by her Imperial husband, who caused her to be
          proclaimed a goddess; and the virgins of Rome, especially those
          of patrician blood, were required to go into the presence of her
          statue to offer their vows previous to marriage. Saint John
          Lateran also contained, it is said, the font in which Constantine
          was baptized. But some assert, and I think Eusebius is among the
          number, that Constantine was a little careless in regard to the
          mater of baptism, and deferred it, as many persons do the making
          of their wills--until after their death.
          This, however, matters not so much as the effect produced by this
          grand political change, which not only had a tendency to suppress
          Paganism, but it also degenerated Christianity. Thousands and
          thousands of Pagans--men dedicated to the Pagan service, now
          found it to their interest to seek employment under the new
          religion; and in order to make it permanent and to give it the
          appearance of consequence it was deemed necessary to incorporate
          into it some of the Pagan rites and ostentatious display.
          Degeneracy, almost universal degeneracy was the result. In a few
          centuries the religious power had grown almost equal to the
          former civil power of Rome.
          A division occurred between the patriarchs of Constantinople and
          those of Rome, as to the right of supremacy. The patriarchs of
          Constantinople would not acknowledge those of Rome as superior in
          authority. The result was the establishment of the Greek
          Church--an organization which exists at the present day, at the
          head of which is the Emperor of Russia. The rest of Europe, with
          the exception of the Eastern Empire of the Romans, what was
          called the Greek empire, adopted the western faith--the Latin
          Church. This Latin faith became almost the law of the land
          throughout western Europe, and was also planted in America,
          especially in South and central America and Mexico, and in
          Canada. It was planted in America by means of the sword. There
          were in Europe a great many conscientious men who could see most
          terrible corruption in this Latin Church, and they were not
          satisfied. In 1160 Peter of Waldam, a town of France, obtained
          the translation of the four gospels into French, and with his
          followers he commenced vigorously preaching against the
          corruptions of the Roman church, denying the supremacy of the
          Pontiff. One of the Reformers painted on one side of a large room
          Christ riding to Jerusalem on an ass; and on the other side the
          Pope making a triumphal entry into Rome to receive his
          consecration, and this called attention to the marked contrast.
          A great many Christians wanted to visit the Holy Sepulchre, which
          was in the hands of the Mahommedans. One, Peter the Hermit, made
          this pilgrimage, and was treated roughly by the Mussulmen. He
          returned home, and commenced to preach the redemption of the Holy
          Sepulchre. He aroused nearly all the western nations of Europe
          into a furor to redeem the Holy Sepulchre. In 1095, 30,000 men
          started the first crusade led by this fanatic Peter. On their way
          they inflicted great cruelty on the Jews wherever they passed
          them. The expedition failed, however, and most of these who
          composed it perished. But the spirit to redeem the Holy Sepulchre
          was thoroughly awakened among the western nations of Europe, and
          a number of princes, warriors and men of wealth and great renown
          espoused the holy cause. They led magnificent armies; and
          hundreds of thousands bled and died on the plains of Palestine
          around Jerusalem. In 1099 Godfrey de Bouillion, succeeded in
          taking the city of Jerusalem, and the Mosque of Omar was
          dedicated as a Christian Church. The Crusaders kept possession
          for about ninety years, when it was wrested from their hands by
          Saladin, Caliph of Egypt, who is said to have washed the Mosque
          of Omar with rose water and re-dedicated it to the worship of
          This made the nations a great deal acquainted with each other.
          The knights of England, France, Spain, Germany and Italy were
          side by side in those campaigns, which were repeated about 150
          years--costing the lives of two millions of men. They fought in
          the common cause, and it had a tendency to make them acquainted
          with each other, and probably perpetuated, to some extent, that
          universality of sentiment which existed for so many years in
          regard to the Catholic faith. However, divisions arose, and the
          northern nations of Europe became Protestant under Calvin and
          Luther. Scotland became Protestant under the lead of certain very
          devout divines. England became Protestant under Henry VIII, who
          first wrote a work in defence of the Catholic faith, which caused
          the Pope to confer upon him the title of "defender of the faith."
          He put many to death for not strictly observing the Catholic
          religion. He then renounced the Catholic faith through a personal
          quarrel between him and the Pope, and assumed to be the head of
          the church, and put men to death for not believing in his
          spiritual supremacy, so that he killed men on both sides of the
          question. This continued during his lifetime, and during the
          short reign of his son, Edward. Then she who is called "Bloody
          Mary" came to the throne. She endeavored to re-establish the
          Catholic faith, and men were put to death because they would not
          desert Protestantism. We all remember when we were children
          seeing a Picture of John Rogers, a minister of the Gospel, who
          was the first martyr in Mary's reign. He was burnt at the stake
          in Smithfield.
          When I visited London, I went to the same place to preach, but
          the police would not let me. They said that the Lord Mayor, by
          the advice of the Bishop of London, had, the evening before,
          issued orders to prohibit street preaching. Preaching within the
          limits of the city had always been allowed before, but we were
          not allowed to do so. I believed that this prohibition was in
          consequence of the publication of our intention to visit London
          for the purpose of establishing the gospel. I do not know that it
          was so, but it was the first time that any Protestant had been
          deprived of the right to preach in Smithfield Market and in the
          streets on Sunday.
          As soon as Queen Mary died England became Protestant again.
          Mooney in his history of Ireland asserts that "When Elizabeth
          undertook to establish the Protestant religion in Ireland, the
          Irish people could not understand what it was; they said the
          religion of England had been changed four times in thirty years."
          Now we are told by the Protestant world that they have authority
          which has descended to them from the Savior and His apostles. But
          when the division took place between the Protestants and the
          Church of Rome the Pope excommunicated them. He issued what were
          called "bulls of excommunication," and consigned these
          Protestants to the lowest hell, and deprived them of every
          particle of authority, if they ever had any. Now, if the Catholic
          Church had any authority, those who dissented from them were thus
          deprived of every vestige of it; and if the Catholics had no
          authority, then those who went out from them had none. The result
          was that in either case the Protestants had none; and the
          Protestants all tell us that the Catholics had none, that they
          had degenerated and apostatized, and had become corrupt and
          wicked and had lost their power, and it was necessary to make a
          general reform. A stream cannot rise higher than its fountain,
          and the result is there was no authority among any of them. Not
          one of these Reformers even professed to have inspiration from
          the Lord, and that is the condition of the religious world
          Are the Latter-day Saints any better off? Let us refer to the
          origin of this work. God called His servant Joseph Smith and
          conferred upon him the authority and power of the priesthood,
          that the work of God might be re-established on the earth. This
          was necessary, because the Lord, in answer to his prayers, told
          him that all the sects were wrong, and that it was consequently
          necessary that the lord should reveal Himself anew to the
          children of men. The Lord accordingly conferred the priesthood
          and apostleship upon Joseph, by which he could preach faith,
          repentance and baptism for remission of sins, and lay his hands
          on those who believed and obeyed, that they might receive the
          Holy Ghost; and also ordain men to go forth and preach the gospel
          to others. Joseph Smith was an obscure individual, a young man
          who had limited opportunities for education. But he was sent of
          God to preach the simple principles of the gospel of Jesus, as
          they were taught by His disciples. And the principal argument
          with which he was met, was ridicule, tar and feathers, tearing
          down houses, driving women and children from their homes, and
          robbing them of their inheritances, and murdering the Elders, and
          depriving the Latter-day Saints of every right, human and divine.
          These were the arguments used against the testimony and mission
          of Joseph Smith and his fellow laborers. They were effective to a
          certain extent in destroying the mortal lives of apostles and
          prophets, and in bringing sorrow, grief and mourning to the
          bosoms of many. And when Joseph Smith fell by the hands of wicked
          men, the authority he held rested on the head of Brigham Young.
          And by the inspiration of God he was enabled to lead Israel from
          the midst of their trials into the heart of this great mountain
          desert where God has blessed, prospered and preserved them. And
          from the day that God first communicated His will to man until
          the present, the power, wisdom and inspiration of the eternal God
          have never been more manifest than through President Young in the
          discharge of these great duties. The mantle of Joseph fell upon
          him, and thousands of persons were witnesses that this spirit
          came upon him, and that he was inspired of the Almighty to lead,
          guide, and bear off the kingdom.
          Journal of Discourses / Journal of Discourses, Volume 12 /
          Brigham Young, August 16th, 1868
                          Brigham Young, August 16th, 1868
              REMARKS by President Brigham Young, delivered in the New
                         Salt Lake City